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SADC REGIONAL AGRICULTURAL POLICY
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Regional Agricultural Policy RAP, Country Summary Agricultural. Policy Review Reports, January 2011, Directorate of Food Agriculture and Natural Resources. SADC Secretariat, P Bag 0095 Gaborone, Copyright SADC 2010 All Rights Reserved. The information contained in this publication may be freely used and copied for non. commercial purposes provided that any information reproduced elsewhere be accompanied. by an acknowledgement of SADC as the source, The SADC name and emblem are the exclusive property of Southern African Development. Community They are protected under international law Unauthorized use is prohibited They. may not be copied or reproduced in any way without the prior written permission of SADC. Requests for permission should be sent to the Executive Secretary of the SADC Secretariat. Further usage for details of this publication may be sourced from the SADC Secretariat. SADC Secretariat, SADC Headquarters, Plot No 54385 CBD Square.
Private Bag 0095, Gaborone Botswana, Tel 267 3951863. Fax 267 3972848, Email registry sadc int, Web site www sadc int. MEMBER STATES OF THE SOUTHERN AFRICAN, DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY SADC. SADC Member States Angola Botswana Democratic Republic of Congo. Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique, Namibia Seychelles South Africa Swaziland United. Republic of Tanzania Zambia and Zimbabwe, SADC Headquarters SADC Secretariat Gaborone Botswana.
COUNTRY SUMMARY AGRICULTURAL, POLICY REVIEW REPORTS. TABLE OF CONTENTS, 1 FOREWORD 1, 2 INTRODUCTION 2, 3 The Republic Of Angola 6. 4 The Republic Of Botswana 30, 5 The Democratic Republic Of Congo DRC 59. 6 The Kingdom Of Lesotho 80, 7 The Republic Of Madagascar 104. 8 The Republic Of Malawi 125, 9 The Republic Of Mauritius 156.
10 The Republic Of Mozambique 195, 11 The Republic Of Namibia 208. 12 The Republic Of Seychelles 243, 13 The Republic Of South Africa 261. 14 The Kingdom Of Swaziland 294, 15 The United Republic Of Tanzania 330. 16 The Republic Of Zambia 351, 17 The Republic Of Zimbabwe 366. In the Declaration on Productivity of 1999 SADC Member States noted that the region continued to. record low levels of economic growth low levels of investment high levels of unemployment and poverty. lack of competitiveness of regional economies and intra regional and inter regional economic disparities. all of which negatively impact on the SADC region s development integration and competitiveness. In 2003 the same trends were noted in the SADC Regional Indicative Strategic Plan RISDP In an. effort to reverse this trend the RISDP suggested a roadmap for the agriculture sector that emphasized. focus on improved food availability access to food and improved nutritional value of food while. minimizing food losses improving forecasting prevention mitigation and recovery from adverse effects of. natural disasters and improving the institutional framework The RISDP further noted that the absence. of a binding legal instrument on food security and agricultural development is a major weakness in the. food security strategy, In the 2004 SADC Dar es Salaam Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security Heads of State and.
Government noted that inappropriate national agricultural and food policies and inadequate access by. farmers to key agricultural inputs and markets are still among the major underlying reasons for the. prevalence of hunger in the region In order to address these anomalies the SADC Heads of State and. Government in support of the RISDP called for the implementation of a series of short and long term. measures aimed at strengthening sectoral cooperation between SADC Member States through the. development of coherent regional policies and programmes related to crop development protection. storage processing utilisation and trade, Informed by the above in August 2007 the SADC Council approved the revised priorities of the SADC. Secretariat Under the FANR Directorate Food Security and Management of Transboundary Natural. Resources and Environment were considered priority Elements within this priority area included Food. Availability in particular review and harmonisation of the policy for agriculture and natural resources and. access to food As SADC progressively deepens regional integration among Member States there is. need to adapt the agriculture and food security policy environment so as to take full advantage of related. opportunities arising from deeper regional integration. Through the proposed Regional Agricultural Policy RAP SADC therefore intends to develop a legally. binding instrument to stimulate sustainable agricultural development and food security in the SADC. region The RAP will therefore define common agreed objectives and measures to guide promote and. support actions at regional and national levels in the agricultural sector in support of regional integration. and in contribution to the attainment of the SADC Customs Union and Common Market The RAP is. intended to give real effect to pragmatically implement existing declarations and frameworks. The SADC Secretariat wishes to thank all those whose efforts have aided in the success recorded in this. scoping phase in the formulation of the RAP In particular the Secretariat wishes to acknowledge and. thank the FAO and the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs for their technical and financial. support thus far in the formulation of the RAP In addition the Secretariat appreciates and acknowledges. the contribution of Mr Martin T Muchero who coordinated the scoping phase of the RAP and compiled. this report, Margaret Nyirenda, Food Agriculture and Natural Resources Directorate. SADC Secretariat, SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY. In partnership with, The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Southern African Regional Strategic, Ministry of Foreign Analysis and Knowledge.
Confederation of Agricultural, European Affairs Support System. INTRODUCTION, SADC Regional Agricultural Policy, 1 Background. The agriculture sector features prominently in the SADC regional economy contributing in the different. Member States between 4 and 27 of Gross Domestic Product GDP About 70 of the population. depend on agriculture for food income and employment Agriculture is also a major source of exports in. several countries contributing on average about 13 to total export earnings and about 66 to the value. of intra regional trade For these reasons the performance of agriculture has a strong influence on the. rate of economic growth the level of employment demand for other goods economic stability food. security and overall poverty eradication Most governments of the SADC Member States are however. fully aware that in recent decades food production donor aid flows government budgetary allocations to. agriculture and rural development have declined while food imports food aid and population have. substantially increased, The need for macroeconomic and sectoral policy convergence and harmonization have been fully. recognized as prerequisites for accelerated shared growth and regional economic integration in the. Declaration Treaty and Protocol of SADC signed in 1992 Article 5 1 e and Article 5 2 a state under. Objectives that SADC shall, achieve complementarity between national and regional strategies and harmonize. political and economic policies and plans of Member States while Article 21 2 states. under Areas of Cooperation that Member States shall though appropriate institutions. of SADC coordinate rationalize and harmonize their overall macroeconomic and. sectoral policies strategies programmes and projects in the areas of cooperation a. food security land and agriculture, Article 29 of the SADC Protocol on Trade provides for the Coordination of Trade Policies.
Member States shall to their best endeavour coordinate their trade policies and. negotiating positions in respect of relations with third countries or groups of third. countries and international organizations as provided for in Article 24 of the Treaty to. facilitate and accelerate the achievement of the objectives of this Protocol. In the Declaration on Productivity of 1999 SADC Member States noted that the region continued to. record low levels of economic growth low levels of investment high levels of unemployment and poverty. lack of competitiveness of regional economies and intra regional and inter regional economic disparities. all which negatively impact on the SADC region s development integration and competitiveness. In 2003 the same trends were noted in the SADC Regional Indicative Strategic Plan RISDP In an. effort to reverse this trend the RISDP suggested a roadmap for the agriculture sector that emphasized. focus on improved food availability access to food and improved nutritional value of food while. minimizing food losses improving forecasting prevention mitigation and recovery from adverse effects of. natural disasters and improving the institutional framework The RISDP further noted that the absence. of a binding legal instrument on food security and agricultural development is a major weakness in the. food security strategy, The SADC Dar es Salaam Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security signed by SADC Heads of State. in May 2004 further noted that inappropriate national agricultural and food policies and inadequate access. by farmers to key agricultural inputs and markets are still major underlying reasons for the prevalence of. SADC Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan August 2003. INTRODUCTION 2, hunger in the region The Heads of State called for a series of short and long term measures to address. the regional food crisis with emphasis on actions needed to strengthen sectoral cooperation between. Members States through the development of coherent regional policies and programmes related to crop. and livestock production protection storage processing utilization and trade. Food security and agriculture have been given very high priority in the Africa Union AU New Partnership. for Africa s Development NEPAD vision and a Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development. Programme CAADP has been prepared to realize this priority At the initiative of FAO and with the. collaboration of the NEPAD Steering Committee and the African Development Bank a high level meeting. organized in Abuja 7 12 December 2002 took a number of decisions chief among which included. harmonization of policies programmes and initiatives of Regional Economic Communities RECs in the. The SADC Donor Consultative Conference held in Windhoek Namibia in April 2006 also noted the. absence of coherent policies to support agricultural development at both national and regional level as. one of the major impediments to agricultural growth in general and food security in particular. Consequently the conference recommended the development of a harmonized regional agricultural. policy aligned to national policies that is consistent with the SADC Regional Indicative Strategic. Development Plan RISDP and the SADC Dar es Salaam Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security. 2 SADC Food Agriculture and Natural Resource FANR Directorate. The Food Agriculture and Natural Resources FANR Directorate of the SADC Secretariat is mandated to. develop promote coordinate and facilitate the harmonisation of policies and programmes in order to. increase agricultural and natural resources production and promote trade and ensure food security and. economic development in the region on a sustainable basis To this end SADC FANR has in recent. years achieved significant progress in furthering policy convergence with respect to seed policy. harmonization the control of animal and plant pests and diseases GMOs and Bio safety Efforts are also. underway to formulate common standards for production handling and disposal of fertilizer However as. indicated in the RISDP several strategically important gaps remain and one such gap is the development. of a binding legal instrument on food security and agricultural development. Following SADC Council approval in August 2007 of the revised priorities of the SADC Secretariat the. FANR Directorate with technical and financial support from the FAO funded by the French Ministry of. Foreign and European Affairs embarked on the preliminary processes in March 2008 in the formulation. of the SADC Regional Agricultural Policy, A common agricultural policy for SADC would i create a framework for harmonizing and integrating. policy objectives strategies and programmes of the Member States ii provide opportunities to capitalize. on the trade benefits of improved resource allocation and greater competition iii permit a wider range of. projects to be implemented under the RISDP iv provide improved market access to other countries v. promote the objectives of multilateralism facilitate implementation of politically difficult domestic policies. and vi strengthen multilateral bargaining power in international fora A common agricultural policy would. also facilitate the preparation of requests and serve as a catalyst to attract and channel urgently needed. additional external assistance and investment for agriculture in a more prioritized and coherent manner. Depending on the degree of integration and policy convergence agreed to by Member States other. potential trade related advantages could also be attained. 3 SADC RAP Formulation Processes, It was envisioned that the regional agri. Regional Agricultural Policy RAP Country Summary Agricultural Policy Review Reports January 2011 Directorate of Food Agriculture and Natural Resources

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