Pedestrian Lighting Citywide Plan Seattle-Books Pdf

PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING CITYWIDE PLAN Seattle
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City of Seattle PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING CITYWIDE PLAN, Acknowledgements. Seattle Department of Transportation SDOT, Darby Watson Project manager. Sara Zora Lead planner, Chad Lynch Data analysis and mapping. Ahmed Darrat Engineering, Ron Borowski Planner and research. Barbara Gray Kevin O Neill and Tracy Krawczyk Management oversight. Seattle City Light SCL, Streetlight Engineering, Steve Crume.
Edward Smalley, Vicki Marsten, Emily Burns, City of Seattle PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING CITYWIDE PLAN. Table of Contents, I Introduction 4, II Policy and Regulations 7. III Planning Design 15, a Planning, b Placement, c Selection. IV Funding 33, V Conclusion 35, List of Maps, 1 Pedestrian scaled Street Lighting Inventory 16. 2 Pedestrian Lighting High Priority Areas 18, 3 Pedestrian Lighting Arterial Corridor Score 20.
4 Pedestrian Lighting Intersection Score 22, 5 Pedestrian Lighting Trail and Pathway Score 24. City of Seattle PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING CITYWIDE PLAN, I INTRODUCTION. Walking is the oldest and most efficient affordable and. environmentally friendly form of transportation it s how transit. riders eventually reach their destinations how drivers get from. the parking lot to the front door and how cyclists get from the. bike rack to the business, And walking is about more than transportation. Walking helps to build strong communities and is, the primary way that neighbors get to know one. another Walking is also great exercise and an, easy way to improve your mental and physical.
Seattle Pedestrian Master Plan 2009, Lighting for pedestrians is an integral part of. Seattle becoming the most walkable city in, the nation Pedestrian lighting has multiple. purposes including, helping pedestrians to safely navigate Pedestrian lighting on 12th Ave E. sidewalks and pathways, providing for visibility and security at all. extending the hours that a business district is active. encouraging walking as part of an active lifestyle. improving access to transit and other services, This document provides a snapshot of the City s approach to.
pedestrian lighting within the right of way and puts in place a. blueprint for outlining the needs and opportunities for pedestrian. lighting citywide This plan is a follow up to help implement the. Pedestrian Master Plan and is specific to pedestrian lighting. located within the city owned right of way The plan also has. implications for private lighting where noted, The goals of this plan are two fold. 1 To provide a data driven approach to placing pedestrian. lighting in the right of way for safety security economic. development active transportation and access and, 2 To improve how the City plans for designs and implements. pedestrian lighting, City of Seattle PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING CITYWIDE PLAN. For the purposes of this document pedestrian lighting is defined as any lighting. source that provides lighting for public pathways and gathering areas This might. include handrail lighting bollards wall mounted or pole mounted lights display. lighting and many other lighting design types including overhead streetlights. The City currently sets standards for light levels on arterial streets These. requirements are typically met through the use of high 25 or higher overhead. streetlights that place the light source over the roadway This provides sufficient. lighting for motorists and other users of the roadway to navigate and avoid obstacles. but is often insufficient for the specialized needs of pedestrians The definition of. pedestrian lighting is restricted to lighting sources that are in addition to roadway. lighting specifically used to address pedestrian lighting needs These are typically. 20 or less 18 on non arterials from the surface to be lit. From the Walking Preference Survey, With regard to pedestrian safety unpleasant conditions unpleasant. people and low lighting were cited as issues that discourage June 2012. people from walking especially after dark These issues were raised. most frequently in the neighborhoods along Rainier Avenue and in the. University District and Belltown Downtown, City of Seattle PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING CITYWIDE PLAN.
The City s approach to pedestrian lighting has been fragmented. over the years Pedestrian lighting does not fit neatly into. a single department s work plan nor has it been prioritized. for planning and design at a citywide level The primary. departments invested in pedestrian lighting in the right of. way are Seattle City Light SCL and Seattle Department of. Transportation SDOT Recently the Department of Parks and. Recreation Parks has also played a role in lighting the public. right of way as several Parks projects such as Bell Street and. 14th Ave NW move forward An objective of this plan is to foster. better coordination and collaboration between departments. and to provide a clear vision for the future of pedestrian lighting. in Seattle This plan will have a significant impact to funding. for installation operations and maintenance Recognizing that. pedestrian lighting is a key element for the safety and security. of pedestrians and is a principal tool to encourage walking as. transportation the operations and maintenance of pedestrian. lighting should be fully funded through the City s General Fund. This plan is an initial step in a citywide effort to support walkable. neighborhoods Implementation of the plan will require. additional investment and attention to realize the full benefits. of pedestrian lighting, This plan is specific to pedestrian lighting located. in city right of way ROW and on structures, owned and operated by the city Note that there. is significant pedestrian lighting placed in city, parks and will not be addressed in this plan. Central Business District Lighting 1931 Seattle, Municipal Archives. City of Seattle PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING CITYWIDE PLAN, II POLICY REGULATIONS.
The range of existing policies and regulations that apply to both. street and pedestrian scaled lighting is vast There are many. dynamics at play in the role of policy and pedestrian lighting not. least of which is the apparent conflict, between the need to light the right. of way to support safety and security, and the need to conserve energy. Pedestrian lighting rarely displaces, the need for street lighting so from. the perspective of conserving energy, pedestrian lighting is not an attractive. option The need for well lit public, spaces including streets continues to.
develop as our city grows areas become, more dense and citizens look to the. right of way and other public areas to, provide for community functions This. plan provides recommendations that, recognize the importance of multiple. policy goals and provides decision, making criteria that is responsive to. the City s complex needs, Many of the recommended policies.
are organized around departmental, responsibilities and are integral to. creating an environment where Lights trees and transit on 3rd Avenue in downtown Seattle. lighting decisions are based on good, information and a clear delineation of. Roles and Responsibilities, Many departments at the City play a role in pedestrian lighting. Key to planning implementation and maintenance are Seattle. City Light SCL and Seattle Department of Transportation. SDOT There is currently an interdepartmental memorandum. of understanding between SCL and SDOT that defines roles. and responsibilities when it comes to street lighting including. pedestrian scaled lights The City sets the light levels and. quality requirements for safety within the public right of way. Partnership and collaboration is needed for street and pedestrian. lighting systems to be efficient and effective, City of Seattle PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING CITYWIDE PLAN. Definition, The City defines pedestrian lighting as any lighting source that.
provides lighting for public pathways and gathering areas This. document seeks to address pedestrian lighting that is installed. in the City of Seattle public rights of way to specifically light. sidewalks pedestrian crossings stairs and trails This is with. the full understanding that other lights like street lighting and. lights on private property provide lighting for pedestrian areas. often with an adequate lighting level, Pedestrians move at a slower pace than vehicles and can thus. react in a more timely manner to navigate stationary obstacles. While motorists are most concerned with avoiding obstacles. pedestrians are more concerned with the ability to dicern. details about surface materials and texture so that they can. avoid uneven or slippery surfaces and to improve the ability to. perceive threats to personal safety, Pedestrian Lighting Requirements and Recommendations. Pedestrian scaled lighting has been installed in city rights of way. ROW through a variety of mechanisms Due to the range of. 8 approaches to location and installation pedestrian lighting is. spread across the City and its neighborhoods in very different. The following is an overview of the most common processes. used to install pedestrian lighting in the ROW, Neighborhood Plans and Urban Design Guidelines. Street Design Concept Plans Implementation, Capital Improvement Projects CIP. Major Projects, Street Improvement Permits SIP, Streetlight Districts.
Pedestrian Lighting Program, Local Improvement Districts LID. City of Seattle PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING CITYWIDE PLAN, Neighborhood Plans and Urban Design Guidelines. Seattle does not have pedestrian lighting requirements. citywide Neighborhoods that have adopted plans and urban. design guidelines often recommend pedestrian lighting when. properties are redeveloped but the recommendations are. vague with regards to type and style of light or corridor specific. lighting needs The City encourages the use of approved fixtures. for ease of maintenance The majority of the recommended. policies are for Urban Centers and Villages or are associated. with multi family and commercial developments The lighting. recommendations that have the greatest specificity are most. likely to be implemented It is key that private developers know. the expectations of the community beforehand and the more. specific these recommendations are the stronger the possibility. of a positive outcome These lighting recommendations are. part of the Design Review Process through the Department of. Planning and Development DPD and the Street Improvement. Permit SIP process through SDOT, Recommendations, a Utilize Pedestrian Lighting High Priority. Areas see map 2 to prioritize and include, pedestrian lighting and approved fixtures. when neighborhood plans and guidelines are, b Provide training and materials to the.
Design Review Boards and applicants on the, importance of including pedestrian lighting. Street Design Concept Plans, Street Design Concept Plans are conceptual. designs for specific streets that are amended, by joint DPD SDOT Director s Rule to the. Right of Way Improvement Manual ROWIM, These concepts provide guidance to project. proponents for streetscape elements including, trees landscaping furniture surface materials.
and pedestrian lighting The plans are based, on recommendations that have been endorsed. by both the community and SDOT and though, they are voluntary they are generally complied. with because of the assurance of conceptual, approval and community acceptance Pedestrian lighting in South Lake Union. City of Seattle PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING CITYWIDE PLAN, However using design recommendations as a process for. installing pedestrian lighting has several drawbacks Because. pedestrian lighting is only installed as properties redevelop gaps. can be left in the area or corridor for years before every frontage. is redeveloped This does not provide for good distribution and. over time can lead to problems with maintaining consistent. design when a fixture is discontinued or maintenance when. different fixtures are installed along the same corridor The best. locations for implementation through concept plans are where. high levels of redevelopment are anticipated such as South Lake. Union or the Denny Triangle, Recommendation, c Provide guidance in the ROWIM to include pedestrian.
lighting when appropriate in Street Design Concept Plans using. approved fixtures, Capital Improvement Projects CIP. The City creates an extensive list of potential CIP projects each. year These projects are then judged based on a set of pre. determined criteria that include safety livability mobility. feasibility and maintenance Some of these projects include. 10 pedestrian lighting but due to the lack of prioritization or an. understanding of need pedestrian lighting is not a consideration. within the criteria nor is it generally included at the out set of. the project description Because pedestrian lighting can. be a costly item adding it in after initial cost estimates is. not a practical approach, Recommendations, d Include pedestrian lighting needs in CIP. evaluation criteria, e Analyze the need for pedestrian lighting for all. CIP candidates and include in initial project descriptions. and budgets, Major Projects, Major Projects are large multi agency multi year. projects that require dedicated staffing within the City. City of Seattle PEDESTRIAN LIGHTING CITYWIDE PLAN June 2012 Definition The City defines pedestrian lighting as any lighting source that provides lighting for public pathways and gathering areas This document seeks to address pedestrian lighting that is installed in the City of Seattle public rights of way to specifically light

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