Science Technology Amp Innovation Policy Initiative-Books Pdf

SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY amp INNOVATION POLICY INITIATIVE
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We the Heads of State and Government of the African Union meeting at the 8th ordinary. session of our Assembly in Addis Ababa Ethiopia from 29 to 30 January 2007. We call on UNESCO and other bilateral and multilateral organizations to support the Member. States Regional Economic Communities and the African Union to implement the Summit. decision on Science and Technology, Addis Ababa Declaration on Science and Technology and Scientific Research for. Development adopted by Heads of State and Government of the African Union. Ethiopia January 2007, The Science and Technology Consolidated Plan of Action marks the start of an African. process that offers many opportunities to strengthen scientific and technological capacities Its. implementation will go a long way to ensure that Africa achieves its aspirations embodied in. the AU and NEPAD and meet the MDGs, AU Consolidated Plan of Action for Science and Technology Jan 2007. UNESCO intends to make a decisive contribution in the implementation of the AU NEPAD. Consolidated Plan of Action CPA as requested by Heads of State and Government in their final. declaration in Addis Ababa in January 2007 UNESCO will continue to coordinate the response. of the United Nations system in the field of science and technology The implementation of the. CPA will also be based on an inter agency partnership approach at the continental and sub. regional levels An increasing number of African countries are reviewing and reformulating their. national science policies for which they have requested UNESCO s assistance. Extract of address delivered by Mr Koich ro Matsuura Director General UNESCO at. the 179th Session of UNESCO s Executive Board 9 April 2008. As the principal agency in the UN system with a mandate for the promotion of science and. technology as well as the designated lead agency in the UN for the NEPAD Science and. Technology Cluster it is incumbent upon UNESCO to be proactive in catalyzing the engagement. of other agencies in the implementation of NEPAD s Science and Technology Consolidated. Plan of Action Our efforts are intended to ensure coherent approaches by all agencies and to. maximize synergies between the UN as a whole and NEPAD in implementing the CPA. Extract of address delivered by Mr Walter Erdelen Assistant Director General for. Natural Sciences UNESCO at the Third African Ministerial Conference on Science. and Technology for Development AMCOST III Mombasa 15 November 2007. Front Cover,Mubarak Science Park Alexandria Egypt Eiman Aleem. Back Cover, Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems Knowledge for Sustainable Development EOLSS.
Science Technology and Gender An International Report Future Directions for National Reviews of Science. Technology and Innovation in Developing Countries,www unesco org science psd. April 2009,SC 2008 WS 26 REV,UNESCO and Science Policy. New scientific paradigms are pushing the frontier in all areas of the natural social and human. sciences Science Technology and Innovation STI are now universally recognized as the. drivers of national economic development and key contributors to poverty reduction. disease prevention and environmental conservation Strengthening capacity in science. for sustainable development and harnessing the fruits of scientific discoveries can only be. achieved within a comprehensive framework of science and technology Countries need. to respond with policies programmes institutions and partnerships which maximize their. economic opportunities Governments need to re evaluate not only where they spend. their S T resources but also how they can maximize effective spending. The role of UNESCO in STI policy is threefold a think tank on policy development a guide. for national policy reforms and a catalyst for regional and international cooperation. UNESCO has a long tradition in assisting Member States in science policy reviews which. dates back to the early 1960s These efforts culminated in a series of Ministerial meetings in. Africa known as CASTs Conference of Ministers Responsible for the Application of Science. and Technology to Development in Africa including CASTAFRICA Subsequently national. authorities have become increasingly aware of the importance of elaborating national. policies and strategies in the area of science and technology as a prerequisite for effective. development policies As a result many African Member States have sought and are still. seeking UNESCO s support in formulating National science policies. UNESCO and the AFRICAN UNION AU, The African Union AU Heads of State and Governments requested UNESCO s assistance in. the implementation of the Consolidated Plan of Action CPA for science and technology. in Africa 2008 2013 The CPA consists of three inter linked pillars capacity building. knowledge production and technological innovation The CPA recognizes that it is vital. to institutionalize S T processes in Africa policy making where scientists are expected to. play an enhanced and visible role, As a response to the AU request the Executive Board 177 EX 16 and the General. Conference 194 member states of UNESCO November 2007 approved the UNESCO. Plan of Action proposed by the Director General UNESCO Resolution 21. The governing bodies of UNESCO adopted 3 flagship projects i capacity building in science. technology and innovation policy ii enhancing science and technology education and. iii the African Virtual Campus, The present document focuses on past and current initiatives undertaken by UNESCO.
Division for Science Policy and Sustainable Development SC PSD in close cooperation. with the Africa Department and the Bureau of Strategic Planning BSP in support of. the implementation of the CPA on capacity building in science policy improving policy. conditions and building mechanisms for innovation,UNESCO and the AU CPA Science Policy Programmes. CPA objective creation of institutional and policy frameworks to conduct and generate STI. Africa s ambitious CPA objectives cannot be fulfilled without a broad and integrated strategy. involving all stakeholders and taking into account the ever changing environment in which. research is conducted, UNESCO has launched the African Science Technology and Innovation Policy Initiative. ASTIPI to build capacities in STI policy formulation and develop national STI policies for. all African countries still without one UNESCO is working with these countries to reform. their science systems and assist them in elaborating and implementing strategies and. programmes, UNESCO s University Industry Science Partnership UNISPAR programme was launched. in 1993 to improve the quality of universities in developing countries and to encourage. their involvement in the process of industrialization of their country. Sustainable solutions whether at the global regional or country level require more. advances in scientific knowledge discoveries and innovations The university industry. cooperation is vital in this process Since 2002 UNISPAR has focused on capacity building. and technical assistance in the governance of science and technology parks promoting. stronger partnerships and linkages between universities and industry innovation and. transfer of knowledge, To this end UNESCO works in close cooperation with the international professional. organizations in this field including the World Technopolis Association WTA and. the International Association of Science Parks IASP Science and Technology Parks. STP are economic and technological development complexes that aim at fostering. knowledgebased economies by bringing together scientific research business and. governmental organizations in one physical location and supporting interrelationships. between these groups STP can house centers for scientific research technological. innovation and incubation training forecasting as well as facilities for fairs exhibitions. and market development, Today there are over 400 science parks in the world The concept of Science Parks in Africa.
is now recognized as one of the means to promote STI commercialization of Research and. Development R D scientific and engineering education and continued professional. training Science Parks are present in Egypt Sinai Technology Valley Madagascar. Technopole du Toamasina Morocco Technopole de l A roport Mohammed V and. Casablanca Technopark Senegal Technopole de Dakar and South Africa Technopark. Stellenbosch, UNESCO science technology and innovation policy review and formulation in African. Member States, Using both national and international experts UNESCO accompanied a number of African. Member States in reviewing and re formulating their national policies These include. Lesotho Congo Nigeria Kenya Namibia and Ethiopia In response to the diversity of. national landscapes for R D in Africa individual reviews of STI policies were designed for. each country to map out a specific route which draws substantial benefits from S T. Key features reviewed include the,current pool of S T personnel. investment in human resources training and development. demand for knowledge by the private sector,institutional knowledge assets. enabling environment,functioning S T infrastructures.
challenges and opportunities, socio economic features and the technological status of a nation. For the 2008 2009 programme a number of countries have made formal. requests through their governments to UNESCO to assist them in science. policy reviews UNESCO is planning to support these efforts by providing the. necessary expertise and policy advice to accompany them in the. reform process of their national STI systems, During 2008 09 science policy formulation exercises and reviews are. planned in the following countries in pink yellow on the map see. Benin Botswana Burundi Central African Republic C te d Ivoire DRC. Gambia Madagascar Malawi Mauritania Niger Soudan Swaziland. Tanzania Togo Uganda Zambia and Zimbabwe Current status of. UNESCO STIP review in, CPA objective build a critical mass of science Africa. policy advisors,UNESCO recognizes that both scientists and. policy makers are essential policy advisors,and therefore convenes regional science policy.
fora with scientists and parliamentarians Since,STI Policies Formulated 2003 the following. parliamentary fora were organized in Africa the Completed. Arab Science and Technology Policy Forum Cairo, December 2004 and the Nigerian Parliamentarian S T Forum in. Abuja June 2006 Planned, In March 2008 parliamentarians and civil servants met with scientists Independent of. and representatives of civil society in the Congolese capital to exchange UNESCO. ideas on how to structure inter parliamentary cooperation and train The boundaries and. parliamentarians and government officials in S T policy names shown and the. designations used on, African parliamentarians responsible for proposing or debating bills this map do not imply. official endorsement or, on science related issues exchanged best practice and knowhow accpetance by the Unisted.
in STI policy making and science legislation Recently in March 2009 Nations. representatives of the Scientific Committees of the East Africa along with. representatives of the Pan African Parliament the Spanish Commission for. Science and Innovation and the English House of Lords discussed all these items in an. interparliamentaeian forum and participated in a 2 days STI indicators training workshop. UNESCO s assessment of status of science and technology policy formulation. In cooperation with AU NEPAD UNESCO will conduct a survey of African Member States to. determine which countries have STI policies and whether these policies are adequate for. meeting present STI needs and orientations The survey will include an analysis of training. needs in terms of the capacity to develop policies. CPA objective African science technology and innovation indicators initiative to. monitor Africa s S T development, UNESCO through its Institute for Statistics UIS Montreal is responsible for collecting. and disseminating statistics across the United Nations System in education and science It. gathers data from all African countries through its biennial surveys and partnerships with. key organizations The UIS and the SC PSD in cooperation with the AUC NEPAD regularly. hold regional workshops and training sessions on the relevance of S T statistics The aims. of the workshops are to, increase the number of countries in Africa regularly producing quality S T indicators. share experiences and address common problems with other African countries in the. field of S T indicators and in collecting S T statistics. reinforce local capacities for the production and sustainability of national S T statistics. promote the use of S T indicators in evidence based policy making. improve knowledge about the particular characteristics of S T statistics data collection. use in the context of African country regions, share and develop initiatives that could serve as good practices in other countries of. the region, Training programmes for policy analysts were developed and implemented in the. area of science policy formulation as well as in the area of mapping. science statistics and indicators by UIS and SC PSD in cooperation. with AUC NEPAD in the following regions, West Africa Douala Cameroon 5 9 November 2007 and Dakar.
Senegal in October 2006 North Africa Tunis Tunisia 23 25.

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