Raising Commercial Ducks As A 4 H Or Ffa Project-Books Pdf

Raising Commercial Ducks as a 4 H or FFA Project
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China leads the world in duck production Over 2 6 million. tons of duck meat is produced each year nearly three. fourths of the world s production Peking Duck is a. specific recipe for cooking duck and will be found in. American restaurants, France is second in duck production with over 200 000 tons. produced per year Duck meat is a specialty food entre in. French cooking, A modern duck raising barn is clean and well ventilated. Production Standards, The production standard for commercial ducks is that they are ready for processing in just 49 days They will. weigh over eight pounds and will consume less than 2 3 pounds of feed per pound of gain Dressing percentage. should be about 65 resulting in a 5 pound carcass with over 25 breast fillets If a lighter weight is desired. slaughtering at 6 weeks of age will result in a 7 pound live weight duck. Maple Leaf Farms headquartered in Leesburg Indiana is America s leading producer of duck meat duck down. and other consumer products With farms in Indiana and other Midwestern states including Wisconsin Maple. Leaf is noted for marketing all natural antibiotic free whole duck and value added foods. Duck Egg Production, Few people in America realize that ducks can be better egg producers than chickens While a commercial strain. of White Leghorn will produce 250 280 eggs per year commercial egg producing ducks will produce 300 350. eggs per year, Production duck eggs are 32 34 ounces per dozen while USDA Large chicken eggs are 24 26 ounces per.
dozen Ducks will consume 20 30 more feed per dozen than chickens however ducks can forage more feed. than chickens if allowed to range, Hybrid ducks such as the Golden 300 or the White Layer are proven to be exceptionally productive as well as. efficient Purebred Khaki Campbells and Runner Ducks are also good layers. Duck eggs are slightly more nutritious than chicken eggs They are higher in Omega 3 fatty acids and stay. fresher longer The duck egg white albumen is thicker and richer than chicken eggs making them highly. prized for certain baked goods Some reports show that people who are allergic to chicken eggs may be able to. tolerate duck eggs in their diets,Though China is the leading country for duck egg. consumption niche markets in the U S has shown dramatic. increases in recent years Duck eggs are often found at. farmer s markets in specialty food stores and grown by the. backyard flock owner Organically grown fresh duck eggs. can command 5 00 6 00 per dozen in the retail market. Golden 300 Hybrid Layer Ducks Metzer Farms, Top Right Khaki Campbell ducks are a breed noted for excellent egg. production, Bottom Right Indian Runner Ducks originated on the Indonesian islands of. Lombok Java and Bali are an exceptional laying breed. Care of Ducks, Ducks typically require less extensive housing than chickens and other poultry Ducks are adaptable to the.
weather and will thrive providing they are not exposed to prolonged periods of harsh conditions They thrive. well outdoors given that they have their own open enclosure and are safe from predators at night. Good quality feed that is fresh free of mold and insect damage and properly balance for nutrients is essential. Commercial feed processors can blend excellent rations Crumbles or pellets are preferred over meal because. ducks tend to choke on the powdery form of feed, Though swimming water is good exercise and is entertaining it is not essential for growing ducks Pools or. small ponds can become soiled quickly and if not flushed often the rank water can be detrimental Ducks will. stay clean and healthy with adequately adjusted drip type watering systems and wire floors Fresh drinking. water is essential for top performance,Source of Commercial Ducklings. Catalog hatcheries typically sell quality commercial hybrid Pekin ducklings Some hatcheries provide ducklings. through local feed mills and deliver them on scheduled Chick Days Ask the supplier the specific hybrid they. sell If they can t tell you chances are the ducklings are not hybrids and will lack the uniformity and. commercial qualities that true hybrids have, Though Rouen or Mallard colored ducklings are attractive and can be used for meat or eggs they grow much. slower and are less feed efficient than hybrid commercial ducklings If the ducks are raised for a county fair. meat class the colored ducks will not be competitive in their class If they are raised for a niche market they. often dress out with dark pin feathers and will be undesirable to the consumer. Quality hybrid ducks that meet the commercial market cost less to raise than non hybrids so it would be. advisable to grow the best ducks that you can Calculate back seven weeks from your fair to determine the. hatch date for your ducklings,Brooding ducklings, A small group of ducklings can be brooded by a broody. chicken hen If the ducklings aren t hatched by the hen the. can be placed under her in a confined area at night so that. she will readily accept them A bond will form between the. mother and her adopted brood that will last for many. Ducklings can also be brooded artificially in the same way. as baby chicks Because they grow rapidly ducklings will. need heat a shorter period of time and floor space. Day old hybrid Pekin ducklings,requirements will increase more rapidly.
A brooder house garage or barn corner can be used as a brooding area for small numbers of birds The brooding. area should be dry reasonably well lighted and ventilated and free from drafts Cover the floor with about 4. inches of absorbent litter material such as wood shavings chopped straw or peat moss Litter dampness is. more of a problem with ducks than with chicks Good litter management will require removal of wet spots and. frequent addition of clean dry litter Be sure litter is free of mold. Infrared heat lights are a convenient source of heat for. brooding small numbers of birds Two 125 watt lights. suspended close together 18 inches from the floor will. provide adequate heat and serve as a backup source in the. event that one light burns out during the night The. temperature at the edge of direct light should be 85 90. degrees F when the ducklings arrive The heat can be. reduced 5 10 degrees per week as the ducklings grow by. raising the heat lights providing more run space and. reducing the number of lights, Confining the birds to the heated area with a corrugated. paper chick guard for the first 3 to 4 days will assure. success Watch the behavior of the birds for signs of A heat lamp in a refrigerator box can serve as a brooding. discomfort If they are too hot they will move away from area for baby ducklings. the heat If too cold they may pile up and be noisy. High temperatures may result in slower feathering and. growth Supplementary heat may be needed for 5 to 6. weeks in cold weather in summer only 2 to 3 weeks, By 4 weeks of age the ducklings should be feathered. enough to be outdoors except in extremely cold wet. Allow square foot of floor space per bird during the. first two weeks Increase this to at least 1 square foot. by 4 weeks If the birds are to remain confined after. the first month provide them with at least 2 square. feet of floor space, A wire covered platform for waterers will keep the water clean. and reduce the soiling of the bedding,Feeding Ducks. Ducklings should be started on a commercially produced starter crumble If duck starter is not available chick. starter can be substituted Medicated chick starter is not necessary since ducks are resistant to the diseases that. chicks are susceptible to, Place crumbles in an egg flat for the first day or so that the.
ducklings can find the feed then place the feed in a small chick. feeder Commercial ducklings will consume 5 pounds of feed each. in their first week Keep the feeder some distance from the. waterer preventing the feed from getting wet, Switch the ducklings to a grower pellet at two weeks of age A. high capacity hopper feeder will provide the volume necessary for. the growing period Ducks must have free choice feed at all times. By using quality feed and preventing waste commercial meat. ducks will consume about 20 pounds of feed each by market time. Suggested Macronutrient Requirements of Ducks, Peter R Ferket Extension Poultry Nutritionist and Gary S Davis Extension Poultry Specialist North Carolina State University. Starter Grower Finisher Breeder2, Nutrient 0 2 weeks 2 6 weeks 6 8 weeks Developer Layer. Metabolizable energy 1400 1400 1400 1175 1300,20 0 18 0 16 0 14 5 16 0. 1 1 0 9 0 8 0 65 0 75,1 1 1 0 0 9 0 7 0 85,Methionine 0 9 0 8 0 7 0 6 0 65.
0 9 0 8 0 8 0 7 2 9,Available 0 45 0 4 0 4 0 35 0 35. Phosphorus,1 0 1 0 1 0 0 8 1 0,Linoleic Acid, Protein is composed of compounds called amino acids Having the correct amount of each amino acid in the. duck s diet is essential to maximizing growth rate and health Since your goal is an 8 pound market duck in. just two months anything less than the ideal ration will restrict growth. It is noteworthy that egg laying ducks and breeders should be fed a lower energy ration that market ducks Too. much energy will cause the bird to become over fat and will not produce as many eggs when mature. Watering Ducks, Ducks are waterfowl and have a natural attraction to water Keeping fresh water for your birds is essential and. a challenge since they like to play in it Chick waterers can be used to start ducklings but they will require. greater capacity waters very quickly, If ducks are to be watered in a pool or small pond great effort must be taken to insure that the water is fresh and. clean many times per day Also you must be prepared for the mess that will be produced when the birds splash. the water out of the pool, Many simple do it yourself duck waterer ideas are available Waterers that prevent them from swimming in.
their water or drip nozzles are effective and can be made from simple materials If kept clean these devices will. insure adequate quality and quantity of water for your ducks and will keep their environment clean and dry. Duck waterers can be made from simple materials and will serve as a good source of fresh water for your ducks with minimum mess. Muscovies as meat ducks, Muscovy ducks are excellent meat ducks and are raised commercially mostly in France for their fine quality. dark colored and flavorful meat They are often raised on general and hobby farms and can command a fair. price in specialty markets Mule ducks Muscovy male x Pekin female and to a lesser extent Hinny ducks. Pekin male x Muscovy female are also raised commercially However Muscovies and their hybrids. sometimes called Moulards are not competitive with hybrid Pekins for rate of gain and feed efficiency. therefore they are not recommended for a county fair meat duck competition. Processing Meat Ducks, State laws regulate the processing of poultry for sale Though Wisconsin Law does allow for personal use and. small sales of home dressed poultry extensive sales must be processed in an inspected processing plant. If you choose to have your ducks custom processed inspected and packaged for sale research your area for. slaughter plants that will handle this need before you begin your project Schedule your ducks with the. processor well in advance of the date needed Remember your ducks will be finished in just seven weeks. Cooperatively processing your ducks with other project members can be very educational and rewarding. Preparing Ducks for the Fair, Raising commercial market ducks to show at your county fair can be educational fun challenging and as. rewarding as raising any other species for competitive exhibitions County fairs may also have a market animal. sale that can make your duck project even more profitable. Success at the county fair begins long before the ducklings arrive. Research the techniques of raising ducks by reading books online. literature University Extension Bulletins and YouTube videos. Talk to others who have experience raising ducks Visit farms that. raise ducks and review the American Poultry Association s. Standard of Perfection to get a feel for the fancy ducks and their. Become familiar with the parts of the duck so that you can. communicate with others about your ducks The Standard of. Perfection contains an excellent diagram of the parts of the duck. Contact suppliers of ducklings to learn the genetics of the. commercial market ducks that are available and comparatively. shop for the best price Place your order in time so that you receive. delivery of your ducklings seven weeks before the fair. Seek out feed suppliers that can provide you with quality balanced. rations at the most economical price,Parts of the Duck APA Standard of Perfection. Acquire the equipment necessary for raising your ducks Clean and disinfect the brooding area and housing. facilities If your ducklings arrive by mail make sure that you dip each duckling s bill into the water to make. sure they find the water Ducklings that are stressed in shipment may require special attention and individual. care for a day or two, Daily care for you ducklings will insure quality show ducks for your fair Keep their environment clean and.
dry This is a challenge because ducks can convert water and soil into mud and manure in short order Ducks. thrive on fresh grass If your ducks are raised on a range move them to a new area each day Provide shad. Raising Commercial Ducks as a 4 H or FFA Project 4 H and FFA members as well as small farmers find raising commercial ducks rewarding as well as profitable Ducks are quite easy to raise since they require limited shelter are adaptable to the weather and are not prone to as many diseases as other species of poultry Ducks can be raised for their meat eggs or feathers They are gregarious

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