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Table of Contents,Table of Contents 2,Chapter 1 The Cause of Our Chaotic World 3. Chapter 2 Buddhism as an Education 3,The Goal of the Buddha s Teaching 4. The Core of the Buddha s Teaching 5,The Buddhist Educational Organization in China 5. The Four Current Types of Buddhism 7, Chapter 3 The Author s Own Experience with Buddhism 7. Chapter 4 The Methodology and Symbolism of the Buddhist. Educational System 9,The Continuing Education System for Teachers 9. The Artful Buddhist Teaching 9,Methods of Practicing Buddhism 13. How Buddhist Terminology Illustrate that Buddhism is an Education 14. Chapter 5 The Integration of Confucianism and Buddhism 15. The Five Human Relationships 17,The Practice of Confucianism and Buddhism 18. The Confucian Elementary School System 18,The Confucian Tai School System 19. World Peace Can be Achieved if the Mind and Body are Well trained. the Family is Well run and the Country is Well governed 21. The Eight Basic Confucian Moral Principles 22, Chapter 6 The Buddha s Teachings are for Everyone 23. Chapter 7 The Key to the Greatest Treasure 24, Elementary School is the Foundation of Happiness 25. Chapter 1 The Cause of Our Chaotic World, Today s societies in Taiwan and elsewhere in the world are. rather abnormal a phenomenon that has not been witnessed. before either in the West or the East Some Westerners have. predicted that the end of the world will occur in 1999 and that. Christ will return to earth for Judgement Day Easterners have. also predicted impending disasters that are similar to those. predictions in the West the only difference being the time frame. which is some twenty years later Some of these are ancient. prophecies which we should not place too much importance on. However if we view our environment objectively we will. realize that this world is really in danger, Environmental pollution has become a serious problem and. now humankind has finally begun to understand the need for. protecting our environment However the problem of mental or. spiritual pollution is many times more serious than that of the. environment This is the source of worldly ills that not many. people realize The Chinese have a saying Education is most. essential to establish a nation train its leaders and its people. For centuries the Chinese have always believed in the primacy. of education which is considered the foundation for a peaceful. and prosperous society It provides the solution to a myriad of. social ills and leads the way to changing one s suffering into. happiness Education has a strong impact on the nation and its. people Moreover elementary school is the foundation the basic. building block in an educational system,Chapter 2 Buddhism as an Education. Buddhism officially came to China in 67 AD The Emperor. had sent special envoys to India to invite Buddhist monks to. come to China to teach Buddhism which in that period was. regarded as an educational system and not as a religion. Regretfully about two hundred years ago the practice of. Buddhism had taken on a more religious facade Therefore the. purpose of this talk is to correct this misunderstanding by. leading us back to the original form of Buddhism as taught by. Buddha Shakyamuni,The Goal of the Buddha s Teaching. Buddhism is Buddha Shakyamuni s educational system. which is similar to that of Confucius for both presented similar. viewpoints and methods The goal of Buddhist education is to. attain wisdom In Sanskrit the language of ancient India the. Buddhist wisdom was called Anuttara samyak sambhodi. meaning the perfect ultimate wisdom The Buddha taught us that. the main objective of our practice or cultivation was to achieve. this ultimate wisdom He further taught us that everyone has the. potential to realize this state of ultimate wisdom as it is an. intrinsic part of our nature not something one obtains externally. However most of us have become confused through general. misconceptions and therefore are not able to realize this. potential Therefore if we break through this confusion we will. realize this intrinsic part of our nature Thus Buddhism is an. educational system aimed at regaining our own intrinsic nature. It also teaches absolute equality which stemmed from Buddha s. recognition that all sentient beings possess this innate wisdom. and nature Therefore there is no inherent difference among. beings Everyone is different now because we have lost our true. nature and have become confused The degree of wisdom. exhibited by individuals depends on the degree of delusion and. has nothing to do with the true nature of the individual The. Buddha s teaching helps us to realize that innate perfect. ultimate wisdom With wisdom we can then solve all our. problems and turn suffering into happiness Due to our lack of. wisdom we perceive view and behave foolishly and thus suffer. the consequences evoked by our incorrect actions If we have. wisdom our thoughts vie wpoints and behavior will be correct. how then can we suffer when there are no ill consequences to. suffer from Of course we will be happy From here we can see. that suffering is caused by del usion and the source of happiness. is our own realization of wisdom,The Core of the Buddha s Teaching. The Buddha s teaching contains three major points, discipline meditation and wisdom Wisdom is the goal and deep. meditation or concentration is the crucial process toward. achieving wisdom Discipline through observing the precepts is. the method that helps one to achieve deep meditation wisdom. will then be realized naturally Buddha s entire teachings as. conveyed in the sutras never really depart from these three. points Buddhism encompasses the entire collection of works by. Buddha Shakyamuni and is called the Tripitaka This can be. classified into three categories sutra vinaya precepts or rules. and sastra commentaries which emphasize meditation. discipline and wisdom respectively,The Buddhist Educational Organization in China. Buddhist education is based on filial piety as is the Chinese. culture Prior to the introduction of Buddhism to China filial. piety was the pillar of society and was supported by the wise. men of ancient China When Buddhist monks from India came to. China and started to discuss Buddhism with government. officials it was immediately apparent to everyone that Buddhism. shared numerous similarities with the indigenous Confucian. traditions Consequently the government embraced them and. requested that the monks stay in China permanently. The first two monks who came to China Moton and, Chufarlan were received by the Hong Lu Si which is. equivalent to our present Foreign Ministry or State Department. Si was designated as a ministry of the go vernment The Chief. of Hong Lu Si is equivalent to a foreign minister or Secretary of. State However Hong Lu Si could only receive foreign guests. temporarily In order to allow them to stay permanently the. Emperor added another ministry Bai Ma Si to take charge of. Buddhist education Originally the Si had nothing to do with a. temple but merely denoted a ministry of the imperial court now. it denotes a temple in contemporary Chinese So there were two. ministries in charge of education The Li Bu managed by the. Prime Minister was in charge of the traditional Confucian. educational system This organization served the same function. until the early 1900 s As the Emperor had given enormous. support to the Bai Ma Si Buddhist education rapidly spread. throughout China In many instances it had even far exceeded. the efforts to educate people than the traditional education. system of Li Bu Consequently there may not have been a. Confucian or Manfucian school in every village but there was a. Si everywhere Again the Buddhist Si or temple used to be. an educational institution and did not perform religious. ceremonies at all unlike what often takes place in contemporary. temples nowadays, Another important mission for the original Si was sutra. translation The scale of the translation effort is hard to imagine. today During the se venth century the famous monk Xuan. Tsuang had supervised six hundred scholars in sutra translation. Prior to this a monk named Kumaraja had a translation team of. about four hundred scholars Therefore the Si was a large. governmental organization Unfortunately it was completely. transformed into a place to deal with superstition and spirits. around two hundred years ago Its educational characteristics. totally disappeared which was truly regretful,The Four Current Types of Buddhism. Today there are four types of Buddhism being practiced. First there is the religious Buddhism which can be witnessed in. temples throughout Taiwan However this does not represent the. real Buddhism Second there is the academic Buddhism being. taught in many universities today where we see Buddhism being. treated purely as philosophy an academic pursuit especially in. Japan This is not exactly Buddha s education either Third and. the most unfortunate of all is the total degeneration of Buddhism. into a cult This third type of Buddhism is much more damaging. to the public than the first two types Finally there is the. traditional Buddhism the teachings of Buddha Shakyamuni in its. true essence which is very rare in our day and age. Chapter 3 The Author s Own Experience,with Buddhism. When I was a young student in Nanjing I did not believe in. any religion I went to church with some classmates to learn. about Christianity Although I tried to understand it I could not. find a way to accept it My favorite religion at that time was. Islam because its emphasis was on moral principles and ethics. and I thought that this was rare among religions When I. encountered Buddhism back then the monks were not very. convincing Therefore I could not accept Buddhism either and it. was the one I resisted the most I was too young at that time and. had not met a true practitioner, After I arrived in Taiwan I heard of Professor Dong Mei. Fang who was then a famous philosopher and a professor at the. National Taiwan University Having become an admirer of his I. wrote him a letter asking about taking a class from him at the. university Professor Fang was only in his forties at that time He. invited me to his house and told me Nowadays in school. professors do not act like professors and students do not act like. students either If you come to the university and expect to learn. something you will be sorely disappointed When I heard this I. was pretty upset since he had basically poured cold water over. my plans Finally he told me Well why don t you come to my. house every Sunday and I will give you personal instruction for. two hours I could not believe that he was so compassionate. towards me I learned about philosophies at Professor Fang s. small table in his little living room one on one This was. extremely precious to me He introduced the philosophies of the. West China India and finally Buddhism He taught me that. Buddhism is the pinnacle of the world s philosophy and that it. provides the greatest enjoyment for humanity What he told me. was fascinating and soon I realized that Buddhism contained. something magnificent I started to visit the temples in Taipei. However the monks I met in those temples just could not clearly. explain Buddhism to an intellectual skeptic like me However. the monks are much better in teaching Buddhism today Then I. set my first sight on Shan Dao Si which was a large temple in. Taipei with a vast collection of sutras During that period of. time the wide publication and circulation of Buddhist books was. very rare The monks at Shan Dao Si were extremely kind to me. as they allowed me to borrow many of the precious and rare. sutras This was a great help to me, Soon after I started to learn Buddhism seriously I was. fortunate to meet Master Zhang Jia He was a well accomplished. Esoteric practitioner who taught and guided me in my study and. practice Just like Mr Fang he taught me two hours every week. for three years until he passed away I then went to Taizhong to. follow Mr Bing Nan Lee and started studying and practicing. Buddhism is a special kind of knowledge it is not a. religion In order to derive true benefit from it we have to. understand it s true nature I have the utmost respect for. Buddhism and I b elieve Buddha Shakyamuni to be the foremost. educator in the history of the world He was just like Confucius. in that he taught everyone tirelessly and without discrimination. Chapter 4 The Methodology and Symbolism,of the Buddhist Educational System. The Continuing Education System for Teachers, The continuing education system for teachers was first. established by Buddha Shakyamuni Many of his students were. well accomplished under his instruction Every year these. students were assigned to teach at different places for nine. months In India the rainy season runs from mid April to mid. July Since it was inconvenient to travel and teach during those. three months all the students would come back to meet with the. Buddha to receive additional teachings and to learn from each. other in class discussions This was called the summer retreat. and it parallels what is currently known as continuing education. for teachers The modern continuing educational system is. necessitated by the advancement in technology However. twenty five hundred years ago Buddha had already adopted this. idea in bringing his students back for additional teachings. The Artful Buddhist Teaching, Buddhist teaching is full of artistic expressions It was. originally an education which combined what was equivalent to. today s museum and school system Therefore the Si, combined the traditional school library and museum In ancient. China the traditional school system was not universal Most. students went to a Si to study because it usually had a. complete collection of books similar to today s library The. collections included not only sutras but also almost every kind. of publication The monks were familiar with Buddhism. Confucianism Taoism and ancient Chinese texts They were. capable of answering questions and were well versed on various. subjects Consequently Buddhist institutions began to take over. the educational mission for China, Typical Buddhist buildings are expressions of art which are. called Expressions of Buddhism However Buddha and, Bodhisattva statues do not represent polytheism the worship of. more than one god Each statue serves to inspire wisdom and. awakening in each of us They also represent certain aspects of. Buddhism which remind practitioners of the particular topic of. teaching For example Guan Yin Bodhisattva the most popular. Bodhisattva in China represents Infinite Compassion When we. see this statue it reminds us to apply compassion when dealing. with the world its people and surroundings However people. nowadays worship Guan Yin Bodhisattva as a god and pray for. the relief of suffering and to eliminate obstacles This is a. superstitious view and misconception because people forget the. fact that the statues are expressions of concepts in Buddhism. Buddhist architecture is also an artistic expression with the. temple s main cultivation hall being similar to a large meeting or. teaching hall From the exterior it appears to have two stories. but there is only one story inside The external two stories. represent absolute truth or the true reality of life and the. universe and relative truth or worldly views still clouded with. delusion The interior single story illustrates that both are the. same truth To the deluded the two appear distinct and different. however to the enlightened they are one and the same. In the center of the main cultivation hall there are three. statues one Buddha and two Bodhisattvas Buddha represents. the true nature of the universe and human life which is called. Buddha nature or true mind Buddha is translated from. Sanskrit and means someone who is totally enlightened The. Buddha statue represents our original enlightenment and the. Bodhisattvas statues represent the application of our original. enlightened mind All the representations and applications are. infinite and can be classified into two categories wisdom and. practice For example the Pure Land School pays respect to the. Buddha and two Bodhisattvas of the Western Paradise Amitabha. Buddha Infinite Life and Infinite Light represents the infinite. enlightenment that is an intrinsic part of our nature Bodhisattvas. Guan Yin Avalokiteshvara and Da Shi Zhi Great Strength or. Mahasthamaprapta respectively portray compassion with. kindness and great wisdom We should be compassionate and. kind toward all beings Our thoughts views and behavior should. be rational rather than emotional for emotional behavior spells. trouble Therefore we should not treat the Buddha and. Bodhisattvas as gods But will they help us Yes they will by. providing us with the knowledge of how to protect ourselves. from delusion thereby obtaining release from suffering Once we. have learned the background of the artistic components in. Buddhist architecture music and statues we will gain an. enriched experience when paying a visit to a traditional Buddhist. However nowadays many people do not understand the. meaning and teachings of Buddhism They mistake the multi. representations of Bodhisattvas as a sign of polytheism What. people fail to understand is the fact that the statues in Buddhism. are teaching aids and not statues of gods All Buddhas and. Bodhisattvas represent our nature and cultivation of virtue We. have infinite capabilities within our true nature that cannot be. expressed by just one single term Therefore we have multiple. representations for instance a capable person today may have. many titles on his her business cards to show his her positions. and accomplishments The Buddha and Bodhisattvas are actually. representations of the nature within ourselves Buddha as in our. true nature of mind and the Bodhisattvas in our virtue of. cultivation We all possess these qualities Not until we come to. realize the meaning of Buddhist symbolism will we appreciate. the sophistication and completeness of its education. Typical Si buildings are rare today The first hall of a Si. is the hall of Heavenly Guardians also known as Dharma. Protectors Situated in the center of the hall facing the front. door is Mi Le Pu Sa Maitreya Bodhisattva who is represented. by the image of the historical monk Bu Dai Mi Le Pu Sa has a. big smile that conveys the idea that in order to truly learn. Buddhism one should learn to be cheerful and courteous to all. He also has a huge belly that represents fairness flexibility. impartiality patience and tolerance,Standing beside Mi Le Pu Sa are the four Heavenly. Guardians or Dharma Protectors They are symbolic guardians of. the practitioners of the Buddhist way Whom do they protect. They protect us by reminding us to educate ourselves and to. safeguard the proper knowledge which we should learn Each. guardian portrays a different aspect of thought or action. The Eastern Dharma Protector holding a lute symbolizes. responsibility and safeguards the territory which means that all. of us are responsible for ourselves our family society and the. country as a whole If each of us performs our duties well. fulfilling our obligations we support each other and ourselves as. well The Southern Dharma Protector holding a sword. symbolizes progress and teaches us diligence He emphasizes the. importance of constantly cultivating and advancing our virtue. wisdom and knowledge and to improve performance in. ourselves and our duties This is similar to Confucian ideas of. daily self improvement, The Western Dharma Protector holding a dragon or snake. symbolizes comprehensive vision and knowledge gained through. exposure to the world He represents the need to open our eyes to. observe nature and man to refine what we see and learn and to. distinguish good from ill The Northern Dharma Protector. holding an umbrella symbolizes comprehensive study and. learning Both teach ways of practice and how to achieve the. goals in responsibility fulfillment and self improvement As the. ancient Chinese have said To read ten thousand books and to. travel ten thousand miles We read to gain more knowledge and. travel to observe more effectively We will then be able to. improve ourselves and to perform our duties most effectively. Today people visit the Hall of Dharma Protectors to burn. incense prostrate and offer flowers and fruit praying for. protection and safety This is superstition All the facilities. images of Buddha and Bodhisattvas and any offerings made are. teaching tools designed to inspire our mind and wisdom They. also serve to remind us of the importance of being enlightened. instead of deluded virtuous instead of deviated pure instead of. polluted These are the three principles of Buddhist teaching and. Methods of Practicing Buddhism, The ways in practicing Buddhism are numerous about. eighty four thousand Each path is different from the others but. ultimately leads to the same goals enlightenment proper. thoughts and viewpoints and purity As such all paths are equal. without one being superior to the other People have different. abilities and levels of accomplishment Furthermore they are. from different environments and should choose a path most. suited to them We can choose any one of the three goals to. concentrate our practice on When we achieve any one of them. the other two will come naturally, There are ten schools of practice in Chinese Buddhism Zen. stresses the pursuit of the perfect clear mind or enlightenment. The Pure Land and Tibetan Buddhism or Vajrayana school stress. obtaining the pure mind Other schools concentrate their practice. on proper thoughts and viewpoints Regardless of which method. or school one chooses they all lead to the same outcome In. other words once we become expert in one method we will. become an expert in all methods, The purity of the world comes from an individual s inner. purity With a pure mind a mind without discrimination or. attachment a higher level of wisdom arises in which the world. around us naturally comes into harmony By reciting the. Buddha s name meditating reciting sutras or mantras and. practicing in accordance with Buddha s teaching one will attain. enlightenment proper thoughts and viewpoints and purity of. mind thus becoming void of all deluded thoughts, On the other hand one is totally on the wrong path if one. chants Buddha s name in the hope of gaining a promotion or. wealth That is religion and superstition and it goes against the. teaching of Shakyamuni Buddha,How Buddhist Terminology Illustrate that Buddhism. is an Education, Buddhism is the teaching of Buddha Shakyamuni as he was. its founder We call Him the Original teacher just like the. Chinese call Confucius the Greatest sage and teacher The. relationship between Buddha and ourselves is a teacher student. relationship which is not religious in nature In religion there is. not a teacher student relationship but that of father son or. master servant, About twenty years ago I gave a series of lectures in Fu Ren. Catholic University and taught in the Thomas Monastery for one. semester I told my students who were mainly priests and nuns. to take refuge in the Buddha and to learn Buddhism well There. is absolutely no conflict between Buddhism and religion for one. is teacher student and the other father son If the priests and nuns. were to practice Buddhism and in turn abandon their own. religion I believe that even Buddha would not accept them for it. is against human ethics to discard the parent for the teacher. Therefore religious followers will benefit if they practice. Buddhism As we practice we will attain the true wisdom to. know exactly what Heaven is like and will be able to decide. when and how we want to go there Thus Buddhism is a way of. teaching as it teaches us how to regain our true wisdom. When a monk is called He Shang he is equivalent to the. principal in today s school for he is the director of educational. strategies All other faculty members are teachers who execute. the principal s educational strategies and act as role models for. the students behavior and speech My late teacher Professor. Fang constantly assured me that Buddhism is an education Later. in my studies of the sutras I reaffirmed his statement that. Buddhism is the pinnacle of the world s wisdom It provides the. greatest enjoyment for humankind I have experienced the. unsurpassable joy of being free from afflictions delusions and. wandering thoughts My body and mind are clean and pure. totally at ease I am the happiest person in the world Therefore I. feel indebted to Professor Fang for without him I would not. have learned Buddhism nor would I have such complete. happiness derived from practicing Buddha s teaching. Chapter 5 The Integration of Confucianism,and Buddhism. Buddhism successfully merged into Chinese culture they. became inseparable The basic concept that they share is to give. up one s own interest for the sake of others Confucianism and. Buddhism advocate the enhancement and glorification of filial. piety the respect and devotion of an individual for their parents. and teachers Filial piety is a major element in accomplishing. world peace, What is education It is the meaning and the value of human. life the relationships between human beings as well as those. between humans and the universe Confucian teaching.
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