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Risk Assessment and Control Measures for Cold Rolling Mill
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International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Research ISSN 0973 4562 Vol 5 No 1 2015. Research India Publications http www ripublication com ijmer htm. about the risk of operational hazard especially when it comes to Risk occurs when a person is exposed to a hazardous. producing as mini mill plant situation Risk is the likelihood that exposure to a hazard will lead to. Jeong et al 2008 made a qualitative analysis by Hazard an injury or a health issue It is a measure of the probability and. and Operability Method HAZOP to identify the potential hazards potential severity of harm or loss. and operability problems of decommissioning operations and The objective of risk assessment WRAC is to produce. concluded that the decommissioning of a nuclear research reactor outputs that can be used to evaluate the nature and distribution of risk. must be accomplished according to its structural conditions and and to develop appropriate strategies to manage risk Events or issues. radiological characteristics and radiation exposure must be controlled with more significant consequences and likelihood are identified as. to within the limitation of the regulation to perform the dismantling higher risk and are selected for higher priority mitigation actions to. work under the ALARA principle safely lower the likelihood of the event happening and reduce the. Sam Mannan 2014 narrated that Hazard identification consequences if the event were to occur. and risk assessment are essential to loss prevention in process Qualitative methods use descriptive terms to identify and. industry It has become more challenging to conduct hazard record consequences and likelihoods of the events and resultant risk. identification as the depth of technology has increased which hazard Quantitative methods identify likelihoods as frequencies or. assessment heavily replies on probabilities They identify consequences in terms of relative scale. Lambert et al 2001 used Hierarchical Holographic orders of magnitude or in terms of specific values for example. Modeling HHM for identification and management of risk source estimate of cost number of fatalities or number of individuals lost. and prioritize the identified source of risk based on their likelihood from a rare species. and potential consequences and provided with options of risk For both qualitative and quantitative methods it is important. management in terms of their costs and potential impacts on the to invest time in developing appropriate rating scales for likelihood. acquisition schedule consequence and resultant risk The full range of risk situations likely. Bell and Glade 2003 have done a risk analysis focusing to be encountered within the scope of the exercise should be. on risk to life They calculated land slide risk and occurrence of considered when developing rating scales. potential damaging events as well as the distribution of the elements TABLE I RISK ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY. at risk and proposed the following approach for risk evaluation. Risk Hazard Consequence Element of Risk, Frank et al 2008 carried out a risk assessment using. common risk management tools In basic tools they used diagram. analysis and risk rating and filtering In advanced tools they used. fault tree analysis FTA Hazard and Operability Analysis HAZOP. Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points HACCP Failure Mode. Effect Analysis FMEA and established a severity categorization. table which divides severity of consequence into noticeable. important serious very serious and catastrophic,II METHODOLOGY. Workplace risk assessment and control WRAC is the, process used to determine likelihood that people may be exposed to. an injury illness or disease in the workplace arising from any. situation identified during the hazard identification process prior to. consideration or implementation of control measures. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Research ISSN 0973 4562 Vol 5 No 1 2015. Research India Publications http www ripublication com ijmer htm. A Classify Work Activities 1 Semi Quantitative Method. Semi quantitative approaches to risk assessment are. Cold rolling mill complex is equipped with the most currently widely used to overcome some of the shortcomings. modern stainless steel production lines sourced from leading associated with qualitative approaches Semi quantitative risk. manufacturers of the world Coil build up line bell anneal furnaces assessments provide a more detailed prioritized ranking of risks than. continuous annealing and pickling lines sendzimer mills skin pass the outcomes of qualitative risk assessments. mill strip grinding line slitting and shearing lines to produce coils Semi quantitative risk assessment takes the qualitative. sheets with precise dimensional tolerance and flatness with superior approach a step further by attributing values or multipliers to the. metallurgical characteristics likelihood and consequence groupings Semi quantitative risk. assessment methods may involve multiplication of frequency levels. B Identification of a Hazard, with a numerical ranking of consequence Several combinations of. This is a process of examining the work area and the work scale are possible. to be completed for the purposes of identifying all of the hazards Table II shows an example of semi quantitative risk matrix. inherent to the job or present at the job site where the likelihoods and consequences have been assigned. Several things can help identify hazards in the work area and job site numbered levels that have been multiplied to generate a numeric. description of risk ratings The values that have been assigned to the. o Walking around the workplace to inspect what is in the. likelihoods and consequences are not related to their actual. general area, magnitudes but the numeric values that are derived for risk can be.
o Asking other employees what they think about anything. grouped to generate the indicated risk ratings In this example. they have noticed, Extreme risk events have risk ratings greater than 15 High risks are. o Reviewing a work instruction or job safety analysis. between 10 and 15 and so on A matrix is used to provide guidance. o Inspecting an operator s manual, as to whether the risk is acceptable or needs to be addressed. o Reviewing previous incident reports, Remember that not all risk can be eliminated Urgent action. C Identify the Risk is required for risks assessed as critical or high These actions may. include instructions for immediate cessation of the work and or. Once a hazard has been identified the risk associated with. isolation of the hazard until permanent measures can be implemented. the hazard must be examined Before starting a risk assessment it is. Documented control plans with responsibilities and completion dates. useful to identify factors that may contribute to the risk A review of. need to be developed for moderate risks, regulations previous injury reports audits inspections and other. 1 Acceptable Risk, areas can be used to judge whether the hazard being observed actually.
Risk that is acceptable to regulatory agency and also to the. can or has caused an injury, public is called acceptable risk There are no formally recognized. D Assess the Risk regulatory criteria for risk to personnel in the mining industry. Individual organizations have developed criteria for employee risk. It is then necessary to evaluate the likelihood of an injury. and the concepts originally arising from chemical process industries. occurring along with an estimate of how severe the injury may be. and oil and gas industries, Risk assessments therefore are based on two key factors. Because of the uncertainties linked with probabilistic risk. The likelihood that the injury or illness may actually. analysis used for quantification of the risk levels the general guiding. principle is that the risk be reduced to a level considered As Low as. The severity of the injury or illness resulting from the. Reasonably Practicable ALARP, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Research ISSN 0973 4562 Vol 5 No 1 2015. Research India Publications http www ripublication com ijmer htm. TABLE II A SEMI QUANTITATIVE METHOD FOR THE CLASSIFICATION OF RISKS. Risk Rank Consequence Level C L,Likelihood x Consequence 1 2 3 4 5. Likelihood Descriptor Injury First Aid Recordable Lost Fatality RISK RATING. Level L L Injury Time R R,5 Almost Certain 5 10 15 20 25 Extreme 16 20.
4 Likely 4 8 12 16 20 High 11 15,3 Possible 3 6 9 12 15 Moderate 6 10. 2 Unlikely 2 4 6 8 10 Low 1 5,1 Rare 1 2 3 4 5,E Control the Risk. F Document the Process, New work procedures will need to be developed in relation. to the new control measures A good plan of action often includes Documenting the process helps to ensure that the identified. many pieces such as risk control measures are implemented in the way they were intended. Quick attention to critical or high risk hazards It will also assist in managing other hazards and risks that may be in. Effective temporary solutions until permanent fixes can be some way similar to ones already identified Adequate record keeping. applied of the risk management process should show that the process has. Long term solutions to those risks judged to cause long been conducted properly This information should include. term illness Hazards identified, Long term solutions to those risks with the worst Assessment of the risks associated with those hazards. consequences Decision on control measures to manage exposure to the. Arrangement for training workers on the main risks that risks. remain and how they are to be controlled How and when the control measures are implemented. Regular checks to make sure that control measures remain Evidence of monitoring and reviewing of the effectiveness. in place and it is clear who will take what action and by of the controls. By assigning a risk rating the work at hand can prioritize G Monitor and Review. hazards with the highest potential to cause an injury so that they can. Whichever method of eliminating and or controlling the. be eliminated first Table III, hazard is used it is essential that an evaluation of its impact on.
TABLE III RISK CONTROL HIERARCHY, the use of the equipment substance system or environment is. Process Step Effectiveness, carried out to ensure that the control does not contribute to the. 1 Eliminate The Hazard Completely 100,existing hazard or introduce a new hazard. 2 Engineer Create A Barrier Between It is also essential that all people involved are informed. Clearly The Person And The Hazard, about the changes and when necessary provided with the. State appropriate information instruction training and supervision to. 3 Administer Write Regulation Law, The ensure that each worker is safe from injury and risk to health It.
Procedures Etc,Hazard 10 50, is also recommended that after a period of time the area. 4 Provide Personal Protective 20 supervisor carry out a review of the system or control to. determine its ongoing suitability, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Research ISSN 0973 4562 Vol 5 No 1 2015. Research India Publications http www ripublication com ijmer htm. III RISK ANALYSIS,Mechanical Electrical Equipment Hazards. Hazards And Consequences L L M C R R Control Measures After Control. Immediate And Longer Term Actions Measures,L L M C R R. Trapping of body parts between the rolls Immediate place warning signage. Potential for trapping of worker body parts and 4 5 20 Longer term erect the fixed guard adjustable guard 2 5 10. crushing the worker, Unguarded rotating reciprocating and similar Immediate place warning signage.
moving parts 3 4 12 Longer term erect the fixed guard adjustable guard 1 4 04. Potential for severe head injury and fatality, Sheet strip scarp material release for side trimming Immediate place warning signage. unit Longer term erect the fixed guard adjustable guard. Potential for severe skin injury cutting of worker 4 4 16 1 4 04. body parts and trapping of worker, Crushing crushed between one or more moving Immediate place warning signage. machine components 3 5 15 Longer term erect the fixed guard adjustable guard 1 5 05. Potential for severe injury and fatality, Entanglement entangled in a rotating or moving Immediate place warning signage. component 3 4 12 Longer term erect the fixed guard adjustable guard 1 4 04. Potential for severe injury and fatality, Improper stacking of raw material scrap bale in Immediate stacking zone should be fenced and. storage garage which lead to fall of objects in path 3 4 12 prohibited from unauthorized access 1 4 04. way Longer term provide training to the workers for. Potential for trip hazards fall of objects on workers efficient stacking of materials. leading to severe head injury and fatality, Improper ducting of cables was found in equipment Immediate switch off isolate the power supply and.
panel boards 2 4 08 restrict the work in that zone 1 4 04. Potential for increased risk of electrocution causing Longer term proper ducting of electrical lines with. burns scalds ventricular fibrillation insulation should be provided. Cables or trailing leads across walkways lead to Immediate place warning signage. portable electrical fan hand tools and appliances Longer term position equipments to avoid cables. Potential trip hazard may lead to broken 3 4 12 crossing pedestrian routes use cable covers to securely 1 4 04. bones bruising fit to surface restrict access to prevent contact. Noise from trimming shearing operation Immediate stop the activity and provide information. Potential for noise induced hearing loss tinnitus and instruction. temporary threshold shift acoustic trauma 3 3 09 Longer term interrupt the pathway between the 1 3 03. source and receiver by isolation absorption and,create acoustic heavens. The wirings of electrical equipment near steel rolling Immediate switch off the power supply and isolate the. mill were not properly insulated and are barely equipment. exposed to the flammable atmosphere 2 4 08 Longer term wires should be properly cabled and 1 4 04. Potential for electric shock leading to severe burns insulated Maintenance of the equipment should be. ventricular fibrillation done periodically, Improper ducting of cables was found in equipment Immediate switch off isolate the power supply and. panel boards restrict the work in that zone, Potential for increased risk of electrocution causing 2 4 08 Longer term proper ducting of electrical lines with 1 4 04. burns scalds ventricular fibrillation insulation should be provided. Cables or trailing leads across walkways lead to Immediate place warning signage. portable electrical fan hand tools and appliances Longer term position equipments to avoid cables. Potential trip hazard may lead to broken 3 4 12 crossing pedestrian routes use cable covers to securely 1 4 04. bones bruising fit to surface restrict access to prevent contact. Ergonomics Manual Handling Hazards, Manual carrying and lifting of large bulky and or Immediate stop the activity and provide instructions. heavy objects regarding safe lifting procedures, Potential for leading to back pain hernias and 3 5 15 Longer term use handling aids such as trolleys 1 5 05.
tendon and ligament injury to the workers forklifts for carrying out lifting implement. automation of the work, Repetitive work movements frequent reaching Immediate provide variety in jobs to eliminate or. lifting carrying reduce repetition over use of the same muscle. Potential for low back pain poor posture long duration 3 4 12 groups 2 4 08. for MSDs Longer term modify work practices so that workers. can perform in their power zone above knees,below shoulders close to body. Awkward postures Immediate adjust work schedules work pace or. Potential for low back pain poor posture long duration work practices. for MSDs bending twisting 3 3 09 Longer term modify work practices so that workers 1 3 03. can perform in their power zone above knees, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Research ISSN 0973 4562 Vol 5 No 1 2015. Research India Publications http www ripublication com ijmer htm. below shoulders close to body, Static postures maintaining a fixed position for a Immediate expand the variety of tasks performed. long time throughout a shift, Potential for low back pain poor posture long duration 4 3 12 Longer term change layout for easy to access to 2 3 06.
for MSDs equipment and machinery, Provide workstations that can be used while either. sitting or standing, Too high a physical load Immediate rotate workers through jobs that use. Potential for leading to back pain hernias and different muscles body parts or postures. tendon and ligament injury to the workers 3 3 09 Longer term modify work practices so that workers 1 3 03. can perform in their power zone above knees,below shoulders close to body. Sharp edge sheet handling without PPE Immediate provide for hand leathers leather gloves or. Potential for severe skin injuries may be caused by gloves with metal inserts. contact 4 4 16 Longer term provide mechanical aids and training of 2 4 08. Pressure points grasping loads leaning against parts Immediate provide for hand leathers leather gloves or. or surfaces that are hard or have sharp edges gloves with metal inserts. Potential for white finger and severe skin injury 3 4 12 Longer term provide mechanical aids and training of 1 4 04. occur worker, Slippery or damaged surfaces Immediate place barrier and warning signage around. Potential for fall down may lead to broken the leg 2 4 08 pit area 1 4 04. bones and severe skin injury Longer term carry out repair to walkway close the pit. Insufficient work platform poor posture of worker Immediate extend the work platform. body 3 3 09 Longer term regular monitor for work posture of 1 3 03. Potential for low back pain poor posture long duration worker. Damaged wooden platform fall down Immediate cover the damaged wooden platform. Potential for fall down may lead to broken the leg 3 4 12 Longer term repair the damaged wooden 1 4 04. bones and severe skin injury platform replace the wooden platform. Pit in walkway Immediate place barrier and warning signage around. Potential for fall down the pit may lead to broken 3 3 09 pit area 1 3 03. bones Longer term carry out repair to walkway close the pit. Mechanical Energies Hazards, Loss of control of a vehicle or other machineries Immediate restrict to one way traffic in that area and.
Potential for collision with other vehicles and provide traffic warden to facilitate safe movement. pedestrians causing injury and fatality to persons 2 4 08 Longer term enforce traffic management 1 4 04. involved procedure segregate traffic and pedestrians. Road traffic in and out issues Immediate restrict to one way traffic in that area and. Potential for collision with other vehicles and provide traffic warden to facilitate safe movement. pedestrians causing injury and fatality to persons 2 3 06 Longer term enforce traffic management 1 3 03. involved procedure segregate traffic and pedestrians. Interaction between mobile plant and pedestrians Immediate restrict to one way traffic in that area and. Potential for collision with other vehicles and provide traffic warden to facilitate safe movement. pedestrians causing injury and fatality to persons 2 3 06 Longer term enforce traffic management 1 3 03. involved procedure segregate traffic and pedestrians. Poorly marked road ways with unfamiliar directional Immediate restrict to one way traffic in that area and. signs in site entrance provide traffic warden to facilitate safe movement. Potential for collision with other vehicles and 3 3 09 Longer term enforce traffic management 1 3 03. pedestrians causing injury and fatality to persons procedure segregate traffic and pedestrians. Contact of mobile plant with overhead structures Immediate restrict to one way traffic in that area and. Potential for collision with other vehicles and provide traffic warden to facilitate safe movement. pedestrians causing injury and fatality to persons 3 4 12 Longer term enforce traffic management 1 4 04. involved procedure segregate traffic and pedestrians. Gravitational Energies Hazards, Unguarded scarp pit Immediate place barrier and warning signage around. Potential for fall down the pit may lead to broken 2 4 08 pit area 1 4 04. bones Longer term carry out repair to walkway close the pit. Objects structures falling on people Immediate critical zone should be fenced and. Potential for trip hazards fall of objects on workers prohibited from unauthorized access 04. leading to severe head injury and fatality 2 4 08 Longer term provide training to the workers 1 4. Fall of things such as components tool Immediate critical zone should be fenced and. Potential for trip hazards fall of objects on workers prohibited from unauthorized access. leading to severe head injury and fatality 2 3 06 Longer term provide training to the workers 1 3 03. Dust Chemicals and Hazardous Substances, Dusts that can affect health such as interleaving Immediate provide for respiratory protective. paper dust and other dusts that can affect operations equipment. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Research ISSN 0973 4562 Vol 5 No 1 2015. Research India Publications http www ripublication com ijmer htm. 2 3 06 Longer term provide local exhaust ventilation in the 1 3 03. work place, Chemical such as oils degreasers solvents Immediate provide for respiratory protective. Potential for persistent headache nausea vomiting equipment. etc 3 3 09 Longer term provide local exhaust ventilation in the 1 3 03. work place, Chemical fumes such as from welding cutting Immediate provide for respiratory protective. grinding etc 3 4 12 equipment 1 4 04, Potential for persistent headache nausea vomiting Longer term provide local exhaust ventilation in the.
etc work place, Handling of hydrofluoric acid carboys manually Immediate provide proper personal protective. from truck to ground without gloves suits equipments like gloves and suits. MSDs might occur and potential for acid spillage on Longer term use lifting aids such as jib cranes to lift the. the worker lead to highly corrosive and readily 3 3 09 load from the truck to ground 1 3 03. penetrates the skin causing deep tissue layer,destruction. Work Environment Hazards, Evacuation assembly points are not identified by Immediate fit signage at designated assembly points. signage Longer term monitor to ensure signage remains visible. Potential for confusion in case of emergency 2 5 10 and easy to read 1 5 05. evacuation may not be able to identify if all staff have. evacuation, Wildlife such as dogs spiders insects Immediate clear the area immediately. Risk of leptospirosis leptospira bacteria deceases Longer term dispose the waste at regular intervals and. from the rat s urine dog s urine give training to the workers about maintain good. 4 3 12 housekeeping and monitoring the work place 1 3 03. Biological such as exposure to work related Immediate clear the area immediately. diseases Longer term dispose the waste at regular intervals and. Potential for lead to serious ill health high fever 3 3 09 give training to the workers about maintain good 1 3 03. chills red eyes or fatality housekeeping and monitoring the work place. Building maintenance cleaning Immediate clear the area immediately. Potential for slip trip Its lead to casualties injuries Longer term dispose the waste at regular intervals and. 2 4 08 give training to the workers about maintain good 1 4 04. housekeeping and monitoring the work place, Fire exit and walkways are stored on rubbish Immediate exit way should be cleared of obstructions.
unprocessed waste materials remove the rubbish, This causes delayed escape of occupants during 3 5 15 Longer term liaise with tenants to ensure rubbish is 1 5 05. emergency situation which can lead to casualties disposed to correctly and posting signage and regular. injuries Frequent trips and falls inspection of exit way should be done. IV RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Mechanical Energies Hazards. Gravitational Energies Hazards, In this plant 40 hazards were identified and their analysis. Dust Chemicals and Hazardous Substances, was performed They have been classified into 6 major categories. Work Environment Hazards, The major hazards and their control measure in each category based. Mechanical Electrical Equipment Hazards,on their risk rating are tabulated below.
Ergonomics Manual Handling Hazards, TABLE IV HAZARDS CONSEQUENCE AND CONTROL MEASURE OF MAJOR HAZARDS HAVING RISK RATING ABOVE MODERATE. Mechanical Electrical Equipment Hazards, Hazards And Consequences L L M C R R Control Measures After Control. Immediate And Longer Term Actions Measures,L L M C R R. Trapping of body parts between the rolls Immediate place warning signage. Potential for trapping of worker body parts and 4 5 20 Longer term erect the fixed guard adjustable guard 2 5 10. crushing the worker, Unguarded rotating reciprocating and similar Immediate place warning signage. moving parts 3 4 12 Longer term erect the fixed guard adjustable guard 1 4 04. Potential for severe head injury and fatality, Sheet strip scarp material release for side trimming Immediate place warning signage.
unit Longer term erect the fixed guard adjustable guard. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Research ISSN 0973 4562 Vol 5 No 1 2015. Research India Publications http www ripublication com ijmer htm. Potential for severe skin injury cutting of worker 4 4 16 1 4 04. body parts and trapping of worker, Crushing crushed between one or more moving Immediate place warning signage. machine components 3 5 15 Longer term erect the fixed guard adjustable guard 1 5 05. Potential for severe injury and fatality, Entanglement entangled in a rotating or moving Immediate place warning signage. component 3 4 12 Longer term erect the fixed guard adjustable guard 1 4 04. Potential for severe injury and fatality, Improper stacking of raw material scrap bale in Immediate stacking zone should be fenced and. storage garage which lead to fall of objects in path 3 4 12 prohibited from unauthorized access 1 4 04. way Longer term provide training to the workers for. Potential for trip hazards fall of objects on workers efficient stacking of materials. leading to severe head injury and fatality, Cables or trailing leads across walkways lead to Immediate place warning signage. portable electrical fan hand tools and appliances Longer term position equipments to avoid cables. Potential trip hazard may lead to broken 3 4 12 crossing pedestrian routes use cable covers to securely 1 4 04. bones bruising fit to surface restrict access to prevent contact. Cables or trailing leads across walkways lead to Immediate place warning signage. portable electrical fan hand tools and appliances Longer term position equipments to avoid cables. Potential trip hazard may lead to broken 3 4 12 crossing pedestrian routes use cable covers to securely 1 4 04. bones bruising fit to surface restrict access to prevent contact. Ergonomics Manual Handling Hazards, Manual carrying and lifting of large bulky and or Immediate stop the activity and provide instructions.
heavy objects regarding safe lifting procedures, Potential for leading to back pain hernias and 3 5 15 Longer term use handling aids such as trolleys 1 5 05. tendon and ligament injury to the workers forklifts for carrying out lifting implement. automation of the work, Repetitive work movements frequent reaching Immediate provide variety in jobs to eliminate or. lifting carrying reduce repetition over use of the same muscle. Potential for low back pain poor posture long duration 3 4 12 groups 2 4 08. for MSDs Longer term modify work practices so that workers. can perform in their power zone above knees,below shoulders close to body. Static postures maintaining a fixed position for a Immediate expand the variety of tasks performed. long time throughout a shift, Potential for low back pain poor posture long duration 4 3 12 Longer term change layout for easy to access to 2 3 06. for MSDs equipment and machinery, Provide workstations that can be used while either.
sitting or standing, Sharp edge sheet handling without PPE Immediate provide for hand leathers leather gloves or. Potential for severe skin injuries may be caused by gloves with metal inserts. contact 4 4 16 Longer term provide mechanical aids and training of 2 4 08. Pressure points grasping loads leaning against parts Immediate provide for hand leathers leather gloves or. or surfaces that are hard or have sharp edges gloves with metal inserts. Potential for white finger and severe skin injury 3 4 12 Longer term provide mechanical aids and training of 1 4 04. occur worker, Damaged wooden platform fall down Immediate cover the damaged wooden platform. Potential for fall down may lead to broken the leg 3 4 12 Longer term repair the damaged wooden 1 4 04. bones and severe skin injury platform replace the wooden platform. Mechanical Energies Hazards, Contact of mobile plant with overhead structures Immediate restrict to one way traffic in that area and. Potential for collision with other vehicles and provide traffic warden to facilitate safe movement. pedestrians causing injury and fatality to persons 3 4 12 Longer term enforce traffic management 1 4 04. involved procedure segregate traffic and pedestrians. Dust Chemicals and Hazardous Substances, Chemical fumes such as from welding cutting Immediate provide for respiratory protective. grinding etc 3 4 12 equipment 1 4 04, Potential for persistent headache nausea vomiting Longer term provide local exhaust ventilation in the.
etc work place,Work Environment Hazards, Wildlife such as dogs spiders insects Immediate clear the area immediately. Risk of leptospirosis leptospira bacteria deceases Longer term dispose the waste at regular intervals and. from the rat s urine dog s urine give training to the workers about maintain good. 4 3 12 housekeeping and monitoring the work place 1 3 03. Fire exit and walkways are stored on rubbish Immediate exit way should be cleared of obstructions. This causes delayed escape of occupants during Longer term liaise with tenants to ensure rubbish is. emergency situation which can lead to casualties 3 5 15 disposed to correctly and posting signage and regular 1 5 05. injuries Frequent trips and falls inspection of exit way should be done. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Research ISSN 0973 4562 Vol 5 No 1 2015. Research India Publications http www ripublication com ijmer htm. The table V clearly shows that the major hazards having Prevention In The Process Industries Volume 14 Issue 1. risk rating moderate and above has been reduced to low risk hazards January 2001 Pages 43 59. when their control measures were applied 5 Triantis A Real Options and Corporate Risk Management. Journal of Applied Corporate Finance 2000 13 2 64 73. TABLE V RISK RATING BEFORE AND AFTER CONTROL MEASURES. 6 Trigeorgis L Real Options and Interaction with Financial. Flexibility Financial Management 1993b 4 3 202 224. 7 Wang C Walker E Redmond J Explaining the Lack of. Strategic Planning In Smes The Importance of Owner. Motivation International Journal of Organisational. Behaviour 2007 12 1 1 16,8 Safety Packages of Cold Rolling Mills. Http Www Industry Siemens Com Datapool Industry Indu. strysolutions Metals Siroll En 405 414, 9 Bierman H Implementing Capital Budgeting Techniques. V CONCLUSION Revised Edition Cambridge 1988, The first step for emergency preparedness and maintaining 10 Bowman EH A Risk Return Paradox for Strategic. a safe workplace is defining and analyzing hazards In this paper the Management Sloan Management Review 1980 21 3 17. process of the Cold Rolling Mill is learnt The risk analysis of all the 31. hazards has been done using WRAC The results of the analysis are 11 Bowman EH Hurry D Strategy through the Option Lens. that the hazards having high risk rating and above have been reduced An Integrated View of Resource Investments and the. to low risk when the control measures were applied Thus Risk Incremental Choice Process Academy of Management. Assessment helps in identifying hazards and ensuring proper control Review 1993 18 4 760 782. measure thereby reducing accidents occurring in the Cold Rolling 12 Chapman R Simple Tools and Techniques for Enterprise. Mill Risk Management John Wiley Sons West Sussex 2006. REFERENCES 13 Collins Concise Dictionary Thesaurus Harpercollins. 1 A Qualitative Identification and Analysis of Hazards Risks 2006. and Operating Procedures for A Decommissioning Safety 14 Culkin N Smith D An Emotional Business A Guide to. Assessment of A Nuclear Research Reactor Kwanseong Understanding the Motivations of Small Business Decision. Jeong Donggyu Lee Kunewoo Lee Hyeonkyo Takers Qualitative Market Research An International. Lim Annals of Nuclear Energy Volume 35 Issue 10 Journal 2000 3 3 145 157. October 2008 Pages 1954 1962 15 Culkin N Smith D An Emotional Business A Guide to. 2 Abdullah MA Bakar MI Eds Small and Medium Understanding the Motivations of Small Business Decision. Enterprises in Asian Pacific Countries Volume 1 Roles Takers Qualitative Market Research An International. and Issues Nova Science Publishers Inc Huntington NY Journal 2000 3 3 145 157. 2000 16 Elizabeth Bluff 2014 Safety in Machinery Design and. 3 Ashraf Labib and Martin Read 2012 Learning From Construction Performance for Substantive Safety. Failures through Risk and Reliability Analysis Safety Outcomes Safety Science 66 2014 27 35. Science 51 2013 397 413 17 Frank Y Shih Et Al 2007 An Intelligent Sensor Network. 4 Bettis RA Modern Financial Theory Corporate Strategy for Object Detection Classification and Recognition. and Public Policy Three Conundrums Academy of Journal of Information Science and Engineering 23 1955. Management Review 1983 8 Risk Analysis Of A Typical 1969 2007. Chemical Industry Using ORA Procedureoriginal Research.


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