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World Prison Population List eleventh edition, Key points. CC This report shows that more than 10 35 in Africa the median rate for western African. million people are held in penal institutions countries is 52 whereas for southern African. throughout the world either as pre trial countries it is 188. detainees remand prisoners or having in the Americas the median rate for south. been convicted and sentenced Figures American countries is 242 whereas for. for Eritrea Somalia and the Democratic Caribbean countries it is 347. People s Republic of North Korea are not, available and those for China and Guinea in Asia the median rate for south central. Bissau are incomplete see footnote to Asian countries mainly the Indian sub. Table 3 concerning China Also missing continent is 74 whereas for central Asian. are prisoners held in some jurisdictions that countries it is 166. are not fully recognised internationally and in Europe the median rate for western. those pre trial prisoners who are held in European countries is 84 whereas for the. police facilities and not included in published countries spanning Europe and Asia e g. national prison population totals The full Russia and Turkey it is 236. total is therefore higher than 10 35 million, and may well be in excess of 11 million in Oceania the median rate is 155. CC There are more than 2 2 million prisoners in CC Since about the year 2000 the world prison. the United States of America more than 1 65 population total has grown by almost 20. million in China plus an unknown number which is slightly above the estimated 18. in pre trial detention or administrative increase in the world s general population. detention 640 000 in the Russian over the same period There are considerable. Federation 607 000 in Brazil 418 000 in differences between the continents and. India 311 000 in Thailand 255 000 in Mexico variation within continents The total prison. and 225 000 in Iran population in Oceania has increased by almost. 60 and that in the Americas by over 40 in, CC The countries with the highest prison Europe by contrast the total prison population. population rate that is the number of has decreased by 21 The European figure. prisoners per 100 000 of the national reflects large falls in prison populations in. population are Seychelles 799 per 100 000 Russia and in central and eastern Europe. followed by the United States 698 St Kitts In the Americas the prison population has. Nevis 607 Turkmenistan 583 U S Virgin increased by 14 in the USA by over 80. Islands 542 Cuba 510 El Salvador 492 in central American countries and by 145 in. Guam U S A 469 Thailand 461 Belize south American countries. 449 Russian Federation 445 Rwanda 434, and British Virgin Islands 425 CC The female prison population total has.
increased by 50 since about 2000 while, CC However more than half of all countries and the equivalent figure for the male prison. territories 55 have rates below 150 per population is 18. CC The female total has increased, CC The world prison population rate based proportionately more than the male total in. on United Nations estimates of national every continent Consequently the proportion. population levels is 144 per 100 000 of women and girls in the total world prison. population has risen from 5 4 in about, CC Prison population rates vary considerably 2000 to 6 8 in the latest figures available. between different regions of the world For more information on female prison. and between different parts of the same populations see the third edition of the World. continent For example Female Imprisonment List, World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Part 1 Prison population totals rates and trends per country. Table 1 AFRICA, Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information.
population national population, total population rate year total rate. Northern Africa, Algeria 60 220 31 12 13 37 28m 162 2000 33 992 111. 2005 43 797 132, 2010 58 000 164, Egypt 62 000 13 82 06m 76 2001 56 587 84. 2006 64 378 87, 2011 c 66 000 c 83, Libya 6 187 4 14 6 24m 99 2004 9 763 178. 2010 13 242 220, Morocco 76 000 4 15 34 28m 222 2000 54 288 187.
2005 50 933 167, 2010 64 877 201, Sudan 19 101 13 37 96m 50 2002 12 809 44. 2009 19 144 55, Tunisia 23 686 10 14 11 15m 212 2004 c 26 000 c 261. 2009 26 319 250, Western Africa, Benin 7 247 10 12 9 42m 77 2000 4 961 76. 2006 5 834 74, 2010 6 908 78, Burkina Faso 6 251 30 6 14 18 41m 34 2000 2 204 18. 2005 3 315 23, 2010 5 198 31, Cape Verde 1 434 13 501 000 286 1999 755 172.
2010 1 226 251, Cote d Ivoire c 10 850 30 11 14 21 01m c 52 2002 10 355 62. 2008 11 143 61, Gambia 1 121 11 14 1 93m 58 1999 478 40. 2002 450 34, 2009 780 47, Ghana 14 297 6 15 26 96m 53 2000 9 507 51. 2005 12 371 58, 2010 13 507 56, Guinea Rep of 3 110 14 12 12m 26 2002 3 070 34. 2008 2 780 27, Guinea Bissau 92 31 12 13 1 725m not available.
Liberia 1 719 14 4 40m 39 2007 1 022 29, 2011 1 601 39. Mali 5 209 14 15 77m 33 2002 4 040 38, 2009 6 700 49. Mauritania 1 768 1 10 14 4 01m 44 2001 1 413 50, 2005 c 815 c 26. 2010 1 700 47, Niger 7 424 12 14 18 87m 39 2002 c 6 000 c 51. 2006 7 381 53, 2010 5 337 33, Nigeria 56 620 12 14 180 81m 31 2000 44 450 36.
2005 39 006 28, 2010 46 586 29, Senegal 8 630 11 14 13 86m 62 2000 4 894 51. 2005 6 417 59, 2010 7 300 59, Sierra Leone 3 488 27 10 15 6 36m 55 2004 c 1 400 c 28. 2010 2 237 39, Togo 4 493 14 6 99m 64 2003 3 200 61. 2010 4 116 65, Central Africa, Angola 22 826 31 12 14 21 45m 106 2001 4 000 28. 2005 c 8 300 c 50, 2009 16 183 87, Cameroon 25 914 31 12 13 22 54m 115 2002 20 000 119.
2005 22 734 127, 2009 23 368 115, Central African Rep 764 15 4 80m 16 2005 c 1 000 c 25. 2010 1 320 c 29, World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Table 1 continued AFRICA, Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population, total population rate year total rate. Chad 4 831 31 12 11 12 26m 39 2000 2 385 29, 2005 3 416 34.
2010 4 775 41, Congo Rep of c 1 240 8 9 14 4 58m c 27 2005 1 550 44. 2009 2 410 60, Dem Rep of Congo 21 722 31 8 13 67 82m 32 2004 c 30 000 c 58. 2010 c 22 000 c 35, Equatorial Guinea c 1 000 14 778 000 c 129 not available. Gabon c 3 500 13 1 67m c 210 2006 c 2 750 c 195, Sao Tome e Principe 201 8 10 14 199 000 101 2002 130 90. 2006 160 101, 2010 305 171, South Sudan c 7 500 31 12 13 11 52m c 65 2011 c 8 000 c 77.
Eastern Africa, Burundi 8 646 8 10 14 9 28m 93 2001 9 013 139. 2005 7 167 99, 2010 9 481 113, Comoros 233 10 14 756 000 31 2009 c 150 c 22. Djibouti c 600 14 886 000 c 68 2000 c 200 c 27, 2010 c 600 c 72. Ethiopia c 111 050 2011 12 86 47m c 128 2000 01 62 597 94. 2005 06 72 211 96, 2010 11 104 467 124, Kenya 54 154 4 15 45 80m 118 2000 40 010 129. 2005 50 000 141, 2010 49 757 122, Madagascar 18 719 13 22 48m 83 1999 20 109 135.
2005 20 294 112, 2010 18 647 90, Malawi 12 156 25 7 14 16 73m 73 2000 7 728 69. 2005 9 656 75, 2010 11 672 78, Mauritius 2 072 21 9 15 1 34m 155 2000 1 635 136. 2005 2 547 203, 2010 2 449 188, Mozambique 15 430 14 25 38m 61 1999 8 812 49. 2004 c 10 000 c 49, 2010 15 249 65, Rwanda 54 279 9 15 12 50m 434 2000 c 115 000 c 1 369. 2005 c 67 000 c 702, 2010 55 000 507, Seychelles 735 9 14 92 000 799 2000 c 166 c 205.
2005 162 196, 2010 432 486, Tanzania 34 196 3 14 49 72m 69 2000 45 611 135. 2005 46 416 118, 2009 40 111 92, Uganda 45 092 8 15 39 19m 115 2000 c 21 700 c 92. 2005 26 126 93, 2010 30 312 91, Zambia 18 560 4 15 14 82m 125 2000 11 999 116. 2005 14 207 124, 2010 16 666 128, Zimbabwe 18 857 9 1 15 13 01m 145 2000 20 567 164. 2005 18 033 144, 2010 13 361 107, Mayotte France 173 1 7 15 234 000 74 2003 163 100.
2010 155 109, Reunion France 1 022 1 7 15 895 000 114 2001 1 079 144. 2006 962 120, 2011 1 078 127, Southern Africa, Botswana 3 826 31 12 13 2 03m 188 2000 6 742 381. 2005 6 259 333, 2010 c 5 063 c 256, World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Table 1 continued AFRICA, Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population, total population rate year total rate.
Lesotho 2 073 30 8 14 2 26m 92 2000 2 908 147, 2005 2 712 130. 2010 2 498 115, Namibia 3 560 10 4 15 2 48m 144 2000 4 883 254. 2004 4 442 218, 2010 4 251 185, South Africa 159 241 31 3 15 54 57m 292 2000 171 462 394. 2005 187 394 400, 2010 163 312 328, Swaziland 3 616 21 3 14 1 25m 289 2000 2 745 256. 2005 2 667 242, 2009 2 713 232, The figure for Guinea Bissau is for the two prisons only Figures for the detention centres are not available.
The prison population of Rwanda includes many thousands detained in connection with the genocide of 1994. Figures are not available for, Eastern Africa Eritrea Somalia. Table 2 AMERICAS, Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population, total population rate year total rate. Northern America, Canada 37 864 2013 14 35 68m 106 2000 01 35 533 115. 2005 06 35 436 110, 2010 11 39 916 117, U S A 2 217 000 13 317 76m 698 2000 1 937 482 683.
2005 2 195 471 739, 2010 2 270 142 731, Bermuda UK 230 31 7 14 65 000 354 2000 298 473. 2004 364 569, 2010 277 426, Greenland Denm k 116 21 7 15 55 700 208 2000 88 157. 2005 114 200, 2010 171 302, Central America, Belize 1 545 9 1 15 344 000 449 2000 765 320. 2005 1 234 454, 2010 1 420 460, Costa Rica 17 440 30 9 14 4 95m 352 2000 7 575 193. 2005 9 053 210, 2010 12 110 259, El Salvador 31 686 26 10 15 6 44m 492 2000 7 754 130.
2005 12 525 206, 2010 24 662 395, Guatemala 19 810 30 10 15 16 39m 121 2000 6 974 62. 2005 8 247 65, 2010 11 148 78, Honduras 16 331 11 14 8 32m 196 1999 10 869 178. 2005 11 589 167, 2010 11 846 154, Mexico 255 138 30 6 15 120 20m 212 2000 154 765 156. 2005 205 821 195, 2010 219 027 194, Nicaragua 10 569 10 14 6 19m 171 2000 6 539 128. 2005 6 382 117, 2010 c 6 500 c 112, Panama 15 508 9 1 15 3 96m 392 2000 8 652 280.
2005 11 571 340, 2010 12 293 333, World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Table 2 continued AMERICAS, Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population, total population rate year total rate. Antigua Barbuda 343 6 15 92 000 373 2000 c 170 c 218. 2005 194 234, 2010 295 339, Bahamas 1 396 10 14 385 000 363 2000 c 1 400 c 470. 2005 1 500 453, 2010 1 322 367, Barbados 924 5 15 286 900 322 2000 1 411 527.
2005 997 365, 2010 910 324, Cuba 57 337 5 12 11 25m 510 2003 c 55 000 c 487. 2006 c 60 000 c 531, Dominica 219 7 15 73 000 300 1999 298 426. 2005 282 397, 2010 295 415, Dominican Republic 24 832 29 5 15 10 64m 233 2000 14 995 173. 2005 12 495 133, 2010 20 743 206, Grenada 424 1 15 106 500 398 2002 297 291. 2006 334 324, 2010 432 411, Haiti 10 266 30 1 15 10 54m 97 2000 4 219 49.
2005 3 670 39, 2010 5 331 54, Jamaica 4 050 10 11 14 2 79m 145 2003 4 744 178. 2007 4 709 174, 2011 4 457 161, St Kitts Nevis 334 14 55 000 607 1999 135 300. 2005 209 422, 2010 256 488, St Lucia 646 1 15 185 000 349 1999 373 241. 2005 503 303, 2010 526 296, St Vincent the 412 28 7 14 109 000 378 1999 405 375. Grenadines 2005 364 334, 2010 413 379, Trinidad Tobago 3 481 14 1 35m 258 2000 4 633 365.
2005 3 683 283, 2010 3 766 283, Anguilla UK 46 30 10 15 15 000 307 2004 41 342. 2007 56 431, 2010 58 414, Aruba Neth 170 23 10 14 103 000 165 2005 231 232. 2011 246 241, Cayman Is UK 205 1 15 54 600 375 2000 227 565. 2005 190 393, 2010 212 382, Curacao Neth 348 23 10 14 154 650 225 1999 434 306. 2006 578 412, 2010 541 365, Guadeloupe Fr 913 1 7 15 468 000 195 2001 628 144.
2006 718 158, 2011 784 171, Martinique Fr 949 1 7 15 396 000 240 2001 608 156. 2006 649 163, 2011 885 224, Puerto Rico USA 12 327 31 12 14 3 52m 350 2000 14 691 384. 2005 14 263 364, 2010 10 878 294, Sint Maarten Neth c 161 23 10 14 46 400 c 347 2002 129 396. 2006 141 362, 2011 138 319, Virgin Is UK 119 4 14 28 000 425 1999 43 215. 2005 105 457, 2010 117 433, Virgin Is USA 577 3 13 106 700 542 2000 518 475.
2005 596 554, 2010 577 544, World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Table 2 continued AMERICAS, South America, Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population, total population rate year total rate. Argentina 69 060 31 12 14 43 20m 160 1999 38 604 105. 2005 63 357 161, 2010 65 095 157, Bolivia 13 468 10 15 11 08m 122 2000 8 151 95. 2005 6 793 72, 2010 9 406 92, Brazil 607 731 6 14 202 03m 301 2000 232 755 133.
2005 361 402 193, 2010 496 251 253, Chile 44 238 30 9 15 17 90m 247 2000 33 050 215. 2005 37 033 228, 2010 53 410 313, Colombia 121 389 30 9 15 49 68m 244 2000 51 518 128. 2005 66 829 154, 2010 84 444 181, Ecuador 25 902 14 9 14 16 03m 162 2000 8 029 64. 2005 11 971 87, 2010 11 800 79, Guyana 1 967 31 12 14 758 500 259 2001 1 507 205. 2005 1 524 204, 2010 2 160 286, Paraguay 10 949 7 8 14 6 93m 158 2000 3 219 60.
2005 6 282 105, 2010 6 197 95, Peru 75 379 31 7 15 31 19m 242 2000 27 734 107. 2005 33 010 119, 2010 45 464 155, Suriname c 1 000 11 14 547 000 c 183 2000 786 168. 2005 820 164, 2009 915 175, Uruguay 9 996 31 10 15 3 43m 291 2000 4 469 135. of women and girls in the total world prison population has risen from 5 4 in about 2000 to 6 8 in the latest figures available For more information on female prison populations see the third edition of the World Female Imprisonment List

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