The Sahel Welcome To The United Nations-Books Pdf

The Sahel Welcome to the United Nations
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CONTENTS December 2013 Vol 27 No 3, 5 SPECIAL FEATURE. GOOD GOVERNANCE, Peer review mechanism comes of age. 6 Interview A vision of an integrated Africa, 10 The rise of civil society groups in Africa. 12 Piracy in West Africa UN Deputy Secretary General Jan Eliasson plants. 14 Illicit financial flows from Africa a tree in memory of 15 people who died in an. 16 Interview Africa loses 50bn every year attack on the UN country compound in Mogadishu. Somalia AU UN IST Photo Stuart Price, 18 Giving back to society. ALSO IN THIS ISSUE, 20 A messenger of peace and development goes to the Sahel.
Editor in Chief, 22 The Sahel One region many crises Masimba Tafirenyika. 24 Zimbabwe Reaching for new heights, 26 A toast to South Africa s black middle class Staff Writers. Kingsley Ighobor, 28 Elephants are the latest conflict resource Andr Michel Essoungou. 30 Music can change the world, Research Media Liaison. DEPARTMENTS Pavithra Rao, Nirit Ben Ari, Tsigue Shiferaw.
33 Wired Design Production, Mulumba Lwatula, 34 Appointments. 35 Books Administration, Cover photo UN Secretary General Ban Ki moon and AUC Chairperson Nkosazana Dlamini. Zuma at a press briefing during their visit to Africa s Sahel region World Bank Dominic Chavez Distribution. Atar Markman, Africa Renewal is published in English and French organizations Articles from this magazine may be. by the Strategic Communications Division of the freely reprinted with attribution to the author and. United Nations Department of Public Information to United Nations Africa Renewal and a copy. Its contents do not necessarily reflect the views of of the reproduced article would be appreciated Africa Renewal is published by the United. the United Nations or the publication s supporting Copyrighted photos may not be reproduced Nations New York on recycled paper. Address correspondence to Subscribe to Africa Renewal. The Editor Africa Renewal Africa Renewal offers free subscriptions to. Room S 1032 individual readers Please send your request to www un org africarenewal. United Nations NY 10017 2513 USA Circulation at the address to the left or by e mail to. Tel 212 963 6857 Fax 212 963 4556 africarenewal un org Institutional subscriptions facebook com africarenewal. are available for thirty five US dollars payable by. international money order or a cheque in US dollars. E mail africarenewal un org twitter com africarenewal. drawn on a US bank to the United Nations and, sent to Circulation at the address to the left. 2 AfricaRenewal December 2013, AFRICA WATCH, In response two political processes.
were initiated a wide ranging peace and, security agreement among the countries. of the region DRC Angola Burundi, Central African Republic Republic of. Congo Rwanda South Africa South, Sudan Tanzania Uganda and Zambia. and peace talks in Kampala Uganda s, capital between the DRC government and. M23 leaders, During its visit the Council delegation.
was updated by regional leaders on the, implementation of the agreement and on. the progress of the peace talks On both, issues the Council urged the leaders not. to repeat the mistakes of the past Unlike, previous agreements this one must be. followed by action it reportedly told, presidents Joseph Kabila of the DRC Paul. Security Council delegation being briefed during its visit Goma DRC UN Photo Sylvain Liechti Kagame of Rwanda and Yoweri Museveni. On a visit to to flee their homes mainly in the eastern On the Kampala talks speaking to the. region of the Democratic Republic of the press in Kinshasa on behalf of the delega. Africa s Great Congo DRC tion the Security Council representa. The visit came three years after tives of Morocco and France insisted that. Lakes region another Council trip to the same region the past provides clear lessons about the. that had modest ambitions just a two consequences of integrating armed groups. Council urges country visit to the DRC and Uganda into national armies without rigorous. This time however after stops in these vetting They warned against repeating. break with past two countries the delegation went on to such mistakes In the Council s view they. Rwanda before heading farther east to added there could be no compromise on. Ethiopia which hosts the African Union fighting impunity no amnesty should. By Andr Michel Essoungou headquarters be granted to M23 members who have. The Council s busy agenda was an committed serious crimes. F ive months after United Nations, Secretary General Ban Ki moon and.
World Bank President Jim Yong Kim, acknowledgement that a solution to the. persisting instability in the Great Lakes, region requires the active engagement. On the last leg of their visit the, Council members visited the African. Union headquarters in Addis Ababa In, visited Africa s Great Lakes region a and the commitment of key regional addition to addressing the situation in the. 15 member delegation of the UN Security actors On various occasions over the Great Lakes region they held discussions. Council followed suit The delega past years the Council has indeed urged with AU officials on a wide range of issues. tion travelled to the region from 4 to 8 countries of the region to find a peaceful related to peace and security in Africa. October and met with political leaders solution to the instability plaguing the. and local activists displaced persons and DRC mainly in the east The latest such. refugees as well as UN peacekeepers and, calls came shortly after the M23 armed.
group allegedly supported by Rwanda Oil politics heats. The visit was an attempt by the, Council to get a better grasp of the. though Rwanda strongly denies this, took up arms against the DRC govern up in Liberia. complexities of a region where insta ment plunging the region into one of its. bility has persisted over the past two worst episodes of instability in recent By Kingsley Ighobor. decades with a new peak in fighting years The M23 rebels were expected to. seen in recent months Since April 2012, and the creation of the March 23 armed. movement known as the M23 renewed, sign a peace deal with the government in. November after suffering defeats at the, hands of government forces backed by a.
W hen Liberia s 14 year civil war, was ending 10 years ago citizens. desperately wanted to live in a country, fighting has forced up to 2 million people 3 000 strong UN intervention brigade where children could go to school safely. AfricaRenewal December 2013 3, women were not molested traders trav Silas Siakor head of the Sustainable. elled between cities and so on Today, with those goals mostly met the country. Development Institute a Liberian NGO, that promotes judicious exploitation of.
faces another challenge that of managing natural resources criticised Mr Sirleaf. its abundant natural resources particu for not consulting widely They Mr. larly oil that was discovered in 2012 Sirleaf and his NOCAL colleagues were. With an impressive GDP growth of totally opposed to the idea of any kind. 10 8 in 2012 according to the World of citizen input to the bill Under. Bank the oil discovery has triggered pressure Mr Sirleaf resigned both his. both excitement and fear While oil could position as head of NOCAL and as an. potentially accelerate the country s adviser to the President claiming that he. development Liberians also remember had completed his mandate to reform the. UN Photo Amanda Voisard, that mismanagement of its forestry gold oil sector. The House members and the civil, society groups believe they have at least. won the battle to have government, 10 8 open up the process of drafting the oil. legislation On its part the government, Growth in Liberia s launched a nationwide public awareness. What we are doing is, Gross Domestic Product campaign to explain the details in the.
creating an environment, bills A key contention in one of the bills. in 2012 according to the for women to know they do. is over an allocation of 5 of oil proceeds, World Bank to Liberians social welfare During. not need to feel ashamed, of rape To give them back. the campaign in Saniquellie Nimba, their dignity give them back. County citizens demanded that such an, their physical and mental.
and diamonds resources was one of the allocation should be at least 10 of the. health give them the power, causes of the last war Therefore they proceeds. to know they are strong, advise that all excitement be curtailed They also rejected the president s. Dr Denis Mukwege Founder and, while the right policies are set powers to appoint NOCAL board Medical Director of Panzi Hospital. It didn t seem like the Liberian Senate members preferring the legislature to Democratic Republic of the Congo. heeded such advice when it swiftly exercise such powers They insisted that. passed two oil bills in September the prospective oil companies be made to. One of the things I learned, first bill defined the role of the National establish an oil refinery in the country to. about my grandparents is, Oil Company of Liberia NOCAL as a create jobs for Liberians.
that you always have the, commercial entity and the second set Analysts believe that after the. power in you to make a, the regulatory policies But the bills initial storm the government will. difference in somebody, hit a brick wall in the lower legislative likely make changes to the legislation. else s life despite your own, chamber the House of Representatives to accommodate the citizens concerns. challenges and I think that s, where members raised alarm over the Global Witness a watchdog group that.
what I m trying to do, lack of extensive consultations with campaigns against natural resource. Zoleka Mandela granddaughter of, citizens before passage in the Senate related conflicts and corruption says former South African president Nelson. The House members cautious Liberia needs the right policies and Mandela on her newly released book. approach appears in line with public could very well set them The Liberian. thinking Almost unanimously Liberian oil sector could potentially be one of the Your struggle is our. civil society groups opposed the bills best run and best governed sectors on struggle and if. and criticised Mr Robert Sirleaf head the continent if not in the world in you succeed the. of NOCAL and son of President Ellen terms of developing countries with women of Africa. Johnson Sirleaf for lobbying senators to new oil finds says Chloe Fussel a succeed. pass the two pieces of legislation campaigner for the organization Nkosazana Dlamini. Zuma Chairperson of the, African Union Commission, 500bn Projected trade between BRICS. Brazil Russia India China and, South Africa nations and Africa. addressing women, in Mali during, her visit to, by 2015 In 2012 this figure stood at 340 billion region.
BRICS are motivated among other reasons by, Africa s growing middle class currently African Union. estimated to be about 300 million, 4 AfricaRenewal December 2013. Over the past decade governance in Africa has improved considerably aided in part by. the African Peer Review Mechanism There are fewer coups more elections and better. management of national economies But there is still need for more accountability and. transparency before Africa can claim credit for good governance Corruption is still rife and. illicit financial flows are draining the continent s domestic resources. African Peer Review, problems APRM is an instrument for. transformation and a lot has been achieved, in the last 10 years says Fatuma Ndagiza. Mechanism comes of age, Nyirakobwa vice chair of the body s panel.
of eminent persons, Political will, Countries embracing self monitoring mechanism So far 33 African countries have joined the. APRM of which 17 have been reviewed, to shine light on domestic affairs by their peers Ms Nyirakobwa a former. Rwandan ambassador to Tanzania sees that, By Kingsley Ighobor as a glass half full Thirty three countries. signing up over the past 10 years is no mean, achievement We have to consider that this. is a voluntary process she explains in an, interview with Africa Renewal.
Africa comprises 54 countries meaning, 21 have yet to join the APRM And just 17. of the 33 participating countries have been, peer reviewed Why don t the remaining. 16 countries want to be reviewed asks Ms, Nyirakobwa rhetorically This is an issue. of commitment and political will right at the, highest level I think we need to accept that. every country has its reasons, There is no need to fret over the number.
of countries in the APRM says Liberian, finance minister Amara M Konneh who. represented his country s president Ellen, GOOD GOVERNANCE Johnson Sirleaf at Africa Week Going all. the way to 33 is progress We will get there, A high level panel discussion Africa s innovation in governance through 10 years of the African It s a matter of time. Peer Review Mechanism APRM took place during Africa Week at United Nations Headquarters President Sirleaf is the chairperson of the. Africa Renewal Bo Li APRM Forum its highest decision making. authority which is made up of heads of state, delegation from the African Peer they promoted from the outset as an inno of participating countries Ms Nyirakobwa is. Review Mechanism APRM a self vative approach designed and implemented urging every African country to join and all. 2 AfricaRenewal December 2013 Address correspondence to The Editor Africa Renewal Room S 1032 United Nations NY 10017 2513 USA Tel 212 963 6857 Fax 212 963 4556

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