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TYPES OF HANGERS,FLAT WOODEN HANGERS, Various secondary sources attribute the Shakers with the invention of the coat hanger They did. produce a shaped flat wooden coat hanger but it did not hook over a rod it was hung from hooks. or pegs by a loop of twine or cord strung through holes in the top of the wooden form There is. no mention of this type of hanger being in common use outside the Shaker communities but an. illustration of a similar hanger was shown in an 1876 article in The American Agriculturist. Shaker Village at Pleasant Hill Kentucky has a number of wooden hangers in their collections. similar to the one pictured in The American,Agriculturist along with other variations. Reproductions of this type of hanger are available. at Pleasant Hill gift shops Shaker Workshops at,http www shakerworkshops com also has. reproduction hangers Having attempted to use, this type of hanger it is evident that it is not an. ideal solution for hanging dresses the arms of the. hanger are not long enough and when the hanger,is inserted into the sleeves of the dress the.
garment is distorted at the neck and shoulders,They may work if two loops were sewn into the. waistline of the skirt and each loop was hung, from the arms of the hanger This hanger is 13 1 4 inches wide and from 1. to 1 inches tall,Numerous other types of wooden hangers were. patented but there is little evidence that they were commonly used by most people in the United. States Other than a brief mention in one patent application and an article in 1876 there is no. reference to their use in descriptions of clothing storage methods In England there is some. indication that wooden hangers were made by local carpenters but little mention is made of the. hangers and their use In 1885 the Metropolitan Hotel in New York commissioned Steinberg. and Company to manufacture wire wooden hangers that were used in the hotel these hangers. were used until 1965 when the hotel was demolished Please refer to the web site of the Museum. of Coathangers for illustrations and additional information. WIRE HANGERS, Since wire hangers were a later invention little space will be devoted to their description The. first patent for a wire hanger was granted in 1869 but there was no documentation that they were. manufactured until the latter part of the nineteenth century Popular legends give credit to Albert. J Porterhouse for the 1903 invention of the wire hanger but a similar twisted wire hanger had. been previously patented on December 7 1869,97 562 by E N Snow and in subsequent years.
many others were patented Between 1900 and 1906, there were 189 patents issued for wire coat hanger like. items and this does not include other types of hangers. Wire hangers did not take the place of wooden hangers. but were introduced as an improvement in hangers, In1876 the American Agriculturist printed an article. on hanging up coats and vests The illustration showed. a flat wooden hanger with a string loop at the top. similar to those the Shakers devised but there was no. reference made to the Shakers Along with the wooden. hanger a simple wire hanger was shown and described. as A heavy wire answers to hang up vests,Supports for both vests and coats made of heavy. copper wire are sold by street vendors in cities but. any one can make one equally useful if less showy, ones out of ordinary fence or bailing wire Both of. the hangers illustrated had closed loops and were,hung from hooks rather than from a rod.
Snow Patent Hanger,HANGER PATENTS,Author s note Please realize that just because a. product was patented on a specific date it does not. mean that the patented item was available on that date. or that it was ever manufactured The patent dates,should be used only as a guideline for dating but. should not be the only criteria used in dating a,particular invention or item. In looking at patents no documentation was found, that the Shakers ever patented the flat wooden clothes. hanger The first patent for a hanger was issued to. W B Olds on April 6 1852 8 858 and the title was,a coat form In his application Mr Olds described.
his invention as consists in a bow or shank on one. side opposite to its vertex or pivoted to a bracket. which is secured in a wall or to any stationary,standard or pendants horizontally upon the pivot. This hanger was permanently attached to a wall rather Olds Patent. than being portable and was intended for displaying ready to wear clothing rather than a hanger. for home use Although Mr Olds patent was for retail use he. provided us with an excellent description of existing hangers and. the problem encountered with using them The only coat form in. common use consists of a bent stick suspended at about the. middle of its length by a string which draws upon the collar and. injures it shape, The next hanger patent was issued to J D Leach and E S. Wardwell on July 7 1868 79 580 and was used as a coat and. cloak hanger and was formed of cast iron or wood This hanger. was portable but still was hung by a loop type device rather than a. hook over a rod The first wire coat patent was issued to E N. Snow 97 562 was an improvement on Leach and Wardwell s. patent for Coat and Cloak Hanger,PRACTICAL CLOTHING STORAGE. Clothing storage is not just about hangers they were not. commonly used and could not be used for every type of garment. Leach and Wardell Patent Clothing still needed to be stored in some way so alternative storage. methods were employed Perhaps the best way to discover how clothing was stored in the. nineteenth century is to study primary sources Below are a number of excerpts on short term. clothing storage folding hanging and long term storage of garments Note The original. spelling was retained in the direct quotes, The Workwoman s Guide described in detail on how clothing was folded and stored and the. type of available storage Care of The Lady s Wardrobe It is of great consequence that dresses. should be carefully and neatly put away as their preservation depends much on the attention. paid to this a gown smoothly folded and laid by directly it is taken off will last half as long. again as one that is thrown about upon dirty chairs or tumbled and creased in the wrapping up. The dresses that are in constant use may be hung up in a closet but those that are only. occasionally worn should be folded up and wrapped either in linen cloth or covered with the. coarsest brown paper the latter is particularly good for white silk or satin dresses as the. turpentine in it excludes the air and thus preserves the colour more effectually than any thing. The best way to fold a dress either when put away or packed up is as follows. Place your gown upon a bed so that the front and back breadths lay on upon the other. quite flatly the back breadth being uppermost and the slit behind in the center then fold the two. outer sides over so as to make them meet down the middle of the back take hold of the bottom. of the skirt and double it underneath the gown for about a quarter of a yard deep then fold the. upper part of the skirt forwards to lie above it turn back the body and arrange it and the sleeves. neatly so as not to crush them or the trimming turning the sleeves in towards the middle then. take hold of the upper two folds of the gown and by lifting them up the tail falls down again. without displacing the upper part of the dress this tail or bottom of the gown is turned up over. the sleeves and body a pin is put in at each end and thus the dress may be carried about or. packed up without tumbling it in the least It may be well to mention that the reason the bottom. of the skirt is turned up in the first instance is to determine the size to which the body is to be. folded and the reason why it is let down in the second is that it may preserve the body c. from being crushed The dress may be folded to fit any drawer or trunk by wrapping the sides. more or less over each other in the middle This is called the French method of folding it may. appear rather complicated at first but by exactly following the directions hear given and a little. practice it will soon become easy, To wrap up a child s frock place it on a bed so that the front and back breadths lie one.
upon the other quite flatly the back being uppermost fold the skirt once or twice according to. the length letting the body lie upon the skirt and turn the two ends over the centre. After travelling dresses are apt to be creased they should therefore be hung up either in. a closet or on hooks fixed in the wall they should never be pinned to a bed or window curtains. as this is very bad practice and is apt to tear the chintz. a very convenient wardrobe for ladies dresses heavy linen bonnets caps furs. sleeves c and is contrived as follows The centre is divided into two compartments the upper. is enclosed with doors and contains sliding trays for dresses collars c the rest consisting of. drawers contains heavy linen The left hand wing has one door from top to bottom in which a. mirror is fixed This closet is intended for dresses to be hung in and the drawers below to put. away furs c The closest on the other side holds bonnets in the upper part and shoes in the. lower each part having a door to itself, Care of the Gentleman s Wardrobe The following is the best method for folding a. coat for travelling or for putting away in a wardrobe where there is not much room. Lay the coat at its full length upon a table with the collar towards the left hand pull out. the collar so as to make it lie quite straight turn up the coat towards the collar letting the crease. be just at the elbow let the lapel or breast on one side be turned smoothly back on the arm and. sleeves Turn the skirt over the lapel so that the end of the skirt will reach the collar and the. crease or folding will be just where the skirts part at the bottom of the waist when you have. done one side do the same with the other Turn the collar towards the right hand fold one skirt. over the other observing to let the fold be in the middle of the collar. It is advisable to have about a yard and a half of brown Holland in which to wrap the. coat trowsers and waiscoat this will keep them clean and free from dust. Eliza Leslie in her book Miss Leslie s House Book there was an extensive section on closets. and the storage of women s clothing as well as information on bandboxes and traveling luggage. RECEPTACLES FOR DRESSES c In building or altering a house it will be found an. excellent plan to construct a range of large closets three in number between the two principal. chambers on each floor the central closet having two doors one opening into the front room and. one into the back and two tiers of deep shelves In summer by throwing open both these doors. you may have a fine draught of air through the rooms On the inside of each door let hooks be. fixed for hanging up dresses Of the other two closets one may belong to each room or if. uniformity of doors is particularly desired the middle closet being the largest may be. appropriated for the occupants of one chamber and the side closets to those of the other. A ward robe or commode is an almost indispensable article of furniture for a chamber. particularly if there is no large closet or press In spacious rooms occupied by two persons there. are frequently two commodes Those are perhaps most convenient that have a tier of shelves on. each side and a space in the middle furnished with two rows of large brass or iron hooks on. which to suspend dresses or coats the linen and smaller articles to be laid on shelves. Exclusive of the large wardrobes that are tall enough to contain dresses hanging up there. is a smaller sort about the size and height of a bureau with four shelves instead of drawers all. enclosed by a two leveled door opening in the front They stand on castors and are made of. mahogany or stained wood and have advantages over bureaus as they preclude the trouble of. pulling drawers in and out the whole being opened by a door one lock suffices for all Every. thing that you would keep in a drawer can be laid just as conveniently on the shelves of one of. these low commodes, There is frequently much trouble with the handles of bureau drawers particularly if they. are of glass as they are very apt to come off in your hand So indeed are the plated and brass. handles Those of mahogany keep their places best and have been introduced very successfully. on the handsomest bureaus Unless the top of a bureau is marble it is usual to cover it with a. white cloth either of damask linen or of dimity fringed If a drawer is apt to stick in damp. weather the inconvenience may be remedied by nicely paring away with a knife a little of the. wood on the side edges, Bandboxes are seldom used now except for the convenience of conveying a cap bonnet. or dress to the house of a friend or milliner They are rarely found among the baggage of a. genteel female traveler square wooden boxes with locks keys and handles being substituted. for them These wooden boxes are generally tall enough to contain a folded dress under the. bonnet or other millinery and should be painted on the outside They will last for many years. will bear exposure and can go outside with the rest of the baggage Tall square leather trunks. are sometimes used for carrying bonnets c A paste board bandbox ought to have a strong. of the author This limitation includes posting it on a website HANGING IT UP OR NOT CLOTHING STORAGE IN THE 19TH CENTURY By Virginia Mescher Clothes hangers and closets are such an integral part of our lives that clothing storage in the nineteenth century remains a mystery to most of us Although some houses owned by more affluent people did have built in storage for clothing most did

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