The autonomous unmanned ship, Target ship A simulated about 200 meters long dry bulk vessel of 57 000 DWT. Autonomous unmanned ships,An autonomous ship, Automatic navigation and collision avoidance Automatic engine control Not. necessarily unmanned Can house maintenance and repair crew Even be partly. An unmanned ship, No one onboard Not necessarily under automatic navigation engine control Can be. remote controlled from shore center,Objective of the project. To show the feasibility of autonomous unmanned shipping. To show that an unmanned ship system is at least as safe as a manned. Motivation,1 Shortage of mariners in Europe,2 Reduce human error. 3 Ultra slow steaming using ocean currents leads to lower fuel costs and lower. emissions but also less efficient transport capacity and socially unacceptable. voyage durations,4 Lower manning costs,Objective of the project. To show the feasibility of autonomous unmanned shipping. To show that an unmanned ship system is aterror,Human leastcontribution. as safe as atomanned,shipping accidents,Motivation 84 88 of tanker accidents. 1 Shortage of mariners in Europe 79 of towing vessel. 2 Reduce human error groundings, 3 Ultra slow steaming using ocean currents leads to lower fuel costs and lower. 89 96 of collisions, emissions but also less efficient transport capacity and socially unaccessible. voyage durations 75 of allisions,4 Lower manning costs 75 of fires and explosions. Various studies by TSB Canada Cormier UK P I Club and Bryant http www wmu se fortet funcform se o o i s 71. Objective of the project, To show the feasibility of autonomous unmanned shipping. To show that an unmanned ship system is at least as safe as a manned. Motivation,1 Shortage of mariners in Europe,2 Reduce human error. 3 Ultra slow steaming using ocean currents leads to lower fuel costs and lower. emissions but also less efficient transport capacity and socially unacceptable. voyage durations,4 Lower manning costs,Shore Control Center SCC. Daylight and IR cameras,Satellite link,Autonomous,Autonomous. engine room,The unmanned Rendezvous control,autonomous ship. Automatic collision avoidance,Work tasks and partners. Architecture To develop the necessary interface specifications for the ship and shore software. applications to communicate effectively and safely MARINTEK Norway. Develop the autonomous bridge controller Fraunhofer Center for Maritime Logistics and Services. Develop the autonomous engine controller MarineSoft Germany MARORKA Iceland. Develop the Shore Control Centre Chalmers University of Technology Sweden Aptomar. Proof of concept simulated ship and engine Wismar University of Applied Sciences. Legal and liability analysis for automated and remote controlled ship systems University College. Cork Ireland,Future concepts All,Communications,Functional Status Indicators sent each 5 sec. Indicator Data reference FSI Bytes, Position heading speed distance from planned position as well as. Location 0,a position quality flag, Weather Wind speed direction wave and swell hight length direction 12. Visibility IR Normal radar range and clutter COLREG status of. Visibility 8, Vectors to targets status heading speed of targets 5 ships objects. Collision 40,in vicinity,Grounding Depth distance to shore complexity 6. Critical communication directly to ship on VHF GMDSS NAVTEX. Communication 270, Stability Trim heel draft watertight integrity void space water ingress 20. Environment NOx SOx PM Waste Oil GHG 12, Economy Fuel use and potential for late arrival off hire etc 6. Hull monitoring corrosion equipment status anchor towing. Hull Equipment 12,ladders etc,Propulsion Direction speed anomalies 4. Machinery Power steam auxiliary hydraulic etc 10,Electric Generators switchboard emergency 6. Safety Main fire zones 16,Cargo Temperature humidity levels 5 holds 30. Communications,High seas Satellite communication,Coastal waters GSM 3G 4G AIS VDE. 1 One main communication channel based on a commercial VSAT service. operating in C Ku or Ka band Capacity should be 4 Mbps or higher to cover. the maximum aggregated bandwidth This will enable unrestricted remote. control of the ship, 2 A backup channel based on L band Inmarsat or Iridium OpenPort with a. capacity of 128 kbps or more This would cover all but the high capacity links. e g video voice communication This will allow restricted remote control with. full radar image but only sporadic visual or IR images. 3 A dedicated and independent rendezvous communication channel based on. e g AIS or digital VHF technology This allows recovery of ship even if main. communication channels have been lost,Shore Control Center. Monitoring,Indirect control,Direct control,Situation handling. Picture insert from video IR camera,3 D Nautical Chart. Shore Control Center,Monitoring,Indirect control,Direct control. Situation handling,Situation room Team work Immersion. Porathe T 2006 3 D Nautical Charts and Safe Navigation Dissertation M lardalen University Press. Porathe T 2006 3 D Nautical Charts and Safe Navigation Dissertation M lardalen University Press. Other vessels,Mooring VHF,Radio Control RC,Tugs auto engine. Unmanned VTS,Human Factors issues,1 SCC bridge procedures. 2 What information must be available in different areas. One Shore Control Centers may operate several unmanned ships. Unmanned Unmanned,Unmanned Unmanned,Human Factors issues. 1 Manning of SCC Same certification as on bridge master and mates Remote certificate. 2 The monitoring operator and out of the loop syndrome. 3 De skilling,4 Bridge procedures,5 How many ships can an SCC handle.
All the Signalling & Telecommunication items have been divided into various groups. The items in the given groups have also been updated keeping in view the ease of reference. 3. Important information for using the vendor list: a) The names of approved manufacturers have been put in succession under each item. Placement of orders on approved supplier shall be done by Railway as per the extant
The pre-design of the deck was then performed, namely the deck slab, the steel girders, the steel arch and the hanger sections, as well as the installed forces. The required and relevant safety verifications were performed at Preliminary Study level, supported by a tridimensional structural analysis model, using the software SAP2000.
to form local area networks has been common practice, even at small installations, and so have long-haul links using transmission lines provided by telecommunications companies. A rapidly growing conglomerate of Linux Network Administrator's Guide, 2nd Edition: Preface
Preschool Communication Tracker (A Tool for Identifying, Monitoring & Referring Preschool Children in Wiltshire with SLCN) Introduction The Wiltshire Speech and Language Therapy Service is commissioned to provide a training and collaborative model of support to children with SLCN in Wiltshire.