Simple Compound And Complex Sentences-Books Pdf

SIMPLE COMPOUND AND COMPLEX SENTENCES
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Sentence c , I He worked hard , II He failed the examination . Co ordinator but , Sentence d , I Study hard , II You will fail . Co ordinator otherwise , Clause 1 Co ordinator Clause 2. Subject Predicate Subject Predicate, a Manisha is a teacher and her brother is a doctor. b The boy entered the room and he came out after, ten minutes.
c He worked hard but he failed the, examination, d You Study hard otherwise you will fail. 3 A sentence which consists of a main clause an independent clause and one or more. subordinate dependent clause is known as a complex sentence . Examples, a Doctors claim that cancer is curable . b Students stood up when the teacher entered the classroom . c The teacher punished the student who told a lie . d Thieves left the place as soon as they saw the police . Main or Independent Clause Sub ordinate or Dependant Clause. a Doctors claim that cancer is curable, b Students stood up when the teacher entered the class room . c The teacher punished the student who told a lie . d Thieve left the place as soon as they saw the police. ACTIVITY 1, There are five simple sentences three compound sentences and two complex sentences in the. following passage Write simple compound or complex . 1 Life is a bed of thorns , 2 It is never a bed of roses .
3 Man struggles hard to earn his living , 4 He runs after money and wants to enjoy power . 5 In the race for money and power he gets hurt , 6 Fears worries and frustration hurt his mind . 7 He becomes restless and loses peace of mind , 8 He realises that money is not everything in life . 9 It gives temporary satisfaction but robs him of peace and happiness in life . 10 What makes man happy is contentment , ACTIVITY 2. Separate the subject from the Predicate in the following sentences . 1 He had no answer to my question , 2 Serpents move very fast .
3 Constant illness compelled him to discontinue his study . 4 Gardening collecting stamps drawing pictures making paintings catching fish . taking photographs etc are the examples of common hobbies . 5 The temporary sheds and stalls for the sellers in the market collapsed in the recent. rain , The following are the main patterns of the simple sentences in English . PATTERN 1, SV SUBJECT VERB, Examples , a Fire burns . b Gold glitters , c The child cried , d The moon is shining . PATTERN 2, SVO SUBJECT VERB OBJECT, Examples a The teacher praised the student. b We bought a new car , c She sang a Meera bhajan .
d Valmiki wrote the Ramayana , PATTERN 3, SVOO SUBJECT VERB INDIRECT OBJECT DIRECT OBJECT. Examples , a Grandma told me a fairy tale , b The postman gave me a letter . c His father bought him a laptop , d The teacher asked the students a simple question . PATTERN 4, SVC SUBJECT VERB COMPLEMENT, Examples, a The child appears innocent . b She feels cold , c She looks beautiful , d Munabhai became a doctor .
e Father is tried , PATTERN 5, SVOC SUBJECT VERB OBJECT COMPLEMENT. Examples, a We elected Mr Mohanty Chairman , b Noble deeds make a person immortal . c Modern scientists have proved the theory wrong . d Police found the man guilty , ACTIVITY 3, The sentences in the following passage are in different patterns Identify the pattern of each. sentence and mention the pattern against the respective sentence . 1 I have read theRamayana , 2 Maharshi Valmiki wrote this famous epic . 3 It deals with the life and work of lord Ramachandra . 4 He was the son of Dasaratha of Ayodhya , 5 It also tells us the story of Ravan the demon king of Lanka .
6 People called Ramachandra Purushottam , 7 He was an incarnation of God . 8 Ravan was a great politician , 9 Ramachandra his wife Sita and brother Laxman went to forest . 10 King Dasaratha died , 11 Bharat became the king of Ayodhya . 12 But he respected his elder brother Ramachandra . 13 He regarded him God , 14 Ravan in disguise kidnapped Sita . 15 The bird Jatayu saw it , 16 It gave the two grieving brothers this news .
17 Ravan was very arrogant , 18 He did not listen to Ramachandra s request . 19 He did not leave Sita , 20 Ramachandra invaded Lanka . 21 Bibhisan Sugrib Hanuman and their men helped Ramachandra . 22 Ramachandra killed Ravan and rescued Sita , ACTIVITY 4. TASK FOR WRITING, Write a paragraph about how you celebrated your birthday The sentences in the paragraph. should follow different sentence patterns , ACIVITY 5.
Write a letter to your friend telling him her about your visit to a historical place Use all. types of sentences in the letter , PATTERNS OF OTHER SENTENCE TYPES. Interrogative sentences , Yes No Type Questions The answer is either yes or no . Example Did you call me AUX S V O , Are you ready AUX S C . Do you know him AUX S V O , Wh Type Questions the answer contains information . Who is sitting there , What is your father s name .
When did the office open , How did the patient die . Where are you going , Imperative Sentences, Switch off the light V O Instruction . Please take it request , Close the door order , Let s go for a walk suggestion . Rise early in the morning advice , Pass me the salt V O O Order . In the above sentences the verbs are used in their base form The sentences can also be made. negative , For example , Don t tell a lie order , Please don t insult your friend request .
Don t do anything in haste Advice , Don t jump into any early conclusion . Exclamatory Sentences, Exclamatory sentences express surprise admiration sorrow and other feelings. emphatically Such sentences usually begin with How or What An exclamation mark . is put at the end of the sentence , Examples , What a beautiful flower it is . How fast time flies , What an excellent dancer she is . How excellently she dances , Negative Sentences Use of Negative Markers not and never .
He cannot climb a tree , She does not support her husband . I don t watch television , Gopal doesn t take fish . She never takes tea , Rahul has not eaten anything since the morning today . ACTIVITY 6, Rewrite the following passage by changing the sentences into negatives . The monitor of our class enjoys good health He has a pleasing appearance He is well . dressed He looks very smart He is intelligent and well behaved He respects all the teachers . He helps the class teachers in keeping discipline in the class At the end of each period he. cleans the blackboard He is friendly to all All the teachers like him All the students love. him dearly , ACITVITY 7, Write ten sentences in column A about what school students generally do on the day of.
Ganesh Puja Then in Column B write ten sentences about what the students did not do on. that day this year in a particular school One example is given for you . Column A Column B, 1 Students decorate the school campus This year the students of XYZ school did. not decorate the campus , 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. ACTIVITY 8, Write the questions to get the following sentences as answers the first one is done for you . 1 Everyone makes mistakes sometimes Ans Who doesn t make mistakes . 2 God will not forget to see the evil , 3 It is most proper to disobey the traffic rule . 4 He saw me in the market , 5 He asked me for something .
6 The Prime Minister opened the Exhibition , 7 Dr Panda gave this medicine . 8 Sanjay told the stories to Dhritarashtra , 9 No he has not invited me . 10 I am his elder brother , 11 There are five big trees in our school campus . 12 Seven days make a week , 13 I never sleep in day time . 14 Father is not present at home now , 15 The dress looks gorgeous .
16 He is not a story teller , 17 I am not a little tired . 18 She doesn t take tea , 19 She can t speak because she is a dumb. 20 He asked why I came , ACTIVITY 9, Frame exclamatory sentences for the following expressions the first one is solved for you . 1 Night is very beautiful Ans How beautiful is night . 2 She has an attractive face , 3 It is very stupid of me to forget your name . 4 It is a horrible accident , 5 He managed the event efficiently .
6 This is a beautiful park , ACTIVITY 10, TASK FOR SPEAKING. Write a dialogue between two students about their preparation for the forthcoming. examination Use different sentence types interrogatives negatives declaratives . imperatives in the dialogue , You may use the following sentences at necessary points in the dialogue . 1 Oh Well it is a simple subject , 2 Oh No it is really hard . 3 Yes it is interesting , 4 How sad I don t remember these simple things . 5 No I don t like them , 6 How is that , 7 Alas I have lost the class note.
8 How can I , 9 What s important in Time , 10 Oh yes I like it. 11 For Heaven s sake don t say that, 12 Its time taking I have no time. 13 Yea easy questions first , 14 Don t do so, 15 Please tell me some important points only . 16 Best of luck , COMPOUND SENTENCES, Co ordinators or co ordinating conjunctions are used to join two independent clauses in the. following compound sentences , Co ordinators Compound Sentences.
1 and The students listen attentively and take notes carefully . 2 but He tried hard but he failed Man proposes but God. disposes , 3 yet He is illiterate yet he is very polite . 4 still It is a holiday still some officers have come to office . 5 or You may agree to the proposal or give your own . 6 so Mother is ill so you find me in the kitchen , 7 nevertheless Father is tired nevertheless he insists on hard work . 8 therefore The child is hungry therefore it is crying . 9 otherwise Work hard otherwise you will fail , 10 for I could not attend your call for I was busy in office . 11 either or Either you personally attend the function or send. somebody to represent you , 12 neither nor A villain neither speaks truth nor accepts others words. are true , 13 not only but also Ranjeeta not only dances well but also sings nicely .
14 nor He did not attend the reception nor did he send any of. his family members to the occasion , ACTIVITY 11. Make compound sentences by combining a clause from Coloumn 1 and another suitable. clause from Column 3 with an appropriate conjunction from column 2. Column 1 Column 2 Column 3, He is outwardly strict And Delivered the letter . Work hard But We stayed indoor , United we stand Nor Takes tea. Do Still I decided to help you , He is very ill Yet Pretends madness . The postman came Either or You will fail , It rained heavily Neither nor Lenient at heart.
He smokes cigarettes Not only but I shall fine you. also, I was angry with you Nevertheless He is honest. He is mad Otherwise Keeps it, Do it For Divided we fall. He is poor so Die, He makes a promise Therefore He takes rest. He is weak Or He works hard , COMPLEX SENTENCE, A complex sentence has two parts . The main clause and the subordinate clause , These parts are interchangeable It means that a complex sentence may begin with either the.
main clause or the subordinate clause In some cases the main clause is split by the. subordinate clause in the middle , A Main Clause, FIRST PART Main clause SECOND PART Subordinate. Independent clause Clause Dependent Clause, You are the first man who heard the news . I have nothing that I can offer , You need not ask who I am . I finished the answer as I had no time left , It is true that all that glitters is not gold . I know where he was born , I do not know how he passed without hard work .
Nobody can say what will happen after hundred years . I always wonder when I look at the vast sky , Have you seen a fish which flies in the sky . The more you read the more you learn , Smita sang as if she were an expert playback singer . Nobody will be allowed to enter the unless he has a ticket . hall, Give me some water that I may drink , The woman cried as loudly as she could . He came oftener than we expected , Tell me where you live . This where I live , Life is what we make it , There is no meaning in what you say .
B Subordinate Clause in the beginning , First part Second part . Subordinate clause Dependant Clause Main Clause Independent Clause. Though the load was light it was too much for the old man . As the decision has already been taken the arguments are useless. Though he got the news he was not happy, If you had not helped me icould not have done the work . If you do not work hard you will fail , Though I was angry i did not punish him . Though he is poor he is honest , Unless you work hard you cannot get success . C The Split Main Clause , First Part of Main The Subordinate Clause The rest Part of the main.
Clause Clause, People Who live in glass houses Should not throw stones . The speaker Who was a learned man spoke about the nano. technology , all the blessings we enjoy come from God . A friend who helps you in time of is a real friend . need, He that climbs too high is sure to fall , Servants that are honest are trusted . ACTIVITY 12, Pick out the complex sentences from the following passage Then br. SIMPLE COMPOUND AND COMPLEX SENTENCES Sentences are of three kinds according to their structure 1 Examples of simple sentences a Dogs bark b The earth moves round the sun c Harsha bought a pen Dogs The earth and Harsha are used as the Subjects in these sentences The predicate part of the sentences begins with the verb The verbs in

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