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ABBREVIATIONS ii,EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1,1 0 INTRODUCTION 3. 1 1 Justification for the Mapping Exercise 3,1 2 Objectives 4. 1 3 Situation Analysis 4,2 0 KEY FINDINGS 5, 2 1 Spatial distribution of training institutions 5. 2 2 Registration status 6,2 3 Ownership status 7,2 4 Funding 8. 2 5 Course Levels 9, 2 5 1 Courses for Skilled Construction Worker Level 10. 2 5 2 Courses for Construction Site Supervisor Level 11. 2 6 Level of enrollment 11,2 6 1 Skilled Construction worker Level 11. 2 6 2 Construction Site Supervisor level 13,2 7 General Course Completion Rate 14. 2 8 Discontinued Courses 16,2 9 Workshops 16,2 10 Trainer Competencies 18. 2 11 Industrial attachment requirements 19,2 12 Challenges faced by the institutions 19. 3 0 CONCLUSION 20,4 0 RECOMMENDATIONS 20, i Mapping of Technical Training Institutions in Kenya. ABBREVIATIONS,NCA National Construction Authority, MoEST Ministry of Education Science and Technology. KIHBT Kenya Institute of Highways and Building Technology. MOYAS Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, TVETA Technical Vocational Educational and Training Authority. RIAT Ramogi Institute of Advanced Technology,CUE Commission for University Education. NITA National Industrial and Training Authority, MLSSS Ministry of Labour Social Security and Services. ii Mapping of Technical Training Institutions in Kenya. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY, Technical education is necessary if Kenya is to achieve vision 2030 Relevant skills have to. be given in Technical training institutions Kenya s vision 2030 blueprint envisages a country. that has achieved middle income status supported by five key sectors of the economy. including the Construction Industry, In manufacturing the blueprint envisages a newly industrialized country powered by a high. skilled workforce To get a skilled manpower there has to be world class training and that is. where the problem lies To be industrialized Kenya needs people with technical skills This. mapping exercise focused on the capacity of training institutions relevance of the facilities. and relevance of curriculum course to the construction industry and the qualifications of the. The specific objectives of the mapping were to establish the number of training institutions. their geographical distribution ownership status and their capacity The findings would be. used to develop training and capacity building interventions and policies Secondary database. from Ministry of Education and National Industrial Training Authority was used to first. identify names of institutions to be mapped out Self administered questionnaires were. adopted as source of data In addition face to face Interviews were made during due. diligence visits to validate the information filled in the questionnaire 438 technical. institutions were identified prior to the mapping exercise and 353 of them responded. positively to the exercise hence the response rate was 81 The training institutions that. responded to the exercise spread over 34 counties representing 72 of national coverage. Findings revealed that Kakamega County had the highest number of institutions 33. representing 9 3 Homa Bay Kirinyaga Murang a Nyandarua Isiolo Nyamira and West. Pokot Counties had 1 institution each representing 0 3 of the total number of institutions. 95 8 of the institutions were fully registered with relevant bodies while 4 2 had no. registration details Majority of the institutions were registered by Ministry of Youth Affairs. and Sports 36 most of which were from Western and Lower Eastern region In terms of. ownership 24 of the institutions were privately owned while 76 were public entities. Majority of the institutions were funded through tuition fees paid by the students 38 4. while a smaller proportion were subsidized by their respective county governments. 6 County governments which subsidized their technical training institutions were Nairobi. 1 institution Kakamega 21 institutions Machakos 5 institutions Nakuru 4 institutions. and Vihiga 7 institutions, 1 Mapping of Technical Training Institutions In Kenya. Further findings revealed that Masonry Carpentry Joinery and Electrical installation were the. prevalent courses at Certificate Artisan and Trade test levels It is also important to note that. Electrical installation was offered by technical institutes at all levels Considering the level of. enrollment most students taking construction worker level courses Artisan Certificate. Craft Trade test were enrolled in Electrical installation course 5433 which represents. 22 9 of the total enrollment Similarly for construction site supervisor level courses. Diploma Higher Diploma and Degree most students were enrolled to electrical installation. 1005 which represents 22 of the total enrollment in construction site supervisor level. courses 33 institutions 9 3 had some of their courses discontinued due to various reasons. such as lack of training instructors shortage of machines in the workshops and low student. turn out 89 5 of the institutions had workshops and of these 59 8 had their workshops. equipped with enough machines The total number of trainees in the institutions which. responded as at time when the exercise was conducted was 30 397 and the total number of. graduates in the last 5 years in all the institutions was 76 494 Therefore the course. completion rate among the trainees was 0 5050 This implies that assuming all the trainees. were to be enrolled at the same time then only 50 5 of them would to complete their. respective courses, Cumulatively all the institutions had 2047 training instructors Majority of the instructors. 29 4 had Diplomas as their primary qualification and only 43 of them had additional. qualifications in training Also 36 of the trainers had between 6 and 10 years of experience. in the teaching industry while only 9 had over 20 years of experience in teaching Out of. the 353 training institutions 326 92 had industrial attachment requirements in their. respective courses It is therefore important to ensure that they embrace the need for. industrial attachment provision in order to assess the level of skills acquired by the learners. before they join the construction industry, The fundamental justification for the mapping exercise was to identify the sector skill gaps to. expand vocational education in order to increase the training opportunities for the increasing. school leavers and enrich the school curriculum with technical subjects It was concluded that. the existing technical institutions in Kenya suffer from critical problems including the decline. of quality occasioned by low trainer competencies and lack of training equipment lack of. relevance to occupational and social realities under enrolment and under funding This. shows that in order for Kenya to have a bright future in the construction industry the. importance of skills and adequate training in the technical training institutions need to be. over emphasized in order to cope with the evolving technological world Based on the. findings there is need to ensure that the training institutions curriculum reflects the skills. needed in the construction sector labour market, 2 Mapping of Technical Training Institutions in Kenya. 1 0 INTRODUCTION, There is need to expand vocational education in order to increase the training opportunities. for the increasing school leavers and lastly the need to enrich the school curriculum with. technical subjects The National Construction Authority under the National Construction. Authority Act 2011 section 5 is mandated to initiate and maintain a construction industry. information system as well as provide promote review and coordinate training programs. organized by public and private accredited training centers for skilled construction workers. and construction supervisors Consequently the Authority set out to map training institutions. that offer construction related courses to form part of the Authority s construction. information system as well as identifying the potential institutions with which the Authority. would carry out its training and capacity building program. Following the preliminary mapping of technical training institutions towards the end of 2014. a detailed research was conducted to collect information to aid the Authority to formulate an. elaborate action plan to implement in collaboration with the technical institutions The. Authority embarked on a fact finding mission covering the institutions which fall within the. jurisdiction of the Regional Offices, This document presents the findings of a mapping exercise conducted in September 2015. aimed at mapping the training institutions in various regions offering construction related. training and skills as well as assessing their current status and adequacy The status survey. focused on number of institutions their mode of ownership public or private registrations. status technical courses offered and infrastructural capacity The mapping exercise carried. out by the National Construction Authority NCA was set out to gather information on the. registered training institutions to form part of the Authority s construction information. system as well as identifying the potential institutions with which the authority would carry. out its training and capacity building mandate,1 1 Justification for the Mapping Exercise. Technical education is necessary if Kenya is to industrialize by the year 2030 Relevant skills. have to be given in Technical training institutions This mapping exercise focused on the. adequacy of training facilities relevance of facilities and relevance of curriculum course. relevance to the construction industry and the trainers level of qualifications To steer the. exercise The National Construction Authority Board of Directors gave the directive to come. up with instruments of the mapping exercise which was subjected to various consultative. processes including a piloting exercise, 3 Mapping of Technical Training Institutions in Kenya. 1 2 Objectives, The following were some of the objectives of conducting the mapping exercise. a To identify the number of training institutions their geographical spread mode of. ownership and their current capacity against which training and capacity building. interventions and policies can be based, b To identify sector skill gaps with respect to trainer competences required and how. many are needed, c To provide prioritized recommendations and an action plan that the Authority and. other key stakeholders should undertake to address any identified gaps. d To provide timely and reliable data to assist the Authority to institute and plan future. training needs,e To formulate a means of accreditation. 1 3 Situation Analysis, Kenya s vision 2030 blueprint envisages a country that has achieved middle income status. supported by five key sectors of the economy including the Construction Industry In. manufacturing the blueprint envisages a newly industrialized country powered by a high. skilled workforce To get a skilled manpower there has to be world class training and that is. where the problem lies, 4 Mapping of Technical Training Institutions in Kenya. 2 0 KEY FINDINGS,2 1 Spatial distribution of training institutions. There were a total of 353 training institutions which responded positively to the Mapping. exercise and were distributed among 34 Counties shown in the table below. Region Counties No of Training Percentage,Institutions Representation. Nairobi Nairobi 19 5 38,Nyanza Kisumu 12 3 40,Siaya 3 0 85. Homa Bay 1 0 28,Kisii 17 4 82,Nyamira 1 0 28,Migori 4 1 13. Western Kakamega 33 9 35,Busia 17 4 82,Bungoma 26 7 37. Vihiga 18 5 10,North Rift Uasin Gishu 7 1 98,Nandi 5 1 42. Trans Nzoia 3 0 85,Elgeyo Marakwet 2 0 57,West Pokot 1 0 28. Coast Mombasa 6 1 70,Kilifi 2 0 57,Taita Taveta 4 1 13. Mount Kenya Embu 5 1 42,Nyeri 6 1 70,Kirinyaga 1 0 28. Murang a 1 0 28,Nyandarua 1 0 28,Lower Eastern Kitui 30 8 50. Machakos 26 7 37,Makueni 18 5 10,Central Rift Bomet 20 5 67. Kericho 11 3 12,Nakuru 20 5 67,Narok 9 2 55,Upper Eastern Meru 17 4 82. Isiolo 1 0 28,Tharaka Nithi 6 1 70,Total 34 353 100. 5 Mapping of Technical Training Institutions in Kenya. In general all the institutions which responded positively to the mapping exercise covered. 72 34 of all the Counties in Kenya Kakamega County had the highest number of. institutions 33 which represents 9 35 of the total number of institutions while Homa Bay. Kirinyaga Murang a Nyandarua Isiolo Migori Nyamira and West Pokot Counties had 1. institution each representing 0 3 of the total number of institutions Counties which had no. information about the technical institutions included Garissa Wajir Tana River Lamu. Kiambu Kajiado Turkana Marsabit Samburu Laikipia Baringo Kwale and Mandera. 2 2 Registration status, Out of the 353 institutions which responded to the exercise 338 95 8 had registration. details indicated while the rest 4 2 had no registration details The bodies which registered. the institutions were Ministry of Education Science and Technology MoEST National. Industrial Training Authority NITA Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports MOYAS. Technical Vocational Educational and Training Authority TVETA Ministry of Labour. Social Security and Services MLSSS and Commission for University Education CUE. A higher percentage of the institutions were registered by Ministry of Youth Affairs and. Sports 36 majority of which were from Western Central Rift and Lower Eastern. regions In Western region alone 93 of the institutions were registered by MOYAS while. only 7 were registered by MoEST Moi University in Uasin Gishu County and Mount. Kenya University campuses in Kisumu and Nyeri Counties were registered by the. Commission for University Education CUE Two institutions 0 6 were registered by. MLSSS while TVETA and CUE each registered 2 of the technical training institutions. 6 Mapping of Technical Training Institutions in Kenya. 2 3 Ownership status, Training institutions visited were either privately owned or public utilities 24 of the. institutions were privately owned while 76 were owned by the public. In terms of ownership distribution majority of institutions which were owned by the public. were from Western region 96 while majority of the privately owned institutions were. from Coast region 71 The table below shows ownership distribution of the technical. institutions per region,Region Public Private,Nyanza 60 40. Nairobi 66 7 33 3,Coast 29 71,North Rift 83 17,Mount Kenya 70 30. Western 96 4,Central Rift 95 5,Lower Eastern 91 9,Upper Eastern 94 6. Overall Percentage 76 24, 7 Mapping of Technical Training Institutions in Kenya. 2 4 Funding, The institutions had various sources of funds to facilitate their day to day operations These. sources were exchequer tuition fees donations institutions own resources and subsidies. from respective county governments,Donations 17 21. Subsidies 6 24,Self funding 5 98,Exchequer and Tuition 20 57. Exchequer 11 64, Majority of the institutions were funded through tuition fees paid by the students 38 36. while a smaller proportion 5 98 used their own investments to fund their activities 6 24. of the institutions were subsidized by both their respective county governments County. governments which subsidized their technical training institutions were Nairobi 1. institution Kakamega 21 institutions Machakos 5 institutions Nakuru 4 institutions. and Vihiga 7 institutions Other counties should also act in the same manner and the. National government should increase its level of exchequer to the institutions in order for. them to have enough funds Private technical institutions which were nonprofit received their. funds mainly through donations and charitable organizations which contributed 17 21 of. the funding, 8 Mapping of Technical Training Institutions in Kenya. 2 5 Course Levels, All the technical training institutions which responded offered their respective courses in. Artisan Craft Certificate Diploma Higher Diploma Undergraduate degree and Masters. levels depending on their technical capabilities and other resources. SUPERVISOR, From the chart above it can be seen that a higher proportion of the technical courses were. offered at skilled construction worker level 91 This level comprised of Craft Artisan. Certificate and Trade tests Grade I II and III Only 9 of the courses were offered at. skilled construction worker level which comprised of Diploma Higher Diploma and Degree. courses The Degree Courses were only offered by Universities and their constituent colleges. i e Moi Mount Kenya and Machakos University College Courses offered at both. Undergraduate and Master s Degree levels were the least representing 0 6 of the total. number of courses Further findings revealed that Carpentry Joinery Masonry and Electrical. installation were the prevalent courses at Certificate Artisan and Trade test levels It is also. important to note that Electrical installation was offered by technical institutes at all levels. Below are summary tables showing different courses offered at respective levels and their. frequencies, 9 Mapping of Technical Training Institutions in Kenya. 2 5 1 Courses for Skilled Construction Worker Level. The table below shows total number courses offered by all the institutions at skilled. construction worker level at Artisan Craft Certificate and Trade tests. Course Name Total Number of Percentage,each course in all. the institutions,Carpentry and joinery 261 22 68,Electrical installation 192 16 68. Masonry 172 14 94,Welding and fabrication 158 13 73. Motor vehicle mechanics 112 9 73,Building technology 96 8 34. Plumbing 85 7 38,ICT 21 1 82,Mechanical engineering 10 0 87. Automotive engineering 9 0 78,Fitter turning 8 0 70. Refrigeration 6 0 52,Civil engineering 5 0 43,Power mechanics 4 0 35. Solar PV technology 3 0 26,Painting and decoration 3 0 26. Land survey 3 0 26,CCTV installation 1 0 09,Plant operator 1 0 09. Routine maintenance 1 0 09,Total 1151 100, Carpentry and joinery was the most offered course at skilled construction worker level. Artisan Craft Certificate and Trade tests in all the institutions There were 261 Carpentry. and Joinery courses which represented 23 of all the courses Solar PV technology. Painting decoration Land Survey CCTV Installation Plant operator and Routine. maintenance were the least number of courses offered. 10 Mapping of Technical Training Institutions in Kenya. 2 5 2 Courses for Construction Site Supervisor Level. The table below shows total number courses offered by all the institutions at Construction. Site Supervisor level Diploma Higher Diploma Undergraduate degree and Master s degree. Course Name Total No Percentage,Civil Engineering 18 14 8. Electrical Engineering 15 12 3,Electrical Installation 15 12 3. Mechanical Engineering 13 10 7,Building Technology 12 9 8. Automotive Engineering 11 9 0,Quantity Survey 7 5 7. Water Technology 7 5 7,Architecture 7 5 7,Land Survey 6 4 9. Telecommunication Eng 3 2 5,Cartography 2 1 6,Photogrammetry 2 1 6. Irrigation and Drainage Eng,Highway Engineering,Map Reproduction 1 0 8. Welding and Fabrication 1 0 8,Total 122 100,2 6 Level of enrollment. 2 6 1 Skilled Construction worker Level, The technical institutions offered a variety of courses depending on their capacities in terms. of classrooms teaching staff workshops laboratories essential equipment used during the. training However the enrollment in the institutions was not to full capacities and the table. below shows the combined student capacities and current enrollment per course. 11 Mapping of Technical Training Institutions in Kenya. Course Name Total Current Shortfall Percentage,available Enrollment Shortfall. Carpentry and joinery 7427 2713 4714 63 47,Electrical installation 7698 5433 2265 29 42. Masonry 5459 3036 2423 44 39,Welding and fabrication 4828 2267 2561 53 04. Motor vehicle mechanics 4243 3021 1222 28 80,Building technology 3326 1926 1400 42 09. Plumbing 2862 1605 1257 43 92,ICT 1202 581 621 51 66. Mechanical engineering 1813 1323 490 27 03,Automotive engineering 505 359 146 28 91. Civil engineering 1277 1254 23 1 80,Power mechanics 176 133 43 24 43. Solar PV technology 130 67 63 48 46,Painting and decoration 109 24 85 77 98. Land survey 45 18 27 60 00,Routine Maintenance 30 0 30 100 00. Tiling 10 3 7 70 00,Plant operator 100 0 100 100 00. Total 41240 23763 17477 42 38, From the table it can be clearly seen that most of the students at Construction Worker level. were enrolled in Electrical Installation course 5433 which represents 22 86 of the total. enrollment This strongly agrees with the earlier finding that Electrical Installation course. was offered by the institutions at all levels, Enrollment in Masonry Motor vehicle Mechanics and Carpentry follow that of electrical. installation in the same order representing 12 8 12 7 and 11 4 of the total enrollment. respectively These courses were also prevalent at all levels except that of Higher Diploma. and Degree, It can also be seen from the table that no course was over enrolled and majority of the. courses had a student shortfall of between 20 and 50 Considering available capacities of. each course civil engineering course was almost enrolled to full capacity since it had a mere. shortfall of only 1 80 There were no enrollment in Routine Maintenance and Plant. Operator courses in the institutions where those courses were offered. In general the total enrollment shortfall was 42 38 at skilled construction worker course. levels in all the institutions This implies that their level of enrollment was 57 62 which is. slightly above average, 12 Mapping of Technical Training Institutions in Kenya.
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