Students Perceptions Of Edmodo And Mobile Learning And-Books Pdf

Students Perceptions of Edmodo and Mobile Learning and
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TOJET The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology April 2015 volume 14 issue 2. STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM, In the twenty first century especially in the last decade many international conferences related to M learning. were held in different countries Sweden UK Italy Australia South Africa Canada USA Malta etc to. promote the use of wireless mobile technology in learning for example in Sweden 2002 held mLearn it was. the first annual international conference and workshop on mobile and wireless techniques in education also in. Canada and in Greece in 2006 were held other two M learning conferences In February and October 2009 in the. USA were held another two conferences and at the same year 2009 in Spain Barcelona was held one more to. present some projects and experimentations in the field of M learning In Malta 2010 was held the 9th World. Conference on Mobile Learning 9th mLearn then the tenth annual conference mLearn was held in China. 2011 and before two years ago in 2012 were held two conferences one in Finland Helsinki was held the 11th. mLearn conference and the second one was held in Jordan Amman the international conference to promote the. use of mobile technology in interactive teaching and learning and finally the last World Conference on Mobile. and Contextual Learning 12th mLearn was held in Qatar in 2013. These days mobile devices integrated into students lives since the majority of them use mobile devices such as. smartphones phaplets tablets pc iPads e book readers however reports by International Telecommunication. Union ITU showed that the number of mobile phone users around the world will exceed the actual population. of the globe by 2015 and the number of subscribers to mobile phone service that will reach 9 billion subscriber. of 6 billion subscriber currently Moreover reports of ITU also pointed to the high number of mobile subscribers. in Saudi Arabia to 54 5 million subscribers in 2012 and that number is increasing nowadays Riyadh. Newspaper 2012, In addition many recent publications and research projects related to mobile learning were present the prospects. and benefits of M learning environments like Kukulska Hulme and Traxler 2005 Mehdipour and Zerehkafi. 2013 and other several of studies identified teachers perceptions or students attitudes of M learning like Jacob. and Issac 2007 Al Fahad 2009 Khwaileh and AlJarrah 2010 Hung et al 2010 Alzaidiyeen et al 2011. Uzunboylu and Ozdamli 2011 Serin 2012 and also other several of studies reviewed the opportunities and. challenges in their countries like Hartnell Young and Heym 2008 Paliwal and Sharma 2009 Vavoula and. Sharples 2009 Saleem 2011 Pisey et al 2012 and Osang et al 2013 Some of these studies confirmed the. existence of challenges and barriers and they indicated limitations or obstacles in implementation of M learning. in their countries such as Perry 2003 Facer et al 2005 Kr mer 2005 Chanchary and Islam 2009 and. Addison 2011 Although most of the studies are related to the mobile learning the studies on the perceptions of. the students towards mobile learning and barriers at the same time are quite few or no research has been carried. out to determine students perceptions level of Edmodo and M learning and to identify the barriers of them at the. same time especially in the developing countries like KSA because maybe most of them are still in the first. level of readiness or maybe in the development level in implementing this type of learning environment and. using Edmodo Therefore this research will attempt to investigate the perceptions levels and barriers facing the. students in Edmodo and M learning through using their mobile devices to achieve learning objectives since it. has not so far been studied in KSA, Finally the importance of this research is that by determining whether the students have positive perceptions of. Edmodo and M learning and whether there are deficiencies in the use of Edmodo and M learning Also it is. thought that the identifying of barriers of Edmodo and M learning will contribute to the field of mobile. technologies since it could be the first step in the right way to overcome them and to improve the M learning. process as a new form of learning by involving it in the coming years as learning form at university level. AIMS OF RESEARCH, The present research aims to investigate the students perceptions levels of Edmodo and Mobile learning and to. identify the real barriers of Edmodo and M learning that facing the students at Taibah University in KSA For. this aims of the research it is supposed to answer the following two questions. What is the perception level of the students towards Edmodo and M learning at Taibah University. What are the real barriers facing the students in Edmodo and M learning at Taibah University. TERMS OF THE RESEARCH AND ITS LIMITATIONS, Edmodo is a simple M learning tool using to present the lesson contents it is common to all operation systems.
of smartphones it provides useful tools for students and teachers to interact online outside class anywhere. anytime Hourdequin 2014, M learning it is new learning form include using mobile phones smartphones personal digital assistants. PDAs and tablet PCs netbooks ultra mobile laptop PCs personal digital multimedia players portable gaming. Copyright The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology. TOJET The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology April 2015 volume 14 issue 2. consoles but not desktops Traxler 2005 and O Connell and Smith 2007 The operational definition of M. learning Learning with smart phones using Edmodo application based on a mobile learning service. Perception the tendency of the individual behavior about the variables that require acceptance or rejection. response towards different subjects or it is psychological state when an individual character that carries a. positive or negative towards something Oxford dictionary 2014 The operational definition of the Perception. it is the degree of responses of the study sample on a perception scale of Edmodo and M learning and be. positive negative or neutral, Barriers something that obstructs or impedes to understanding or anything that obstructs progress access etc. The Free dictionary 2014 The operational definition of the barriers it is the factors or variables that limits. learn and understand of the study sample using their mobile devices to learn. The present study is confined to the male students of Taibah University and course of Teaching Means two. chapters during the second semester of the academic year 2013 2014 AD. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK, Nowadays mobile devices such as cellular phones smartphones tablet PCs and netbooks ultra mobile laptop. PCs are recognized as essential tools for our daily lives at the same time these devices are the main tools for M. learning In fact term of M learning has risen in educational field to express learning using these portable mobile. devices however M learning is one of the e learning system depends on wireless information communication. technology and based on mobile devices in teaching learning training and management homework of learners. it allows them to access educational materials at anytime anywhere outside the teaching hall it is not only an. extension for distance learning but is also a part of the e learning and the future of it Ally et al 2005 Paul. Williams 2008 depicts D Learning as the foundation for E Learning and E Learning as the foundation for M. Learning and he demonstrates the relationship between M learning e learning distance learning and face to face. learning in a hierarchy of learning methodologies based on time and learning environments as seen in Figure. 1 and according to Cherian and Williams 2008 the differentiates between the four delivery methodologies is. the way in which learning content are delivered since learning content can be delivered through each model but. the transmission channel usually differs Cherian and Williams 2008. In general they are some differences and similarities between M learning and e learning e g each of them. student center learning and based on individual learning and both of them allowing communication between. teacher and students anywhere and at any time M learning use portable mobile devices smartphones tablet. PCs phablets cellular phones even the ultra slim netbooks that rely on wireless network technology for the. Internet connection and do not require presence in a specific place while e learning using desktop computers. and notebooks that rely wire fixed to connect the Internet and requires to be in a specific place Charmonman. and Chorpothong 2005 Laouris and Eteokleous 2009 Specifically M learning gives ease communication. between students e g over SMS and MMS they can interconnect and exchange messages and via Bluetooth. they can sharing educational materials and transferee files among themselves in both cases not require presence. in a specific place but the communication in e learning can be only by the Internet with possibility of sharing. files and e books and exchange among students by e mail but they require sitting in front of the devices in a. specific place Sharma and Kitchens 2004,Figure 1 Hierarchical Learning Methodologies. In the light of the previous context the M learning form quite different from the traditional learning form and. has special characteristics like small size and light weight of portable mobile devices also flexibility to every. time and everywhere Attewell and Webster 2004 More specifically the portable mobile devices which can be. Copyright The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology. TOJET The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology April 2015 volume 14 issue 2. used them in M learning identified by Quinn 2008 to Netbooks or ultra slim notebooks Wearable mini. Computers Tablet PC iPads Phablets Smartphones iPhones PDAs Cellular Phones E books readers. personal digital multimedia players and portable gaming consoles. Based on services of portable mobile devices and their applications in learning process and according to. Hartnell Young and Heym 2008 M learning provides essential services and possibilities such as basic. communications between learners using Wi Fi or Bluetooth and NFC for sending and receiving voice and. messaging by SMS MMS Also by GPS service global positioning system the learners can access GIS. Geographic Information Systems and they can use digital compass to determine their movements which are. useful in scientific trips or even in determining their path when traveling between different regions The training. is another service of using mobile devices a recent training provides training for most of the educational. programs via applications like Videoconference or sending multimedia files such as video Word PDF and. slides of PowerPoint presentations to trainees via Internet Sampson 2006 Multimedia creation is one of the. most services of mobile devices and a popular method for learning on the move however when the learners. outside the classroom they could use camera to take scientific pictures JPEG or GIF especially when they are. doing scientific tours Also by microphone they could record sound files and digital notes during their scientific. experiments or their lectures using smartphones digital media players or iPods also the digital pen stylus. could use to drawing charts or designing of electronic geographic maps Weiss 2004. On the other hand interactive social networks for social entertainment needs is one service from portable mobile. devices since most mobile devices connect directly to the popular social network sites Facebook Twitter. Youtube LinkedIn etc for example Facebook offers collaborative discussions by sending questions. assignments to a group of learners Furthermore Twitter provides micro blogging service to enhance students. interactive Additionally mobile Web Web Information is another important service provided by mobile. devices since the learner can access many educational materials and sharing them by e mail or by blogs or by. wiki or they can use E Readers to browse electronic books newspapers magazines and language dictionaries. or scientific dictionaries Gadd 2010, The benefits of mobile devices and M learning in the field of education identified by Kukulska Hulme and.
Traxler 2005 some of these benefits included flexibility and freedom in learning social interaction skills and. cooperative learning self learning and self assessment by short tests or quizzes and taking into account the. individual differences in addition engage learners to interest in education collaboration between educators and. learners by sharing assignments automation of assessments of learners and allows immediate feedback Osang. et al 2013 But to catch these major benefits and to apply the M learning and portable mobile devices in the. field of learning they should have special specifications such as ease of use and support self learning skills. however these devices should have technical specifications to operate efficiently when used in learning. purposes such as a microphone and speaker light and Gyro sensor to detect the mobile phone rotation Internal. 3G or 4G antenna to access the Internet Kurbel and Hilker 2003 and Sharples et al 2007 In addition. powerful camera large memory capacity to store data screen size with good resolution and operating system to. run educational application Naismith et al 2004,Regarding to Economides and Nikolaou 2006 the usa. Students Perceptions of Edmodo and Mobile Learning and their Real Barriers towards them Khaleel M Al Said Department of Educational Technology College of Education Taibah University KSA khaleelalsaid hotmail com ABSTRACT The present research aims to investigate the students perceptions levels of Edmodo and Mobile learning and to identify the real barriers of them at Taibah University

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