The Structure And Prospects Of The Indonesian Steel Industry-Books Pdf

THE STRUCTURE AND PROSPECTS OF THE INDONESIAN STEEL INDUSTRY
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A new player in the global steel market, The fastest growing market in ASEAN. Indonesia has experienced rapid growth in steel demand It is. ranked as the 4th fastest growth rate over the past decade. The country is the fastest growing market in the ASEAN region. In 2012 apparent steel use reached a new high level of 12 5 mmt. Steel consumption top 20 fastest growing economies ASU. Evolution of GDP and finished steel consumption, Finished steel. 12 0 Crude steel, IRN IDN VNM, 5 0 CZE BRA, 6 0 World 5 5 Finished steel EGY. 5 2 Crude steel MYS, JPN USA AUS ZAF, 2 0 0 0 2 0 4 0 6 0 8 0 10 0 12 0. Real GDP 2002 2012, Amongst those economies that consume at least 5 million tonnes of steel per year.
Note Bubble sizes represent the magnitude of finished steel consumption in 2012. Sources OECD Secretariat based on GDP and steel consumption data from the International Monetary Fund and the World Steel Association. Steel demand drivers, Infrastructure and automotive. playing a dominant role, Construction has been the largest driver of steel consumption. Demand for construction materials has expanded rapidly Most of. the demand for plate was to serve the construction sector. Automotive industry is also playing an important role. 2002 100 Evolution of steel demand Long Products 2002 100 Evolution of steel demand Flat Products. Bars Plates, Structurals Hot rolled Sheets Strips, 400 Wire Rods 400 Cold rolled Sheets Strips. Galvanized Sheets, 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012. Note The consumption shown in the graphs are not adjusted for double counting of products. Sources OECD Secretariat based on steel consumption data from World Steel Dynamics and the South East Asia Iron and Steel Institute. The structure of steel supply and demand, A significant net importer of steel.
Indonesia used to produce most of the long and flat steel products. that it consumed, The country has become an important net importer of steel. Apparent steel use is met largely by imports import ratio 63. 20 Self Sufficiency 40 60 Import 80 20 Self Sufficiency 40 60 Import 80. Pipes Tubes, Other Metallic coated, Hot rolled, Sheets Strips. Cold rolled, Sheets Strips, Electrical Sheets, Other Long products. Hot rolled, Sheets Strips, Cold rolled, Sheets Strips. Electrical Sheets, Galvanized, Other Metallic, coated Sheets.
Pipes Tubes, Galvanized, Note The consumption shown in the graphs are not adjusted for double counting of products. Source OECD Secretariat based on steel consumption and trade data from the South East Asia Iron and Steel Institute. The structure of trade, Growing needs for imports to. meet steel demand, Asia and CIS regions are major sources of imports Semi finished. products and flat products are main import items, The country needs steel products to meet its growing demand. particularly for high value added flat products, Other Europe North Share.
Asia Middle East EU27 South America Africa Oceania Total. incl CIS America, Iron Products 372 149 4 113 0 53 5 12 709 5 5. Ingots Semi finished 745 0 23 2629 0 400 10 11 3818 29 4. Bars 488 0 9 2 1 0 0 14 514 4 0, Sections 555 0 3 1 1 0 1 560 4 3. Wire Rods 484 0 6 0 0 0 489 3 8, Other Long Products 97 0 3 0 0 0 0 1 101 0 8. Plates Carbon 595 0 4 138 0 0 0 737 5 7, Hot rolled Carbon 1602 3 42 0 0 0 0 1647 12 7. Cold rolled 1275 2 1 0 1280 9 8, Galvanized Sheets 371 0 1 0 0 372 2 9.
Other Coated Sheets 570 0 8 0 3 0 0 0 581 4 5, Alloy Steel Flat 466 0 22 2 2 1 1 7 500 3 9. Pipes Tubes 1038 0 85 1 9 52 2 7 1194 9 2, Steel Wire 166 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 168 1 3. Total Steel Products 8451 1 168 2816 17 453 13 44 11961 92 0. Cast Iron Pipe 43 0 6 0 0 1 0 0 50 0 4, Secondary Product 251 0 8 1 3 0 0 12 275 2 1. Total Iron Steel Products 9116 149 186 2930 21 507 19 67 12995 100 0. Share 70 2 1 2 1 4 22 5 0 2 3 9 0 1 0 5 100 0, Source Indonesia trade statistics. The situation of steel supply, A potential to boost steel production.
Indonesia s steel production has lagged compared with other. ASEAN economies since the late 1990s, However it has the potential to boost its steel production thanks. to the expansion of several projects, 1996 100 Evolution of crude steel production tonnes Crude steelmaking capacity in Indonesia. Indonesia Gap A B, Malaysia Capacity A, 250 Thailand 15000 Consumption B. Philippines, 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015. Sources OECD Secretariat based on steel production data from the World Steel Association and the South East Asia Iron and Steel Institute. OECD for crude steelmaking capacity, Major steel projects.
Construction of the largest blast furnace, Indonesia will soon have ASEAN s first large scale blast furnace. This should have significant impacts on the structure of steel. supply and demand in Indonesia, Operation Operation. No Company Location Facility Capacity No Company Location Facility Capacity. Bast furnace 1 2 mmt 2015 5 JFE Steel Galvanizing Bekasi West Java CGL 0 4 mmt 2016. 1 Krakatau Steel Cilegon West Java, Hot strip mill 3 5 mmt 2014 6 Gunung Bekasi West Java EAF 1 2 mmt 2013. Blast furnace BOF 3 0 mmt 2013 Blast furnace 2 0 mmt 2015. 7 Gunung Raja Paksi Bekasi West Java, 2 Krakatau POSCO Cilegon West Java Phase 2 of project 3 0 mmt BOF 1 4 mmt 2015. Plate mill 1 5 mmt 2013 8 Essar Indonesia Bekasi West Java Cold strip mill 0 7 mmt 2014. 3 Krakatau Osaka Steel Cilegon West Java Rebar Small sections mill 0 5 mmt 2015 9 Gunawan Dianjaya Steel Surabaya East Java Plate mill 1 0 mmt 2015. Blast furnace 0 25 mmt 2012 Kalimantan South, 4 Indoferro Cilegon West Java 10 Meratus Jaya Iron Steel.
Kalimantan, DRI 0 3 mmt 2012, Phase 2 of project 0 25 mmt 2014 Tanah Bumbu. 11 Sermani Indonesia Makassar South Sulawesi CGL 0 5 mmt 2012. Source OECD Secretariat, Several challenges, Rising trade protectionist measures. Protectionism has been on the rise in recent years. Indonesia is a relatively active user of trade remedy measures. Various efforts to curb imports such as SNI Standard. National Indonesia safeguard and antidumping duties. Antidumping Six AD investigations have been initiated since 2008. Safeguard Four SG investigations have started since 2010. Non tariff measures NTMs Various measures e g Compulsory. standard Pre shipment inspection Labeling requirement. The lack and low quality of infrastructure e g roads ports and. electricity supply, Fuel subsidies, Low capacity utilisation. Low profitability, In June 2013 the Indonesian government increased subsidized fuel price. Prospects for the Indonesian steel market, A strategic industry in economic.
development, Numerous factors are expected to support its steel demand. Indonesia aims to reach ASU per capita to 100kg by 2025. Regarded as a strategic industry in economic development the. steel industry is one of the key industries of the Master Plan. Finished steel consumption per capita vs Thousand, tonnes Steel consumption scenarios of future in Indonesia. kg GDP per capita 2012, 1200 25000, Crude steel, Finished steel. 1000 Actual, Chinese Taipei, Czech Republic, China 10000. 400 Germany Canada, Malaysia Italy Australia, Thailand Russian Federation.
United States 5000, Mexico Spain, 200 Viet Nam Brazil France Netherlands. Indonesia 2025, Indonesia 2012, 0 Philippines 0, 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 70000. GDP per caita USD current price, Notes The figures in the right hand figure present the actual relationship between GDP and steel consumption to 2012 Future scenarios from 2013 are. constructed using an assumed GDP growth rate of 5 and a steel consumption GDP elasticity of 1 58 finished steel and 1 72 crude steel The elasticities are. derived from the relationship between GDP and steel consumption for 2002 2012 Note that the elasticities do not take into account other factors affecting steel. consumption, Sources OECD calculations based on GDP and consumption data from the International Monetary Fund and the World Steel Association. Macroeconomic indicators in Indonesia, Quarterly and Monthly.
Real GDP growth Consumer price index BI rate 2010 100 Industrial production index. 7 0 10 10 120, GDP growth Consumer price index BI rate Industrial production index. 5 0 5 7 5 105, 3 0 0 5 90, I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III. 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013, Thousand Thousand, Million USD Trade 2010 100 Retail sales index units. Automotive production units, Automotive sales, 20000 180 120 120. Exports Retail sales index Automotive production Automotive sales. 18000 Imports, 160 100 100, 12000 120 60 60, 4000 60 0 0.
09 1 4 7 10 10 1 4 7 10 11 1 4 7 10 12 1 4 7 10 13 1 4 7. Sources Badan Pusat Statistik for real GDP growth consumer price index industrial production index and trade Bank Indonesia for BI rate and retail sales. index Gaikindo for automotive production and sales. Steel trade in Indonesia, Thousand Thousand Thousand Thousand. tonnes Total iron steel exports tonnes Total iron steel imports tonnes Total iron steel imports from major exporters 1 tonnes Total iron steel imports from major exporters 2. 160 1400 350 350, Total iron steel exports Total iron steel imports China Russian Federation. 140 1200 300 Japan 300 Ukraine, 1000 250 Chinese Taipei 250. 800 200 200, 600 150 150, 400 100 100, 20 200 50 50. 09 1 4 7 10 10 1 4 7 10 11 1 4 7 10 12 1 4 7 10 13 1 4 7 09 1 4 7 10 10 1 4 7 10 11 1 4 7 10 12 1 4 7 10 13 1 4 7 09 1 4 7 10 10 1 4 7 10 11 1 4 7 10 12 1 4 7 10 13 1 4 7 09 1 4 7 10 10 1 4 7 10 11 1 4 7 10 12 1 4 7 10 13 1 4 7. Thousand Thousand Thousand Thousand, tonnes Steel imports Semi finished products tonnes Steel imports Long products tonnes Steel imports Flat products tonnes Steel imports Pipes Tubes.
600 250 600 250, Imports Semi finished products Imports Long products Imports Flat products Imports Pipes Tubes. 09 1 4 7 10 10 1 4 7 10 11 1 4 7 10 12 1 4 7 10 13 1 4 7 09 1 4 7 10 10 1 4 7 10 11 1 4 7 10 12 1 4 7 10 13 1 4 7 09 1 4 7 10 10 1 4 7 10 11 1 4 7 10 12 1 4 7 10 13 1 4 7 09 1 4 7 10 10 1 4 7 10 11 1 4 7 10 12 1 4 7 10 13 1 4 7. Source ISSB Limited, Summary of findings, Steel demand. There was a significant growth in steel demand over the past decade. Construction and automotive are playing an important role in steel demand. Indonesia used to produce most of the products that it consumed However. it has become an important net importer of steel, Steel supply. Indonesia will soon have ASEAN s first large scale blast furnace This should. have significant impacts on the structure of steel supply and demand. The country s steel production has lagged compared with other ASEAN. economies However it has the potential to boost its steel production. Challenges and Future prospects, Protectionism has been on the rise in recent years. Numerous factors are expected to support the country s steel consumption. The steel industry is one of the key industries of the Master Plan. THE STRUCTURE AND PROSPECTS OF THE INDONESIAN STEEL INDUSTRY DSTI SU SC 2013 13 75th Steel Committee Meeting Paris 5 6 December 2013 Indonesia has experienced rapid growth in steel demand It is ranked as the 4th fastest growth rate over the past decade The country is the fastest growing market in the ASEAN region In 2012 apparent steel use reached a new high level of 12 5 mmt

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