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TRANSPORT SCOTLAND AGENCY OF THE SCOTTISH GOVERNMENT
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TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. Transport Scotland Interim Amendment No 39, Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. This Interim Amendment provides guidance and requirements for the use of Eurocodes for the. design of bridges and road related structures including geotechnical works on the Scottish. Trunk Road network, This TS IA does not apply to the assessment of existing structures. 2 Introduction, Eurocodes are the suite of European Standards covering structural design of all civil. engineering works including bridges The UK as a member of the European Union is obliged. to comply with the requirements of the Construction Products Directive CPD and Public. Procurement Directive PPD which set out the status of European Standards in the member. Since the withdrawal of conflicting UK National Standards by the British Standards Institution. BSi Eurocodes have become the published and maintained structural design standards in. the UK Transport Scotland expresses its requirements for the design of new and modification. of existing bridges and road related structures including geotechnical works in terms of. 3 Implementation, Unless otherwise agreed with Transport Scotland Project Manager and the TAA Eurocodes. must be used for the design of new and modification of existing bridges and road related. structures including geotechnical works for, a All works where tenders are invited following the withdrawal of conflicting UK.
National Standards, b Existing contracts where following the withdrawal of conflicting UK National. Standards any form of instruction or permission is given by TS to proceed with. works involving either, i Preparatory design work eg preparation of Technical Approval. ii design of bridges and road related structures including geotechnical. iii design and construction of bridges and road related structures. including geotechnical works, If application of the above implementation rules in existing contracts may lead to abortive. costs or programme delays specific to a project then the Transport Scotland Project Manager. and the TAA must be informed, Designers applying Eurocodes to any form of structural design must consider the guidance. and satisfy the requirements given in this document until further notice. In addition if required by the TAA the design may be subject to a level of check higher than. that required in BD2 Technical Approval of Highway Structures DMRB 1 1 1. TS IA 39 Pg 2 of 67 August 2011, TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures.
4 Specification, Designs to Eurocodes must be constructed in accordance with the referenced execution. standards which give specification requirements for the materials concerned. The Specification for Highway Works MCHW Volume 1 and the associated Notes for. Guidance MCHW Volume 2 are being reviewed and will be revised as necessary to align. with the requirements given in the Execution Standards. Pending the publication of revised sections incorporating the requirements of the execution. standards departures from standards must be sought for the use of project specific. specifications incorporating these standards,5 Interim requirements for the use of Eurocodes. The interim requirements for the use of Eurocodes for the design of trunk road structures are. included in Annex A of this Interim Amendment,6 Further Information. If you have any questions regarding the application of this document please contact the. relevant Transport Scotland Unit Bridge Manager,TS IA 39 Pg 3 of 67 August 2011. TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. Interim requirements for the use of Eurocodes for the design of. bridges and road related structures,TS IA 39 Pg 4 of 67 August 2011.
TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. INTERIM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE USE OF EUROCODES, FOR THE DESIGN OF BRIDGES AND ROAD RELATED STRUCTURES. 1 Introduction,2 Use of Eurocodes,3 References,4 Standards. 5 Notification,6 Bibliography, Annex A Clarification of specific Eurocode requirements. Annex B Clauses of Published Documents that constitute the default means of. compliance with Eurocode clauses for the design of bridges and road. related structures, Annex C Status of the DMRB documents and guidance or requirements for use. with Eurocodes, Annex D Project specific information to be recorded.
TS IA 39 Pg 5 of 67 August 2011, TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. 1 INTRODUCTION,Background, 1 1 Eurocodes are the suite of European Standards covering structural design of civil. engineering works including bridges and road related structures Eurocodes are the. published and maintained structural design standards in the UK and UK National Standards. that are in conflict with Eurocodes have been withdrawn. 1 2 This Standard gives guidance advice and the requirements of the Overseeing. Organisation on the use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. including geotechnical works and aspects of execution relevant to the design. 1 3 Eurocodes must be used for the design of new bridges and road related structures. including geotechnical works unless agreed otherwise with the Technical Approval Authority. 1 4 Eurocodes must not be used for the structural assessment of existing bridges and road. related structures unless agreed with the TAA, 1 5 Eurocodes must be used as the basis for the design of modification works as follows. unless otherwise agreed with the TAA,Strengthening or upgrading works design. Structural element replacement design, Component replacement design in conjunction with the relevant European.
Standard for the component,Other modification design. 1 5 1 Where strengthening or modification of the existing structure involves deriving the. resistance serviceability performance or durability of a section that comprises both new and. existing materials acting together the Designer must make a statement in the AIP to justify the. use of Eurocodes in this situation taking into account the properties of the existing materials. and workmanship compared to those required by the relevant EuroNorms upon which the. relevant Eurocodes depend, 1 5 2 Where modification works fall outside the scope of the relevant Eurocodes the. Designer must make a statement in the AIP to justify the use of Eurocodes. 1 5 3 Where it is not possible to demonstrate the adequacy of a structural element using. Eurocodes assessment standards may be used to re examine particular elements load. effects for which failure is determined See also Clause 1 9. 1 6 Eurocodes must be used in conjunction with any relevant European Standards for the. design of proprietary structures temporary structures and temporary works unless otherwise. agreed with the TAA,TS IA 39 Pg 6 of 67 August 2011. TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. 1 7 The Application Rules given in the Eurocodes may not fully cover the design of special. types of structures such as moveable bridges or bridges carrying both road and rail light rail. traffic For such structures additional design rules including values of partial factors. combination factors and values and configurations of actions must be determined for the. individual project in accordance with the relevant Principles given in BS EN 1990. 1 8 Eurocodes may be applied to the design of structures where materials used and or. the actions applied are outside the scope of Eurocodes subject to agreement with the TAA. See also Clause 2 1, 1 9 Eurocodes must not be used in combination with UK National Standards Non. Eurocodes unless otherwise agreed with the TAA,Implementation.
1 10 This Standard must be used forthwith on all projects where Eurocodes are used. Mandatory Sections, 1 11 Sections of this Standard containing mandatory requirements are identified by being. contained in boxes These requirements must be complied with or a prior agreement to a. Departure from Standard must be obtained from the Overseeing Organisation The text. outside boxes contains advice and explanation which is commended to users for. consideration,Definitions, 1 12 The following definitions apply throughout this Standard. Application Rules As defined in BS EN 1990, Approval in Principle AIP As defined in BD2 DMRB 1 1 1. Category As defined in BD2 DMRB 1 1 1, Departure Criterion which departs from or is an aspect. not covered by the Standards contained in the,Technical Approval Schedule the DMRB or.
project specific requirements,EN EN documents may be Eurocodes or. EuroNorms Only ENs with the series,designation 199X are Eurocodes Other ENs. are EuroNorms,Eurocodes As defined in BS EN 1990,execution As defined in BS EN 1990. TS IA 39 Pg 7 of 67 August 2011, TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. National annex NA As defined in BS EN 1990,Nationally Determined As defined in BS EN 1990.
Parameter NDP,Principles As defined in BS EN 1990, Published Documents PD For the purpose of this Standard Published. Documents contain non contradictory,complementary information NCCI to assist in. the application of Eurocode Principles, Technical Approval Authority As defined in BD2 DMRB 1 1 1. Third Party Any person organisation or other legal identity. that is not employed directly or indirectly by the. Overseeing Organisation,Abbreviations, 1 13 The following abbreviations are used in this Standard. BSI British Standards Institution, CEN Comit Europ en de Normalisation European Committee for.
Standardization,DBFO Design Build Finance Operate,TS IA 39 Pg 8 of 67 August 2011. TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. 2 USE OF EUROCODES, 2 1 The Designer must ensure that the design is compliant with the Principles and. Application Rules of Eurocodes which have precedence over Design Manual for Road and. Bridges DMRB documents and other supplementary guidance. 2 2 For the design of bridges and road related structures in materials other than concrete. steel and composite concrete and steel such as masonry timber and aluminium no specific. guidance is given in this Standard, 2 2 1 The Designer must propose a list of non contradictory complementary information. NCCI including relevant BSI Published Documents to be used where appropriate for the. individual project for agreement with the TAA, 2 3 The relevant Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures are listed. 2 4 Specific requirements of the Overseeing Organisation for aspects not covered in. Eurocodes and or to set a NDP that differs from the recommendation in the UK National. annex are given in Annex A, 2 5 The UK National annex may contain references to BSI Published Documents listed.
in 3 5 which should be used where available unless stated otherwise in this Standard. 2 5 1 For the purpose of this Standard the clause numbers of BSI Published Documents. listed in Annex B for aspects not covered by and or outside the scope of Eurocodes must be. considered as the default means of compliance with Eurocode clauses for the design of. bridges and road related structures, Status of Design Manual for Roads and Bridges DMRB Documents. 2 6 The DMRB documents listed in Annex C1 and the additional guidance and. requirements listed thereof must be used for the design of bridges and road related structures. 2 7 In cases where Eurocodes are used for the design any identified aspects of the DMRB. documents which are in conflict with the Eurocodes should be reported to the Transport. Scotland Project Manager and the TAA,TS IA 39 Pg 9 of 67 August 2011. TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. Use of Supplementary Guidance, 2 8 Supplementary guidance and advice from recognised sources and publications from. professional institutions may be used Where applicable the source should be specified in the. Departures from Standards, 2 9 Departure from Eurocodes BS EN and UK National annexes UKNA are not. permitted except as follows, There is adverse safety implication in the application of BS EN and or UKNA in.
the design BSI should be notified without delay, Error in the BS EN and or UKNA has been identified and it is being considered. by BSI or CEN for an amendment or corrigendum,Aspects not covered by BS EN or UKNA. Application to assessment of existing structure, 2 10 In cases where Clauses 1 7 1 8 and or 2 9 apply approval for Departures must be. obtained from the TAA, 2 11 Use of the clauses in the Published Documents listed in clause 3 5 may be deemed to. constitute compliance with the Eurocode principles and application rules and will not require a. Departure from Standard to be submitted For exceptions see clauses 2 13 and 2 15. 2 12 The PD clauses listed in Annex B address situations which the Eurocode provisions. are not considered to fully cover Alternative methods in compliance with the Eurocode. clauses may be permitted subject to the agreement of the TAA. 2 12 1 If agreed this information must be recorded on the AIP for Categories 2 and 3. structures, 2 12 2 For PD clauses not listed in Annex B if the Designer adopts subject to the agreement.
of the TAA a design that is contrary to the recommendation given in the PD clauses this. information must be recorded in the AIP for Categories 2 and 3 structures. 2 13 PD 6687 1 2010 Background paper to the UK National annex to BS EN 1992 1 clause. 2 5 Types of reinforcement other than those covered in BS EN 1992 1 1 must only be used. with approval from the TAA, 2 14 For Categories 2 and 3 structures the use of PD 6687 1 2010 Background paper to. the UK National annex to BS EN 1992 1 clause 2 22 PD 6687 2 2008 Recommendations for. the design of structures to BS EN 1992 2 2005 clauses 7 6 3 limiting stress ranges in Tables. 2A and 2B 8 2 2 8 2 3 use of guidance provided in CIRIA Report C660 9 1 and 10 1 must. be recorded on the design and check certificates, 2 15 PD 6688 1 7 2009 Recommendations for the design of structures to BS EN 1991 1 7. clause 2 5 2 for lightweight road structures the restraint on the deck of a foot cycle track. bridge is required to be designed to the action of the vehicle collision forces locally but need. not be designed globally,TS IA 39 Pg 10 of 67 August 2011. TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. 2 16 Annex D of BS EN 15050 2007 which relates to bridge deck continuity at supports for. decks constructed using precast concrete elements offers a simplified approach to dealing. with redistribution effects due to creep and shrinkage at the connection The guidance given. within Annex D of BS EN 15050 2007 may be used without obtaining approval for a Departure. from Standard, 2 17 Where Eurocodes are used information listed in Annex D relating to the individual. project options and choice of method adopted must be recorded for Categories 2 and 3. structures, 2 18 Where Eurocodes are used for the design of bridges and road related structures their.
execution must be in accordance with the relevant execution standards listed in 3 4 and. relevant parts of the Specification for Highway Works SHW Pending the publication of. revised sections of the SHW Manual of Contract documents for Highway Works Volume 1. incorporating the requirements of the execution standards referred to above departures from. standards must be sought for the use of project specific specifications incorporating these. 2 19 For concrete and steelwork the Execution Class should be in accordance with BS EN. 13670 2009 and PD 6705 2 2010 respectively For steelwork the quantified service category. should be in accordance with PD 6705 2 2010, 2 20 The Consequence Classes given in Table A 2 must be used unless otherwise agreed. with the TAA, 2 21 Where structural elements are designated a higher or lower consequence class than. for the whole structure this information must be recorded in an AIP. TS IA 39 Pg 11 of 67 August 2011, TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. 3 REFERENCES, The following documents are referred to in the text of this Standard including the Annexes. 3 1 Design Manual for Roads and Bridges, BA 26 94 Expansion Joints for Use in Highway Bridge Decks.
BA 28 92 Evaluation of Maintenance Costs in Comparing Alternative Designs for. Highway Structures,BA 41 98 The Design and Appearance of Bridges. BA 47 99 Waterproofing and Surfacing of Concrete Bridge Decks. BA 67 96 Enclosure of Bridges,BA 68 97 Crib Retaining Walls. BA 82 00 Formation of Continuity Joints in Bridge Decks. BA 85 04 Coatings for Concrete Highway Structures Ancillary Structures. BA 92 07 The Use of Recycled Concrete Aggregates in Structural Concrete. BD 2 05 Technical Approval of Highway Structures,BD 7 01 Weathering Steel for Highway Structures. BD 10 97 Design of Highway Structures in Areas of Mining Subsidence. BD 12 01 Design of Corrugated Steel Buried Structures with Spans Greater than. 0 9 Metres and up to 8 0 Metres,BD 29 04 Design Criteria for Footbridges. BD 33 94 Expansion Joints for Use in Highway Bridge Decks. BD 35 06 Quality Assurance Scheme for Paints and Similar Protective Coatings. BD 36 92 Evaluation of Maintenance Costs in Comparing Alternative Designs for. Highway Structures, BD 43 03 The Impregnation of Reinforced and Prestressed concrete Highway.
Structures using Hydrophobic Pore Lining Impregnants. BD 45 93 Identification Marking of Highway Structures. BD 47 99 Waterproofing and Surfacing of Concrete Bridge Decks. BD 51 98 Portal and Cantilever Signs Signal Gantries. BD 62 07 As Built Operational and Maintenance Records for Highway Structures. BD 65 97 Design Criteria for Collision Protection Beams. BD 67 96 Enclosure of Bridges,BD 68 97 Crib Retaining Walls. BD 70 03 Strengthened Reinforced Soils and Other Fills for Retaining Walls and. Bridge Abutments Use of BS 8006 1995,BD 78 99 Design of Road Tunnels. BD 82 00 Design of Buried Rigid Pipes, BD 90 05 Design of FRP Bridges and Highway Structures. BD 94 07 Design of Minor Structures,HA 66 95 Environmental Barriers. HD 45 09 Road Drainage and Water Environment,TD 19 06 Requirement for Road Restraint Systems.
TD 27 05 Cross Sections and Headrooms, 3 2 Manual of Contract Documents for Highway Works. It is anticipated that further guidance will be provided in a separate Interim Amendment. TS IA 39 Pg 12 of 67 August 2011, TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. 3 3 British Standards Eurocodes, The listed documents were current at the time of preparation of this standard it is the. Designer s responsibility to ensure that the documents used are the most recent revision and. to use the relevant published amendments and corrigenda. 3 3 1 BS EN 1990 2002 A1 2005 Eurocode 0 Basis of structural design. NA to BS EN 1990 2002 A1 2005 UK National Annex to Eurocode 0 Basis of. structural design, 3 3 2 i BS EN 1991 1 1 2002 Eurocode 1 Actions on structures General Actions. Densities self weight imposed load for buildings, NA to BS EN 1991 1 1 2002 UK National Annex to Eurocode 1 Actions on.
structures General Actions Densities self weight imposed load for buildings. ii BS EN 1991 1 3 2003 Eurocode 1 Actions on structures General Actions. Snow loads, NA to BS EN 1991 1 3 2003 UK National Annex to Eurocode 1 Actions on. structures General Actions Snow loads, iii BS EN 1991 1 4 2005 Eurocode 1 Actions on structures General Actions. Wind actions, NA to BS EN 1991 1 4 2005 UK National Annex to Eurocode 1 Actions on. structures General Actions Wind actions, iv BS EN 1991 1 5 2003 Eurocode 1 Actions on structures General Actions. Thermal actions, NA to BS EN 1991 1 5 2003 UK National Annex to Eurocode 1 Actions on.
structures General Actions Thermal actions, v BS EN 1991 1 6 2005 Eurocode 1 Actions on structures General Actions. Actions during execution, NA to BS EN 1991 1 6 2005 UK National Annex to Eurocode 1 Actions on. structures General Actions Actions during execution. vi BS EN 1991 1 7 2006 Eurocode 1 Actions on structures General Actions. Accidental actions, NA to BS EN 1991 1 7 2006 UK National Annex to Eurocode 1 Actions on structures. Part 1 7 Accidental actions, vii BS EN 1991 2 2003 Eurocode 1 Actions on structures Traffic loads on bridges. NA to BS EN 1991 2 2003 UK National Annex to Eurocode 1 Actions on. structures Traffic loads on bridges,TS IA 39 Pg 13 of 67 August 2011.
TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. 3 3 3 i BS EN 1992 1 1 2004 Eurocode 2 Design of concrete. structures Part 1 1 General rules and rules for buildings. NA to BS EN 1992 1 1 2004 UK National Annex to Eurocode 2 Design of. concrete structures Part 1 1 General rules and rules for buildings. ii BS EN 1992 2 2005 Eurocode 2 Design of concrete structures Part 2. Concrete bridges Design and detailing rules, NA to BS EN 1992 2 2005 UK National Annex to Eurocode 2 Design of. concrete structure Part 2 Concrete bridges Design and detailing rules. iii BS EN 1992 3 2006 Eurocode 2 Design of concrete structures Part 3 Liquid. retaining and containment structures, NA to BS EN 1992 3 2006 UK National Annex to Eurocode 2 Design of. concrete structure Part 3 Liquid retaining and containment structures. 3 3 4 i BS EN 1993 1 1 2005 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 1 1. General rules and rules for buildings, NA to BS EN 1993 1 1 2005 UK National Annex to Eurocode 3 Design of steel. structures Part 1 1 General rules and rules for buildings. ii BS EN 1993 1 3 2006 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 1 3. General rules Supplementary rules for cold formed members and sheeting. NA to BS EN 1993 1 3 2006 UK National Annex to Eurocode 3 Design of steel. structures Part 1 3 Supplementary rules for cold formed members and. iii BS EN 1993 1 4 2006 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 1 4. General rules Supplementary rules for stainless steels. NA to BS EN 1993 1 4 2006 UK National Annex to Eurocode 3 Design of steel. structures Part 1 4 Supplementary rules for stainless steels. iv BS EN 1993 1 5 2006 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 1 5 Plated. structural elements, NA to BS EN 1993 1 5 2006 UK National Annex to Eurocode 3 Design of steel. structures Part 1 5 Plated structural elements, v BS EN 1993 1 6 2007 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 1 6.
Strength and stability of shell structures, vi BS EN 1993 1 7 2007 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 1 7 Plated. structures subject to out of plane loading, vii BS EN 1993 1 8 2005 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 1 8 Design. NA to BS EN 1993 1 8 2005 UK National Annex to Eurocode 3 Design of steel. structures Part 1 8 Design of joints,TS IA 39 Pg 14 of 67 August 2011. TS IA 39 Use of Eurocodes for the design of bridges and road related structures. viii BS EN 1993 1 9 2005 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures. Part 1 9 Fatigue, NA to BS EN 1993 1 9 2005 UK National Annex to Eurocode 3 Design of steel. structures Part 1 9 Fatigue, ix BS EN 1993 1 10 2005 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 1 10.
Material toughness and through thickness properties. NA to BS EN 1993 1 10 2005 UK National Annex to Eurocode 3 Design of. steel structures Part 1 10 Material toughness and through thickness. properties, x BS EN 1993 1 11 2006 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 1 11. Design of structures with tension components, NA to BS EN 1993 1 11 2006 UK National Annex to Eurocode 3 Design of. steel structures Part 1 11 Design of structures with tension components. xi BS EN 1993 1 12 2007 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 1 12. Additional rules for the extension of EN 1993 up to steel grades S 700. NA to BS EN 1993 1 12 2007 UK National Annex to Eurocode 3 Design of. steel structures Part 1 12 Additional rules for the extension of EN 1993 up to. steel grades S 700, xii BS EN 1993 2 2006 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 2 Steel. NA to BS EN 1993 2 2006 UK National Annex to Eurocode 3 Design of steel. structures Part 2 Steel bridges, xiii BS EN 1993 5 2007 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 5 Piling. NA to BS EN 1993 5 National Annex to Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures. Part 5 Piling, 3 3 5 i BS EN 1994 1 1 2004 Eurocode 4 Design of composite steel and concrete.
structures Part 1 1 General rules and rules for buildings. NA to BS EN 1994 1 1 2004 National Annex to Eurocode 4 Design of. composite steel and concrete structures Part 1 1 General rules and rules for. ii BS EN 1994 2 2005 Eurocode 4 Design of composite steel and concrete. structures Part 2 General rules and rules for bridges. NA to BS EN 1994 2 2005 National Annex to Eurocode 4 Design of composite. steel and concrete structures Part 2 General rules and rules for bridges. 3 3 6 i BS EN 1995 1 1 2004 Eurocode 5 Design of timber structures Part 1 1. General common rules and rules for buildings, NA to BS EN 1995 1 1 2004 National Annex to Eurocode 5 Design of timber. structures Part 1 1 General common rules and rules for buildings.

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