Women Gender And The Informal Economy An Assessment Of-Books Pdf

Women gender and the informal economy An assessment of
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Copyright International Labour Organization 2008, Publications of the International Labour Office enjoy copyright under Protocol 2 of the Universal Copyright. Convention Nevertheless short excerpts from them may be reproduced without authorization on condition that. the source is indicated For rights of reproduction or translation application should be made to ILO Publications. Rights and Permissions International Labour Office CH 1211 Geneva 22 Switzerland The International. Labour Office welcomes such applications, Libraries institutions and other users registered in the United Kingdom with the Copyright Licensing Agency. 90 Tottenham Court Road London W1T 4LP Fax 44 0 20 7631 5500 email cla cla co uk in the United. States with the Copyright Clearance Center 222 Rosewood Drive Danvers MA 01923 Fax 1 978 750. 4470 email info copyright com or in other countries with associated Reproduction Rights Organizations may. make photocopies in accordance with the licences issued to them for this purpose. Sylvia Chant Carolyn Pedwell, Women gender and the informal economy An assessment of ILO research and suggested ways forward Sylvia. Chant Carolyn Pedwell International Labour Office Geneva ILO 2008. ISBN 9789221206088 9789221206095 web pdf, International Labour Office. Informal economy women workers gender roles informal employment research programme research needs. role of ILO, Also available in French Femmes galit entre les sexes et conomie informelle evaluation des recherches.
men es par l OIT et propositions concernant la marche suivre Geneva 2008 and in Spanish Las mujeres el. g nero y la econom a informal evaluaci n de los estudios de la OIT y orientaciones sobre el trabajo futuro. Geneva 2008, ILO Cataloguing in Publication Data, The designations employed in ILO publications which are in conformity with United Nations practice and the. presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the. International Labour Office concerning the legal status of any country area or territory or of its authorities or. concerning the delimitation of its frontiers, The responsibility for opinions expressed in signed articles studies and other contributions rests solely with their. authors and publication does not constitute an endorsement by the International Labour Office of the opinions. expressed in them, Reference to names of firms and commercial products and processes does not imply their endorsement by the. International Labour Office and any failure to mention a particular firm commercial product or process is not a. sign of disapproval, ILO publications can be obtained through major booksellers or ILO local offices in many countries or direct from. ILO Publications International Labour Office CH 1211 Geneva 22 Switzerland Catalogues or lists of new. publications are available free of charge from the above address or by email pubvente ilo org. Visit our web site www ilo org publns, Printed by the International Labour Office Geneva Switzerland.
This discussion paper provides an overview of ILO research on women gender and. the informal economy which was undertaken during the last two decades It examines. methodological and analytical frameworks used in various studies identifies research gaps. and proposes directions for future work It ultimately aims to enhance ILO s work in. developing consistent coherent and coordinated policy advice to constituents across the. four pillars of the ILO Decent Work Agenda standards and fundamental principles and. rights at work employment social protection and social dialogue. This discussion paper is an outcome of two converging initiatives Firstly in order to. assess the work accomplished by the ILO on Decent Work and women specific and gender. equality topics an initial mapping exercise on existing research conducted by. Headquarters and field offices was undertaken in 2007 The first findings from this. mapping exercise were presented at the Workshop Gender Equality and Decent Work. Towards a Comprehensive Research Strategy in May 2007 1 A direct outcome of the. Workshop was the conclusion that a substantive review and analysis of ILO researches on. women gender and the informal economy was necessary. Secondly this discussion paper is one of the outputs of the In Focus Initiative on the. informal economy which was launched by the Director General to give further effect to the. 2002 International Labour Conference s Resolution and conclusions concerning decent. work and the Informal Economy 2 In this context the In Focus Initiative had recently held. the Interregional Symposium on the Informal economy Enabling the Transition to. Formality in Geneva 27 29 November 2007 3 This Symposium provided a tripartite. forum for in depth discussion and exchange of experience on recent trends policy. responses and practical strategies that are being developed in key areas across the Decent. Work Agenda that enable transition to formalization In preparation for this Interregional. Symposium it was decided to provide specific focus on the gender dimension for the. informal economy both in the background document as well in the symposium. deliberations, This discussion paper is a follow up to the conclusions of both the abovementioned. gender research Workshop in May and the Symposium in November of 2007 Both. initiatives had identified the challenge of developing and implementing research policy. and practical initiatives which combine employment creation social protection rights at. work and representation in ways that ensure gender equality and enable empowerment of. workers in the informal economy Therefore this discussion paper comes as a step towards. assessing the particular gaps in ILO research on women gender and the informal economy. and identifying key areas in need of future prioritization. The initial mapping exercise and the subsequent Workshop were both conducted by the Bureau. for Gender Equality together with the Programme for the Promotion of the Declaration and the. Policy Integration Department, ILO Report of the Committee on the Informal Economy resolution and conclusions concerning. decent work and the informal economy adopted on 19 June 2002 ILC 90th Session Geneva 2002. http www ilo org public english standards relm ilc ilc90 pdf pr 25 pdf. See http www ilo org public english employment policy events informal index htm. DEPTS External 2008 02 0341 1 En doc iii, The discussion paper has been commissioned by the Bureau for Gender Equality the. Employment Policy Department and the Policy Coherence Group of the Policy Integration. Department We purposely chose an external review for this non exhaustive body of ILO. work to be conducted by respected gender academics and researchers We wish to express. our appreciation to the authors Drs Silvia Chant and Carolyn Pedwell of the London. School of Economics for their extensive literature review and the preparation of this. critical stock taking They analysed material covering years of research obtained through. the initial mapping exercise and the ILO resource database on the informal economy The. paper was prepared under the guidance of Susan Maybud GENDER Mary Kawar. EMP POLICY and Amelita King Dejardin INTEGRATION to whom we also extend. our thanks, It is important to note that a separate review has already been commissioned on. research concerning domestic workers therefore the topic has not been covered at length. in this paper Recently emerging research on the linkages between gender unpaid work. and paid work will need to be considered in future reviews. We hope that this working paper will contribute to an understanding of the selected. ILO work on women gender and the informal economy and draw out the knowledge base. that has been collectively generated, Evy Messell Azita BerarAwad Rolph van der Hoeven.
GENDER EMPLOYMENT POLICY PCG INTEGRATION, iv DEPTS External 2008 02 0341 1 En doc. Preface iii, Introduction 1, Overview of ILO s work on gender and the informal economy 3. Analytical approaches and issues 7, Methodological approaches and issues 9. Review and assessment of literature by theme 12, Growth strategies productivity and quality employment generation 12. Overview and key findings 12, Research gaps implications and future directions 14.
Regulatory environment including promotion of international labour. standards and core rights 14, Overview and key findings 14. Research gaps implications and future directions 15. Entrepreneurship skills microfinance and market access 16. Entrepreneurship 16, Skills development and training 18. Microfinance 20, Market access 21, Extension of social security and protection 22. Organization representation and social dialogue 24. Area based local development rural and urban 27, Overview and key findings 27. Research gaps implications and future directions 27. Institutional and practical issues 28, Synthesis 28.
Recommendations 29, Reproductive productive paid or unpaid work 30. Globalization and the informal economy 30, Rights and regulatory frameworks 30. Improving access to social security 31, Productivity enhancement through better capabilities and access to resources 31. Entrepreneurship development 31, Organization representation and social dialogue 32. Bibliography 35, ILO documents 35, External documents 50.
DEPTS External 2008 02 0341 1 En doc v, Introduction. Informal work has not only persisted on an international scale since the 1970s but has. also expanded and appeared in new guises in the context of globalization neo liberalism. and cross border and rural urban migration all of which are highly gendered processes. Bach 2003 Carr and Chen 2002 Chant and McIlwaine 1995 Chen et al 2004 ILO. 2002b 2007a Valenzuela 2005 While more women now participate in paid employment. than at any other time in history labour markets across all geographical regions are sex. segregated with women concentrated in lower quality irregular and informal. employment Heintz 2006 1 see also Abramo 2003 El Solh 2003 Fern ndez. Pacheco 2003a b Silveira and Matosas 2003 Valenzuela 2005 Xaba et al 2002 As. increasing global integration and competition has fuelled a race to the bottom in which. multinational corporations may relocate numerous times in search of increasingly cheaper. labour see for example Chan 2003 Jauch 2002 women in the informal economy find. that they are the weakest links in global value chains Poor women workers of the Global. South as well as female migrant workers in a range of international contexts generally. fare worst of all Carr and Chen 2002 11 see also Chakravarty et al 2006 Kaplinsky. 2000 Mehrotra and Biggeri 2002 Perrons 2004 2005 Rossignotti 2006. Women remain concentrated in invisible areas of informal work such as domestic. labour piece rate homework and assistance in small family enterprises which offer. precarious employment status low irregular or no remuneration little or no access to. social security or protection and limited ability to organize to ensure the enforcement of. international labour standards and human rights Abramo and Valenzuela 2006 Carr and. Chen 2002 Fern ndez Pacheco 2003a b Reinecke et al 2006 Vega Gramunt 2004. Poor women employed in the informal economy also face a number of serious health and. safety risks including dangerous working conditions gendered violence and increased. susceptibility to HIV AIDS Ambert et al 2007 Chant and McIlwaine 1995 Nelson. 1997 They must also often contend with deficient infrastructure and a range of time and. space constraints on their productivity Lund and Srinivas 2000 see also Chant 1996. 2007c Kantor 2002 Lessinger 1990 Lopez Estrada 2002 Miraftab 1996 Vera Sanso. 1995 2006b Gendered earning differentials in the informal economy mirror and in many. cases surpass those in the formal sector Abramo and Valenzuela 2006 Fern ndez. Pacheco 2003b Silveira and Matosas 2003 due to both vertical and horizontal. segregation in employment and continuing gendered inequalities associated with women s. unpaid reproductive work Lund and Srinivas 2000 see also Boulde 2006 Chant 2006. 2007a c Gates 2002 Perrons 2005 In this context the complex relationships between. informality gendered relations of power and poverty require careful analysis. This discussion paper provides a review and analysis of the International Labour. Office s ILO research on women gender and the informal economy In particular it. compares and contrasts analytical and methodological frameworks used in various studies. identifies research gaps and directions for future research and pulls out key findings that. may assist concerned ILO units in taking action and formulating policy directions The. report has been commissioned by the ILO s GENDER DECLARATION and. INTEGRATION departments as a follow up document for the ILO Tripartite Symposium. on the Informal Economy held in Geneva in November 2007 Both the paper and the. symposium are linked to ILO s Decent Work Agenda and the promotion of International. Labour Standards including the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at. Work 1998 and the United Nations Economic and Social Council ECOSOC Ministerial. Declaration on Decent Work 2006, While drawing on wider academic and policy sources to theoretically and empirically. ground and exemplify key analytical and methodological issues pertinent to women. DEPTS External 2008 02 0341 1 En doc iii Preface This discussion paper provides an overview of ILO research on women gender and the informal economy which was undertaken during the last two decades

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