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OHIO S HOME WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
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This report is based on studies, conducted by independent contractors. selected to evaluate and assess the Home, Weatherization Assistance Program. Table of Contents, Key Findings 2, Historyy of HWAP 4. Program Context 6, Evaluation Over view 8, Evaluation Findings. Impactss 9, Process 11, Field Site 12, For more than 20 years the Home.
Weatherization Assistance Program, HWAP has installed energy efficiency. measures in the homes of Ohio s, low income residents. Key Findings Key findings include the following, Ohio s HWAP saves more energy. per household served than has, been documented for any other. state s low income weatherization, program Ohio s technically innovative.
approach to weatherization is responsible, This method of for this result Households that heat with. insulation called gas the great majority of HWAP, tubing allows participants reduced gas used for space. for a dense heating on average by 29 percent, packing of Households with electric heat the second. insulation most common type of space heating, within the walls reduced electricity used for space heating. on average by 15 percent, The energy savings produced by.
the HWAP program save Ohio, ratepayers 14 million over the life. of the measures by reducing the, cost of the Percentage of Income. Payment Plan PIPP Under PIPP, eligible low income households pay utilities. 10 percent of their income for gas heat and, 5 percent towards their electric bill or 15. percent for electric heat The difference, between the amount paid by the household.
and the actual bill is collected from all, utility ratepayers HWAP reduces the PIPP. deficit that ratepayers must pick up, Ohio s HWAP program is so. effective that many households, don t need to go on PIPP to retain. utility service PIPP participation is, reduced by about 25 percent after HWAP. Key Findings continued, HWAP AP s ener, AP s gy savings also rresult.
energy esult in, energygy bill savings of mor, more e than 13. million for non PIPP households that, participated in HWHWAPAP These bill savings. are realized over the life of the measures, that were installed in the year studied. These bill savings flow to non PIPP, households that pay their full. utility bills and to households that heat, with propane or oil.
HWAP AP s dir, AP s ect economic benefits e, direct xceed. The total annual reduction, the costs of the pr, fr om 7 to 26 per. of CO2 emissions attributable to, Depending upon the value counted for. environmental benefits the present value, HWAP s weatherization activities. of savings over the lifetime of measures, installed in homes is between 2 2 million.
equals the annual emissions from, and 8 0 million greater than the total costs. of the program These economic benefits, more than 4 600 average U S. consist mainly of reduced fuel bills over the passenger automobiles. lifetime of measures installed through, HWAP Some savings also flow from. health and safety related improvements, such as replacement of unsafe heating. equipment that are made in a portion The number of jobs and the level of. of homes served by HWAP personal income in the state araree. increased by HW, increased AP The study team, The evaluation team quantified evaluated the aggregate economic impacts.
reductions in air pollutants of HWAP finding that the program has a. HWAPAP The total annual net positive impact on the state s overall. reduction of CO2 emissions attributable economy After accounting for all economic. to the program s weatherization activities effects of HWAP including federal tax. is equivalent to the annual emissions payments from Ohioans to finance federal. from more than 4 600 average U S HWAP grants to the state both the. passenger automobiles number of jobs in the state and the level of. personal income are higher than they would, be without the program. The gr eat majority of HW, great AP participants, are satisfied with pr. are ogram deliver, program deliveryy PIPP, participants are motivated by the prospect. of comfort improvement and non PIPP, participants by the prospect of bill savings. plus comfort improvement Both types of, participants learn about the program mostly.
through personal contacts These findings, provide information the Office of Energy. Efficiency can use in its continued, marketing of HWAP Hundreds of thousands. of eligible households are not yet served by, Ohio s HWAP was designed to reduce. the energy consumption of Ohio s, low income households making. energy services more affordable, History of HWAP Ohio s HWAP was designed to reduce the.
energy consumption of Ohio s low income, households making energy services more. affordable It does this by installing energy, conservation measures in eligible homes at. no cost to the residents The program also, identifies and repairs health safety and. comfort related problems which are, HWAP Funding common in older homes often occupied by. low income families The program began in, in Millions 1977 and is operated by the Ohio.
Department of Development s, 50 Office of Energy Efficiency. HHS Weatherization treatments are, 40 PVE administered and carried out by local. organizations These include community, action agencies local governments and. 30 community based non profit organizations, 20 The HWAP program. served 250 000 low, income households, 0 in its first 20 years.
1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997. of operation, Program funding peaked at 39 million in. 1988 and fell to less than 20 million for 1997, HWAP funds are provided by the U S. Departments of Energy and Health and, Human Services DOE and HHS and from. oil overcharge money Petroleum, Violation Escrow or PVE The graph to the. left shows the year by year breakdown of, program funding from.
1986 through 1997, Historyy of HWAP continued, Program Treatments. Low income weatherization efforts have The local HWAP agency performs an initial. changed considerably over the past 20 years energy audit at each house to determine. From installing simple measures such as which measures are needed This on site. weather stripping and storm windows audit also identifies health and safety. low income weatherization has evolved into related problems that need correction The. a technically sophisticated approach that is local agency or the private contractor it. based on site specific diagnostic testing hires performs the work recommended by. and targeted treatments Ohio s HWAP has the audit in some cases a heating system. been at the forefront in incorporating many sub contractor is also hired After all the. new approaches and in assessing their work is completed on a home the local. effectiveness agency performs a final inspection to. verify the quality of the work, The main measures provided by the. program include, in home energy education, wall insulation. attic insulation, blower door guided air sealing, blower door. heating system safety tests rrepairs, and tune ups and rreplacements.
eplacements for, safety rreasons, duct insulation and sealing. floor insulation, hot water savings measur es, insulation blankets and low flow. showerheads, energy related home rrepairs, gy related epairs. Based on HWAP, The gauges on the, program records the. blower door are used, average costs for installed, to measure air leakage.
measures per treated, from the building, home were as follows. Single family, Site built 2 030, Mobile home 1 320. Multi family, Building 2 760, HWAP primarily serves households. whose incomes are at or below, 125 percent of the federal poverty level. For a household of three this is, about 15 000 per year.
Demographics, Program Context and Income, Ohio is an urbanized state with a high level. of homeownership Its poverty rates are, only slightly less than national averages. Countywide poverty rates are highest, in the Appalachian foothills in the. southern part of the state, Population Total Population in 1990 10 8 million HWAP primarily serves households whose. Demographics incomes are at or below 125 percent of the. federal poverty level about 15 000, a year for a household of three In 1989.
In urban areas 74 650 000 households fell into this category. by 1994 the size of this category grew, Senior Citizens 13 to about 745 000. Households with incomes between, Below Poverty 1989 12 5 125 percent and 150 percent of poverty can. also receive weatherization through HWAP, if they participated in the Home Energy. Below Poverty 1994 14 1 Assistance Program see below. Children 5 17, Below Poverty 1993, 19 Other Low Income. 0 20 40 60 80 100, Energy Programs, In addition to HWAP low income.
households in Ohio can participate in a, number of fuel assistance and. weatherization related programs The, largest programs are fuel assistance from. the Home Energy Assistance Program, HEAP and the Percentage of Income. Payment Plan PIPP In addition, households with senior or handicapped. members can participate in the Ohio Energy, Credits fuel assistance program The major.
gas utilities and some electric utilities, provide weatherization services Local. agencies and governments also provide a, variety of housing programs for low and. moderate income households, Other Low Income, Energy Prrograms continued. The Home Energy, Assistance Program, The Home Energy Assistance Program. HEAP distributes fuel assistance funds, provided through the U S Department of.
Health and Human Services In 1995 HEAP, provided approximately 46 million to nearly. 330 000 households with incomes below, 150 percent of the federal poverty level. Also included in HEAP is an Emergency, Program that is available to households that. are threatened with a utility shut off or, have run out of bulk fuel such as oil or. There are lots of families and, The Percentage of elderly people that could use the.
Income Payment Plan same kind of help I got so I ve. The Percentage of Income Payment Plan been telling everyone I can to call. PIPP is an extended payment, arrangement program available to low and see if they re eligible. income customers of gas and electric, utilities regulated by the Public Utilities. Commission of Ohio PUCO Customers, with incomes below 150 percent of poverty. can enter a PIPP agreement with their local, utilities They agree to pay 10 percent of. their income to maintain utility service for, their primary heating source and or 5.
percent of their income to maintain service, for their secondary heating related energy. source PIPP participation in December, 1995 included approximately 105 000 gas. heating customers 15 000 electric heating, customers and 120 000 electric non. heating customers, The HWAP program is periodically. evaluated Evaluations provide, information regarding program.
performance to the Office of Energy, Efficiency and other parties. interested in HWAP, Evaluation Overview The Office of Energy. Efficiency uses evaluation, findings in managing and. improving HWAP, Previous Evaluations Current Evaluation. Ohio s HWAP has been evaluated several From 1996 8 the Ohio Department of. times Previous evaluations examined Development s Office of Energy Efficiency. overall energy savings savings from client sponsored five interrelated studies of. education durability of savings technical HWAP for the year 1994 5 Services in this. field performance and the effectiveness of year were provided to more than 30 000. administrative and other systems The most people living in a total of 11 997 housing. recent evaluation1 was completed in 1992 units, and studied the performance of the program.
in 1988 That study found average net Included in the studies are. savings of 18 9 percent of gas usage 296 An impact evaluation determining. ccf yr for single family site built houses HWAP s effects on energy use and its. direct costs and benefits, see Gregory Judith M and L Nelson Fuel Savings Study 1988. Program Year Final Report prepared for State of Ohio Department of An envir onmental impact. environmental, Development Office of Energy Efficiency by Cleveland State University. and Applied Energy Research Group June 1992, assessment quantifying the. reductions in air pollutants and in, carbon dioxide emissions as a result. of the program, An economic impact rreport, quantifying the changes in overall.
state employment and personal, income due to HWAP, A pr ocess evaluation examining. the effectiveness of program delivery, and the reasons why eligible. households find and participate in, A field site investigation reviewing the. quality and persistence of weatherization, work done by HWAP delivery agencies in. 8 a small sample of homes, Ohio s HWAP is one of the highest.
performing low income, weatherization programs in, the nation Not only has it. reduced energy consumption and, corresponding bills but it. has also had an effect on Impacts, payment behavior health. and safety issues environmental, impacts and the Ohio economy. HWAP Impact, Summary IMPACT BY FUEL TOTAL, GAS ELECTRICITY OTHER VALUE.
OHIO S HOME WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM Ohio s HWAP is one of the highest performing low income weatherization programs in the nation Not only has it reduced energy consumption and corresponding bills but it has also had an effect on payment behavior health and safety issues environmental impacts and the Ohio economy

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