The Story Of Sutro Baths Hole In The Head Press-Books Pdf

The Story of Sutro Baths Hole in the Head Press
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Text Copyright 2014 John A Martini Design Carole Thickstun Ormsby Thickstun. Editor Susan Tasaki, Sutro Baths Graphics 2014 Lawrence Ormsby. Ormsby Thickstun Indexer Sheilagh Simpson Bookmark Editing. Introduction 1, All rights reserved No part of this book may be used. Chapter One, reproduced stored in a retrieval system or transmit Printed in China Waterworks 11. ted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical photocopying recording or otherwise Chapter Two. Martini John A 1951, without prior permission from the authors and the Sutro s glass palace the story of Sutro Baths text by John A Martini The Pond Becomes the Baths 25.
illustrator NOT TO BE SCANNED AND POSTED illustrated by Lawrence Ormsby Bodega Bay CA Hole in the Head. Press c2014, BY GOOGLE p cm, Chapter Three, ISBN 978 0 9761494 6 0 Building the Baths 33. Photograph and illustration credits appear on page Includes index. Summary The story of a vanished but enduring piece of San Francisco his Chapter Four. 140 tory illustrated with historic photographs and new artwork Opened in. 1894 the Baths contained seven swimming pools a museum restaurants The Baths Open 51. Cover Sutro Baths interior ca 1915 courtesy tropical plants promenades and seating for thousands it burned in 1966. The site still attracts visitors who come to explore its concrete ruins and Chapter Five. Marilyn Blaisdell Collection Diving Girl graphic mysterious tunnels Publisher. from Sutro Baths promotional pamphlet ca 1925 1 Sutro Baths San Francisco Calif History 2 Sutro Adolph 1830 1898. Operating the Baths 77, 3 Public baths California San Francisco History 4 Swimming pools. courtesy San Francisco History Center San, California San Francisco History 5 San Francisco Calif Buildings Chapter Six. Francisco Public Library structures etc I Ormsby Lawrence 1946 II Title Sutro s in the News 89. F869 S343 M37 2013, 2013944852, Inside Front Cover 1905 Sanborn Fire Insurance map 979 4 61 dc23 Chapter Seven. of Sutro Baths EDR Corporation courtesy San 1310 Modernizing the Baths 99. Francisco History Center San Francisco Public, Library and David Rumsey Historical Map Collection Chapter Eight.
The Whitney Era 105, For information on reprinting and purchase contact Chapter Nine. Hole in the Head Press The End and a New Beginning 111. Samuel E Stokes Publisher, PO Box 807 Traces of the Past A Field Guide to the Ruins 119. Bodega Bay CA 94923, Acknowledgments 133, sestokes sonic net. www holeintheheadpress com Notes 135, 123456789 Index 137. Introduction, E v e r y d ay h u n d r e d s o f p e o p l e v i s i t the ruins of.
Sutro Baths exploring the maze of flooded foundations concrete walls. and rocky tunnels that dot the shore and sandstone cliffs in the lee of. Point Lobos, Visitors to the little cove just north of the Cliff House are intrigued by. what they see Here a lonely concrete pillar pokes up from a sand bank. There the masonry foundation of what looks like a giant ice cube tray. tilts toward broken brick walls The gaping mouth of a hand carved cave. looms in the background In the middle brackish water covers a network. of rectangular concrete foundations which if the water is low and you. squint hard enough can be faintly made out through the murk. What was this place, The site is maddeningly familiar. yet indecipherable as though a van, ished civilization once flourished. here at the edge of San Francisco, leaving only mysterious and. flooded rubble to mark its passing, But these are modern ruins not.
an ancient archaeological site, Dating to the middle of the twen. tieth century they are the, weather softened remnants of. Comstock millionaire Adolph, Sutro s greatest gift and perhaps. his greatest folly the sprawling, Sutro Baths Museum. Although it existed just seventy, two years from 1894 to.
1966 Sutro s creation left an, indelible mark on the psyche of San. Franciscans both the aging locals, who swam in its pools and skated Th o u s a n d s o f y e a r s e a r l i e r the original residents of the San Francisco. on its ice rink and more recent gen peninsula the local Ohlone people had been the first to experience the special aura of this. erations who know the Baths only meeting place of land and water Then decades before Sutro Baths was built early American. as a melancholy broken ruin at the settlers began making their way to this desolate and exposed promontory a rugged head. city s edge land Spanish explorers had named Punta de los Lobos Marinos or Point of the Sea Wolves. as they called the resident sea lions of Seal Rocks This name was eventually Yankee ized to. Point Lobos, After the discovery of gold San Francisco s population exploded and residents were. increasingly drawn to this westernmost part of the city to enjoy spectacular coastal views or. simply to stare at the vast Pacific and the mesmerizing procession of waves crashing onto. Ocean Beach, 2 S U T R O S G L A S S P A L A C E I N T R O D U C T I O N 3. Speedsters racing on the sands of Ocean Beach below the Cliff House. During the 1850s a tradition developed among the young city s mon. eyed class of riding over the dunes to Ocean Beach and onto its wet sand. which made an excellent speedway for racing all types of horse drawn. carriages barouches landaus gigs and curricles Enterprising tavern. owners soon opened roadhouses along the route so drivers and passen. gers could slake their thirsts Seal Rock House Ocean House and most. famous of all Cliff House San Franciscans soon began referring to these. excursions to the western shore as going to the Cliff. Onto this stage in 1881 strode Adolph Sutro a newly minted million. Seal Rock Beach the future site of Sutro Baths and Point Lobos circa 1884. 4 S U T R O S G L A S S P A L A C E I N T R O D U C T I O N 5. aire who in that year established his home on a rocky San Francisco in the late 1800s offered few diver. hilltop overlooking the Cliff House While other sil sions for its blue collar laborers and their families. ver and railroad barons of the era busied themselves These were the people who operated the city s facto. building mansions atop Nob Hill Sutro embarked on ries labored on its wharves washed its laundry and. a program of buying up available real estate until he ran the street railways Only a few public parks exist. reportedly owned one twelfth of the city of San ed most of them postage stamp sized plazas devoid. Francisco of recreational facilities Sutro s primary reason for. Most of Adolph Sutro s holdings were located in constructing Sutro Baths was to provide clean rea. undeveloped western San Francisco and in the early sonably priced recreation for these folks as well as an. 1880s he began transforming the land surrounding affordable transit system to get them there. his hilltop home into a series of public attractions Sutro was not entirely motivated by altruism how. designed to meet the recreational and cultural needs ever As mentioned the millionaire owned much of. of the city s working classes These destinations soon the land his patrons traversed en route to his seaside. included a wonderfully rococo Cliff House the land attractions and it was all for sale Programs for the. scaped gardens of his private estate at Sutro Heights daily events at Sutro Baths prominently displayed. a carnival midway known as Merrie Way a steam advertisements for Sutro s real estate agency Once at. train and electric streetcar line bringing passengers the Cliff visitors were engulfed in a dizzying array of. from downtown and the world s largest indoor nata attractions designed to separate them from their. torium a more than two acre extravaganza of nickels oyster stands tintype galleries waffle stands. stained glass iron and redwood that he called mod beer joints and at the center of it all the glass palace. estly the Sutro Baths of Sutro Baths, Adolph Sutro had developed a classic nineteenth.
century business plan create an attraction bring, visitors to it and then sell them something. The entrance to the four mile long Sutro Tunnel at the town of Sutro Nevada The tunnel which. ventilated and drained the Comstock mines took nine years to complete. 6 S U T R O S G L A S S P A L A C E I N T R O D U C T I O N 7. F e w p h y s i c a l p o i n t s of reference survive from the Baths. 1890s glory days and historical photographs provide scant help in deci. phering the present day ruins In order to understand the enormity and. configuration of Sutro Baths and how it once functioned one has to. pore over aging ledger books and brittle blueprints at archives around the. city It also helps to have been able to explore the building before it burned. Like many San Franciscans I often visited the Baths as a child to ice. skate in the cavernous former bathhouse and stare with morbid wonder. at the collection of Egyptian mummies some intact and some dismem. bered My curiosity was also piqued by glimpses through gaps in the. painted over windows into the closed section of the building where I. could see a labyrinth of half drained swimming tanks and endless bleach. er seats marching toward the ceiling Sutro Baths engaged my attention. at an early age and I was fascinated by the old barn as the last owner. called it long before it became today s romanticized ruin. The mission of this book is to provide the reader with an understand. ing of how Adolph Sutro s magnificent glass palace was conceived by its. engineer builder how its complex wave driven system of catch basins. and tunnels was used to fill and drain the pools and how the building. itself was constructed modified and eventually reduced to ruins over the. short span of seventy two years It is also a field guide of sorts a way to. help modern visitors understand the confusing jumble of features still. surviving at the site and give them a better appreciation of what it was. Historic photographs of Sutro Baths like this view taken by I W Taber circa 1895 provide like to visit the Victorian era wonder. important clues to understanding the complex structure. 8 S U T R O S G L A S S P A L A C E I N T R O D U C T I O N 9. Waterworks, S u t r o B at h s had its earliest incarnation as a tidal aquarium con. ceived by Adolph Sutro as early as 1884 Sutro had begun purchasing. undeveloped land on the outskirts of San Francisco when in March 1881. nearly on a whim he bought a parcel of land and a tiny residence on the. bluffs overlooking the Cliff House, At first Sutro s energies were consumed with expanding his hilltop. holdings and developing his Sutro Heights gardens Shortly thereafter he. acquired the Cliff House itself changing its management and cleaning up. the old roadhouse s seedy reputation to give it a new family friendly. character In short order Sutro had embarked upon developing the Point. Lobos area as a recreational destination for nineteenth century San. Franciscans, above Adolph Sutro in one of his favorite poses as the honest miner. opposite The catch basin at the tip of Point Lobos. Adolph Sutro A San Francisco Original 1850s he started working with various mine. owners and mill operators and soon, became fluent in the disciplines of mining.
engineering and ore reduction By 1860, he was proposing a fantastical plan for. digging a four mile long tunnel under, Virginia City Nevada that would de. water and ventilate the deep shafts of, the Comstock Lode s silver mines. After years of political battles, fundraising and torturous digging the. Sutro Tunnel went into operation in 1878, and was soon earning its investors 10 000 a.
day just for draining water from the mineshafts, Sutro sold his interests in the tunnel a year later just months before the. Comstock silver boom went bust Returning to San Francisco with a pile. of cash he began investing heavily in San Francisco real estate especial. ly along the city s undeveloped western edge, A complex man Sutro believed firmly in noblesse oblige the duty of. The Octopus referred to the, the privileged to help the underprivileged But his good works almost monopolistic Southern Pacific. always operated on two levels For example Sutro purchased thousands Railroad. of saplings for children to plant on the city s hillsides on Arbor Day. However he also owned much of the land where the saplings were plant. Sutro on horseback on Palm Avenue in Sutro Heights ed and reaped tax credits for turning barren land into forested land. Sutro was elected mayor of San Francisco in 1894 and quickly discov. Ad ol ph H e i n ric h Jose ph Su t ro was one of those legendary figures of. nineteenth century capitalism who could only have existed in San Francisco At various times. ered that it was easier to order around Nevada silver miners than to. manage San Francisco politicians He served a single two year term. before retiring permanently to his home at Sutro Heights. in his life he was a cigar merchant a self trained mining engineer builder of the fabled Sutro In declining health and reportedly suffering from dementia Sutro spent. Tunnel that drained the Comstock Lode owner of western San Francisco and mayor of the his last years in his hilltop home From his library windows he watched. city the parade of visitors promenading through his Sutro Heights gardens. Born in 1830 in Aachen Germany twenty year old Sutro arrived in California at the height and visiting the Cliff House and Sutro Baths. of the Gold Rush and began a career as a merchant in San Francisco and Stockton In the. Sutro s glass palace the story of Sutro Baths text by John A Martini illustrated by Lawrence Ormsby Bodega Bay CA Hole in the Head Press c2014 p cm ISBN 978 0 9761494 6 0 Includes index Summary The story of a vanished but enduring piece of San Francisco his tory illustrated with historic photographs and new artwork Opened in 1894 the Baths contained seven swimming

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