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INSTRUCTION ON MUSIC IN THE, S C R Musicam Sacram 5 March 1967. 1 Sacred music in those aspects which concern the liturgical renewal was carefully. considered by the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council It explained its role in divine. services issued a number of principles and laws on this subject in the Constitution on. the Liturgy and devoted to it an entire chapter of the same Constitution. 2 The decisions of the Council have already begun to be put into effect in the recently. undertaken liturgical renewal But the new norms concerning the arrangement of the. sacred rites and the active participation of the faithful have given rise to several. problems regarding sacred music and its ministerial role These problems appear to be. able to be solved by expounding more fully certain relevant principles of. the Constitution on the Liturgy, 3 Therefore the Consilium set up to implement the Constitution on the Liturgy on the. instructions of the Holy Father has carefully considered these questions and prepared. the present Instruction This does not however gather together all the legislation on. sacred music it only establishes the principal norms which seem to be more necessary. for our own day It is as it were a continuation and complement of the preceding. Instruction of this Sacred Congregation prepared by this same Consilium on 26. September 1964 for the correct implementation of the Liturgy Constitution. 4 It is to be hoped that pastors of souls musicians and the faithful will gladly accept. these norms and put them into practice uniting their efforts to attain the true purpose. of sacred music which is the glory of God and the sanctification of the faithful 1. a By sacred music is understood that which being created for the celebration of. divine worship is endowed with a certain holy sincerity of form 2. b The following come under the title of sacred music here Gregorian chant sacred. polyphony in its various forms both ancient and modern sacred music for the organ. Instruction on music in the liturgy Page 1, and other approved instruments and sacred popular music be it liturgical or simply. religious 3, I SOME GENERAL NORMS, 5 Liturgical worship is given a more noble form when it is celebrated in song with. the ministers of each degree fulfilling their ministry and the people participating in. Indeed through this form prayer is expressed in a more attractive way the mystery of. the liturgy with its hierarchical and community nature is more openly shown the. unity of hearts is more profoundly achieved by the union of voices minds are more. easily raised to heavenly things by the beauty of the sacred rites and the whole. celebration more clearly prefigures that heavenly liturgy which is enacted in the holy. city of Jerusalem, Pastors of souls will therefore do all they can to achieve this form of celebration.
They will try to work out how that assignment of different parts to be performed and. duties to be fulfilled which characterizes sung celebrations may be transferred even. to celebrations which are not sung but at which the people are present Above all one. must take particular care that the necessary ministers are obtained and that these are. suitable and that the active participation of the people is encouraged. The practical preparation for each liturgical celebration should be done in a spirit of. cooperation by all parties concerned under the guidance of the rector of the church. whether it be in ritual pastoral or musical maters. 6 The proper arrangement of a liturgical celebration requires the due assignment and. performance of certain functions by which each person minister or layman should. carry out all and only those parts which pertain to his office by the nature of the rite. and the norms of the liturgy 5 This also demands that the meaning and proper. nature of each part and of each song be carefully observed To attain this those parts. especially should be sung which by their very nature require to be sung using the kind. and form of music which is proper to their character. 7 Between the solemn fuller form of liturgical celebration in which everything that. demands singing is in fact sung and the simplest form in which singing is not used. there can be various degrees according to the greater or lesser place allotted to. singing However in selecting the parts which are to be sung one should start with. Instruction on music in the liturgy Page 2, those that are by their nature of greater importance and especially those which are to. be sung by the priest or by the ministers with the people replying or those which are. to be sung by the priest and people together The other parts may be gradually added. according as they are proper to the people alone or to the choir alone. 8 Whenever for a liturgical service which is to be celebrated in sung form one can. make a choice between various people it is desirable that those who are known to be. more proficient in singing be given preference this is especially the case in more. solemn liturgical celebrations and in those which either require more difficult singing. or are transmitted by radio or television 6, If however a choice of this kind cannot be made and the priest or minister does not. possess a voice suitable for the proper execution of the singing he can render without. singing one or more of the more difficult parts which concern him reciting them in a. loud and distinct voice However this must not be done merely for the convenience of. the priest or minister, 9 In selecting the kind of sacred music to be used whether it be for the choir or for. the people the capacities of those who are to sing the music must be taken into. account No kind of sacred music is prohibited from liturgical actions by the Church. as long as it corresponds to the spirit of the liturgical celebration itself and the nature. of its individual parts 7 and does not hinder the active participation of the people 8. 10 In order that the faithful may actively participate more willingly and with greater. benefit it is fitting that the format of the celebration and the degree of participation in. it should be varied as much as possible according to the solemnity of the day and the. nature of the congregation present, 11 It should be borne in mind that the true solemnity of liturgical worship depends. less on a more ornate form of singing and a more magnificent ceremonial than on its. worthy and religious celebration which takes into account the integrity of the. liturgical celebration itself and the performance of each of its parts according to their. own particular nature To have a more ornate form of singing and a more magnificent. ceremonial is at times desirable when there are the resources available to carry them. out properly on the other hand it would be contrary to the true solemnity of the. liturgy if this were to lead to a part of the action being omitted changed or. improperly performed, 12 It is for the Holy See alone to determine the more important general principles.
which are as it were the basis of sacred music according to the norms handed down. but especially according to the Constitution on the Liturgy Direction in this matter. within the limits laid down also belongs to the competent territorial Episcopal. Instruction on music in the liturgy Page 3, Conferences of various kinds which have been legitimately constituted and to the. individual bishop 9, 13 Liturgical services are celebrations of the Church that is of the holy people. united under and directed by the bishop or priest 10 The priest and his ministers. because of the sacred order they have received hold a special place in these. celebrations as do also by reason of the ministry they perform the servers readers. commentators and those in the choir 11, 14 The priest acting in the person of Christ presides over the gathered assembly. Since the prayers which are said or sung by him aloud are proclaimed in the name of. the entire holy people and of all present 12 they should be devoutly listened to by. 15 The faithful fulfill their liturgical role by making that full conscious and active. participation which is demanded by the nature of the liturgy itself and which is by. reason of baptism the right and duty of the Christian people 13 This participation. a Should be above all internal in the sense that by it the faithful join their mind to. what they pronounce or hear and cooperate with heavenly grace 14. b Must be on the other hand external also that is such as to show the internal. participation by gestures and bodily attitudes by the acclamations responses and. singing 15, The faithful should also be taught to unite themselves interiorly to what the ministers. or choir sing so that by listening to them they may raise their minds to God. 16 One cannot find anything more religious and more joyful in sacred celebrations. than a whole congregation expressing its faith and devotion in song Therefore the. active participation of the whole people which is shown in singing is to be carefully. promoted as follows, a It should first of all include acclamations responses to the greetings of the priest.
and ministers and to the prayers of litany form and also antiphons and psalms. refrains or repeated responses hymns and canticles 16. b Through suitable instruction and practices the people should be gradually led to a. fuller indeed to a complete participation in those parts of the singing which. pertain to them, Instruction on music in the liturgy Page 4. c Some of the people s song however especially if the faithful have not yet been. sufficiently instructed or if musical settings for several voices are used can be. handed over to the choir alone provided that the people are not excluded from those. parts that concern them But the usage of entrusting to the choir alone the entire. singing of the whole Proper and of the whole Ordinary to the complete exclusion of. the people s participation in the singing is to be deprecated. 17 At the proper times all should observe a reverent silence 17 Through it the. faithful are not only not considered as extraneous or dumb spectators at the liturgical. service but are associated more intimately in the mystery that is being celebrated. thanks to that interior disposition which derives from the word of God that they have. heard from the songs and prayers that have been uttered and from spiritual union. with the priest in the parts that he says or sings himself. 18 Among the faithful special attention must be given to the instruction in sacred. singing of members of lay religious societies so that they may support and promote. the participation of the people more effectively 18 The formation of the whole. people in singing should be seriously and patiently undertaken together with liturgical. instruction according to the age status and way of life of the faithful and the degree. of their religious culture this should be done even from the first years of education in. elementary schools 19, 19 Because of the liturgical ministry it performs the choir or the Capella musica or. schola cantorum deserves particular mention Its role has become something of yet. greater importance and weight by reason of the norms of the Council concerning the. liturgical renewal Its duty is in effect to ensure the proper performance of the parts. which belong to it according to the different kinds of music sung and to encourage. the active participation of the faithful in the singing Therefore. a There should be choirs or Capellae or scholae cantorum especially in cathedrals. and other major churches in seminaries and religious houses of studies and they. should be carefully encouraged, b It would also be desirable for similar choirs to be set up in smaller churches. 20 Large choirs Capellae musicae existing in basilicas cathedrals monasteries and. other major churches which have in the course of centuries earned for themselves. high renown by preserving and developing a musical heritage of inestimable value. should be retained for sacred celebrations of a more elaborate kind according to their. own traditional norms recognized and approved by the Ordinary. Instruction on music in the liturgy Page 5, However the directors of these choirs and the rectors of the churches should take care. that the people always associate themselves with the singing by performing at least. the easier sections of those parts which belong to them. 21 Provision should be made for at least one or two properly trained singers. especially where there is no possibility of setting up even a small choir The singer. will present some simpler musical settings with the people taking part and can lead. and support the faithful as far as is needed The presence of such a singer is desirable. even in churches which have a choir for those celebrations in which the choir cannot. take part but which may fittingly be performed with some solemnity and therefore. with singing, 22 The choir can consist according to the customs of each country and other.
circumstances of either men and boys or men and boys only or men and women or. even where there is a genuine case for it of women only. 23 Taking into account the layout of each church the choir should be placed in such a. a That its nature should be clearly apparent namely that it is a part of the whole. congregation and that it fulfills a special role, b That it is easier for it to fulfill its liturgical function 20. The faithful fulfill their liturgical role by making that full conscious and active participation which is demanded by the nature of the liturgy itself and which is by reason of baptism the right and duty of the Christian people 13 This participation a Should be above all internal in the sense that by it the faithful join their mind to what they pronounce or hear and cooperate with

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