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World Prison Population List eleventh edition,Key points. CC This report shows that more than 10 35 in Africa the median rate for western African. million people are held in penal institutions countries is 52 whereas for southern African. throughout the world either as pre trial countries it is 188. detainees remand prisoners or having in the Americas the median rate for south. been convicted and sentenced Figures American countries is 242 whereas for. for Eritrea Somalia and the Democratic Caribbean countries it is 347. People s Republic of North Korea are not, available and those for China and Guinea in Asia the median rate for south central. Bissau are incomplete see footnote to Asian countries mainly the Indian sub. Table 3 concerning China Also missing continent is 74 whereas for central Asian. are prisoners held in some jurisdictions that countries it is 166. are not fully recognised internationally and in Europe the median rate for western. those pre trial prisoners who are held in European countries is 84 whereas for the. police facilities and not included in published countries spanning Europe and Asia e g. national prison population totals The full Russia and Turkey it is 236. total is therefore higher than 10 35 million, and may well be in excess of 11 million in Oceania the median rate is 155. CC There are more than 2 2 million prisoners in CC Since about the year 2000 the world prison. the United States of America more than 1 65 population total has grown by almost 20. million in China plus an unknown number which is slightly above the estimated 18. in pre trial detention or administrative increase in the world s general population. detention 640 000 in the Russian over the same period There are considerable. Federation 607 000 in Brazil 418 000 in differences between the continents and. India 311 000 in Thailand 255 000 in Mexico variation within continents The total prison. and 225 000 in Iran population in Oceania has increased by almost. 60 and that in the Americas by over 40 in, CC The countries with the highest prison Europe by contrast the total prison population. population rate that is the number of has decreased by 21 The European figure. prisoners per 100 000 of the national reflects large falls in prison populations in. population are Seychelles 799 per 100 000 Russia and in central and eastern Europe. followed by the United States 698 St Kitts In the Americas the prison population has. Nevis 607 Turkmenistan 583 U S Virgin increased by 14 in the USA by over 80. Islands 542 Cuba 510 El Salvador 492 in central American countries and by 145 in. Guam U S A 469 Thailand 461 Belize south American countries. 449 Russian Federation 445 Rwanda 434, and British Virgin Islands 425 CC The female prison population total has.
increased by 50 since about 2000 while, CC However more than half of all countries and the equivalent figure for the male prison. territories 55 have rates below 150 per population is 18. CC The female total has increased, CC The world prison population rate based proportionately more than the male total in. on United Nations estimates of national every continent Consequently the proportion. population levels is 144 per 100 000 of women and girls in the total world prison. population has risen from 5 4 in about, CC Prison population rates vary considerably 2000 to 6 8 in the latest figures available. between different regions of the world For more information on female prison. and between different parts of the same populations see the third edition of the World. continent For example Female Imprisonment List,World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Part 1 Prison population totals rates and trends per country. Table 1 AFRICA,Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information.
population national population,total population rate year total rate. Northern Africa, Algeria 60 220 31 12 13 37 28m 162 2000 33 992 111. 2005 43 797 132,2010 58 000 164,Egypt 62 000 13 82 06m 76 2001 56 587 84. 2006 64 378 87,2011 c 66 000 c 83,Libya 6 187 4 14 6 24m 99 2004 9 763 178. 2010 13 242 220,Morocco 76 000 4 15 34 28m 222 2000 54 288 187.
2005 50 933 167,2010 64 877 201,Sudan 19 101 13 37 96m 50 2002 12 809 44. 2009 19 144 55, Tunisia 23 686 10 14 11 15m 212 2004 c 26 000 c 261. 2009 26 319 250,Western Africa,Benin 7 247 10 12 9 42m 77 2000 4 961 76. 2006 5 834 74,2010 6 908 78, Burkina Faso 6 251 30 6 14 18 41m 34 2000 2 204 18. 2005 3 315 23,2010 5 198 31,Cape Verde 1 434 13 501 000 286 1999 755 172.
2010 1 226 251, Cote d Ivoire c 10 850 30 11 14 21 01m c 52 2002 10 355 62. 2008 11 143 61,Gambia 1 121 11 14 1 93m 58 1999 478 40. 2002 450 34,2009 780 47,Ghana 14 297 6 15 26 96m 53 2000 9 507 51. 2005 12 371 58,2010 13 507 56,Guinea Rep of 3 110 14 12 12m 26 2002 3 070 34. 2008 2 780 27,Guinea Bissau 92 31 12 13 1 725m not available.
Liberia 1 719 14 4 40m 39 2007 1 022 29,2011 1 601 39. Mali 5 209 14 15 77m 33 2002 4 040 38,2009 6 700 49. Mauritania 1 768 1 10 14 4 01m 44 2001 1 413 50,2005 c 815 c 26. 2010 1 700 47,Niger 7 424 12 14 18 87m 39 2002 c 6 000 c 51. 2006 7 381 53,2010 5 337 33,Nigeria 56 620 12 14 180 81m 31 2000 44 450 36.
2005 39 006 28,2010 46 586 29,Senegal 8 630 11 14 13 86m 62 2000 4 894 51. 2005 6 417 59,2010 7 300 59, Sierra Leone 3 488 27 10 15 6 36m 55 2004 c 1 400 c 28. 2010 2 237 39,Togo 4 493 14 6 99m 64 2003 3 200 61. 2010 4 116 65,Central Africa,Angola 22 826 31 12 14 21 45m 106 2001 4 000 28. 2005 c 8 300 c 50,2009 16 183 87, Cameroon 25 914 31 12 13 22 54m 115 2002 20 000 119.
2005 22 734 127,2009 23 368 115, Central African Rep 764 15 4 80m 16 2005 c 1 000 c 25. 2010 1 320 c 29,World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Table 1 continued AFRICA,Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population,total population rate year total rate. Chad 4 831 31 12 11 12 26m 39 2000 2 385 29,2005 3 416 34.
2010 4 775 41, Congo Rep of c 1 240 8 9 14 4 58m c 27 2005 1 550 44. 2009 2 410 60, Dem Rep of Congo 21 722 31 8 13 67 82m 32 2004 c 30 000 c 58. 2010 c 22 000 c 35, Equatorial Guinea c 1 000 14 778 000 c 129 not available. Gabon c 3 500 13 1 67m c 210 2006 c 2 750 c 195, Sao Tome e Principe 201 8 10 14 199 000 101 2002 130 90. 2006 160 101,2010 305 171, South Sudan c 7 500 31 12 13 11 52m c 65 2011 c 8 000 c 77.
Eastern Africa,Burundi 8 646 8 10 14 9 28m 93 2001 9 013 139. 2005 7 167 99,2010 9 481 113,Comoros 233 10 14 756 000 31 2009 c 150 c 22. Djibouti c 600 14 886 000 c 68 2000 c 200 c 27,2010 c 600 c 72. Ethiopia c 111 050 2011 12 86 47m c 128 2000 01 62 597 94. 2005 06 72 211 96,2010 11 104 467 124,Kenya 54 154 4 15 45 80m 118 2000 40 010 129. 2005 50 000 141,2010 49 757 122,Madagascar 18 719 13 22 48m 83 1999 20 109 135.
2005 20 294 112,2010 18 647 90,Malawi 12 156 25 7 14 16 73m 73 2000 7 728 69. 2005 9 656 75,2010 11 672 78,Mauritius 2 072 21 9 15 1 34m 155 2000 1 635 136. 2005 2 547 203,2010 2 449 188,Mozambique 15 430 14 25 38m 61 1999 8 812 49. 2004 c 10 000 c 49,2010 15 249 65, Rwanda 54 279 9 15 12 50m 434 2000 c 115 000 c 1 369. 2005 c 67 000 c 702,2010 55 000 507,Seychelles 735 9 14 92 000 799 2000 c 166 c 205.
2005 162 196,2010 432 486,Tanzania 34 196 3 14 49 72m 69 2000 45 611 135. 2005 46 416 118,2009 40 111 92,Uganda 45 092 8 15 39 19m 115 2000 c 21 700 c 92. 2005 26 126 93,2010 30 312 91,Zambia 18 560 4 15 14 82m 125 2000 11 999 116. 2005 14 207 124,2010 16 666 128,Zimbabwe 18 857 9 1 15 13 01m 145 2000 20 567 164. 2005 18 033 144,2010 13 361 107,Mayotte France 173 1 7 15 234 000 74 2003 163 100.
2010 155 109, Reunion France 1 022 1 7 15 895 000 114 2001 1 079 144. 2006 962 120,2011 1 078 127,Southern Africa,Botswana 3 826 31 12 13 2 03m 188 2000 6 742 381. 2005 6 259 333,2010 c 5 063 c 256,World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Table 1 continued AFRICA,Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population,total population rate year total rate.
Lesotho 2 073 30 8 14 2 26m 92 2000 2 908 147,2005 2 712 130. 2010 2 498 115,Namibia 3 560 10 4 15 2 48m 144 2000 4 883 254. 2004 4 442 218,2010 4 251 185, South Africa 159 241 31 3 15 54 57m 292 2000 171 462 394. 2005 187 394 400,2010 163 312 328,Swaziland 3 616 21 3 14 1 25m 289 2000 2 745 256. 2005 2 667 242,2009 2 713 232, The figure for Guinea Bissau is for the two prisons only Figures for the detention centres are not available.
The prison population of Rwanda includes many thousands detained in connection with the genocide of 1994. Figures are not available for,Eastern Africa Eritrea Somalia. Table 2 AMERICAS,Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population,total population rate year total rate. Northern America, Canada 37 864 2013 14 35 68m 106 2000 01 35 533 115. 2005 06 35 436 110,2010 11 39 916 117,U S A 2 217 000 13 317 76m 698 2000 1 937 482 683.
2005 2 195 471 739,2010 2 270 142 731,Bermuda UK 230 31 7 14 65 000 354 2000 298 473. 2004 364 569,2010 277 426, Greenland Denm k 116 21 7 15 55 700 208 2000 88 157. 2005 114 200,2010 171 302,Central America,Belize 1 545 9 1 15 344 000 449 2000 765 320. 2005 1 234 454,2010 1 420 460, Costa Rica 17 440 30 9 14 4 95m 352 2000 7 575 193. 2005 9 053 210,2010 12 110 259, El Salvador 31 686 26 10 15 6 44m 492 2000 7 754 130.
2005 12 525 206,2010 24 662 395, Guatemala 19 810 30 10 15 16 39m 121 2000 6 974 62. 2005 8 247 65,2010 11 148 78,Honduras 16 331 11 14 8 32m 196 1999 10 869 178. 2005 11 589 167,2010 11 846 154, Mexico 255 138 30 6 15 120 20m 212 2000 154 765 156. 2005 205 821 195,2010 219 027 194,Nicaragua 10 569 10 14 6 19m 171 2000 6 539 128. 2005 6 382 117,2010 c 6 500 c 112,Panama 15 508 9 1 15 3 96m 392 2000 8 652 280.
2005 11 571 340,2010 12 293 333,World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Table 2 continued AMERICAS,Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population,total population rate year total rate. Antigua Barbuda 343 6 15 92 000 373 2000 c 170 c 218. 2005 194 234,2010 295 339, Bahamas 1 396 10 14 385 000 363 2000 c 1 400 c 470. 2005 1 500 453,2010 1 322 367,Barbados 924 5 15 286 900 322 2000 1 411 527.
2005 997 365,2010 910 324,Cuba 57 337 5 12 11 25m 510 2003 c 55 000 c 487. 2006 c 60 000 c 531,Dominica 219 7 15 73 000 300 1999 298 426. 2005 282 397,2010 295 415, Dominican Republic 24 832 29 5 15 10 64m 233 2000 14 995 173. 2005 12 495 133,2010 20 743 206,Grenada 424 1 15 106 500 398 2002 297 291. 2006 334 324,2010 432 411,Haiti 10 266 30 1 15 10 54m 97 2000 4 219 49.
2005 3 670 39,2010 5 331 54,Jamaica 4 050 10 11 14 2 79m 145 2003 4 744 178. 2007 4 709 174,2011 4 457 161,St Kitts Nevis 334 14 55 000 607 1999 135 300. 2005 209 422,2010 256 488,St Lucia 646 1 15 185 000 349 1999 373 241. 2005 503 303,2010 526 296, St Vincent the 412 28 7 14 109 000 378 1999 405 375. Grenadines 2005 364 334,2010 413 379,Trinidad Tobago 3 481 14 1 35m 258 2000 4 633 365.
2005 3 683 283,2010 3 766 283,Anguilla UK 46 30 10 15 15 000 307 2004 41 342. 2007 56 431,2010 58 414,Aruba Neth 170 23 10 14 103 000 165 2005 231 232. 2011 246 241,Cayman Is UK 205 1 15 54 600 375 2000 227 565. 2005 190 393,2010 212 382, Curacao Neth 348 23 10 14 154 650 225 1999 434 306. 2006 578 412,2010 541 365,Guadeloupe Fr 913 1 7 15 468 000 195 2001 628 144.
2006 718 158,2011 784 171,Martinique Fr 949 1 7 15 396 000 240 2001 608 156. 2006 649 163,2011 885 224, Puerto Rico USA 12 327 31 12 14 3 52m 350 2000 14 691 384. 2005 14 263 364,2010 10 878 294, Sint Maarten Neth c 161 23 10 14 46 400 c 347 2002 129 396. 2006 141 362,2011 138 319,Virgin Is UK 119 4 14 28 000 425 1999 43 215. 2005 105 457,2010 117 433,Virgin Is USA 577 3 13 106 700 542 2000 518 475.
2005 596 554,2010 577 544,World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Table 2 continued AMERICAS,South America,Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population,total population rate year total rate. Argentina 69 060 31 12 14 43 20m 160 1999 38 604 105. 2005 63 357 161,2010 65 095 157,Bolivia 13 468 10 15 11 08m 122 2000 8 151 95. 2005 6 793 72,2010 9 406 92,Brazil 607 731 6 14 202 03m 301 2000 232 755 133.
2005 361 402 193,2010 496 251 253,Chile 44 238 30 9 15 17 90m 247 2000 33 050 215. 2005 37 033 228,2010 53 410 313, Colombia 121 389 30 9 15 49 68m 244 2000 51 518 128. 2005 66 829 154,2010 84 444 181,Ecuador 25 902 14 9 14 16 03m 162 2000 8 029 64. 2005 11 971 87,2010 11 800 79,Guyana 1 967 31 12 14 758 500 259 2001 1 507 205. 2005 1 524 204,2010 2 160 286,Paraguay 10 949 7 8 14 6 93m 158 2000 3 219 60.
2005 6 282 105,2010 6 197 95,Peru 75 379 31 7 15 31 19m 242 2000 27 734 107. 2005 33 010 119,2010 45 464 155,Suriname c 1 000 11 14 547 000 c 183 2000 786 168. 2005 820 164,2009 915 175,Uruguay 9 996 31 10 15 3 43m 291 2000 4 469 135. 2005 6 211 187,2010 8 700 257,Venezuela 55 007 14 30 85m 178 2000 14 196 58. 2005 19 853 74,2010 40 825 140, Fr Guiana Guyane Fr 726 1 7 15 262 000 277 2001 423 256.
2005 600 296,2010 715 310,World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Table 3 ASIA,Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population,total population rate year total rate. Western Asia,Bahrain 4 028 12 13 1 34m 301 2003 437 57. 2010 1 100 88,Iraq 42 880 14 34 77m 123 2004 c 7 000 c 26.
2007 26 472 91,2010 39 130 125,Israel 20 245 4 15 7 90m 256 2000 9 421 158. 2005 16 059 240,2010 20 164 270,Jordan 10 089 9 14 6 72m 150 2001 5 621 114. 2005 6 378 120,2010 8 434 136,Kuwait c 3 200 14 3 48m c 92 2000 c 3 100 c 162. 2005 c 3 500 c 152,2010 4 179 140,Lebanon 6 012 11 11 14 5 02m 120 2000 4 917 154. 2005 6 921 173,2010 5 189 120,Oman 1 300 13 3 63m 36 2000 2 020 92.
2002 1 403 61,Qatar c 1 150 13 2 17m c 53 2000 570 96. 2004 465 60,2008 551 38, Saudi Arabia 47 000 2 13 29 17m 161 2000 23 720 116. 2002 28 612 131,2009 44 600 165,Syria 10 599 04 17 68m 60 2003 11 829 68. United Arab Emirates 11 193 06 4 88m 229 2001 c 11 000 c 351. 2006 11 193 229,Yemen c 14 000 7 13 26 23m c 53 2003 16 252 84. 2006 10 415 49,2010 12 409 52,Central Asia, Kazakhstan 41 333 1 10 15 17 68m 234 2000 78 029 520.
2005 52 608 342,2010 63 643 393, Kyrgyzstan 9 729 25 7 14 5 85m 166 2000 20 000 402. 2005 16 662 327,2010 9 923 183, Tajikistan 9 317 12 10 7 70m 121 2001 c 11 000 c 175. 2006 10 804 157, Turkmenistan 30 568 13 5 24m 583 2000 c 22 000 c 488. 2005 13 462 283,2010 c 26 500 c 522, Uzbekistan c 43 900 14 29 33m c 150 2000 63 900 257. 2003 48 000 188,2009 c 42 000 c 153,South Central Asia.
Afghanistan 26 519 14 35 60m 74 2004 5 262 20,2007 10 590 36. 2010 18 283 58,Bangladesh 69 719 8 15 160 65m 43 2000 62 669 47. 2005 74 766 52,2010 69 650 46,Bhutan 1 119 12 14 772 000 145 2011 1 001 137. India 418 536 31 12 14 1 275 00m 33 2000 272 079 26. 2005 358 368 32,2010 368 998 30,Iran 225 624 12 14 78 59m 287 2001 158 000 237. 2005 134 384 192,2010 204 365 275,Maldives 1 200 14 352 000 341 2000 2 166 793.
2005 983 330,2010 830 255,Nepal 16 813 10 14 28 27m 59 2000 6 000 25. 2005 7 135 28,2010 10 739 40,World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Table 3 continued ASIA,Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population,total population rate year total rate. Pakistan 80 169 4 15 187 52m 43 2000 78 938 56,2005 89 370 57.
2010 75 586 43,Sri Lanka 19 774 mid 14 21 45m 92 2000 16 412 87. 2005 22 114 111,2010 26 984 130,South Eastern Asia. Brunei Darussalam 554 22 9 14 418 500 132 2000 333 101. 2005 492 136,2010 379 96,Cambodia 16 497 15 7 15 15 69m 105 2000 5 502 45. 2005 8 160 61,2010 14 043 97,Indonesia 161 692 8 14 253 18m 64 2000 53 399 26. 2005 97 671 44,2010 117 863 49,Laos 4 020 mid 04 5 70m 71 not available.
Malaysia 51 946 10 15 30 45m 171 2000 27 358 116,2005 35 644 138. 2010 38 387 137,Myanmar c 60 000 13 53 26m c 113 2001 31 648 64. 2004 c 60 000 c 120,2009 60 053 117, Philippines 120 076 14 99 165m 121 2000 79 299 102. 2005 90 492 105,2010 95 390 103, Singapore 12 596 31 12 14 5 56m 227 2000 13 791 352. 2005 13 644 299,2010 12 852 250, Thailand 311 036 15 10 15 67 45m 461 2000 223 406 357.
2005 162 293 247,2010 210 855 317,Timor Leste 581 8 15 1 17m 50 2003 c 320 c 35. 2009 223 21,Vietnam 142 636 mid 14 92 55m 154 2005 88 414 104. 2010 108 557 122,Eastern Asia, China 1 657 812 mid 14 1 393 78m 119 2000 1 427 407 111. 2005 1 565 771 118,2010 1 656 773 121,Japan 60 486 31 12 14 127 02m 48 2000 61 242 48. 2005 79 052 62,2010 72 975 57, Korea Rep of 50 800 31 7 14 50 09m 101 2000 62 959 136.
2005 52 403 110,2010 47 471 97,Mongolia 7 773 10 9 14 2 92m 266 2001 6 656 275. 2005 6 998 277,2010 7 044 260,Taiwan 63 734 31 8 15 23 47m 272 2000 56 676 254. 2005 60 122 264,2010 65 311 282, Hong Kong China 8 284 30 6 15 7 29m 114 2000 12 017 180. 2005 11 311 165,2010 9 988 142, Macau China 1 258 31 7 15 646 700 195 2000 847 196. 2005 897 185,2010 929 172, The China figures are for sentenced prisoners only Figures for pre trial detention and other forms of detention are not available but more.
than 650 000 were so held in 2009 Supreme People s Procuratorate. Figures are not available for, Eastern Asia Democratic People s Republic of North Korea. World Prison Population List eleventh edition,Table 4 EUROPE. Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information,population national population. total population rate year total rate,Northern Europe. Denmark 3 481 1 5 15 5 67m 61 2000 3 382 63,2005 4 041 75.
2010 3 965 71,Estonia 2 830 26 10 15 1 31m 216 2000 4 712 343. 2005 4 565 337,2010 3 555 266,Finland 3 105 16 5 15 5 47m 57 2000 2 855 55. 2005 3 888 74,2010 3 291 61,Iceland 147 1 1 14 325 700 45 2000 78 28. 2005 119 40,2010 165 52,Ireland 3 733 30 10 15 4 64m 80 2000 2 948 77. 2005 3 151 76,2010 4 290 94,Latvia 4 745 31 12 14 1 99m 239 2000 8 815 370.
2005 7 646 340,2010 7 055 333,Lithuania 7 810 1 9 15 2 91m 268 2000 14 412 410. 2005 8 125 242,2010 8 655 275,Norway 3 710 13 5 15 5 19m 71 2000 2 548 57. 2005 3 124 68,2010 3 624 74,Sweden 5 400 1 1 15 9 75m 55 2000 5 326 60. 2005 7 008 78,2010 6 902 74, UK England Wales 85 843 30 10 15 58 02m 148 2000 64 602 124. 2005 75 979 142,2010 84 725 153, UK Northern Ireland 1 607 23 10 15 1 85m 87 2000 1 068 64.
2005 1 301 76,2010 1 465 81, UK Scotland 7 692 30 10 15 5 37m 143 2000 5 869 116. 2005 6 792 133,2010 7 806 150,Faeroes Denmark 11 avrge 14 48 480 23 2000 9 20. 2005 10 21,2010 10 21,Guernsey UK 83 2 10 15 65 450 127 2000 59 94. 2005 105 164,2010 75 114,Isle of Man UK 80 26 10 15 87 000 92 2000 54 70. 2005 60 75,2010 97 115,Jersey UK 154 21 10 15 101 500 152 2000 130 150.
2005 172 190,2010 177 183,Southern Europe,Albania 5 455 9 15 2 89m 189 2001 3 053 99. 2005 4 356 139,2010 4 750 148,Andorra 55 8 14 76 250 72 2001 48 72. 2006 30 37,2010 61 78, Bosnia Herzegovina 1 722 31 12 14 2 35m 73 2000 1 041 45. Federation 2005 1 435 62,2010 1 714 75, Bosnia Herzegovina 940 31 12 14 1 32m 71 2001 849 61. Republika Srpska 2005 955 68,2010 1 046 75,Croatia 3 763 31 12 14 4 23m 89 2000 2 027 45.
2005 3 022 68,2010 4 891 110,World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Table 4 continued EUROPE,Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population,total population rate year total rate. Cyprus 811 1 9 13 860 600 94 2000 312 45,2005 536 70. 2010 637 76,Greece 11 798 1 1 15 10 81m 109 2000 7 625 70.
2005 8 722 79,2010 11 364 102,Italy 52 434 31 10 15 60 81m 86 2000 53 165 93. 2005 59 523 101,2010 67 961 112,Kosovo 1 816 1 10 14 1 81m 100 2000 227 11. 2005 1 199 58,2010 1 333 61, Macedonia FYROM 3 034 10 14 2 07m 147 2000 1 178 59. 2005 1 844 90,2010 2 516 122,Malta 582 31 1 15 429 740 135 2001 257 65. 2005 294 73,2010 583 141,Montenegro 1 083 9 14 621 900 174 2000 664 108.
2005 812 130,2010 1 457 235, Portugal 14 238 15 10 15 10 33m 138 2000 12 944 126. 2005 12 889 123,2010 11 613 110,San Marino 2 1 9 13 33 700 1999 2. Serbia 10 500 4 15 7 10m 148 2000 6 160 82,2005 8 078 109. 2010 11 211 155,Slovenia 1 511 25 5 15 2 06m 73 2000 1 148 58. 2005 1 159 58,2010 1 304 64,Spain 63 025 30 10 15 46 38m 136 2000 45 309 113.
2005 60 707 139,2010 76 701 165,Gibraltar UK 48 31 12 13 32 730 147 2000 18 67. 2005 27 94,2010 53 180,Western Europe,Austria 8 188 1 1 15 8 58m 95 2000 6 862 86. 2005 8 869 108,2010 8 597 102,Belgium 11 769 1 3 14 11 24m 105 2000 8 688 85. 2005 9 375 90,2010 10 561 97,France 60 896 1 9 15 64 39m 95 2000 48 049 82. 2005 55 302 91,2010 61 430 98,Germany 63 628 31 3 15 81 29m 78 2000 70 252 85.
2005 78 664 95,2010 69 385 85,Liechtenstein 8 1 1 15 37 370 21 1999 24 74. 2005 10 29,2010 14 39,Luxembourg 631 1 1 15 562 400 112 2000 394 90. 2005 693 149,2010 690 136,Monaco 28 1 1 15 37 800 74 2000 18 51. 2005 26 74,2010 12 34, Netherlands 11 603 30 9 14 16 88m 69 2000 13 847 87. 2005 21 826 134,2010 15 235 92,Switzerland 6 923 3 9 14 8 20m 84 2000 5 760 80.
2005 6 137 82,2010 6 181 79,World Prison Population List eleventh edition. Table 4 continued EUROPE,Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population,total population rate year total rate. Central Eastern Europe, Belarus c 29 000 10 14 9 47m c 306 2000 56 590 566. 2005 41 538 426,2009 41 525 438,Bulgaria 9 028 10 14 7 21m 125 2000 10 147 124.
2005 10 871 140,2010 9 006 119, Czech Republic 20 628 30 10 15 10 56m 195 2000 21 538 210. 2005 18 937 185,2010 21 900 209,Hungary 18 424 13 10 15 9 83m 187 2000 15 539 152. 2005 15 720 156,2010 16 328 163,Moldova 7 643 1 7 15 3 55m 215 2000 9 449 260. 2005 9 377 260,2010 6 535 183,Poland 72 609 30 9 15 37 99m 191 2000 70 544 184. 2005 82 955 217,2010 80 728 210, Romania 28 383 27 10 15 19 79m 143 2000 48 267 215.
2005 36 700 173,2010 28 244 140,Slovakia 9 991 1 10 15 5 43m 184 2000 6 941 129. 2005 8 897 165,2010 10 031 186, Ukraine 71 046 1 10 15 c 36 5m c 195 2000 218 800 443. 2005 188 465 400,2010 147 716 323,Europe Asia,Armenia 3 880 1 1 15 2 99m 130 2000 7 281 236. 2005 2 673 89,2010 4 807 162,Azerbaijan 22 526 14 9 54m 236 2000 23 504 291. 2005 18 656 221,2010 21 971 241,Georgia 10 236 30 9 15 3 73m 274 2000 8 349 190.
2005 9 688 220,2010 23 684 530, Russian Federation 642 470 1 10 15 144 4m 445 2000 1 060 404 729. 2005 763 115 532,2010 864 197 609,Turkey 172 562 5 10 15 78 47m 220 2000 49 512 73. 2005 55 870 77,2010 120 814 164, The figures for Cyprus do not include prisoners in the internationally unrecognised Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus TRNC There were. 249 prisoners in TRNC in August 2014, The figures for France are those for Metropolitan France Those for French departments and territories in Africa the Americas and Oceania. are shown under those continents in tables 1 2 and 5. The figures for Georgia do not include prisoners in Abkhazia and South Ossetia which have declared independence from Georgia. By agreement with Austria some persons imprisoned by Liechtenstein may be held in Austrian prisons. The figures for Moldova do not include prisoners in the internationally unrecognised territory that has declared independence from Moldova. and is known variously as Transdniestria Transnistria or Pridnestrovie The territory is reported to have contained 2 840 prisoners in 2014. By agreement with France some persons imprisoned by Monaco may be held in French prisons. The figures for San Marino do not show prison population rates because by agreement with Italy most persons imprisoned by San Marino. are held in Italian prisons and the number of such prisoners is not available. The 2015 figures for Ukraine do not include prisoners in Crimea and Sebastopol and those areas of Donetsk and Luhansk that are not under. the control of the Ukrainian authorities,World Prison Population List eleventh edition.
Table 5 OCEANIA,Prison Date Estimated Prison Trend information. population national population,total population rate year total rate. Australia 35 949 4 15 6 15 23 75m 151 2000 21 714 114. 2005 25 353 126,2010 29 700 135,Fiji 1 555 9 15 894 000 174 2000 1 185 146. 2005 1 113 135,2010 1 097 127,Kiribati 141 9 14 104 000 136 2000 57 69. 2005 74 82,2010 90 92,Marshall Is 35 9 14 53 000 66 2003 c 20 c 38.
2006 47 90,2010 43 83, Federated States of 132 31 12 14 104 000 127 2000 91 85. Micronesia 2005 72 68,2010 100 97,Nauru 14 11 14 10 000 140 2003 6 60. 2010 20 200, New Zealand 8 906 29 6 15 4 60m 194 2000 5 720 148. 2005 7 100 171,2010 8 604 198,Palau 72 14 21 000 343 2001 70 368. 2005 97 485,2010 79 395, Papua New Guinea 4 580 5 11 14 7 53m 61 2000 3 531 65.
2005 4 056 67,2010 4 268 61,Samoa 481 10 14 192 500 250 2000 173 99. 2005 247 137,2009 c 300 c 162,Solomon Is 323 9 14 575 000 56 1999 134 33. 2005 295 63,2010 268 51,Tonga 176 7 14 106 000 166 2000 106 108. 2005 128 127,2010 159 152,Tuvalu 11 8 14 10 000 110 2000 6 67. Vanuatu c 230 15 265 000 c 87 1999 46 25,2005 138 66.
2010 187 80, American Samoa USA 214 9 13 56 000 382 2000 140 241. 2005 222 376,2011 167 304,Cook Is NZ 25 21 11 11 23 000 109 2000 23 128. 2005 27 142,2010 40 200, Fr Polynesia Fr 451 1 7 15 283 000 159 2001 275 114. 2004 327 129,2007 404 155,Guam USA 797 30 3 15 170 000 469 2000 684 440. 2005 505 320,2010 559 352, New Caledonia Fr 459 1 7 15 263 000 175 2001 329 154.
2006 316 136,2011 438 175, Northern Mariana Is 175 31 12 14 65 500 267 2000 97 141. USA 2005 149 223,2011 162 263, Sources The figures in the above tables originate almost always from the national prison administrations Some. were obtained indirectly via the Ministry responsible for prisons via national statistical offices via United Nations. surveys via surveys for the annual meetings of the Asian and Pacific Conference of Correctional Administrators. via the Council of Europe Annual Penal Statistics SPACE and via U S State Department human rights reports. World Prison Population List eleventh edition, Part 2 Prison population totals rates and trends by continent and gender. Table 6 World prison population levels continental totals and rates. Prison population National Prison,totals populations population rate. latest available at dates of prison per 100 000 of. at 31 10 2015 population totals national populations. AFRICA 1 038 735 1 102m 94,AMERICAS 3 780 528 977m 387.
ASIA 3 897 797 4 227m 92,EUROPE 1 585 348 827m 192. OCEANIA 54 726 39m 140,WORLD 10 357 134 7 172m 144. Table 7 World prison population levels change since about the year 2000. Estimated prison Latest available Change in prison Change in national populations. population total at prison population total population total mid 2000 to start of. about 2000 at 31 10 2015 since about 2000 2015 United Nations. AFRICA 902 500 1 038 735 15 1 43 8,without Rwanda1 787 500 984 456 25 0. AMERICAS 2 690 300 3 780 528 40 5 17 3,without U S A 2 752 818 1 563 528 107 7. ASIA 3 023 500 3 897 797 28 9 17 5,without China India3 1 324 014 1 821 449 37 6.
EUROPE 2 013 600 1 585 348 21 3 3 3,without Russia4 953 196 942 878 1 1. OCEANIA5 34 400 54 726 59 1 25 2,WORLD 8 664 300 10 357 134 19 5 18 2. Does not include estimates in respect of the number of prisoners in Eritrea Somalia and Democratic People s Republic of North Korea and. for China includes only the numbers of sentenced prisoners. Some of the figures on which the totals for about the year 2000 are based are estimates and so the continental totals have been rounded to. the nearest 100, 1 The growth in the African prison population is considerably less than the increase in the population of the. continent However the size of this difference is heavily influenced by the figures for Rwanda Rwanda s prison. population is still inflated by the many thousands detained in connection with the genocide in 1994 but the. numbers have more than halved since 2000 Without the figures for Rwanda the prison population in Africa has. increased by 25 since 2000, 2 The change in the prison population in the Americas since 2000 is greatly influenced by the prison population in. the United States which is by far the largest but which has grown much less than that of many other countries. in the continent Without the figures for the United States the prison population in the Americas has increased. by 108 since 2000 the increase being over 80 in central America and 145 in south America. 3 Prison population change since 2000 in Asia has varied greatly between the different parts of the continent the. totals in south eastern Asia and in western Asia Middle East both rose by 75 while the total in central Asia fell. by 31 China and India with their high national populations strongly influence the overall Asian prison population. World Prison Population List eleventh edition, level but in opposite directions the Chinese prison population rose by 16 while the Indian prison population.
rose by 54 Without the figures for these two countries the Asian prison population has risen by 38. 4 Europe is the only continent that has seen a fall in prisoner numbers since 2000 The size of the decrease is. heavily influenced by the figures for the Russian Federation Russia s prison population is by far the largest in. Europe and has fallen by almost 40 Without the figures for the Russian Federation the prison population in. Europe has fallen by 1 since 2000 Russia is not the only part of Europe that has seen a large fall in the prison. population the prison population in central and eastern Europe without Russia has fallen by almost 42 since. 2000 By contrast there has been growth in the other regions of Europe 6 in western Europe 12 in northern. Europe and 27 in southern Europe, 5 The growth in the prison population of Oceania is higher than in any other continent It is of course dominated. by the figures for Australia whose prison population rose by 66 between 2000 and 2015 and New Zealand. whose total rose by 56,Table 8 World prison population levels. change in male and female levels since about the year 2000. Change in male Change in female prison Change in Women girls Women girls. prison population total population total since overall prison as of prison as of prison. since about 2000 about 2000 population total population population. since about 2000 about 2000 latest figures,AFRICA 14 5 27 8 14 9 2 7 3 0. without Rwanda 24 7 28 8 24 8 2 7 2 8,AMERICAS 39 8 51 9 40 7 7 4 8 0. without U S A 110 6 146 9 112 5 5 3 6 1,ASIA 27 5 83 6 30 2 4 9 6 9.
without China India 39 5 62 3 41 1 7 0 8 0,EUROPE 22 6 3 4 21 3 5 0 6 5. without Russia 1 7 12 4 1 1 4 7 5 3,OCEANIA 56 7 99 5 59 1 5 5 6 9. WORLD 18 1 50 2 19 8 5 4 6 8, The percentage changes in the female prison population totals for each continent differ slightly from those shown in table 7 of the third. edition of the World Female Imprisonment List This is because the accuracy of some of the estimates for the number of female prisoners in. about 2000 has been improved, These percentage changes in the overall prison population totals for Africa America and Asia and in the world total differ slightly from those. shown in table 7 and mentioned in the accompanying commentary This is because table 8 does not include the seven countries on which. information on female prison population levels is not available Africa Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Gabon and Somalia Americas Cuba Asia. Democratic People s Republic of North Korea Uzbekistan. As with table 7 the continental figures in table 8 are heavily influenced by the figures for Rwanda the U S A. China India and Russia but this does not affect the fact that throughout the world the female prison population. has increased proportionately more than the male prison population. Roy Walmsley is Director of the World Prison Brief a comprehensive online database of information on the prison systems of the. world which can be accessed free of charge at www prisonstudies org He also researches and compiles the World Female. Imprisonment List and the World Pre trial Remand Imprisonment List. Institute for Criminal Policy Research,www prisonstudies org.


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