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Six Arguments for a Greener Diet A Well Fed World
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Six Arguments for a Greener Diet,Six Arguments for a Greener Diet. How a More Plant Based Diet Could Save,Your Health and the Environment. Center for Science in the Public Interest, Copyright 2006 by Center for Science in the Public Interest. First Printing July 2006,2 4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3 1, The Center for Science in the Public Interest CSPI founded in 1971 is a nonprofit. organization that conducts innovative education research and advocacy programs. in the area of nutrition food safety environment and alcoholic beverages CSPI. is supported by the 900 000 subscribers in the United States and Canada to its. Nutrition Action Healthletter and by foundation grants. Center for Science in the Public Interest,1875 Connecticut Avenue NW 300.
Washington DC 20009,Tel 202 332 9110 fax 202 265 4954. Email cspi cspinet org Internet www cspinet org,ISBN 0 89329 049 1. Visit CSPI s Eating Green web site www EatingGreen org. The Web of Animal Based,Foods and Problems,Natural gas. Fertilizer Pesticides,Irrigation,depletion Antibiotics. ecological,Animal warming,Manure dairy,Soil Air Water Food Cancer Heart.
pollution pollution pollution poisoning disease,Eating Green By the Numbers. All figures apply to the United States except where noted and are approximate See text for sources. 3 years how much longer vegetarian Seventh day Adventists live than non. vegetarian Seventh day Adventists, 4 9 servings the servings of fruits and vegetables consumed daily compared to. the recommended 5 to 10, 16 percent the decreased mortality from heart disease associated with eating. one additional serving of fruits or vegetables each day. 24 percent how much lower the rate of fatal heart attacks is in vegetarians com. pared to non vegetarians, 25 percent the proportion of food poisoning deaths due to pathogens from ani. mals or their manure, 33 percent the decrease in beef consumption since 1976.
50 percent how much less dietary fiber Americans consume than is recommended. 51 percent the reduction in risk of heart attack for people eating nuts five or. more times per week compared to less than once a week. 90 percent the proportion of chickens contaminated with Campylobacter bacteria. 100 percent how much fattier meat is from a typical steer that s fed grain rather. than grass, 199 pounds the combined amount of meat poultry and seafood produced per. American 2003, 1 100 the mortalities due each year to foodborne illnesses linked to meat poul. try dairy and egg products, 46 000 the number of illnesses due annually to antibiotic resistant strains of Sal. monella and Campylobacter, 63 000 the number of deaths from coronary heart disease caused annually by the. fat and cholesterol in meat dairy poultry and eggs. 7 billion the annual medical and related costs of foodborne illnesses. 37 billion the annual cost of drugs to treat high blood pressure heart disease. and diabetes, 50 billion the annual cost of coronary bypass operations and angioplasties.
Environment, 1 pound the amount of fertilizer needed to produce 3 pounds of cooked beef. 5 times as much the irrigation water used to grow feed grains compared to fruits. and vegetables, 5 tons the soil lost annually to erosion on an average acre of cropland. 7 pounds the amount of corn needed to add 1 pound of weight to feedlot cattle. some of that weight gain is not edible meat, 19 percent the proportion of all methane a greenhouse gas emitted by cattle. and other livestock, 41 percent the share of irrigated land planted in livestock feed crops. 66 percent the proportion of grain that ends up as livestock feed at home or. 331 the number of odor causing chemicals in hog manure. 4 500 gallons the rain and irrigation water needed to produce a quarter pound. of raw beef, 8 500 square miles the size of the dead zone created in the Gulf of Mexico by.
fertilizer runoff carried by the Mississippi from the upper Midwest. 33 million the number of cars needed to produce the same level of global warm. ing as is caused by the methane gas emitted by livestock and their manure. 22 billion pounds the amount of fertilizer used annually to grow feed grains for. American livestock, 3 3 trillion pounds the amount of livestock manure produced annually. 17 trillion gallons the amount of irrigation water used annually to produce feed. for U S livestock,Animal Welfare, 0 5 square feet the amount of space allotted to the average layer hen. 30 the number of chickens and turkeys consumed annually by the average. 13 200 the number of chickens killed each hour in a modern slaughterhouse. 50 000 the number of broiler chickens in the largest growing sheds. 140 million the number of cattle pigs and sheep slaughtered each year. Acknowledgments iii,Abbreviations v,Preface Greener Diets for a Healthier World vii. The Context,The Fatted Steer 3,The Arguments, 1 Less Chronic Disease and Better Overall Health 17. 2 Less Foodborne Illness 59,3 Better Soil 73,4 More and Cleaner Water 87.
5 Cleaner Air 103,6 Less Animal Suffering 113,Making Change. Changing Your Own Diet 143,Changing Government Policies 151. ii Six Arguments for a Greener Diet,Appendixes and Notes. Appendix A A Bestiary of Foodborne Pathogens 171,Appendix B Eating Green Internet Resources 177. Photo Credits 223,Acknowledgments, his book is a publication of the Center for Science in the Public Inter.
est s CSPI s Eating Green project which advocates a more plant. based diet to protect both health and the environment Asher Wolf. drafted the chapters on foodborne illness soil water air and animal wel. fare Reed Mangels wrote the chapter on chronic disease and Michael F. Jacobson wrote several other chapters and edited the entire manuscript. Michael Kisielewski contributed valuable editing and research Moira. Donahue Judy Jacobs Phyllis Machta Tyler Martz Jonathan Morgan and. Carol Touhey helped with proofreading and fact checking Nita Congress. provided invaluable advice while she edited and designed the book CSPI s. Debra Brink designed the cover and several graphic displays. Numerous experts in government academe and nonprofit organiza. tions generously provided data advice and reviews of entire chapters. Those people include Tamar Barlam Aaron Blair Navis Bermudez Law. rence Cahoon Winston Craig Karen Florini Tom Gegax Noel Gollehon. Michael Greger Robert Hadad Ed Hopkins Dennis Keeney Ronald Lace. well Alice Lichtenstein Robbin Marks Roy Moore Mark Muller Frensch. Niegermeier David Pimentel Nancy Rabalais Darryl Ray Steven Roach. Bernard Rollin Gail Rose Joe Rudek Daniel Rule Frank Sacks Jennifer. Sass Paul Shapiro Parke Wilde and George Wuerthner In addition CSPI. iv Six Arguments for a Greener Diet, staffers Caroline Smith DeWaal Bonnie Liebman and David Schardt. reviewed chapters and offered much useful advice Notwithstanding all. that assistance this book might still contain factual errors and inappropri. ate characterizations for which the editor Michael F Jacobson deserves. the dubious credit Finally we are grateful to John Robbins for writing his. ground breaking Diet for a New America which helped inspire our work. CSPI extends its sincere gratitude to the Freed Foundation Tom and. Mary Gegax the Shared Earth Foundation Lucy Waletzky and the Wallace. Genetic Foundation for their generous support of the Eating Green project. and the preparation of this book,Abbreviations,AMR advanced meat recovery. BMI body mass index,BSE bovine spongiform encephalopathy. CAFO concentrated animal feeding operation,CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CHIP Coronary Health Improvement Project,CLA conjugated linoleic acid.
CRP Conservation Reserve Program,CSPI Center for Science in the Public Interest. DASH Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension,DHA docosahexaenoic acid. EDC endocrine disrupting compound,EPA eicosapentaenoic acid. EPA Environmental Protection Agency, EPIC European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. EQIP Environmental Quality Incentives Program,EWG Environmental Working Group.
FDA Food and Drug Administration,HCA heterocyclic amine. HDL high density lipoprotein,vi Six Arguments for a Greener Diet. LDL low density lipoprotein,PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. PBDE polybrominated diphenyl ether,PCB polychlorinated biphenyl. PETA People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals,ppm parts per million.
rBST recombinant bovine somatotropin,SDA Seventh day Adventist. USDA U S Department of Agriculture,USGS U S Geological Survey. vCJD variant Creutzfeldt Jakob disease,VOC volatile organic compound. Six Arguments for a Greener Diet How a More Plant Based Diet Could Save Your Health and the Environment Center for Science in the Public Interest

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