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North Carolina Family Assessment Scale,Scale De nitions v 2 0. National Family Preservation Network,Priscilla Martens Executive Director. 3971 North 1400 East,Buhl ID 83316,888 498 9047,director nfpn org. http www nfpn org, The National Family Preservation Network NFPN is the sole dis. tributor of the NCFAS training package All inquiries should be. directed to NFPN,NCFAS developed by,Raymond S Kirk Ph D Director.
Division of Research and Program Evaluation,Durham North Carolina. Kellie Reed Ashcraft Ph D, Assistant Professor Dept of Sociology and Social Work. Appalachian State University,Department of Sociology and Social Work. Boone North Carolina, NCFAS Training Package 2007 2009 National Family Preservation Network. All rights reserved,National Family Preservation Network.
A Environment,Not Clear Mild Baseline Mild Moderate Serious. Applic Strength Strength Adequate Problem Problem Problem Unknown. 1 Overall Environment,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 2 Housing Stability,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 3 Safety in the Community,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,4 Habitability of Housing.
Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 5 Income Employment,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 6 Financial Management,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 7 Food and Nutrition,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 8 Personal Hygiene,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK.
9 Transportation,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 10 Learning Environment,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. NCFAS North Carolina Family Assessment Scale and De nitions v 2 0 1. Copyright 2007 2009 Permission to copy,National Family Preservation Network. B Parental Capabilities, Note This section refers to biological parent s if present or current caregiver s. Not Clear Mild Baseline Mild Moderate Serious, Applic Strength Strength Adequate Problem Problem Problem Unknown.
1 Overall Parental Capabilities,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,2 Supervision of Child ren. Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 3 Disciplinary Practices,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK, 4 Provision of Developmental Enrichment Opportunities.
Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 5 Parent s s Caregiver s s Mental Health,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,6 Parent s s Caregiver s s Physical Health. Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 7 Parent s s Caregiver s s Use of Drugs Alcohol,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK.
Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK, 2 NCFAS North Carolina Family Assessment Scale and De nitions v 2 0. Copyright 2007 2009 Permission to copy,National Family Preservation Network. C Family Interactions, Note This section refers to family members living in the same or different households. Not Clear Mild Baseline Mild Moderate Serious, Applic Strength Strength Adequate Problem Problem Problem Unknown. 1 Overall Family Interactions,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK.
Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,2 Bonding with Child ren. Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 3 Expectations of the Child ren,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,4 Mutual Support Within the Family. Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK.
5 Relationship Between Parents Caregivers,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK, NCFAS North Carolina Family Assessment Scale and De nitions v 2 0 3. Copyright 2007 2009 Permission to copy,National Family Preservation Network. D Family Safety, Note This section refers to family members living in the same or different households. Not Clear Mild Baseline Mild Moderate Serious, Applic Strength Strength Adequate Problem Problem Problem Unknown.
1 Overall Family Safety,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 2 Absence Presence of Physical Abuse of Child ren,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,3 Absence Presence of Sexual Abuse of Child ren. Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 4 Absence Presence of Emotional Abuse of Child ren. Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK.
5 Absence Presence of Neglect of Child ren,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK, 6 Absence Presence of Domestic Violence Between Parents Caregivers. Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 4 NCFAS North Carolina Family Assessment Scale and De nitions v 2 0. Copyright 2007 2009 Permission to copy,National Family Preservation Network. E Child Well Being, Note This section pertains to the imminent risk child ren.
Not Clear Mild Baseline Mild Moderate Serious, Applic Strength Strength Adequate Problem Problem Problem Unknown. 1 Overall Child Well Being,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,2 Child ren s Mental Health. Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 3 Child ren s Behavior,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK.
4 School Performance,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 5 Relationship with Parent s Caregiver s,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,6 Relationship with Sibling s. Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. 7 Relationship with Peers,Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK.
Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,8 Cooperation Motivation to Maintain the Family. Intake N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK,Closure N A 2 1 0 1 2 3 UK. NCFAS North Carolina Family Assessment Scale and De nitions v 2 0 5. Copyright 2007 2009 Permission to copy,National Family Preservation Network. Definitions for the NCFAS,A Environment,1 Overall Environment. 2 Clear Strength Refers to family receiving very high ratings in the following areas housing stability. safety in the community housing habitability income employment financial manage. ment food and nutrition personal hygiene transportation and learning environment. 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to family experiencing minimal problems in the following areas housing. stability safety in the community housing habitability income employment financial. management food and nutrition personal hygiene transportation and learning. environment However problems do not interfere in family s ability to function and. problems do not need to be addressed, 3 Serious Problem Refers to family receiving very low ratings in the following areas housing stability safe.
ty in the community housing habitability income employment financial management. food and nutrition personal hygiene transportation and learning environment. 2 Housing Stability, 2 Clear Strength Refers to family occupying the same adequate residence for more than three years If. less than three years move is prompted by a job change or move to better housing etc. Rent mortgage are paid on time There are no problems meeting financial obligations of. rent or mortgage, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to family experiencing or previously experiencing minor problems in remaining. in the same residence but family is relatively capable of meeting financial obligations. present housing is not threatened and family members are not inhibited in pursuing. other obligations due to these problems, 3 Serious Problem Refers to family being threatened with eviction Unable to meet rent or mortgage obliga. tions on time or at all Or family does not have housing is living with different relatives. or friends or living in a homeless shelter Family is not satisfied with living situation. 3 Safety in the Community, 2 Clear Strength Refers to a safe and secure neighborhood for the children Parents can allow children to. play outside without fear Neighbors look out for each other i e neighborhood watch. 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to minor disturbances in the neighborhood but disturbances do not prevent family. members and children from spending time outside in the community. 3 Serious Problem Refers to many disturbances such as fights and or outbursts in the neighborhood The. neighborhood is not safe for children to play outdoors or walk to the bus or to school Evi. dence of violence boarded up or barred windows gun fire the use of alcohol or drugs. and or drug trafficking in the neighborhood Neighbors fearful of getting involved. NCFAS North Carolina Family Assessment Scale and De nitions v 2 0 7. Copyright 2007 2009 Permission to copy,National Family Preservation Network.
4 Habitability of Housing, 2 Clear Strength Refers to family and neighbors experiencing home as warm Home is very clean and. neat Plenty of space and privacy for children Plenty of furnishings in good repair Safe. ty precautions are considered and taken such as the use of smoke alarms and dead bolts. on outside doors Poisonous items are kept locked and out of children s reach Plumbing. is in good condition, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to minimal problems in the home such as slight overcrowding or some clutter. However most safety precautions are taken e g poisons are out of sight but not locked. Minor house repairs e g crumbling plaster may be evident but do not require immedi. ate attention, 3 Serious Problem Refers to unsanitary situations including roaches litter clutter and or unpleasant odors. present in the home Food particles and or rotting food on the counters and tables Urine. soaked or stained furniture dirty diapers dirty dishes overflowing garbage and or. animal or human feces on the floor Hesitance to sit down or enter the home Nonfunc. tioning plumbing and or no electricity Many hazards within the reach of children such. as guns knives street drugs or open medication and poisons. 5 Income Employment, 2 Clear Strength Refers to family having stable employment and income over the past 12 months More. than enough income to pay for food housing and or clothing Money is not an issue. Family has money to meet responsibilities and spend on leisure activities. 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to family having relatively stable employment in the past 12 months Income is. sufficient in meeting basic needs such as food rent and clothing There are some money. pressures such as credit card debt but they do not significantly inhibit family activities. or present purchase of necessities, 3 Serious Problem Refers to family losing employment for negative reasons two or more times in the past.
12 months and inability to pay for food housing and or clothing Family receives public. assistance and or primary caretakers are unemployed Money is a major issue Child. support is not paid Public assistance has been canceled Family does not have money to. meet basic needs,6 Financial Management, 2 Clear Strength Refers to family using money in a way that provides benefits financially and family has. clear spending plans or priorities Debts are small and manageable There is a planned. use of money and no back bills Family is good at bargain hunting. 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to family having debts but debts are under control Some problems with budget. ing but problems do not prevent family from meeting basic needs for food rent etc. 3 Serious Problem Refers to family being severely in debt Family has a history within the past year of being. evicted from their home due to bills Great difficulty paying bills and or bills are paid. late Chaotic budgeting and family is constantly in crisis over money Frequently broke. due to betting or gambling No budget plan Luxuries are bought before necessities. 8 NCFAS North Carolina Family Assessment Scale and De nitions v 2 0. Copyright 2007 2009 Permission to copy,National Family Preservation Network. 7 Food and Nutrition, 2 Clear Strength Refers to caretakers awareness of nutritional needs of children including any special. needs Meets those needs Prepares balanced nutritious meals Ample food available. Children eat on a regular schedule Food nutrition actively monitored by caretakers. 0 Baseline Adequate Family meets basic nutritional needs Children have access to sufficient and varied food. though individual meals may not always be balanced. 3 Serious Problem Refers to caretakers lack of awareness of nutritional needs of children including any. special needs Does not attempt to meet nutritional needs Does not consider food prepa. ration important Inadequate supply of food and or inappropriate food Lots of junk food. consumed Children often go hungry,8 Personal Hygiene. 2 Clear Strength Refers to children looking clean and well groomed Children have plenty of clothing ap. propriate to the season Adults look clean and well groomed Adults have plenty of cloth. ing appropriate to the season Awareness of personal hygiene and grooming Take pride. in themselves, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to children occasionally wearing inappropriate clothing or appearing unkempt.
However appearance or inappropriate clothing is not causing problems for the family. or children, 3 Serious Problem Refers to constant appearance of children as unkempt or dirty Appearance of adults as. unkempt Noticeable poor personal hygiene obviously poor dental hygiene and or body. odor Lack of awareness of children or adults of personal hygiene and grooming Dress is. inappropriate to the season,9 Transportation, 2 Clear Strength Refers to family having a car or regular access to a car or public transportation Reliable. transportation allows family to meet obligations such as doctors visits school or regular. work attendance, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to family having fairly regular access to reliable transportation Occasionally. transportation difficulties will cause a problem for family e g arriving late to work be. cause of difficulties, 3 Serious Problem Refers to family not having transportation available which in turn inhibits work increases. social isolation and or limits access to services and or prevents regular school attendance. 10 Learning Environment, 2 Clear Strength Refers to caretakers enthusiasm in teaching children Family has routine for play and.
study Time is planned for reading attending outings structured activities Caretakers. actively involved with school and assist children with developmental tasks Age appropri. ate games and toys are provided and evident in the home e g school work is displayed. Parents are supportive of school personnel, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to caretakers occasionally planning time for learning activities Caretakers do. not actively seek out constant involvement with child s school but make time available. as requested, 3 Serious Problem Refers to caretakers lack of attention or hindrance to developmental tasks of children. and low involvement with children s school Caretakers do not value education and are. frustrated and angered with children s learning needs No opportunities for learning at. home Games and toys absent and or are not age appropriate Parents are not supportive. of school personnel or are disdainful of public schools teachers. NCFAS North Carolina Family Assessment Scale and De nitions v 2 0 9. Copyright 2007 2009 Permission to copy,National Family Preservation Network. B Parental Capabilities, Note This section refers to biological parent s if present or current caregiver s. 1 Overall Parental Capabilities, 2 Clear Strength Refers to family receiving very high ratings in the following areas supervision of.
children disciplinary practices provision of development enrichment opportunities. parent s caregiver s s mental health parent s s caregiver s s physical health and. parent s s caregiver s s use of drugs alcohol, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to family experiencing some problems in the following areas supervision of. children disciplinary practices provision of development enrichment opportunities. parent s s caregiver s s mental health parent s s caregiver s s physical health and. parent s s caregiver s s use of drugs alcohol However problems do not pose major dif. ficulties for family members, 3 Serious Problem Refers to family receiving very low ratings in the following areas supervision of. children disciplinary practices provision of development enrichment opportunities. parent s s caregiver s s mental health parent s s caregiver s s physical health and. parent s s caregiver s s use of drugs alcohol,2 Supervision of Child ren. 2 Clear Strength Refers to caretaker s provision of age appropriate supervision such as setting limits for ac. tivities based on the child s age Caretaker is careful and attentive to child s needs in select. ing substitute caregivers babysitter neighbor Makes sure children feel comfortable and. safe with substitute caregiver Keeps track of children and knows children s friends. 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to caretaker providing satisfactory supervision of children Some limits are set on. activities based on the child s age Some consideration given to selecting substitute care. givers and some concern with children s comfort with the substitute caregiver Has a. basic knowledge of location of children and has a basic knowledge of children s friends. 3 Serious Problem Refers to caretaker s lack of age appropriate supervision or any supervision Limits on. activities of children are not set or set inconsistently Little or no consideration is given. to selecting substitute caregivers strangers known abusers persons under the influ. ence of drugs alcohol No thought about children s comfort and feeling of security. with substitute caregiver Children s friends are not known and location of children is. not regularly known,3 Disciplinary Practices, 2 Clear Strength Refers to caretakers ability to provide age appropriate non punitive consistent discipline. Uses positive reinforcement and tries to educate children through appropriate discipline. Presents good role model Caretakers agree on parenting style and support one another. 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to caretakers adequate provision of discipline and guidance of children Occa. sionally discipline is inappropriate to age too harsh or too lenient but inconsistencies do. not create major problems between child and caretakers. 3 Serious Problem Refers to caretakers lack of discipline or past or current emotional or physical abuse. referred to as discipline Discipline is excessive punitive inappropriate to age incon. sistent and or absent Present poor role models Parents disagree on parenting strategies. and present mixed messages to child, 10 NCFAS North Carolina Family Assessment Scale and De nitions v 2 0.
Copyright 2007 2009 Permission to copy,National Family Preservation Network. 4 Provision of Developmental Enrichment Opportunities. 2 Clear Strength Refers to caregiver s s encouragement of opportunities such as sports music lessons. and or visits to museums and parks Caregivers do not push children to be involved. Caregivers are actively involved providing transportation coaching teams and or par. ticipating in advisory boards, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to caregiver s s support of opportunities for children such as sports music les. sons and or field trips but caregivers are not actively involved or are involved sporadi. cally in supporting these activities, 3 Serious Problem Refers to caregiver s lack of support or over involvement in opportunities for chil. dren such as sports music lessons and or field trips Caregivers do not encourage or. discourage children s involvement in these activities Conversely caregivers push chil. dren to not only be involved but excel in activities and are demanding regarding their. children s progress,5 Parent s s Caregiver s s Mental Health. 2 Clear Strength Refers to caregivers current e g positive self esteem mental health that positively af. fects ability to parent and or successful resolution of past m health problems e g using. success from overcoming issues to bolster parenting. 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to caregivers current or past mental health e g mild depression that occasion. ally inhibits caretaker but does not significantly hinder the caretaker s ability to parent. 3 Serious Problem Refers to caregivers current and or past mental health problems e g severe depression. bipolar disorder active psychosis etc that negatively affect ability to parent children. Caretaker projects personal problems on children or other household members. 6 Parent s s Caregiver s s Physical Health, 2 Clear Strength Refers to caregivers current e g caregivers exercise regimen etc or past medical or.
health history that positively affects ability to parent children. 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to caregivers current or past medical or health history that provides some limits. e g overweight caregiver but does not pose major obstacles in parenting abilities. 3 Serious Problem Refers to caregivers current or past medical or health history that are not under control. and greatly impair ability to parent Issues can range from severe asthma diabetes. blindness heart problems high blood pressure cancer etc. 7 Parent s s Caregiver s s Use of Drugs Alcohol, 2 Clear Strength Refers to caregivers current or past use of drugs alcohol Caregiver does not use drugs. alcohol or uses alcohol appropriately Caregiver does not use illegal drugs and actively. discourages childrens use of drugs alcohol Caregivers moderate or non use does not. impair ability to parent, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to caregivers current or past use of drugs alcohol mostly uses alcohol appropri. ately Use of drugs alcohol does not significantly hinder the caregivers ability to super. vise or parent children, 3 Serious Problem Refers to caregivers current and or past alcohol substance abuse problems that nega. tively affect ability to parent children Caregivers are frequently unable to care for or. supervise children due to use of drugs alcohol Caregiver projects personal problems on. children or other household members, NCFAS North Carolina Family Assessment Scale and De nitions v 2 0 11. Copyright 2007 2009 Permission to copy,National Family Preservation Network.
C Family Interactions, Note This section refers to family members living in the same or different households. 1 Overall Family Interactions, 2 Clear Strength Refers to family receiving very high ratings in the following areas bonding with. child communication with child marital relationship expectations of the child and. mutual support, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to family receiving ratings of adequate in the following areas bonding with. child communication with child marital relationship expectations of the child and. mutual support, 3 Serious Problem Refers to family receiving very low ratings in the following areas bonding with. child communication with child marital relationship expectations of the child and. mutual support,2 Bonding with Child ren, 2 Clear Strength Refers to caregivers healthy closeness with their child and their ability to nurture a child.
Caretakers encourage appropriate independence for child and give love and attention freely. to child They respond to child s needs appropriately and have a sense of attachment to child. 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to caregivers ability to be close to their child Caregivers do not openly encour. age independence for their child and may not give affection openly to child However. child s needs appear to be met, 3 Serious Problem Refers to caregivers inability to form a close relationship with their child and inability. to nurture their child Caretakers are resentful rejecting or detached from their child. Also refers to caregivers non responsiveness inappropriate responsiveness or extreme. enmeshment with their child,3 Expectations of the Child ren. 2 Clear Strength Refers to caregivers possessing age appropriate expectations for the child and clear ex. pectations of the child Above average understanding of child s development cognitively. physically socially and emotionally, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to caregivers expectations for the child as mostly age appropriate Caregivers. appear to have an average understanding of child s developmental needs but this under. standing does not warrant intervention, 3 Serious Problem Refers to caregivers having unrealistic and unclear expectations for the child Do not. tolerate mistakes in the child Child is expected to take on adult responsibilities i e. parentified Or child is not allowed to engage in age appropriate behaviors e g sports. dating Little or inappropriate understanding of normal child development. 4 Mutual Support Within the Family, 2 Clear Strength Refers to excellent emotional and or physical support within family Physical support is.
given when needed such as providing daycare transportation or financial help Family. members appear to help each other willingly, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to good support within the family Some physical support is provided when requested by a. family member Most requests for help from family members are met by other family members. 3 Serious Problem Refers to poor or lack of emotional support or physical support among family members. Family does not provide transportation daycare or financial assistance when needed. Undermining of each other in the family Family members do not tolerate success by. other family members, 12 NCFAS North Carolina Family Assessment Scale and De nitions v 2 0. Copyright 2007 2009 Permission to copy,National Family Preservation Network. 5 Relationship Between Parents Caregivers, Note This item may not be applicable in all cases This would be the case if there were only one caretaker involved and. there is no significant other If this is the case circle NA on the form. 2 Clear Strength Refers to relationship between caregivers as stable consistent affectionate and loving. Couple is able to communicate clearly and encourage each other Couple maintains a. separateness from children, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to relationship between caregivers Some conflicts are evident but do not appear.
to be leading to divorce separation or abandonment Some minor difficulties with com. munication but do not significantly impair the relationship. 3 Serious Problem Refers to relationship between caregivers as unsupportive and unstable Major com. munication difficulties with evidence of discord violence or indifference Divorce. separation or abandonment are prominent issues Boundaries are not clearly maintained. between partners or between the couple and children. D Family Safety, Note This section refers to family members living in the same or different households. 1 Overall Family Safety, 2 Clear Strength Refers to families receiving very high marks in the following areas absence presence. of physical abuse of children absence presence of sexual abuse of children absence. presence of neglect of children and absence presence of domestic violence between. parents caregivers, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to families receiving baseline ratings in the following areas absence presence. of physical abuse of children absence presence of sexual abuse of children absence. presence of neglect of children and absence presence of domestic violence between. parents caregivers, 3 Serious Problem Refers to families receiving very negative marks in the following areas absence pres. ence of physical abuse of children absence presence of sexual abuse of children ab. sence presence of neglect of children and absence presence of domestic violence be. tween parents caregivers,2 Absence Presence of Physical Abuse of Child ren.
2 Clear Strength Refers to families in which incidents complaints substantiations of physical abuse by. caregivers have never occurred or has occurred and family successfully been involved in. counseling Caregivers do not condone violence, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to families in which physical abuse has not occurred or in which complaints in. cidents substantiations of abuse by caretakers has occurred but satisfactory progress is. being made through counseling or the provision of other services. 3 Serious Problem Refers to incidents complaints substantiations of physical abuse by caregivers which. have not been acknowledged or addressed or have been resolved unsatisfactorily Care. takers may be actively denying substantiated abuse and or neglect or actively resisting. intervention, NCFAS North Carolina Family Assessment Scale and De nitions v 2 0 13. Copyright 2007 2009 Permission to copy,National Family Preservation Network. 3 Absence Presence of Sexual Abuse of Child ren, 2 Clear Strength Refers to child who has never experienced sexual abuse and who has learned about such. concepts as good and bad touch Or a child who has experienced sexual abuse and is. now being protected Child is in treatment and has been making excellent progress. 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to child who has never experienced sexual abuse but has not been actively taught. concepts such as good or bad touch Or a child who has been sexually abused but is. making satisfactory progress in treatment, 3 Serious Problem Refers to child having experienced sexual abuse by others or child sexually abused oth.
ers May be inferred or substantiated Child has been referred for treatment or is in treat. ment A judgment is made regarding unsatisfactory progress in treatment Sexual abuse. is ongoing or risk of sexual abuse is high, 4 Absence Presence of Emotional Abuse of Child ren. 2 Clear Strength Refers to child who has never been emotionally abused and who exhibits secure feel. ings and possesses a sense of self worth Or a child who has experienced emotional. abuse and is making excellent progress in treatment. 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to child who has never been emotionally abused Child basically exhibits secure. feelings or self esteem Or a child who has been emotionally abused but is in treatment. and is progressing satisfactorily, 3 Serious Problem Refers to child having been emotionally abused by others Child has been referred for. treatment or is in treatment Treatment is judged to be progressing unsatisfactorily Inci. dents of emotional abuse have increased are ongoing or risk is high. 5 Absence Presence of Neglect of Child ren, 2 Clear Strength Refers to families in which incidents complaints substantiations of neglect have never. occurred or have occurred and outstanding progress in counseling is made for the. family Caregivers recognize and are successful in meeting children s physical social. and emotional needs, 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to families in incidents complaints substantiations of neglect have never occurred. or have occurred but some progress in counseling is made for the family Caregivers. usually recognize physical social and emotional needs of children and meet most of. these needs, 3 Serious Problem Refers to incidents complaints substantiations of child neglect by caregivers which have.
not been acknowledged or addressed or have been resolved unsatisfactorily Caretakers. may be actively denying substantiated neglect or actively resisting intervention. 6 Absence Presence of Domestic Violence Between Parents Caregivers. Note This item may not be applicable in all cases This would be true if there were only one caretaker involved and there. is no significant other If this is the case circle NA on the form. 2 Clear Strength Refers to families in which violence has never occurred between caregivers and all fam. ily members are encouraged to solve problems nonviolently Also refers to families in. which domestic violence has occurred but no longer occurs due to family s success in. counseling and family actively discourages violence. 0 Baseline Adequate Refers to families in which domestic violence has occurred but no longer occurs Family. is involved in counseling and making some progress Also families in which violence has. never occurred Disputes occur and family members solve problems without violence. 3 Serious Problem Refers to incidents complaints arrests for domestic violence Violence between caregivers. negatively affects ability to parent and or has resulted in physical or emotional harm to children. 14 NCFAS North Carolina Family Assessment Scale and De nitions v 2 0.

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