Table of Contents,I How Did I Get Here 2,II How Points Add Up 2. III Safe Driving Tips and Information 8,IV Making Safe Driving Decisions 12. V Summary Protecting Your Driving Privilege 17,VI Test Procedures 18. I How Did I Get Here,About the Special Point Examination. If you have six 6 or more points on your driving record for the first time Pennsylvania. law states you must take and pass a written Special Point Exam You must pass this. exam within 30 days of notification by PennDOT to keep your driving privilege The. exam tests your knowledge of information and concepts contained in this study guide. PennDOT s goal is to help you improve your driving to avoid future violations. Steps you must take, 1 Study the information in this guide review and answer the sample questions to test. your knowledge, 2 Schedule your exam at www dmv state pa us or by calling 1 800 423 5542 and have. the following documents with you when you report for the exam. Official Notification Letter and or Restoration Requirement Letter. Valid or expired driver s license or other acceptable proof of identification. 3 Take and successfully pass the exam, 4 Obey the law make better driving decisions and drive safely. Only you can earn your way out of points on your license. II How Points Add Up,Pennsylvania Driving Laws, The Pennsylvania Vehicle Code sets rules for obtaining a driver s license It also. defines violations points for violations and sanctions Sanctions include exams. hearings and suspension of driving privilege, PennDOT administers the rules established by law PennDOT does not have the. authority to change the penalties imposed by law for individuals committing violations. The Pennsylvania Point System, PennDOT maintains detailed records for all drivers convicted of violations in. Pennsylvania whether or not they possess a PA driver s license. Records show that drivers who must take the Special Point Examination typically have. two 3 point violations Speeding is the most common violation For speeding violations. points range from two 2 to five 5 depending on the number of miles per hour mph. traveled above the posted speed limit For example driving six 6 to 10 mph over the. posted speed limit results in two 2 points on your driving record and driving 11 to 15. mph over results in three 3 points Any driver in PA who acquires six 6 or more. points for the first time regardless of the type of violation is required by law to take a. Special Point Examination, The chart below shows the most common violations and the number of points added to. a driver s record for each violation committed,VIOLATION VEHICLE CODE NUMBER OF POINTS. Exceeding maximum speed 3362 2 to 5,Failure to stop for a red light 3112 a 3 i 3. Failure to stop for stop sign 3323 b 3,Driving too fast for conditions 3361 2. Improper passing 3307 3,Failure to yield 3322 3, Two years after getting his license This example shows how Joe Driver. Joe Driver was convicted of his first reached six 6 points and why he. violation speeding 12 mph above the was required to take the Special Point. posted speed limit PennDOT added Examination, three 3 points to his record If Joe Driver does not take and pass. Six months later Joe failed to yield at the Special Point Examination within. a YIELD sign and PennDOT added three 30 days PennDOT will send a notice to. 3 more points to his record Because him telling him that his driving privilege. Joe reached six 6 points on his driving will be suspended in 30 days If he still. record PennDOT sent him a written notice does not take the exam his driving. to take a Special Point Examination privilege will remain suspended until. he takes and passes the exam and,pays a restoration fee. Consequences of Your Point Total Exams Hearings and Suspensions. PennDOT takes corrective action based on violations and point totals The next. section of the study guide explains how to reduce your point total There are three. categories of sanctions,Examinations,Examinations include the Special Point AVOID THE. Examination required when a driver s record SUSPENSION HOLE. reaches six 6 or more points for the first time If you do not take and pass the. Drivers who receive a Special Point Special Point Examination within. Examination notification letter and this study 30 days of notification PennDOT. guide have 30 days from the date of the,will begin the process of. notification letter to pass the exam Drivers who,suspending your driving privilege. pass the Special Point Exam within 30 days of,If you are convicted of driving. notification receive a two 2 point credit on their. while suspended PennDOT,driver records PennDOT will suspend the. will suspend your driving,driving privileges of drivers who do not take. and pass the exam within 30 days of notification privilege for one year. until they pass the exam, A second type of examination the Special On Road Driver s Examination may be. required when a driver s record is reduced below six 6 points and then for a second. time reaches six 6 or more points or a driver is convicted of a high speed violation. Departmental Hearings, A Departmental Hearing requires a driver to meet with a PennDOT Examiner Drivers. receive a written notice detailing the date time and location of the hearing The. Pennsylvania Vehicle Code defines several types of hearings and possible outcomes. depending on a driver s violation s point total and driving record. A Type II Hearing occurs when a driver s record is reduced below six 6 points. and then because of additional violations and points again reaches six 6 or. more points Possible penalties include a 15 day suspension of driving privilege. a Special On Road Driver s Examination and a knowledge test A driver who. is convicted of another point violation within 12 months of passing the Special. Point Examination will be required to attend a Type II Hearing. FAILING TO ATTEND A TYPE II HEARING WILL RESULT IN A. 60 DAY SUSPENSION OF YOUR DRIVING PRIVLEGE, A Type III Hearing is required when a driver s record is reduced below. six 6 points and for a third or subsequent time reaches six 6 or more points. A possible outcome includes a 30 day suspension of driving privilege. FAILING TO ATTEND A TYPE III HEARING WILL RESULT IN. A SUSPENSION OF YOUR DRIVING PRIVILEGE UNTIL YOU,ATTEND THE HEARING SURRENDER YOUR LICENSE. AND PAY A RESTORATION FEE, A High Speed Hearing occurs when a driver is convicted of traveling 31 mph. or more over the posted speed limit Possible outcomes include a 15 day. suspension of driving privilege a knowledge test and or the Special On Road. Driver s Examination A driver under age 18 traveling 26 mph or more over the. posted speed limit will receive an automatic suspension of at least 90 days. FAILING TO ATTEND A HIGH SPEED HEARING WILL RESULT. IN A 60 DAY SUSPENSION OF YOUR DRIVING PRIVILEGE,License Suspensions. A suspension of driving privilege commonly known as a License Suspension is. imposed when a driver fails to attend an exam or hearing as ordered when a driver s. record reaches 11 or more points or when a driver is convicted of driving under. suspension Also convictions for unsafe driving practices such as those listed below. result in an automatic suspension, Failure to stop for a school bus with flashing red lights. Operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of drugs. Exceeding the speed limit in an active work zone by 11 miles or more. Fleeing from a police officer,Racing on highways,REMEMBER IT IS AGAINST THE LAW TO DRIVE. WHILE YOUR LICENSE IS SUSPENDED, If your driving privilege is suspended it is very important to surrender your driver s. license or acknowledge your suspension If you fail to do so you will not earn credit. toward your suspension Not driving while suspended is important but not the only. thing you need to do You must acknowledge the suspension. Point Removal for Safe Driving and Sanction Compliance. As required by law PennDOT imposes sanctions on drivers who commit violations. The law also provides drivers with ways to reduce the number of points on their. records The only way to reduce point totals are listed in the chart below. Sample Situations When Points are Removed from a Driver s Record. SITUATION POINTS REMOVED, A driver passes the Special Point Examination within 30 days. of notification by PennDOT, Exception If a driver is suspended or pending suspension 2. the two 2 point deduction would be applied after serving the. suspension, A person drives 12 consecutive months from the date of the. last violation without a violation that results in points license 3. suspension or revocation, When a driver successfully passes the Special Point Examination within 30 days of. notification PennDOT will remove two 2 points from the driver s record If the driver. continues to drive violation free he or she will eventually regain a clean driving record. of zero 0 points Once a driving record is reduced to and remains at zero 0 points. for 12 consecutive months any further accumulation of points is treated as the first. accumulation of points, Safe driving earns you a point free record it s up to you. This example shows how Jane Driver reduced the points on her driver s record through. safer driving, Five years after getting her driver s license Jane Driver was convicted. of failure to stop for a red light PennDOT added three 3 points to. Jane s driving record Since the violation Jane drove safely with no. further violations Once 12 months passed since the violation date. PennDOT removed three 3 points from her driving record. Jane Driver now has no points on her driving record. Common Misunderstandings about the Pennsylvania Point System. Many drivers are unaware of how their actions will affect their driving privileges Below. are some common misunderstandings,YOU MIGHT SAY BUT REMEMBER. You should act now You must pass the Special Point. Examination within 30 days of notification from,PennDOT If not PennDOT will suspend your driver s. I ll worry about the Special license until you pass the exam Driving under. Point Exam later suspension is against the law and could result in a. one year license suspension Pass the exam and,avoid the suspension hole. If you pass the Special Point Examination within,30 days of notification PennDOT will remove two 2. I passed the Special Point points from your driver s record But remember just. Exam now what one more violation within the next 12 months will. trigger a Type II Hearing and a possible 15 day,suspension. If your driver s license is suspended you must,surrender it to PennDOT Credit for a suspension. will not begin until you surrender your license to. But I thought I already,PennDOT and receive a confirmation Driving under. served my suspension,suspension is against the law whether you have. surrendered your license or not Driving under,suspension could result in additional suspensions. Yes By law you must notify PennDOT of your new,address within 15 days of moving Call PennDOT. or file a change of address at PennDOT s website,I m moving do I need to. www dot state pa us Providing a forwarding address. notify PennDOT, to the U S Postal Service does not relieve you of your. obligation to notify PennDOT directly the U S Post. Office will not forward PennDOT correspondence, Finally it is also important to note insurance companies have their own standards for. how long convictions are considered when setting insurance rates Safe driving will. save you money and not just on your insurance rates but in gas wear and tear on. your vehicle avoiding fines and other ways,III Safe Driving Tips and Information. In 2009 there were nearly 14 reportable crashes every hour on average and more. than three 3 people were killed in those crashes every day in Pennsylvania In fact. vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for everyone between the ages of one. 1 and 34 Vehicle crashes are within the top five 5 causes of death for all other age. Speeding and Aggressive Driving,FACT Thousands of drivers die each year in speed. Studies show that speeding related crashes in the U S Speeding reduces a. is a contributing factor driver s ability to handle curves and move around. in 30 percent of obstacles It takes longer to stop a vehicle that is. all fatal crashes moving at higher speeds Do your part to save. lives by obeying posted speed limits, Aggressive drivers change lanes frequently tailgate other drivers speed and become. frustrated with other drivers This combination can be dangerous and even deadly Plan. ahead so that you do not feel pressured to drive aggressively Here are some helpful. tips when you see aggressive drivers, Let aggressive drivers pass you do not challenge aggressive drivers by. speeding up,Do not make eye contact with aggressive drivers. Ignore gestures and do not gesture back, If necessary call the police if you can do it safely. If an aggressive driver follows you drive to the nearest police station. Cell Phones and Other Driving,FACT Distractions, Studies show the key to Drivers can become distracted in many ways. driving safely is keeping Cell phone use is a very common distraction. your eyes on the road Dialing talking texting and listening hurt your. ability to focus on the road Hands free cell phones. may seem safer but recent studies show they are, not These studies show that conversation distracts your brain from the task of driving. and slows your reactions to hazards, Research shows that if you text message while driving your risk of crashing increases. by more than 20 times compared to non distracted drivers At 55 mph a texting driver. can travel the length of a football field without looking at the roadway Pennsylvania. adopted a new law effective March 8 2012 that bans any driver from texting while. driving The penalty is a 50 fine plus costs, Here are some more facts about risks of cell phone use while driving. Dialing a cell phone makes you 2 8 times more likely to crash than a. non distracted driver, Talking and listening on a cell phone makes you 1 3 times more likely to crash. than a non distracted driver, Reaching for a cell phone or other electronic device makes you 1 4 times more. likely to crash than a non distracted driver, Remember Anything that takes your focus from the road is dangerous There are. many more distractions inside and outside the vehicle than just a cell phone Driving is. not a time to multi task lives depend on you remaining focused on the task of driving. and doing so safely, Distracted drivers often do not react to dangerous conditions until it is too late Even. the most alert and attentive drivers take about one and a half seconds to recognize and. react to a hazard at 55 mph you travel about 120 feet in that time Be safe plan. ahead and focus on the task of driving when behind the wheel. Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol or Drugs, The penalties for driving while under the influence. of alcohol or drugs are severe In Pennsylvania if,you are of legal drinking age 21 or older you are. considered to be driving under the influence DUI Every 40 minutes and nearly. if your blood alcohol count BAC is 08 or higher 40 times a day someone. You also may be convicted of DUI at lower BAC in the U S dies in an. levels if police stop you for driving erratically alcohol related crash. Pennsylvania s Implied Consent law says that just,by being licensed to drive in Pennsylvania you. have agreed to take a chemical test if the police arrest you for driving while under the. influence of alcohol or drugs If you refuse to take one or more chemical tests of breath. blood or urine your driving privilege will be automatically suspended for a minimum of. If you are under age 21 Pennsylvania s law prohibits the use of alcohol and doing. so can result in a DUI conviction, Medications can also seriously affect your ability to drive safely Talk to your doctor. or pharmacist and follow all precautions when taking prescription drugs or over the. counter medications You can be convicted of DUI even if you are on prescribed. medication,Seat Belts and Child Safety Seats, Seat belts save thousands of lives each year They reduce injuries by preventing. occupants from being thrown from the vehicle By law all drivers and front seat. passengers in Pennsylvania must wear seat belts Seat belts should fit snugly and. properly over your shoulder and hips,By law child seats must be properly installed for. FACT all children under the age of four 4 Children. aged four 4 to under eight 8 must be buckled, Drivers thrown from their into an approved booster seat Passengers. vehicles in a crash are 25 between the ages of eight 8 and 18 must wear. times more likely to die a seat belt no matter where they ride in the. Drowsy Driving, Some of the most deadly crashes occur when a driver falls asleep at the wheel. Even drowsy drivers have an increased crash risk It takes longer to react and make. decisions when you are tired Make sure you are well rested before driving. Tips for Young and New Drivers FACT,Among all age groups young drivers have the. highest risk of being involved in and dying from a Traffic crashes are the. crash Lower seat belt use distracted driving and leading cause of death. driving under the influence of alcohol all contribute for teenagers in the U S. to this increased risk, Research also shows the more passengers in the car with a new driver the greater. the crash risk, Young drivers can reduce their likelihood of crashes and injury by. Always wearing a seat belt, Not using a cell phone or text messaging while driving. Avoiding any amount of alcohol,Traveling with a fewer number of passengers. Tips for Older Drivers, About 13 percent of the U S population is age 65 or older As people grow older. vision and hearing physical agility and intellectual skills important to safe driving may. decline Thus older drivers are encouraged to,Attend special training events for older drivers. Talk with family partners and friends about safe driving options. Find a comfortable vehicle that fits their needs,Self assess their driving abilities over time. Consult a driver rehabilitation specialist for a formal assessment. Talk with their doctor about medical conditions that may affect driving. Overall regular assessments of one s fitness to drive and open discussions with. family and friends about mobility options will help older drivers make sound decisions. concerning their transportation needs,Special Driving Situations. Pennsylvania laws help make the roads safer Avoid fines and do your part to keep. yourself and other drivers safe,Steer Clear Law, Police fire or other emergency personnel may be near the roadway By law you must. move into a lane that is not next to the emergency response area If you cannot move. over you must reduce your speed Failure to move over or slow down can result in a. summary offense that carries a fine of up to 250 In addition fines will be doubled for. traffic violations occurring in work zones areas If that violation leads to a worker being. injured a 90 day driver s license suspension could result. Headlight and Windshield Wiper Law, By law any time you use your windshield wipers you must turn on your headlights and. taillights Daytime running lights are not enough Motorists who do not comply with the. law could face a fine of 25 but with fees and other associated costs the penalty could. approach 100,Snow and Ice Removal Law, Remove all snow and ice from your vehicle before driving This is important for good. visibility and safety Snow or ice that falls from a moving vehicle can cause injury or. death to pedestrians and other motorists By Pennsylvania law the operator of the. vehicle from which the snow or ice came could face a fine of 200 to 1 000 for each. Work Zones, Violations in work zones often carry heavier penalties including higher fines and. driver s license suspensions Fines will be doubled for traffic violations occurring in. work zone areas Also remember that you must turn your headlights on when driving in. an active work zone no matter what time of day Daytime running lights are not enough. IV Making Safe Driving Decisions, This section shows examples of situations that require you to make safe driving. decisions Making safer driving decisions will help you avoid crashes violations and. additional sanctions Read each scenario and answer the question that follows In each. scenario you are Driver X Answers and explanations are on p 16 The Special Point. Examination includes similar scenarios that test your knowledge of safe driving. Look at the situation shown below in Diagrams A1 and A2. Assume that you are Driver X, Situation You Driver X see a green light while coming to an intersection Driver Z is. coming to the intersection from the opposite direction The light turns yellow and Driver. Z turns into the intersection At the same time you and Driver Y are hurrying to get. through the intersection before the light turns red Driver Z sees you coming and stops. in the middle of the intersection You swerve to the right to avoid hitting Driver Z Driver. Y crashes into you,Question TRUE or FALSE, You should have decided to stop the moment the light turned yellow. Look at the situation shown below in Diagrams B1 and B2. Assume that you are Driver X, Situation Driver Z is speeding up on an entrance ramp to the highway and has the left. turn signal flashing Driver Y wants to exit the highway and has the right turn signal. flashing You Driver X attempt to exit and turn sharply from the left lane toward the. exit Driver Z hits the brakes to keep from hitting you Driver Y crashes into Driver Z. Question TRUE or FALSE, Your decision to pass in front of Drivers Z and Y to exit the highway was. the most unsafe act in this situation, Look at the situation shown below in Diagrams C1 and C2. Assume that you are Driver X, Situation You Driver X Driver Y and Driver Z are following a truck uphill on a two. lane highway Driver Y decides to try to pass you and Driver Z before the no passing. zone begins near the top of the hill Driver W appears suddenly at the top of the hill. By this time Driver Y is in the left lane and you have narrowed the gap with Driver Z. Driver Y reacts to Driver W by trying to return to the right lane but crashes into you. Question TRUE or FALSE,You acted safely in this situation.
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