National Space Policy Nasa-Books Pdf

NATIONAL SPACE POLICY NASA
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Table of Contents, Introduction 1, Principles 3, Intersector Guidelines 5. Sector Guidelines 10, Introduction, More than by any other imaginative concept the mind of man is aroused. by the thought of exploring the mysteries of outer space Through such. exploration man hopes to broaden his horizons add to his knowledge. improve his way of living on earth, President Dwight Eisenhower June 20 1958. Fifty years after the creation of NASA our goal is no longer just a. destination to reach Our goal is the capacity for people to work and learn. and operate and live safely beyond the Earth for extended periods of time. ultimately in ways that are more sustainable and even indefinite And in. fulfilling this task we will not only extend humanity s reach in space we. will strengthen America s leadership here on Earth. President Barack Obama April 15 2010, The space age began as a race for security and prestige between two superpowers The opportunities. were boundless and the decades that followed have seen a radical transformation in the way we live our. daily lives in large part due to our use of space Space systems have taken us to other celestial bodies. and extended humankind s horizons back in time to the very first moments of the universe and out to. the galaxies at its far reaches Satellites contribute to increased transparency and stability among nations. and provide a vital communications path for avoiding potential conflicts Space systems increase our. knowledge in many scientific fields and life on Earth is far better as a result. The utilization of space has created new markets helped save lives by warning us of natural disasters. expediting search and rescue operations and making recovery efforts faster and more effective made. agriculture and natural resource management more efficient and sustainable expanded our frontiers. and provided global access to advanced medicine weather forecasting geospatial information financial. operations broadband and other communications and scores of other activities worldwide Space sys. tems allow people and governments around the world to see with clarity communicate with certainty. navigate with accuracy and operate with assurance, The legacy of success in space and its transformation also presents new challenges When the space.
age began the opportunities to use space were limited to only a few nations and there were limited. consequences for irresponsible or unintentional behavior Now we find ourselves in a world where. the benefits of space permeate almost every facet of our lives The growth and evolution of the global. economy has ushered in an ever increasing number of nations and organizations using space The now. ubiquitous and interconnected nature of space capabilities and the world s growing dependence on. them mean that irresponsible acts in space can have damaging consequences for all of us For example. decades of space activity have littered Earth s orbit with debris and as the world s space faring nations. continue to increase activities in space the chance for a collision increases correspondingly. As the leading space faring nation the United States is committed to addressing these challenges But. this cannot be the responsibility of the United States alone All nations have the right to use and explore. space but with this right also comes responsibility The United States therefore calls on all nations to. work together to adopt approaches for responsible activity in space to preserve this right for the benefit. of future generations, From the outset of humanity s ascent into space this Nation declared its commitment to enhance the. welfare of humankind by cooperating with others to maintain the freedom of space. The United States hereby renews its pledge of cooperation in the belief that with strengthened inter. national collaboration and reinvigorated U S leadership all nations and peoples space faring and. space benefiting will find their horizons broadened their knowledge enhanced and their lives greatly. Principles, In this spirit of cooperation the United States will adhere to and proposes that other nations recognize. and adhere to the following principles, It is the shared interest of all nations to act responsibly in space to help prevent mishaps misper. ceptions and mistrust The United States considers the sustainability stability and free access. to and use of space vital to its national interests Space operations should be conducted in. ways that emphasize openness and transparency to improve public awareness of the activities. of government and enable others to share in the benefits provided by the use of space. A robust and competitive commercial space sector is vital to continued progress in space The. United States is committed to encouraging and facilitating the growth of a U S commercial. space sector that supports U S needs is globally competitive and advances U S leadership in. the generation of new markets and innovation driven entrepreneurship. All nations have the right to explore and use space for peaceful purposes and for the benefit. of all humanity in accordance with international law Consistent with this principle peaceful. purposes allows for space to be used for national and homeland security activities. As established in international law there shall be no national claims of sovereignty over outer. space or any celestial bodies The United States considers the space systems of all nations to. have the rights of passage through and conduct of operations in space without interference. Purposeful interference with space systems including supporting infrastructure will be con. sidered an infringement of a nation s rights, The United States will employ a variety of measures to help assure the use of space for all. responsible parties and consistent with the inherent right of self defense deter others from. interference and attack defend our space systems and contribute to the defense of allied space. systems and if deterrence fails defeat efforts to attack them. Consistent with these principles the United States will pursue the following goals in its national space. Energize competitive domestic industries to participate in global markets and advance the. development of satellite manufacturing satellite based services space launch terrestrial. applications and increased entrepreneurship, Expand international cooperation on mutually beneficial space activities to broaden and.
extend the benefits of space further the peaceful use of space and enhance collection and. partnership in sharing of space derived information. Strengthen stability in space through domestic and international measures to promote safe. and responsible operations in space improved information collection and sharing for space. object collision avoidance protection of critical space systems and supporting infrastructures. with special attention to the critical interdependence of space and information systems and. strengthening measures to mitigate orbital debris, Increase assurance and resilience of mission essential functions enabled by commercial. civil scientific and national security spacecraft and supporting infrastructure against disruption. degradation and destruction whether from environmental mechanical electronic or hostile. Pursue human and robotic initiatives to develop innovative technologies foster new indus. tries strengthen international partnerships inspire our Nation and the world increase human. ity s understanding of the Earth enhance scientific discovery and explore our solar system and. the universe beyond, Improve space based Earth and solar observation capabilities needed to conduct science. forecast terrestrial and near Earth space weather monitor climate and global change manage. natural resources and support disaster response and recovery. All actions undertaken by departments and agencies in implementing this directive shall be within the. overall resource and policy guidance provided by the President consistent with U S law and regulations. treaties and other agreements to which the United States is a party other applicable international law. U S national and homeland security requirements U S foreign policy and national interests and in. accordance with the Presidential Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government. Intersector Guidelines, In pursuit of this directive s goals all departments and agencies shall execute the following guidance. Foundational Activities and Capabilities, Strengthen U S Leadership In Space Related Science Technology and Industrial Bases. Departments and agencies shall conduct basic and applied research that increases capabilities. and decreases costs where this research is best supported by the government encourage an. innovative and entrepreneurial commercial space sector and help ensure the availability of. space related industrial capabilities in support of critical government functions. Enhance Capabilities for Assured Access To Space United States access to space depends in. the first instance on launch capabilities United States Government payloads shall be launched. on vehicles manufactured in the United States unless exempted by the National Security Advisor. and the Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director of the Office of. Science and Technology Policy consistent with established interagency standards and coordi. nation guidelines Where applicable to their responsibilities departments and agencies shall. Work jointly to acquire space launch services and hosted payload arrangements that are. reliable responsive to United States Government needs and cost effective. Enhance operational efficiency increase capacity and reduce launch costs by investing in. the modernization of space launch infrastructure and. Develop launch systems and technologies necessary to assure and sustain future reliable. and efficient access to space in cooperation with U S industry when sufficient U S com. mercial capabilities and services do not exist, Maintain and Enhance Space based Positioning Navigation and Timing Systems The.
United States must maintain its leadership in the service provision and use of global navigation. satellite systems GNSS To this end the United States shall. Provide continuous worldwide access for peaceful civil uses to the Global Positioning. System GPS and its government provided augmentations free of direct user charges. Engage with foreign GNSS providers to encourage compatibility and interoperability. promote transparency in civil service provision and enable market access for U S industry. Operate and maintain the GPS constellation to satisfy civil and national security needs. consistent with published performance standards and interface specifications Foreign. positioning navigation and timing PNT services may be used to augment and strengthen. the resiliency of GPS and, Invest in domestic capabilities and support international activities to detect mitigate and. increase resiliency to harmful interference to GPS and identify and implement as necessary. and appropriate redundant and back up systems or approaches for critical infrastructure. key resources and mission essential functions, Develop and Retain Space Professionals The primary goals of space professional devel. opment and retention are achieving mission success in space operations and acquisition. stimulating innovation to improve commercial civil and national security space capabilities. and advancing science exploration and discovery Toward these ends departments and. agencies in cooperation with industry and academia shall establish standards seek to create. opportunities for the current space workforce and implement measures to develop maintain. and retain skilled space professionals including engineering and scientific personnel and expe. rienced space system developers and operators in government and commercial workforces. Departments and agencies also shall promote and expand public private partnerships to. foster educational achievement in Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics STEM. programs supported by targeted investments in such initiatives. Improve Space System Development and Procurement Departments and agencies shall. Improve timely acquisition and deployment of space systems through enhancements in. estimating costs technological risk and maturity and industrial base capabilities. Reduce programmatic risk through improved management of requirements and by tak. ing advantage of cost effective opportunities to test high risk components payloads and. technologies in space or relevant environments, Embrace innovation to cultivate and sustain an entrepreneurial U S research and develop. ment environment and, Engage with industrial partners to improve processes and effectively manage the supply chains. Strengthen Interagency Partnerships Departments and agencies shall improve their partner. ships through cooperation collaboration information sharing and or alignment of common. pursuits Departments and agencies shall make their capabilities and expertise available to each. other to strengthen our ability to achieve national goals identify desired outcomes leverage. U S capabilities and develop implementation and response strategies. International Cooperation, Strengthen U S Space Leadership Departments and agencies in coordination with the Secretary.
of State shall, Demonstrate U S leadership in space related fora and activities to reassure allies of U S com. and operate and live safely beyond the Earth for extended periods of time ultimately in ways that are more sustainable and even indefinite And in fulfilling this task we will not only extend humanity s reach in space we will strengthen America s leadership here on Earth President Barack Obama April 15 2010

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