Overview Of Gprs And Umts-Books Pdf

Overview of GPRS and UMTS
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Chapter 1 Overview of GPRS and UMTS, The GPRS UMTS packet core comprises two major network elements. Gateway GPRS Support Node GGSN, Provides mobile cell phone users access to a public data network PDN or specified private IP. The Cisco GGSN is implemented via Cisco IOS Software. Serving GPRS Support Node SGSN, Connects the radio access network RAN to the GPRS UMTS core The SGSN. Tunnels user sessions to the GGSN, Sends data to and receives data from mobile stations. Maintains information about the location of a mobile station MS. Communicates directly with the MS and the GGSN, SGSN support is available from Cisco partners or other vendors.
Figure 1 1 shows the network components with the GGSNs implemented on the Cisco Service and. Application Module for IP SAMI in the Cisco 7600 Series Router. Figure 1 1 GPRS UMTS Network Components with GGSNs Implemented on the Cisco SAMI in the Cisco 7600 Series. Cisco Cisco CiscoWorks,DNS DHCP AAA for mobile wireless. MS Content switching,Content billing,Content caching. R Firewall,RG SGSN I I,To services,Node B SG SGSN Service control. service selection,MS VPN concentration,Node B Foreign. Billing server, As Figure 1 1 shows the RAN is made up of different components for 2 5G and 3G.
Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 Configuration Guide Cisco IOS Release 12 4 24 YE2. 1 2 OL 19936 05,Chapter 1 Overview of GPRS and UMTS. In a 2 5G environment the RAN comprises mobile stations that connect to a Base Transceiver. Station BTS The BTS connects to a base station controller BSC In a 3G environment the RAN is. comprises mobile stations that connect to a NodeB The Node B connects to a radio network. controller RNC, The RAN connects to the GPRS UMTS core through an SGSN The SGSN tunnels user sessions to a. GGSN that acts as a gateway to the services networks for example the Internet and intranet The. connection between the SGSN and the GGSN is enabled through a tunneling protocol called the GPRS. tunneling protocol GTP GTP Version 0 GTPv0 enables 2 5G applications and GTP Version 1. GTPv1 enables 3G applications GTP is carried over IP. Multiple SGSNs and GGSNs within a network are referred to collectively as GPRS support. nodes GSNs, Note Depending on the specific operator configuration the RAN the GPRS UMTS core and the services. networks can be IP or Multiprotocol Label Switching MPLS networks. To assign mobile sessions an IP address the GGSN uses one of the following methods defined on an. access point,Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol DHCP. Remote Authentication Dial In User Service RADIUS server. Local address pool configured on the GGSN, The GGSN can use a RADIUS server to authorize and authenticate remote subscribers DHCP and.
RADIUS services can be configured at the global level or for each access point configured on the. IPSec encryption is performed on the IPSec Virtual Private Network VPN Acceleration Services. GPRS Interface Reference Model, The 2 5G GPRS and 3G UMTS standards use the term interface to identify the communication path. between different network elements The GPRS UMTS standards define the requirements and. characteristics of communication between different GPRS UMTS network elements over these. interfaces These interfaces are commonly referred to in descriptions of GPRS UMTS networks. Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 Configuration Guide Cisco IOS Release 12 4 24 YE2. OL 19936 05 1 3,Chapter 1 Overview of GPRS and UMTS. Figure 1 2 shows the primary interfaces that are implemented in the Cisco GGSN feature. Gn Gp interface Interface between the GGSN and the SGSN The Gn interface is between two. GSNs within the same public land mobile network PLMN in a GPRS UMTS network The Gp. interface is between two GSNs in different PLMNs GTP is a protocol defined on the Gn Gp. Gi interface Reference point between a GPRS UMTS network and an external packet data. network PDN, Ga interface Interface between a GGSN and charging gateway in a GPRS UMTS network. Figure 1 2 GGSN Interfaces,Ga Internet,PLMN IP Gn Gi Corporate. RAN Internet,NMS Diameter, Additional interfaces implemented in the Cisco GGSN features include.
Gy Interface to the Diameter server for Diameter Credit Control Application DCCA support for. enhanced service aware billing, Gx Reference point between the Policy and Charging Rules Function PCRF and the Policy and. Charging Enforcement Function PCEF The Gx interface is use for provisioning and removal of. Policy and Charging Control PCC rules The Gx interface uses the Diameter protocol. AAA Interface Interface to Authentication Authorization and Accounting AAA server The. AAA interface uses the RADIUS protocol,DHCP DHCP server interface. NMS Network management interface,Virtual Template Interface. To configure the connections between the GGSN and SGSN and the GGSN and PDNs the Cisco GGSN. software uses an internal interface called a virtual template interface A virtual template is a logical. interface It is not tied directly to a specific interface but it can be associated dynamically with an. Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 Configuration Guide Cisco IOS Release 12 4 24 YE2. 1 4 OL 19936 05,Chapter 1 Overview of GPRS and UMTS. As with a physical interface on a router you can assign an IP address to the virtual template interface. You can also configure IP routing characteristics on the virtual template interface You must configure. certain GPRS UMTS specific elements on the virtual template interface such as GTP encapsulation. necessary for communicating with the SGSN and the access list the GGSN uses to determine which. PDNs are accessible on the network,Access Point Configuration.
The GPRS UMTS standards define a network identity called an access point name APN An APN. identifies the service or network to which a subscriber can connect from a GGSN in a GPRS UMTS. To configure APNs the Cisco IOS GGSN software uses the following configuration elements. Access point Defines an APN and its associated access characteristics including security and. method of dynamic addressing, Access point list Logical interface that is associated with the virtual template of the GGSN The. access point list contains one or more access points. Access group Additional level of security that is configured at an access point to control access to. and from a PDN When an MS is permitted access to the GGSN as defined by a traditional IP access. list the IP access group defines whether access is permitted to the PDN at the access point The. IP access group configuration can also define whether access from a PDN to an MS is permitted. For more detailed information on access point configuration see the Configuring Access Points on the. GGSN section on page 9 7, The 2 5G GPRS technology provides the following benefits. Enables the use of a packet based air interface over the existing circuit switched GSM network The. packet based air interface allows greater efficiency in the radio spectrum because the radio. bandwidth is used only when packets are sent or received. Supports upgrades to the existing GSM network infrastructure for network service providers who. want to add GPRS services in addition to GSM which is currently widely deployed. Supports data rates that are faster than rates offered by traditional circuit switched GSM data service. Supports larger message lengths than Short Message Service SMS. Supports a wide range of access to data networks and services This access includes VPN Internet. service provider ISP corporate site access and Wireless Application Protocol WAP. In addition to the above the 3G UMTS technology includes the following. Enhanced data rates of approximately 256 Mbps, Supports connection oriented Radio Access Bearers with specified QoS enabling end to end QoS. Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 Configuration Guide Cisco IOS Release 12 4 24 YE2. OL 19936 05 1 5,Chapter 1 Overview of GPRS and UMTS. Features Introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12 4 24 YE2. Features Introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12 4 24 YE2. Support for the following feature is introduced in Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 Cisco IOS Release. 12 4 24 YE2,Overlapping Local IP Address Pools, The Overlapping Local IP Address Pools feature improves flexibility in assigning IP addresses.
dynamically This feature allows you to configure overlapping IP address pool groups to create. different address spaces and concurrently use the same IP addresses in different address spaces. For information about configuring overlapping local IP address pools see Configuring. Overlapping Local IP Address Pools section on page 13. Features Introduced in Cisco IOS Release 12 4 24 YE. Support for the following features is introduced in Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 Cisco IOS Release. 12 4 24 YE, Single IP operation and management of the Cisco SAMI. Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 and later supports a Single IP architecture The Single IP architecture. enables a single view of the Cisco GGSN external interfaces for example the Gi Gn Ga iSCSI. AAA Diameter etc and a single point of configuration and operation. For information about the Single IP architecture see Chapter 2 Overview of the Single IP Cisco. Enhanced prepaid subscriber features, Dynamic HTTP redirection and termination with Final Unit Indication FUI. Activity based time billing Activity based billing as defined in 3GPP bills users for only the. periods of on the network that activity is occurring instead of billing them for the entire time. they are logged on the network, For about configuring these enhanced prepaid subscriber features see the Activity Based Time. Billing section on page 8 36 and the Final Unit Indication Support section on page 8 37. Dynamic IP address management, With Release 10 0 and later the Cisco GGSN supports dynamic IP address allocation Dynamic IP. address allocation enables operators to implement a Cisco GGSN without subnetting requirements. The Cisco GGSN supports dynamic IP address allocation from DHCP RADIUS and local pools. For information about dynamic IP address management see the Using Dynamic IP Address. Management on the Cisco GGSN section on page 13 17. Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 Configuration Guide Cisco IOS Release 12 4 24 YE2. 1 6 OL 19936 05,Chapter 1 Overview of GPRS and UMTS.
Features Introduced in Prior Releases,Cisco CSG2 load balancing. With the advent of a Single IP architecture of Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 and later the Cisco GGSN. quota server interface supports multiple Cisco CSG2s Service aware users from the Cisco GGSN. are load balanced among the Cisco CSG2s, For information on Cisco CSG2 load balancing see the Configuring Cisco CSG2 Load Balancing. section on page 8 40,Online Charging System OCS load balancing. In earlier releases of the Cisco GGSN you could configure only one DCCA server at a time per. APN however you could configure different DCCA servers for the same APN on the GGSN. instances on the Cisco SAMI, With the transition to a single IP architecture in Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 the separate GGSN. instances running on the six Cisco SAMI processors function as a single GGSN To enable an APN. to communicate with multiple DCCA servers with Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 and later you can. configure multiple DCCA profiles under a charging profile that is applied to an APN. For information about OCS load balancing see the Specifying a DCCA Profile for Online Billing. section on page 8 26,Features Introduced in Prior Releases.
The Cisco GGSN also supports the following features and functionality introduced in prior releases. Release 99 R99 Release 98 R98 and Release 97 R97 support and compliance. GTPv0 and GTPv1 messaging,IP Packet Data Protocol PDP and PPP PDP types. Cisco Express Forwarding CEF switching for both GTPv0 and GTPv1 and for IP and PPP PDP. For GTPv1 PDPs support of up to 11 secondary PDP contexts. Multiple APNs per VRF instance,VPN support,Virtual APNs. VPN routing and forwarding VRF per APN,Generic Routing Encapsulation GRE tunneling. Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol L2TP extension for PPP PDP type. PPP Regeneration for IP PDP type,802 1Q virtual LANs VLANs. Security features,Duplicate IP address protection,PLMN range checking.
Blocking of foreign mobile stations,Anti spoofing,Mobile to mobile redirection. Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 Configuration Guide Cisco IOS Release 12 4 24 YE2. OL 19936 05 1 7,Chapter 1 Overview of GPRS and UMTS. Features Introduced in Prior Releases,Quality of Service QoS. UMTS classes and interworking with differentiated services DiffServ. Canonical QoS, GPRS QoS R97 R98 conversion to UMTS QoS R99 and the reverse. Call Admission Control CAC,Per PDP policing,Dynamic address allocation.
External DHCP server,External RADIUS server,Local pools. Per APN statistics,Anonymous access,RADIUS authentication and accounting. Accounting,Wait accounting,Per PDP accounting, Authentication and accounting using RADIUS server groups mapped to APNs. 3GPP vendor specific attributes VSAs for IP PDP type. Transparent mode accounting,Class attribute,Interim updates. Session idle timer,Packet of Disconnect PoD,Dynamic Echo Timer.
GGSN interworking between 2 5G and 3G SGSNs with registration authority RA update from. 2 5G to 2 5G SGSN,2 5G to 3G SGSN,3G to 3G SGSN,3G to 2 5G SGSN. Time trigger,Charging profiles,Tertiary charging gateway. Switchback to primary charging gateway,Maintenance mode. Maintenance mode,Multiple trusted PLMN IDs, Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 Configuration Guide Cisco IOS Release 12 4 24 YE2. 1 8 OL 19936 05,Chapter 1 Overview of GPRS and UMTS.
Features Introduced in Prior Releases,GGSN IOS SLB messaging. Session timeout, High Speed Downlink Data Packet Access HSDPA and associated 3GPP R5 as required. Enhanced Virtual APN, New information elements IEs sent from the SGSN user location radio access technology RAT. MS time zone MSTZ Customized Application for Mobile Enhanced Logic CAMEL charging. information and user location information IEs,GTP SLB stickiness. GGSN Initiated Update PDP Context Requests,P CSCF Discovery.
Enhanced MIBs for,Cisco Content Services Gateway CSG. Diameter Credit Control Application DCCA,APN level Periodic Accounting Timer. PPP Regeneration Scalability,Direct tunnels,Change of Authorization. GGSN initiated Update PDP Contexts, RADIUS Change of Authorization CoA message support for dynamically change session. authorizations,Downloadable QoS Profile from an AAA server.
PPP Regeneration Scalability and Anonymous User Access for PPP Regeneration. Downloadable Pool Name Support,Direct Tunnel Support. The direct tunnel feature enables an SGSN to establish a direct user plane tunnel between the radio. network controller RNC and a GGSN, The SGSN functions as the gateway between the RNC and the core network It processes both. signaling traffic to track the location of mobile devices and the actual data packets being. exchanged between a mobile device and the Internet. Before Cisco GGSN Release 8 0 a tunnel could only exist between the GGSN and SGSN and. between the SGSN and RNC With this tunnel configuration all data packets must pass through the. SGSN The SGSN has to terminate one tunnel extract the packet and put it into another tunnel This. process takes time and processing power, With direct tunnel support the SGSN can initiate a direct tunnel between the RNC and GGSN and. no longer have to process data packets The SGSN continues to manage location issues by modifying. the tunnel if a mobile device moves to an area served by another RNC. Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 Configuration Guide Cisco IOS Release 12 4 24 YE2. OL 19936 05 1 9,Chapter 1 Overview of GPRS and UMTS. Features Introduced in Prior Releases, Specifically direct tunnel processing is as follows.
a The SGSN initiates the direct tunnel with an Update PDP Context Request that contains the. following elements,Direct Tunnel Flags IE with the DTI bit set to 1. The RNC user traffic address, GGSN updates the RNC user traffic address and Data TEID The GGSN uses the updated. information when sending G PDUs for the MS, b If the GGSN receives an Error Indication message from the RNC user traffic address it initiates. an Update PDP Context request The Update PDP Context request includes the Direct Tunnel. Flags IE with the Error Indication bit set, c Until the Update PDP Context response is received from the SGSN the GGSN drops subsequent. packets to the MS address, d The Update PDP Context response is received from the SGSN If the cause is Request.
Accepted the PDP is preserved If the cause is Not Request Accepted the PDP is deleted. Note Direct tunnel support does not apply to international roaming In addition direct tunnel. support does not apply when a prepaid system asks the SGSN to count the traffic flow. Granular Charging and Storage,GRX Traffic Segregation. Gx Interface Support,Gy Interface Support,Lawful Intercept. Proxy CSCF Load Balancing,Standalone GGSN Prepaid Quota Enforcement. Verbosity and Next Call Conditional Debugging,HSPA QoS Extensions. Multiple Subnets Behind the Mobile Station,Layer 3 Geographical Redundancy.
Passive Route Suppression, eGCDR Support for Cisco CSG2 Quota Server Configurations. Cisco GGSN Release 10 0 Configuration Guide Cisco IOS Release 12 4 24 YE2.


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