Published By The Irish Times Limited Irish Times Books -Books Pdf

Published by The Irish Times Limited Irish Times Books
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Published by The Irish Times Limited Irish Times Books. The Irish Times 2016, All rights reserved No part of this publication may be reproduced stored in a. retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior. written consent of The Irish Times Limited or under terms agreed with the. appropriate reprographic rights organisation or as expressly permitted by law. To my daughter Betty the gift of God 1, The heroic dead of Ireland Marshal Foch s tribute 4. Introduction 7, Casualties in Irish regiments on the first day of the Battle of the Somme 10. How The Irish Times reported the Somme 13,An Irishman s Diary 17. The Irish Times editorial 20,Death of daughter of poet Thomas Kettle 22.
How the First World War began 24,Preparing for the Big Push 26. Divisions in the army 31,Why we remember 34,The trouble at home 37. Soldiers stories 40,Soldiers songs 41,Troubled memories of the Somme 44. The Somme and our buried history 48,Surprises at Somme commemoration 50. President leads tributes to Somme war dead 54,Re examining Ireland s role in the Great War 56.
How unionists and nationalists fought side by side in the first World War 64. An Irishman s Diary 66, Letters from Willie Redmond reveal pride in Irish at Somme 69. 1916 A Global History review Keith Jeffery 71, Modern Ireland in 100 Artworks Observe the Sons of Ulster Marching Towards the. Somme by Frank McGuinness 74, Love letters from the front inspires 137 part radio series 76. The Somme battlefield the longest 10 miles in history 78. Verdun hell and patriotism 82, School project honours Irish fallen in first World War 88. Maj Gen Oliver Nugent The suspect unionist 91, One for all all for one first World War Allies agree military strategy 97.
Otto Dix artist on the front line 105, There is no village now just a hole in the ground 110. Thomas Michael Kettle an enduring legacy 118, Hollande and Merkel heed lessons of Battle of Verdun 124. The green and white armies 127, Epic telling of the horrors of the Great War Jean Echenoz 129. The Somme selected stories of the Irish dead 133, Somme Heroism of Irish remembered at Belfast ceremony 137. The Somme 100 years on Search the roll call of the Irish dead 141. Apocalypse then Day one of the Somme 140 to go 143. Observe the Sons of Ulster re enacted in Thiepval 146. Somme 100th anniversary Conspicuous bravery loyally celebrated 149. President Higgins Openness to others must be at heart of remembering 151. A hundred years on the men of the 36th Ulster Division remembered in Thiepval. Leaders unite for 100th anniversary of the Battle of the Somme 155. The Irish Times editorial 158,To my daughter Betty the gift of God.
In wiser days my darling rosebud blown,To beauty proud as was your mother s prime. In that desired delayed incredible time,You ll ask why I abandoned you my own. And the dear heart that was your baby throne,To dice with death And oh they ll give you rhyme. And reason some will call the thing sublime,And some decry it in a knowing tone. So here while the mad guns curse overhead,And tired men sigh with mud for couch and floor.
Know that we fools now with the foolish dead,Died not for flag nor King nor Emperor. But for a dream born in a herdsman s shed,And for the secret Scripture of the poor. Tom Kettle killed at the Battle of Ginchy 9 September 1916. The mad guns The British expended 1 7 million shells in a week long bombardment. of the German lines before the infantry went over the top on July 1 st 1916 Nothing. could survive the bombardment in the area covered by it General Sir Henry. Rawlinson the man commanding the British Fourth Army stated Unfortunately the. area covered by the shells was too large many of the shells were duds and the. Germans had taken shelter from the bombardment in deep bunkers. One of the few photographs from the first day of the Battle of the Somme show men. from the Tyneside Irish brigade going over the top By the end of the day the brigade. had suffered 70 per cent casualties It took two years to train them and 10 minutes. to kill them one observer said, French general Marshal Ferdinand Foch was appointed Supreme Allied Commander. in late March 1918 It was at a time when the German Spring Offensive threatened. defeat on the Allies Foch was credited with reversing the German gains and then. turning potential defeat into victory At his command the Allies launched a 100 day. offensive which finally broke the German army and led to the Armistice on. November 11th 1918, At the request of a special correspondent for The Irish Times in Paris Foch penned. this tribute to the Irish men who died in France during the First World War. It was published to mark the 10th anniversary of Armistice Day The final paragraph. is inscribed on a new memorial from France remembering the Irish war dead of the. Franco Prussian War the first World War and the second World War. The memorial in Glasnevin Cemetery was unveiled by President Francois Hollande in. The heroic dead of Ireland Marshal,Foch s tribute,Saturday 10 November 1928.
From a special correspondent, Today Marshal Foch responded to my request for a special Armistice Day message to. the People of Ireland through the Irish Times with the following tribute to the. heroism of the Irish race during the world war The heroic dead of Ireland have. every right to the homage of the living for they proved in some of the heaviest. fighting of the world war that the unconquerable spirit of the Irish race the spirit. that has placed them among the world s greatest soldiers still lives and is stronger. than ever it was, I had occasion to put to the test the valour of the Irishmen serving in France and. whether they were Irishmen from the North or the South or from one party or. another they did not fail me, Some of the hardest fighting in the terrible days that followed the last offensive of. the Germans fell to the Irishmen and some of their splendid regiments had to. endure ordeals that might justly have taxed to breaking point the capacity of the. finest troops in the world, Never once did the Irish fail me in those terrible days On the Somme in 1916 I saw. the heroism of the Irishmen of the North and South and arrived on the scene shortly. after the death of that very gallant Irish gentleman Major William Redmond. I saw Irishmen of the North and the South forget their age long differences and. fight side by side giving their lives freely for the common cause. In war there are times when the necessity for yielding up one s life is the most. urgent duty of the moment and there were many such moments in our long drawn. out struggle, Those Irish heroes gave their lives freely and in honouring them on Sunday I hope.
we shall not allow our grief to let us forget our pride in the glorious heroism of these. They have left to those who come after a glorious heritage and an inspiration to. duty that will live long after their names are forgotten France will never forget her. debt to the heroic Irish dead and in the hearts of the French people today their. memory lives as that of the memory of the heroes of old preserved in the tales that. the old people tell to their children and their children s children. I know of no better tribute to Irish valour than that paid after the armistice by one. of the German High Command whom I had known in happier days I asked him if he. could tell me when he had first noted the declining moral of his own troops and he. replied that it was after the picked troops under his command had had repeated. experience of meeting the dauntless Irish troops who opposed them in the last great. push that was destined to separate the British and French armies and give the. enemy their long sought victory, The Irishmen had endured such constant attacks that it was thought that they must. be utterly demoralised but always they seemed to find new energy with which to. assail their assailants and in the end the flower of the German Army withered and. faded away as an effective force, When the moment came for taking the offensive all along our line it was these. same worn Irish troops that we placed in the van making call after call on their. devotion but never finding them fail us, In the critical days of the German offensive when it was necessary that lives should. be sacrificed by the thousand to slow down the rush of the enemy in order that our. harassed forces should have time to reform it was on the Irish that we relied. repeatedly to make these desperate stands and we found them respond always. Again and again when forlorn hopes were necessary to delay the enemy s advance. it was the Irish who were ready for these and at all times the soldiers of Ireland. fought with the rare courage and determination that has always characterised the. race on the battlefield, Some of the flower of the Irish chivalry rests in the cemeteries that have been. reserved in France and the French people will always have these reminders of the. debt that France owes to Irish valour, We shall always see that the graves of these heroes from across the sea are lovingly.
tended and we shall try to ensure that the generations that come after us shall never. forget the heroic dead of Ireland,Introduction,Ronan McGreevy. It is unlikely a battle as catastrophic as the Somme would have lasted as long as it did. in the modern media age The clamour to call off an offensive in which a vast. amount of blood was expended for little gain would have been too great. General Sir Henry Rawlinson the general commanding the British Fourth Army and. the British commander in chief Field Sir Douglas Haig were the principal architects of. the disaster that was the Somme, These were the men who believed the British initial bombardment would destroy. the German lines so comprehensively that the infantry could stroll through. They were fortunate in that they were never made publicly accountable for their. terrible mistakes which cost the lives of tens of thousands of men. After the war Rawlinson was raised to the peerage and the House of Commons. passed a vote of thanks to him for his service Haig emerged from the war as a. national hero, He received a state funeral when he died in 1928 His posthumous reputation. though was not to survive the verdict of history The former British Prime Minister. David Lloyd George s judgment in the 1930s that Haig was a second rate commander. who cared little for the lives of the men he led is the one that endures. Haig was condemned by his own hand when his diaries were published in the 1950s. Writing in his diary on July 2nd 1916 Haig observed The AG adjutant general. reported that the total casualties are estimated at over 40 000 to date This cannot. be considered severe in view of the numbers exposed and the length of line. The Battle of the Somme occurred when the public received their news from. newspapers and magazines The press was heavily censored and it also censored. itself The reporters at the front told the public what the British high command. wanted them to hear, Gains however limited were accentuated the many disasters downplayed The. scale of the disaster on the first day of the Battle of the Somme in which 19 240. British soldiers were killed was not apparent for weeks afterwards. Yet at those weeks progressed the lengthening casualty figures published in The. Irish Times and elsewhere could not lie For subsequent generations the Battle of. the Somme because the symbol for every battle of that terrible war with its huge. casualty lists squandered lives and minimal gains, All the nations of what was the British Empire suffered terribly in the Battle of the.
Somme Ireland then one country under British rule was no different. The blow of that terrible first day July 1st 1916 fell primarily on the north of Ireland. Some 2 200 men were killed with the 36th Ulster Division but that was not the end. of the province s sorrows Four regular battalions largely recruited in the North the. 1st and 2nd Inniskillings the 1st Royal Irish Rifles and 1st Royal Irish Fusiliers also. suffered terrible losses, If the first day was primarily a northern affair the southern regiments were involved. thereafter the 2nd Royal Irish Regiment at Mametz Wood the 2nd Royal Munster. Fusiliers at Contalmaison the 10th Royal Dublin Fusiliers at the Battle of the Ancre. the Irish Guards at Lesbouefs the list is by no means exhaustive. We know from the splendid research of historian Tom Burnell that the first day of. the Battle of the Somme was also the bloodiest day of the war for Irishmen from. what is now the Republic Some 469 were killed including 150 with the 36 th Ulster. The 16th Irish Division s capture of the villages of Guillemont and Ginchy was a feat. of arms which cost Ireland more than a thousand dead in September 1916. Very little good emerged from the first World War but one of its positive legacies. was to stop the debased use of the words courage glory and sacrifice. Never again would war be seen as a glorious thing in itself The notion that it was. sweet and honourable to die for one country dulce et decorum est was denounced. by the war poet Wilfred Owen as the old lie He was to die in October 1918 just. before the war ended, In the weeks after the first day debacle the Bishop of Down Charles D Arcy said of. the slaughter on the Somme The 1st July will for all the future be remembered as. the most glorious in the annals of Ulster, Such foolish errant talk could never be repeated after the slaughter of the Somme. The Somme was the graveyard of a generation There are more Irishmen lying dead. in this part of France than in any other battlefield at home or abroad Some 7 000. were killed in the Battle of the Somme but the sorrowful association with this. fertile picturesque part of France does not end there. Thousands of Irishmen were killed when the 16th Irish and 36th Ulster divisions. bore the brunt of the German Spring Offensive in March 1918. Their names are remembered in the little cemeteries which lie due east of the. Somme battlefield and on the Pozieres memorial in the centre of the battlefield. According to Tom Burnell s research the first day of the German Spring Offensive. March 21st 1918 was only surpassed in bloodiness for Irish formations by the first. day of the Battle of the Somme, This eBook is based on three separate supplements published in The Irish Times to. mark the 90th anniversary of the battle in 2006 and the centenary in 2016. They take an international approach to the battle remembering not only the Irish. who died but the combatants of all the warring nation One hundred years on the. Somme haunts the imagination like no other battle, In four and a half months of fighting the combatants sustained 1 2 million casualties.
and yet the British only succeeded in advancing their frontline by about 10. kilometres Each yard of ground gained cost the British 40 casualties dead wounded. or missing and the Germans in defence something similar. It was the fate of this blameless land to be the graveyard for a generation of young. men from all over the world It is its fate now to epitomise in its name in a single. word one of the greatest humanitarian catastrophes in military history. And it remains the crucible out of which came so much change afterwards in. Europe in France and in the Empire The Somme signifies for many British. historians the end of the innocence the end of blind faith the end of communal. trust in Britain s governing social class the so called betters who got it so badly. wrong A vast working class body of men both rural and urban had been lost and. society would never be the same again, These were the best of the nation s volunteer manhood the military historian. Richard Holmes observed and the merest glance at its casualty roll shows what the. Somme did to the old world of brass bands and cricket fields pit head cottages and. broad acres,Ronan McGreevy July 2016,Casualties in Irish regiments on the. first day of the Battle of the Somme,36th Ulster Division 12 battalions 5 500. 1st Tyneside Irish 24th Northumberland Fusiliers 650. 2nd Tyneside Irish 25th Northumberland Fusiliers 487. 3rd Tyneside Irish 26th Northumberland Fusiliers 489. 4th Tyneside Irish 27th Northumberland Fusiliers 550. 1st Royal Dublin Fusiliers 29th Division 305,2nd Royal Dublin Fusiliers 4th Division 325. 1st Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 29th Division 568. 2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 32nd Division 161. 1st Royal Irish Rifles 8th Division 446,1st Royal Irish Fusiliers 4th Division 400.
2nd Royal Irish Regiment 200,Total 10 080,A third were killed 3 360. This is an approximate figure based on total casualties for the Somme Of the. 57 740 British casualties of the first day of the Battle of the Somme 19 240 33 4 per. cent were fatalities, The Tyneside Irish brigade would have been overwhelmingly English born though. most would have been of Irish descent However these figures do not include the. hundreds of Irishmen who died on the first day of the Battle of the Somme in non.


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