The Biblical Canon Of The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo Church-Books Pdf

The Biblical Canon of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo Church
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Anke Wanger THE 733 2, 81 Books in total 46 in the Old Testament and 35 in the New Testament 1 It is also the. biggest Bible according to the number of books Protestant Bibles usually contain 66. books Roman Catholic Bibles 73 and Eastern Orthodox Bibles have around 76 books. sometimes more sometimes less depending on their belonging to the Greek Orthodox. Slavonic Orthodox or Georgian Orthodox Church 2, And although the Ethiopian Orthodox Church belongs to the group of Oriental. Orthodox Churches which are in communion with each other there is no common. consensus among them as to which books make up the Biblical canon for example the. Coptic Orthodox Church has the same canon as Western Protestant Churches with the. addition of the two Epistles of Clement in the New Testament a total of 68 books 3. This paper will present the Biblical canon of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo. Church and the various canons produced by synods and Church Fathers which have. influenced the collection of Biblical books in this particular Church. 2 The Bible in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo Church. As mentioned above the Bible of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church consists of 81. books 46 in the Old Testament and 35 in the new 4 With this the Ethiopian Orthodox. Cherenet Abebe Meseretawi yemetsehaf kidus atenan zede Foundational Bible Study Addis Abeba. 2011 p 91 92 162 163, Wikipedia Biblical canon Available from http en wikipedia org wiki Biblical canon accessed. November 26 2011, Wikipedia Development of the New Testament canon Available from. http en wikipedia org wiki Development of the New Testament canon accessed November 26 2011. Cherenet Abebe Meseretawi yemetsehaf kidus atenan zede Foundational Bible Study p 91 92 162 163. Anke Wanger THE 733 3, Church has the most extensive collection of Biblical books considered to be canonical of.
all the major Christian denominations 5 The number of books as well as the exact titles. are laid down in the Feteha Negest Law of the Kings a book of law used in Christian. Ethiopia since at least the 16th century based on an Arabic manuscript written by a. Christian Egyptian in 1238 which lists the books of the Bible In Section 2 it states the. number is to be 81 the actual titles of the books are mentioned in the text as well as in. Reading and Explanation of the Feteha Negest a kind of commentary. It should not come as a surprise that most of the additional books those not. accepted by all or most other Churches are books that either have been considered. canonical Scripture by one or more of the other Churches at some point and or are. summarized as Apocrypha or Pseudepigrapha by them today meaning that they. constitute the books about which there always has been a certain amount of discussion as. to whether they actually should be considered as canonical or not However some of the. books that we find in the Ethiopian Biblical canon do not fulfill these criteria either but. are completely unique to that particular Church 6 7. Yet another curious thing is that although the number of books in the Ethiopian. Orthodox Bible is always 81 this number is most commonly reached in two different. ways although other ways did and do exist 8, Wikipedia Biblical canon accessed November 26 2011. Wikipedia Biblical canon accessed November 26 2011. R W Cowley The Biblical Canon Of The Ethiopian Orthodox Church Today in Ostkirchliche Studien. 1974 Volume 23 pp 318 323, R W Cowley The Biblical Canon Of The Ethiopian Orthodox Church Today p 318 323. Anke Wanger THE 733 4, Furthermore there is currently no distinction at all between the book that are referred. to as protocanoncial and deuterocanonical Whereas the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. understand and uses these terms when referring to the respective books in for example. the Catholic or Eastern Orthodox Church or in the ancient writing like the Festal Letter. of St Athanasius see below it does not differentiate in its own Bible between proto. and deuterocanon All books accepted into the Bible are considered equally inspired. equally the Word of God and equally instructive albeit for different situations and. circumstances 9, a Books of the Old Testament, In the official rendering the number of the Old Testament books in the Ethiopian. Orthodox Church is 46 divided into four sections Those books include10 11. Books of Law the 5 Books of Moses, o Leviticus, o Deuteronomy.
Books of History, Cherenet Abebe Meseretawi yemetsehaf kidus atenan zede Foundational Bible Study Addis Abeba. 2011 p 47 61, Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo Church The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo Church Faith Order of. Worship and Ecumenical Relations Addis Abeba 1996 p 45 47. Cherenet Abebe Meseretawi yemetsehaf kidus atenan zede Foundational Bible Study p 91f. Anke Wanger THE 733 5, o 1st and 2nd Samuel, o 1st and 2nd Kings. o 1st and 2nd Chronicles 2nd Chronicles includes the Prayer of. o Ezra and Nehemiah, o Ezra Sutuel and 2nd Ezra, o 1st Meqabeyan. o 2nd and 3rd Meqabeyan, o Joseph Ben Guriyon, o Jubilees.
Books of Psalms Songs and Wisdom, o Proverbs, o Reproof Tsegats in Ge ez. o Ecclesiastes, Anke Wanger THE 733 6, o Song of Songs. o Wisdom of Solomon, Books of Prophecy, o Jeremiah including Lamentations the Remainder of Jeremiah and. o Daniel including Susannah the Prayer of the Three Children and Bel. and the Dragon, o Habakkuk, o Zephaniah, o Zechariah. Anke Wanger THE 733 7, It should be noted that the three books of Meqabeyan are not identical with the.
books of Macabees although there is a certain overlap regarding content. As mentioned above this is the official rendering In the actual Bible which is. currently on the market the arrangement is somewhat different 1st and 2nd Samuel. have been printed as individual books in it similarly 1st and 2nd Kings 1st and 2nd. Chronicles and 2nd and 3rd Meqabeyan Also Ezra and Nehemiah have been. separated as have Ezra Sutuel and 2nd Ezra All the writings of Jeremiah which are. one book in the official rendering have been separated in the actual printing. Jeremiah Baruch Lamentations and the Remainder of Jeremiah there is also a book. titled the Remainder of Baruch The book of Joseph Ben Guriyon has been. eliminated In the actual print version therefore the number of Old Testament books. is 54 The order also varies in the print version it is Genesis Exodus Leviticus. Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 1st and 2nd Samuel 1st and 2nd Kings. 1st and 2nd Chronicles Jubilees Enoch Ezra Nehemiah Ezra Sutuel 2nd Ezra Tobit. Judith Esther 1st Meqabeyan 2nd Meqabeyan 3rd Meqabeyan Job Psalms. Proverbs Reproof Wisdom Ecclesiastes Song of Songs Sirach Isaiah Jeremiah. Baruch Lamentations Remainder of Jeremiah Remainder of Baruch Ezekiel. Daniel Hosea Amos Micah Joel Obadiah Jonah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah. Haggai Zechariah and Malachi 12, Ethiopian Bible Society Metsehaf Kidus The Holy Bible Amharic version Addis Abeba 2007. Anke Wanger THE 733 8, b Books of the New Testament. As for the New Testament the Ethiopian Orthodox Church receives the following. books into its canon in that order 13 14, o Gospel of Matthew. o Gospel of Mark, o Gospel of Luke, o Gospel of John. o Acts of the Apostles, Epistles of Paul, o 1st Corinthians.
o 2nd Corinthians, o Galatians, o Ephesians, o Philippians. o Colossians, o 1st Thessalonians, Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo Church The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo Church Faith Order of. Worship and Ecumenical Relations p 45 47, Cherenet Abebe Meseretawi yemetsehaf kidus atenan zede Foundational Bible Study p 162f. Anke Wanger THE 733 9, o 2nd Thessalonians, o 1st Timothy. o 2nd Timothy, o Philemon, Other Epistles, o 1st Peter.
o 2nd Peter, o 1st John, o 2nd John, o 3rd John, o James called Yaqob in Ge ez. o Revelation of John, Books of Church Order based on the Apostolic Constitutions and the. Epistles of Clement, o The Order of Zion, o Commandments Te ezaz. o 1st Book of Covenant, Anke Wanger THE 733 10, o 2nd Book of Covenant. o Didascalia, Except for the books of Church Order the canon agrees mostly with that received by.
other Churches As we see in this official rendering the number of books is 35. making a total of 81 with the 46 books of the Old Testament In the actual printing. however the 8 books of Church Order are not printed as they are generally not. widely available so that in the printed version the number of New Testament books. is 27 making again a total of 81 with the actual 54 books of the Old Testament. How the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo Church came to accept those 81 books and. which ancient canons played in a role in that decision will be the topic of the next. few sections, 3 Canons influencing the Biblical Canon of the Ethiopian. Orthodox Tewahdo Church, There are two types of canons that mainly influenced the discussion in the Ethiopian. Orthodox Church as to which Books of the Bible should be considered canonical Those. are canons issued by the various synods and councils for one and canons proposed by. Early Church Fathers in their writings 15 Canons available in Ge ez tend to be. Dibekulu Zewde 81 Kidusat Metsaheftena Minchoch Kenonat The 81 Holy Books and the Sources. Canons Addis Abeba 1995 p 35 61, Anke Wanger THE 733 11. translations and or compilations of these not actually canons written by local Church. a Synodical canons, As for the canons issued by synods and councils there are three which are. considered to have a had a major influence on the Ethiopian Church not only in regard to. Biblical books but also regarding Church Law in general the 85 Apostolic Canons the. Synod of Laodicea and the Synod s of Carthage 16, i The 85 Apostolic Canons.
The Apostolic Canons are defined by the Encyclopedia Britannica as. A collection of eighty five rules for the regulation of clerical life appended to the. eighth book of the Apostolical Constitutions q v They are couched in brief legislative. form though on no definite plan and deal with the vexed questions of ecclesiastical. discipline as they were raised towards the end of the 4th century At least half of the. canons are derived from earlier constitutions and probably not many of them are the actual. productions of the compiler whose aim was to gloss over the real nature of the. Constitutions and secure their incorporation with the Epistles of Clement in the New. Testament of his day The Codex Alexandrinus does indeed append the Clementine. Epistles to its text of the New Testament The Canons may be a little later in date than. Dibekulu Zewde 81 Kidusat Metsaheftena Minchoch Kenonat The 81 Holy Books and the Sources. Canons p 35 48, Anke Wanger THE 733 12, the preceding Constitutions but they are evidently from the same Syrian theological. Note that it states here that one of the goals of these canons was to have the. Apostolic Constitutions and the Epistles of Clement included in the New Testament This. was at least partially successful in the Ethiopian Church which does include the eight. Books of the Constitutions with the Epistles of Clement worked into them and in its. sister Church the Coptic Church which still lists the two Epistles of Clement as. canonical in its New Testament, Another encyclopedia defines the Apostolic Canons a little more neutrally. The Apostolic Canons or Ecclesiastical Canons of the Same Holy Apostles 2 is a. collection of ancient ecclesiastical decrees concerning the government and discipline of the. Early Christian Church first found as last chapter of the eighth book of the Apostolic. Constitutions and belonging to genre of the Church Orders. These eighty five canons were approved by the Eastern Council in Trullo in 692 but. rejected by Pope Constantine In the Western Church only fifty of these canons circulated. translated in Latin by Dionysius Exiguus in about 500 AD and included in the Western. collections and afterwards in the Corpus Juris Canonici Canon n 85 contains a list of. canonical books thus it is important for the history of the Biblical canon 18. The work in which they are found the Apostolic Constitutions also called the. Constitutions of the Holy Apostles contains eight treatises on Early Christian. Apostolic Canons In Encyclopedia Britannica Volume V02 p 201 Cambridge University Press 1911. Wikipedia Canons of the Apostles Available from, http en wikipedia org wiki Canons of the Apostles accessed November 25 2011. Anke Wanger THE 733 13, discipline worship and doctrine intended to serve as a manual of guidance for the. clergy and to some extent for the laity It purports to be the work of the Twelve Apostles. whose instructions whether given by them as individuals or as a body 19. The article continues to state, The Church seems never to have regarded this work as of undoubted Apostolic.
authority The Quinisext Council in 692 rejected most part of the work on account of. the interpolations of heretics Only that portion of it to which has been given the name. Canons of the Apostles was received in the Eastern Christianity Even if not regarded as of. certain Apostolic origin however in antiquity the Apostolic Constitutions were held. generally in high esteem and served as the basis for much ecclesiastical legislation The. Apostolic Constitutions were accepted as canonical by John of Damascus and in a modified. form included in the 81 book canon of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church 20. o Enoch Books of Psalms The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo Church Faith Order of Worship and Ecumenical Relations p 45 47 14 Cherenet Abebe Meseretawi yemetsehaf kidus atenan zede Foundational Bible Study p 162f Anke Wanger THE 733 9 o 2nd Thessalonians o 1st Timothy o 2nd Timothy o Tito o Philemon o Hebrews Other Epistles o 1st Peter o 2nd Peter o 1st John o 2nd John o 3rd John o

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