Rome And The Roots Of Western Civilization-Books Pdf

Rome and the Roots of Western Civilization
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Page 2 of 6, In addition Romans excelled at the art of painting Most wealthy Romans had. bright large murals called frescoes painted directly on their walls Few have sur. vived The best examples of Roman painting are found in the Roman town of. Pompeii and date from as early as the second century B C In A D 79 nearby Mount. Vesuvius erupted covering Pompeii in a thick layer of ash and killing about 2 000. residents The ash acted to preserve many buildings and works of art. Learning and Literature Romans borrowed much of their philosophy from the. Greeks Stoicism the philosophy of the Greek teacher Zeno was especially. influential Stoicism encouraged virtue duty moderation and endurance. In literature as in philosophy the Romans found inspiration in the works of. their Greek neighbors While often following Greek forms and models Roman. writers promoted their own themes and ideas The poet Virgil spent ten years writ. ing the most famous work of Latin literature the Aeneid ih NEE ihd the epic of. the legendary Aeneas Virgil modeled the Aeneid written in praise of Rome and. Roman virtues after the Greek epics of Homer Here he speaks of government as. being Rome s most important contribution to civilization. PRIMARY SOURCE, Romans never forget that government is your medium Be this your art to practice. men in habit of peace Generosity to the conquered and firmness against aggressors. VIRGIL Aeneid, While Virgil s writing carries all the weight and seriousness of the Roman. character the poet Ovid wrote light witty poetry for enjoyment In Amores Ovid. relates that he can only compose when he is in love When I was from Cupid s. passions free my Muse was mute and wrote no elegy,While many know the epics of Virgil and. the Greek poet Homer other cultures,throughout history have created their.
own narrative poems about heroic,figures India s Mahabharata tells the. story of a battle for control of a mighty,kingdom while the Spanish epic El Cid. Image not available for use, celebrates a hero of the wars against the on this CD ROM Please. Moors And while it is not a poem The refer to the image in the. Lord of the Rings the fantasy trilogy by textbook,English writer J R R Tolkien is considered. to contain many aspects of the epic,Most epics follow a pattern derived.
from the works of Homer However the,emergence of epics around the world. was not so much the result of one,writer but the common desire among. civilizations to promote their values,and ideals through stories. Depictions of scenes from,The Lord of the Rings left El Cid. top right and Mahabharata,bottom right,Ancient Rome and Early Christianity 179.
Page 3 of 6,Western Civilization DEMOCRACY, Western civilization is generally seen as the heritage of ideas that spread Theoretically 40 000 people. could attend the Greek, to Europe and America from ancient Greece and Rome Some historians Assembly in practice. observe however that Western civilization does not belong to any particular about 6 000 people. place that it is the result of cultures coming together interacting and attended. changing Still the legacy of Greece and Rome can be seen today In 1215 King John of. The diagram below shows how ancient Greek and Roman ideas of England granted the Magna. government philosophy and literature can be traced across time As with Carta which largely. influenced subsequent, many cultural interactions the links between the examples are not. democratic thought, necessarily direct Instead the chart traces the evolution of an idea or. theme over time,In the 1970s there were 40,democratic governments.
Influence of Greek and Roman Ideas In 2002 over 120. established and emerging, Government Philosophy Literature democracies met to discuss. their common issues,509 B C 300s B C ABOUT 800 B C. Rome developed a Aristotle developed his Homer wrote Current Forms of World. form of representative philosophical theories the Odyssey Governments. government,Traditional Protectorates,Monarchies countries under the. 5 2 protection of others,A D 1200s 19 B C Democracies. 400s B C Thomas Aquinas Virgil used the 8 3, Greece implemented attempted to prove Odyssey to guide.
a direct democracy the existence of a his Aeneid,single god using Democracies. Aristotelian ideas 62,1600s 1922 Authoritarian, England became James Joyce patterned Totalitarian Regimes. 1781 often one party states, a constitutional his epic Ulysses after or dictatorships. monarchy Philosopher Immanuel Homer s work 23 4,Kant wrote that. Aristotle s theories on Source adapted from Democracy s Century. Freedom House online 2003,logic were still valid,The United States The Coen brothers.
declared independ film O Brother Where,ence from England Present Art Thou brought. and began building Scholars still hold a very different adap. the republican democ conferences focusing tation of the Odyssey. racy we know today on questions Aristotle to the big screen. 1 Hypothesizing Why do you think,ancient Greek and Roman culture. have had such a lasting influence on,Western civilization. RESEARCH LINKS For more on Western See Skillbuilder Handbook page R15. civilization go to classzone com,2 Comparing and Contrasting From. what you know of ancient Greece,and Rome what is another element.
of either culture that can still be seen,today Provide an example. 180 Chapter 6,Page 4 of 6, The Romans also wrote excellent prose especially history Livy compiled a. multivolume history of Rome from its origins to 9 B C He used legends freely cre. ating more of a national myth of Rome than a true history Tacitus TAS ih tuhs This Roman. another Roman historian is notable among ancient historians because he presented aqueduct in mod. the facts accurately He also was concerned about the Romans lack of morality In ern France has. survived the cen, his Annals and Histories he wrote about the good and bad of imperial Rome turies The cross. Here Tacitus shows his disgust with the actions of the Emperor Nero who many section indicates. consider to be one of Rome s cruelest rulers how the water. moved within the,PRIMARY SOURCE, While Nero was frequently visiting the show even amid his pleasures there was no. cessation to his crimes For during the very same period Torquatus Silanus was forced to. die because over and above his illustrious rank as one of the Junian family he claimed to. be the great grandson of Augustus Accusers were ordered to charge him with prodigality. wastefulness in lavishing gifts and with having no hope but in revolution Then the. most intimate of his freedmen were put in chains and torn from him till knowing the. doom which impended Torquatus divided the arteries in his arms A speech from Nero. followed as usual which stated that though he was guilty and with good reason. distrusted his defense he would have lived had he awaited the clemency of the judge. TACITUS Annals,The Legacy of Rome, The presence of Rome is still felt daily in the languages the institutions and the.
thought of the Western world, The Latin Language Latin the language of the Romans remained the language. of learning in the West long after the fall of Rome It was the official language of. the Roman Catholic Church into the 20th century, Latin was adopted by different peoples and developed into French Spanish. Portuguese Italian and Romanian These languages are called Romance languages. Clarifying because of their common Roman heritage Latin also influenced other languages. What impact For example more than half the words in English have a basis in Latin. did the Romans, Master Builders Visitors from all over the empire marveled at the architecture of. have on our English, language Rome The arch the dome and concrete were combined to build spectacular. structures such as the Colosseum, Arches also supported bridges and aqueducts Aqueducts were designed by.
Roman engineers to bring water into cities and towns When the water channel. spanned a river or ravine the aqueduct was lifted high up on arches. Ancient Rome and Early Christianity 181,Page 5 of 6. The Colosseum, The Colosseum was one of the greatest feats of Roman engineering and a. model for the ages The name comes from the Latin word colossus meaning. gigantic Its construction was started by the Emperor Vespasian and was. completed by his sons emperors Titus and Domitian For centuries after its. opening in A D 80 spectators both rich and poor cheered a variety of free. bloody spectacles from gladiator fights to animal hunts. The Colosseum in Rome as it appears today, RESEARCH LINKS For more information exits giant staircases that allowed the. on the Colosseum go to classzone com building to be emptied in minutes. Elevators and,ramps led from,the cells and,animal cages in. the Colosseum,basement to,trapdoors con,cealed in the.
arena floor,arena central area,where spectacles,took place. passageways walkways that,led to seats,velarium a retractable canvas awning that. shielded spectators from sun and rain,Facts About the Colosseum. Built A D 72 81 1 Comparing The Colosseum has been. Capacity 45 000 50 000 the model for sports stadiums. worldwide How is the design of,Materials stone and concrete. modern stadiums patterned after that,Size 157 feet high 620 feet long.
of the Colosseum What are the,Arena 287 feet long 180 feet wide similarities. See Skillbuilder Handbook page R7,2 Drawing Conclusions What do the. kind of spectacles the Romans,watched tell us about them as a. entrances 80 in all people and about their leaders. Page 6 of 6, Because Roman architectural forms were so practical they have remained pop. ular Thomas Jefferson began a Roman revival in the United States in the 18th cen. tury Many large public buildings such as the U S Capitol and numerous state. capitols include Roman features, Roman roads were also technological marvels The army built a vast network of.
roads constructed of stone concrete and sand that connected Rome to all parts of. the empire Many lasted into the Middle Ages some are still used. Roman System of Law Rome s most lasting and widespread contribution was its. law Early Roman law dealt mostly with strengthening the rights of Roman citi. zens As the empire grew however the Romans came to believe that laws should. be fair and apply equally to all people rich and poor Slowly judges began to. recognize certain standards of justice These standards were influenced largely by. the teachings of Stoic philosophers and were based on common sense and practi. cal ideas Some of the most important principles of Roman law were. All persons had the right to equal treatment under the law. A person was considered innocent until proven guilty. The burden of proof rested with the accuser rather than the accused. A person should be punished only for actions not thoughts. Any law that seemed unreasonable or grossly unfair could be set aside. The principles of Roman law endured to form the basis of legal systems in. Analyzing Issues many European countries and of places influenced by Europe including the United. How did States of America, Roman law protect Rome s Enduring Influence By preserving and adding to Greek civilization Rome. those accused of, strengthened the Western cultural tradition The world would be a very different place. had Rome not existed Historian R H Barrow has stated that Rome never fell because. it turned into something even greater an idea and achieved immortality. As mighty as the Roman Empire had been however it was not the only great. civilization of its time Around the same period that Rome was developing its. enduring culture different but equally complex empires were emerging farther. east In India the Mauryan and Gupta empires dominated the land while the Han. Empire ruled over China,SECTION 5 ASSESSMENT, TERMS NAMES 1 For each term or name write a sentence explaining its significance. Greco Roman culture Pompeii Virgil Tacitus aqueduct. USING YOUR NOTES MAIN IDEAS CRITICAL THINKING WRITING. 2 Which accomplishment do 3 What is Greco Roman culture 6 DRAWING CONCLUSIONS Which principle of law do you. you consider most important 4 In what way did Roman art think has been Rome s greatest contribution to modern. Why differ from Greek art legal systems, 5 What influence did Latin have 7 FORMING AND SUPPORTING OPINIONS Do you agree. Fine Arts Literature, on the development of with Horace s claim on page 178 that when it came to.
Western languages culture Greece in essence conquered Rome Explain. 8 HYPOTHESIZING Describe how the world might be,Law Engineering different if Rome had not existed. 9 WRITING ACTIVITY POWER AND AUTHORITY Imagine you. are a historian Write an expository essay describing the. importance of Rome s legacy,CONNECT TO TODAY PRESENTING A REPORT. Locate several Latin phrases still in use today Use the necessary materials to help translate. those phrases and then explain in a brief report the meaning and intent of those phrases. Roman artists also were particularly skilled in creating mosaics Mosaics were pictures or designs made by setting small pieces of stone glass or tile onto a surface Most Roman villas the country houses of the wealthy had at least one colorful mosaic See the Social History feature on pages 166 167 Rome and the Roots of Western Civilization Summarizing Use a chart to list the

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