The Failure Of The American Dream In The Great Gatsby-Books Pdf

The Failure of the American Dream in The Great Gatsby
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ISSN 2414 8385 Online European Journal of September December 2017. ISSN 2414 8377 Print Multidisciplinary Studies Volume 2 Issue 7. Nick takes an invitation from Gatsby s chauffer to go at his home There was a large and crowded party as the ones that. Nick had heard about He meets Jordan in the party and all people gossip about the mysteries of Gatsby Some think that. he is a spy during the war and some think that he is a bootlegger Nick visits the house and everything seems mysterious. to him even the library books and the servants Gatsby talks to Nick and they realize that both of them have served in the. same division during the war and as he does with everyone he calls Nick old sport They plan to have a trip with his. hydroplane in the next day After this short talk he leaves to deal with the business matters. Jordan mentions that Gatsby was graduated in Oxford and Nick gets fascinated with all that this man has Meanwhile a. butler comes and gets Jordan for a private chat with Gatsby When she comes back she claims that Gatsby told her. amazing things but she cannot say anything for the moment maybe in another day when they will meet again Even though. Jordan is not honest she attracts him but still he himself thinks that he is one of the few honest people he has ever known. Shmoop Editorial Team 2008, Nick goes for lunch in New York with Gatsby During the trip he tries to explain to Nick that his past was not a real one but. an ideal life and family like what he really wanted to have He pretends to be a son of a wealthy family from Midwest exactly. San Francisco being graduated at Oxford being awarded medals in World War I There he meets a Gatsby s friend and. business partner Mr Wolfshiem Jordan tells the details of the mysterious chat she had with Gatsby at the party She says. that Daisy was an eighteen year old beautiful girl who fell in love with the Lieutenant Jay Gatsby but the family prevented. her from meeting Jay again Years later she married Tom Buchanan a wealthy man and gave birth to a little girl They. loved a lot each other up to the moment when Tom had love affairs with other women Gatsby bought the castle to be. near Daisy Gatsby needs Nick s help to him in inviting Daisy at home for tea and he would come casually Shmoop. Editorial Team 2008, Nick follows the plan and invites Daisy for tea Gatsby comes meets Daisy and Nick leaves the room Gatsby invites them. tom see his house All he has achieved is related with the idea of impressing Daisy with the fine things She likes all the. details of the house and the luxurious lifestyle as much as she starts crying They dance in the hall full of happiness and. smile for the moment Nick leaves and let them be alone together again Shmoop Editorial Team 2008. A reporter comes to Gatsby s mansion to interview him and have more information about the myths around him his lavished. parties and the way in which he became rich All of what Gatsby said up to now is a fantasy world that he created about. himself His real name is James Gatz and he grew up in a poor family He did odd jobs and tried to attend a small college. for some weeks One day while he was walking in the shoreline he saw the yacht of a wealthy man Dan Cody He warned. Dan Cody for a storm that might destroy the yacht He went with Cody for five years as his friend secretary and after Cody s. death was supposed that he will get a large portion of the fortune but it didn t happen like this Cody s mistress did not. allow Jay to get the money Tom and Daisy go at the next party at Gatsby s house Tom does not like the party and wonder. how did Gatsby earned this enormous wealthy He is quite sure that his money comes from drugstores Gatsby is certain. that he will convince Daisy to return and live together Shmoop Editorial Team 2008. There are no more parties at Gatsby s house because now he had found his lover Next Saturday Gatsby goes to Daisy s. house where he finds Nick Jordan and Tom They have a cocktail and decide to go in town in two groups Daisy and. Gatsby with Tom s car and the other group Jordan Tom and Nick with Gatsby s car Both cars stop at Wilson s gas station. Aware of his wife affair Wilson asks Tom for money to move out West with Myrtle The two groups arrive at a hotel and try. to have a quiet conversation but the tensions between Gatsby and Tom increase Tom says that Jay did not study at. Oxford Gatsby tries to explain that he was there for a few months Finally Tom mentions the affair of him and Daisy She. does not speak at all and Gatsby tells that she never loved him and now she is going to leave him Jay and Daisy leave to. go home with Gatsby s car Nick realizes that it is his thirty birthday Tom Nick and Jordan leave with the other car and. stop at Wilson s garage because of a tragedy occurred in the road Wilson s neighbor Michaelis discloses what has. happened while Wilson and Myrtle were arguing she went near the road a yellow car killed her and it did not stop Gatsby. is ready to sacrifice and show himself as guilty even thought was Daisy who killed Myrtle Shmoop Editorial Team 2008. Full of revenge Wilson goes to Gatsby s house shoots him and then suicides Nick finds him dead in the pool He tries to. call Daisy and inform her about Gatsby s death but the Buchanans have already left to another house His attempt on. getting in touch with friends and family for the funeral but no one wanted to come except his father Mr Gatz He reveals. that Tom and Daisy are those kinds of people who make troubles and leave other people have to find a solution for the. problems caused by them, ISSN 2414 8385 Online European Journal of September December 2017. ISSN 2414 8377 Print Multidisciplinary Studies Volume 2 Issue 7. Before moving back to Minnesota Nick meets Jordan and goes to see the green light for the last time The novel ends with. one of the most famous passages in American Literature Gatsby believed in the green light the orgiastic future that year. by year recedes before us It eluded us then but that s no matter to morrow we will run faster stretch out our arms. farther And one fine morning So we beat on boats against the current borne back ceaselessly into the past p 172. 2 1 Defining the American Dream, American Dream has been for more than 200 years the most compelling and the most desired dreams of all times It started. almost 400 years ago with Puritans immigrating to America to become after that the driving engine of a whole nation The. movement of religious immigrants to America had started as early as the beginning of 17th century but it was only in 1630. that 700 Puritans lead by John Winthrop would settle American shore with the belief that the New England America was. a chosen land from God distinguished and exceptional They were among the firsts to set the values of a belief that for a. long time would be the idol of every person on earth. American Dream can be defined as the belief that anyone that works hard to achieve success in America can achieve it. This belief is consistent to everyone and no race class gender or nationality distinction makes the difference For ten score. years this has been the prevailing idea of Americanism and most of other nation s citizens sought to reach this. The first to mention the term American Dream is James Truslow Adams who was an historian and writer He defines it as. dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone with opportunity for each according to. ability or achievement Adams 1931 Hence from his definition one can understand that it is directly related to the tenets. determined in the Declaration of Independence Terms such as social gender religious inequality racism xenophobia etc. become invaluable ones while facing the values of American Dream. The freedom in America is associated with autonomy Rifkin 2004 p 13 Thus when one has autonomy or. independence upon others he or she is free This type of freedom that characterizes America is more in the materialistic. aspect Therefore as much wealth has one that much independent one would be. The concept of freedom is not only related to that of autonomy but to work ethic as well Based on American beliefs that. are set forth by Franklin Roosevelt it is the hard work that sets the individual free because only if the individual works. On the other hand this conviction on American uniqueness is associated with the patriotism which is a core value of. Americanism American Dream developed because of deep patriotism love for the country and celebrated the two feelings. This sense of belonging was the generator of the Dream Rifkin notes regarding the uniqueness and belongingness as. from the very beginning it was meant to be exclusive to America Rifkin 2004 p 17 He also says that this dream was. never a dream to be shared with or exported to the rest of the world Rifkin 2004 p 17 Thus the American Dream. could be lived only in American land, 2 2 Depiction of American Dream in The Great Gatsby.
The Great Gatsby is a mere description of the culture of 1920s and the impact this culture had in the failure of the so called. American Dream In this section the culture of consumerism being an epitome of going from rags to riches luxury parties. attempts to become an old money will be discussed All these factors and the replacement of the old Protestant values of. work ethic and pursue of happiness of the Declaration of Independence with leisure and pursue of wealth supply the demise. of a dream that has been the driving force of a whole nation. It also reflects the contribution and involvement of the characters in the novel to the failure and downfall of the American. Dream Despite the depiction of the socio cultural and economic conditions of 1920s and the same conditions that push. and provoke his characters he provides the reader with an insight on the psychology of each of them and the interior. motives which they use to justify their behavior and actions The Dream that everyone seeks in Great Gatsby is being. corrupted by his or her immoral lives and actions, The lives of the characters especially Gatsby depict the culture of excessive consumerism and extravagantly wealthy. living They the people like Gatsby that had come from the bottom part of the society needed to settle their position and. newly gained status in the society In addition they attempted to gain the respect that the old rich already had achieved. that far and the necessary esteem that characterizes the rich people through the means of displaying their wealth and. fortunes and through the purchases, ISSN 2414 8385 Online European Journal of September December 2017. ISSN 2414 8377 Print Multidisciplinary Studies Volume 2 Issue 7. Fitzgerald depicts Jay Gatsby as a paragon of self made man of success He starts everything from the very beginning and. from living his childhood days in poverty becomes a millionaire He achieves the success that everyone in America was. seeking for at the period Gatsby has a huge house servants and many friends that attend his parties All the success he. has achieved and the status he has will assist in his decay. Given the abovementioned culture of consumerism Jay Gatsby falls into the same tendency as the others like him His. dressing style was often pompous Also he inclined to show off with his circus wagon car and his large house where he. organizes huge parties and consumes lavishly and great amount of alcohol The wealth and power is not sufficient for a. wealthy person to maintain his esteem By putting it into evidence thus by showing it to others makes these people more. Gatsby succeeded to give the impression that he had achieved the American Dream though from the inside he still sought. assurance about him being impressive enough In the book he asks Nick to assure him about how impressive his house. looks The house of Gatsby was made just for the sake of its outward appearance and for public entertainment It had a. swimming pool that Gatsby says in the book he never had used large lawns and gardens surrounding it and a tower All. these details depict the importance that he paid to making evident his richness This is due to his lack of being part of the. old rich society Another means for him to display his successes and great wealth are the huge parties that he organizes. in his mansion His guests are mostly from the new riches and according to Fjeldstrom It is easy to see that the guests. at Gatsby s party are completely unable to exist independently of each other for all of these people are similarly trying to. become a part of the rich set Fjeldstrom p 38 Belonging to the same strata of society and intending to achieve the. American Dream that they believed Gatsby had succeeded on they could not understand that he was indeed lacking it. His American Dream was not only that of success His American Dream was to win Daisy. After the WWII there was a great change in the economy of American people and a shift of status happened while the poor. became rich and vice versa It was a time when the riches bankrupted and many industries or companies crashed and went. out of business Therefore the people from the lowest strata of the society could collect money through corruption and. illegal means Hence the American Dream that before it was through hard work and self discipline that one could attain. during 1920s turned out to be one of luxury idleness and leisure The newly rich had they achieved their goals regarding. material wealth did not persist in the Protestant ethic of hard work that the American Dream was supposed to be achieved. Multidisciplinary Studies September December 2017 Volume 2 Issue 7 299 The Failure of the American Dream in The Great Gatsby Fitzgerald Zamira Hodo Hena e Plote Beder University Abstract The American Dream is one of the most important issues which has drawn the attention of literary criticism through many years It represents the ideals of a nation equality liberty pursuit of

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