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The Basics
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This book is offered to teachers of sociology in the hope that it will help our students understand their. place in today s society and in tomorrow s world . A01 MACI1409 15 SE FM indd 2 23 12 17 7 25 PM, Society. The Basics, Fifteenth Edition, John J Macionis, Kenyon College. 330 Hudson Street NY NY 10013, A01 MACI1409 15 SE FM indd 3 23 12 17 7 25 PM. VP of Portfolio Management Dickson Musslewhite, Portfolio Manager Jeff Marshall. Editorial Assistant Christina Winterburn, Director Producer Maureen Richardson.
Content Producer Mary Donovan, Development Editor Ellen Darion. Data Researchers Kimberlee Klesner and Kelly Eitzen Smith. Director of Field Marketing Jonathan Cottrell, Product Marketer Jeremy Intal. Field Marketer Brittany Pogue Mohammed Acosta, General Marketing Assistant Kate Cowell. Operations Manager Mary Fischer, Senior Operations Specialist Mary Ann Gloriande. Digital Studio Project Manager Rich Barnes, Director of Design Blair Brown.
Design Lead Kathryn Foot, Cover Design TBD, Cover Art TBD. Full Service Project Management Composition Integra. Copyright 2019 2017 2014 2012 by Pearson Education Inc or its affiliates All Rights Reserved Printed. in the United States of America This publication is protected by copyright and permission should be obtained. from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction storage in a retrieval system or transmission in any. form or by any means electronic mechanical photocopying recording or otherwise For information regarding. permissions request forms and the appropriate contacts within the Pearson Rights Permissions Department . please visit www pearsoned com permissions , PEARSON and ALWAYS LEARNING are exclusive trademarks owned by Pearson Education Inc or its. affiliates in the United States and or other countries . Unless otherwise indicated herein any third party trademarks that may appear in this work are the property of. their respective owners and any references to third party trademarks logos or other trade dress are for demon . strative or descriptive purposes only Such references are not intended to imply any sponsorship endorsement . authorization or promotion of Pearson s products by the owners of such marks or any relationship between. the owner and Pearson Education Inc or its affiliates authors licensees or distributors . Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data. Names Macionis John J , Title Society the basics John J Macionis Kenyon College . Description Fifteenth Edition Hoboken NJ Pearson 2017 Revised. edition of the author s Society 2017 Rental Edition . Identifiers LCCN 2017039790 ISBN 9780134711409 ISBN 0134711408 ISBN 10 0 13 471140 8. Subjects LCSH Sociology ISBN 13 978 0 13 471140 9. Classification LCC HM586 M1657 2017b DDC 301 dc23. LC record available at https lccn loc gov 2017039790 Books a la Carte . ISBN 10 0 13 467484 7, 1 17 ISBN 13 978 0 13 467484 1. Revel Access Card , ISBN 10 0 13 472297 3, ISBN 13 978 0 13 472297 9.
Instructor s Review Copy , ISBN 10 0 13 473334 7. ISBN 13 978 0 13 473334 0, A01 MACI1409 15 SE FM indd 4 23 12 17 7 25 PM. Brief Contents, 1 Sociology Perspective Theory and 10 Global Stratification 282. 11 Gender Stratification 308, 2 Culture 42, 12 Race and Ethnicity 338. 3 Socialization From Infancy, to Old Age 74 13 Economics and Politics 368.
4 Social Interaction in Everyday Life 100 14 Family and Religion 410. 5 Mass Media and Social Media 124 15 Education Health and Medicine 450. 6 Groups and Organizations 156 16 Population Urbanization and. Environment 492, 7 Sexuality and Society 180, 17 Social Change Modern and. 8 Deviance 208 Postmodern Societies 524, 9 Social Stratification 240. A01 MACI1409 15 SE FM indd 5 23 12 17 7 25 PM, Contents. Boxes xiv ASKING QUESTIONS SURVEY RESEARCH 28, Revel Boxes xv IN THE FIELD PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION 31. Maps xvi USING AVAILABLE DATA EXISTING SOURCES 33. Preface xviii PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER TEN STEPS IN SOCIOLOGICAL. RESEARCH 36, About the Author xxviii, Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life 38.
1 Sociology Perspective Theory Seeing Sociology in Your Everyday Life 39. and Method 2 Making the Grade 40, The Power of Society to guide our choices in marriage. partners 3, 2 Culture 42, The Power of Society to guide our attitudes on. The Sociological Perspective 4, social issues such as abortion 43. 1 1 Explain how the sociological perspective, What Is Culture 44. helps us understand that society shapes our, individual lives 2 1 Explain the development of culture as a human.
SEEING THE GENERAL IN THE PARTICULAR 4 strategy for survival . SEEING THE STRANGE IN THE FAMILIAR 5 CULTURE AND HUMAN INTELLIGENCE 47. SEEING SOCIETY IN OUR EVERYDAY LIVES 6 CULTURE NATION AND SOCIETY 47. SEEING SOCIOLOGICALLY MARGINALITY AND CRISIS 7 HOW MANY CULTURES 47. THE IMPORTANCE OF A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE 9 The Elements of Culture 48. THE ORIGINS OF SOCIOLOGY 10 2 2 Identify common elements of culture . Applying the Sociological Perspective 12 SYMBOLS 48. 1 2 Identify the advantages of sociological thinking LANGUAGE 50. for developing public policy for encouraging VALUES AND BELIEFS 51. personal growth and for advancing in a career NORMS 53. SOCIOLOGY AND PUBLIC POLICY 12 IDEAL AND REAL CULTURE 53. SOCIOLOGY AND PERSONAL GROWTH 12 Technology and Culture 54. CAREERS THE SOCIOLOGY ADVANTAGE 12 2 3 Analyze how a society s level of technology. Sociological Theory 14 shapes its culture , 1 3 Summarize sociology s major theoretical HUNTING AND GATHERING 54. approaches HORTICULTURE AND PASTORALISM 55, THE STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONAL APPROACH 14 AGRICULTURE 55. THE SOCIAL CONFLICT APPROACH 15 INDUSTRY 55, FEMINISM AND GENDER CONFLICT THEORY 16 POSTINDUSTRIAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 56. RACE CONFLICT THEORY 17 Cultural Diversity Many Ways of Life in One World 56. THE SYMBOLIC INTERACTION APPROACH 18 2 4 Discuss dimensions of cultural difference. Three Ways to do Sociology 21 and cultural change . 1 4 Describe sociology s three research HIGH CULTURE AND POPULAR CULTURE 56. orientations SUBCULTURE 59, POSITIVIST SOCIOLOGY 21 MULTICULTURALISM 59. INTERPRETIVE SOCIOLOGY 23 COUNTERCULTURE 61, CRITICAL SOCIOLOGY 24 CULTURAL CHANGE 61.
RESEARCH ORIENTATIONS AND THEORY 24 ETHNOCENTRISM AND CULTURAL RELATIVISM 62. Issues Affecting Sociological Research 25 A GLOBAL CULTURE 64. 1 5 Identify the importance of gender and ethics Theories of Culture 65. in sociological research 2 5 Apply sociology s macro level theories to gain. GENDER 25 greater understanding of culture , RESEARCH ETHICS 25 STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONAL THEORY THE FUNCTIONS. Research Methods 26 OF CULTURE 65, SOCIAL CONFLICT THEORY INEQUALITY AND CULTURE 66. 1 6 Explain why a researcher might choose each, FEMINIST THEORY GENDER AND CULTURE 67. of sociology s research methods , SOCIOBIOLOGY EVOLUTION AND CULTURE 67. TESTING A HYPOTHESIS THE EXPERIMENT 26, A01 MACI1409 15 SE FM indd 6 23 12 17 7 25 PM.
Contents vii, Culture and Human Freedom 68 Status 103. 2 6 Critique culture as limiting or expanding human 4 2 State the importance of status to social. freedom organization , CULTURE AS CONSTRAINT 69 STATUS SET 103. CULTURE AS FREEDOM 69 ASCRIBED AND ACHIEVED STATUS 103. Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life 70 MASTER STATUS 103. Seeing Sociology in Your Everyday Life 71 Role 103. Making the Grade 72 4 3 State the importance of role to social. organization , 3 Socialization From Infancy ROLE SET 104. to Old Age 74 ROLE CONFLICT AND ROLE STRAIN 105, ROLE EXIT 105. The Power of Society to shape how much television. The Social Construction of Reality 105, we watch 75.
4 4 Describe how we socially construct reality , Social Experience The Key to Our Humanity 76. THE THOMAS THEOREM 107, 3 1 Describe how social interaction is the foundation ETHNOMETHODOLOGY 107. of personality REALITY BUILDING CLASS AND CULTURE 107. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT NATURE AND NURTURE 76, THE INCREASING IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL MEDIA 108. SOCIAL ISOLATION 77, Dramaturgical Analysis The Presentation of Self 109. Understanding Socialization 78, 4 5 Apply Goffman s analysis to several familiar.
3 2 Explain six major theories of socialization situations . SIGMUND FREUD S ELEMENTS OF PERSONALITY 78 PERFORMANCES 109. JEAN PIAGET S THEORY OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT 79 NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION 109. LAWRENCE KOHLBERG S THEORY OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT 80 GENDER AND PERFORMANCES 110. CAROL GILLIGAN S THEORY OF GENDER AND MORAL IDEALIZATION 111. DEVELOPMENT 80, EMBARRASSMENT AND TACT 112, GEORGE HERBERT MEAD S THEORY OF THE SOCIAL SELF 81. Interaction in Everyday Life Three Applications 114. ERIK H ERIKSON S EIGHT STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT 83, Agents of Socialization 83 4 6 Construct a sociological analysis of three. aspects of everyday life emotions language , 3 3 Analyze how the family school peer groups and humor . and the mass media guide the socialization process EMOTIONS THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF FEELING 114. THE FAMILY 83, LANGUAGE THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF GENDER 116. THE SCHOOL 85, REALITY PLAY THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF HUMOR 117.
THE PEER GROUP 85, Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life 120. THE MASS MEDIA 86, Seeing Sociology in Your Everyday Life 121. Socialization and the Life Course 89, Making the Grade 122. 3 4 Discuss how our society organizes human, experience into distinctive stages of life 5 Mass Media and Social Media 124. CHILDHOOD 89, ADOLESCENCE 90 The Power of Society to guide the way women and.
ADULTHOOD 91 men use social media 125, OLD AGE 91 What Is the Media 126. DEATH AND DYING 93 5 1 Explain the meanings of three key concepts media . THE LIFE COURSE PATTERNS AND VARIATIONS 93 mass media and social media . Resocialization Total Institutions 94 MASS MEDIA 127. 3 5 Characterize the operation of total SOCIAL MEDIA 127. institutions Media and the Message Media Bias and Media Literacy 128. Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life 96 5 2 Investigate the issue of media bias and the need. Seeing Sociology in Your Everyday Life 97 for media literacy . Making the Grade 98 MEDIA AND BIAS 128, MEDIA LITERACY 129. 4 Social Interaction in Everyday Life 100 The Historical Evolution of Mass Media and Social Media 129. The Power of Society to guide the way we do social 5 3 Describe the historical evolution of mass media. networking 101 and social media , NEWSPAPERS 129. Social Structure A Guide to Everyday Living 102, 4 1 Explain how social structure helps us to make TELEVISION 132. sense of everyday situations , A01 MACI1409 15 SE FM indd 7 23 12 17 7 25 PM.
viii Contents, THE INTERNET AND THE RISE OF SOCIAL MEDIA 133 ORIGINS OF FORMAL ORGANIZATIONS 166. IN SUMMARY 136 CHARACTERISTICS OF BUREAUCRACY 166. The Effects of Social Media on the Individual 137 ORGANIZATIONAL ENVIRONMENT 167. 5 4 Explore how the use of social media affects THE INFORMAL SIDE OF BUREAUCRACY 167. individuals PROBLEMS OF BUREAUCRACY 168, SOCIAL MEDIA AND THE PRESENTATION OF SELF 137 OLIGARCHY 169. SOCIAL MEDIA AND SELF IMAGE 137 The Evolution of Formal Organizations 169. SOCIAL MEDIA AND EMPATHY 138 6 3 Summarize the changes to formal organizations. SOCIAL MEDIA AND CONFORMITY 139 over the course of the last century . SOCIAL MEDIA MULTITASKING AND ATTENTION SPAN 139 SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT 170. CYBER BULLYING 139 THE FIRST CHALLENGE RACE AND GENDER 170. SOCIAL MEDIA AND ADDICTION 140 THE SECOND CHALLENGE THE JAPANESE WORK. IN SUMMARY 140 ORGANIZATION 171, The Effect of Social Media on Relationships 141 THE THIRD CHALLENGE THE CHANGING NATURE OF WORK 171. THE MCDONALDIZATION OF SOCIETY 172, 5 5 Assess how the use of social media may affect. social relationships THE FUTURE OF ORGANIZATIONS OPPOSING TRENDS 174. SOCIAL MEDIA RELATIONSHIPS PARENTING AND PREDATORS 141 Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life 176. SOCIAL MEDIA AND DATING 142 Seeing Sociology in Your Everyday Life 177. The Effect of Social Media on Society 144 Making the Grade 178. 5 6 Identify several effects of social media, on society .
SOCIAL MEDIA AND CULTURE 144, 7 Sexuality and Society 180. SOCIAL MEDIA AND WORK 145 The Power of Society to shape our attitudes on social. SOCIAL MEDIA AND POLITICS 147 issues involving sexuality 181. Theories of Social Media 147 Understanding Sexuality 182. 5 7 Apply sociology s major theories to 7 1 Describe how sexuality is both a biological. social media and a cultural issue , STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONAL THEORY THE FUNCTIONS SEX A BIOLOGICAL ISSUE 183. OF SOCIAL MEDIA 147 SEX AND THE BODY 184, SYMBOLIC INTERACTION THEORY SOCIAL MEDIA AND SEX A CULTURAL ISSUE 184. REALITY CONSTRUCTION 149, THE INCEST TABOO 185, SOCIAL CONFLICT THEORY SOCIAL MEDIA AND INEQUALITY 149. Sexual Attitudes in the United States 186, FEMINIST THEORY SOCIAL MEDIA AND GENDER 150.
7 2 Explain changes in sexual attitudes in the, THE FUTURE OF THE MEDIA 151. United States , Seeing Sociology in Everyday Life 152. THE SEXUAL REVOLUTION 187, Seeing Sociology in Your Everyday Life 153. THE SEXUAL COUNTERREVOLUTION 188, Making the Grade 154. PREMARITAL SEX 189, 6 Groups and Organizations 156 SEX BETWEEN ADULTS .
Society The Basics Fifteenth Edition John J Macionis Kenyon College 330 Hudson Street NY NY 10013 A01 MACI1409 15 SE FM indd 3 23 12 17 7 25 PM

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