SUMMARY of CHANGE,DA PAM 190 51,Risk Analysis for Unclassified Army Resources. This major revision dated 27 June 2019, o Changes the publication title from Risk Analysis for Army Property to Risk Analysis for Unclassified Army. Resources cover, o Updates DA Form 7278 Risk Level Worksheet para 1 7b. o Adds risk analysis for arms ammunition and explosives tables 1 1 and 2 1. o Adds arms ammunition and explosives relative value of arms ammunition and explosives resources table 2 10. o Adjust sum of likelihood rating factors table 3 18. o Provides analysis factors for new resource categories in AR 190 51 including U S Army Corps of Engineers Civil. Works project resources throughout,Headquarters Department of the Army. Department of the Army,Washington DC Pamphlet 190 51. 27 June 2019,Military Police,Risk Analysis for Unclassified Army Resources. analysis can be used to determine the mini field operating agency in the grade of colo. mum level of protection needed to safe nel or the civilian equivalent Activities. guard resources adequately and economi may request a waiver to this regulation by. cally The level of security adopted will be providing justification that includes a full. based upon physical security measures and analysis of the expected benefits and must. procedures contained in AR 190 11 or AR include formal review by the activity s sen. 190 51 ior legal officer All waiver requests will be. endorsed by the commander or senior,Applicability This pamphlet applies to. leader of the requesting activity and for,the Regular Army the Army National. warded through their higher headquarters to,Guard Army National Guard of the United. the policy proponent Refer to AR 25 30,States and the U S Army Reserve unless. for specific,otherwise stated It also applies to U S. Army contractors using or handling sensi Suggested improvements Users are. tive or nonsensitive unclassified U S Army invited to send comments and suggested. resources This publication applies during improvements on DA Form 2028 Recom. History This publication is a major revi partial and full mobilization and during mended Changes to Publications and Blank. sion contingency operations Forms to Headquarters Department of the. Army Office of the Provost Marshal Gen, Summary This pamphlet presents a risk Proponent and exception authority. eral DAPM MPO PS 2800 Army Pen, analysis method designed to assist com The proponent of this pamphlet is the Prov. tagon Washington DC 20310 2800, manders in meeting local needs and en ost Marshal General The proponent has the. hancing security using available resources authority to approve exceptions or waivers Distribution This pamphlet is available. by use of the U S Army Security Manage to this regulation that are consistent with in electronic media only and is intended for. ment System Countermeasures software controlling law and regulations The propo the Regular Army the Army National. or DA Form 7278 The results of the risk nent may delegate this approval authority Guard Army National Guard of the United. in writing to a division chief within the pro States and the U S Army Reserve. ponent agency or its direct reporting unit or,Contents Listed by paragraph and page number. Risk Analysis page 1,Introduction page 1,Purpose 1 1 page 1. References and forms 1 2 page 1,Explanation of abbreviations and terms 1 3 page 1. How to use this pamphlet 1 4 page 1,Section II,Risk Analysis page 1. Purpose of risk analysis 1 5 page 1,Risk 1 6 page 1. Risk analysis procedure 1 7 page 2,Recourse Value Determination page 4. This pamphlet supersedes DA Pam 190 51 dated 30 September 1993. DA PAM 190 51 22 May 2019 i,UNCLASSIFIED,Contents Continued. Measurement of resource value 2 1 page 4,Evaluation procedure 2 2 page 4. Value rating factors 2 3 page 5,Establishing resource value rating 2 4 page 11. Likelihood Determination page 11,Measurement of likelihood 3 1 page 11. Evaluation procedure 3 2 page 11,Likelihood rating factors 3 3 page 14. Establishing likelihood rating 3 4 page 19,Appendixes. A References page 20,Table List,Table 1 1 Resource categories page 2. Table 1 2 Risk level matrix page 3, Table 2 1 Resource value rating factor table applicability page 5. Table 2 2 Criticality to Army s mission page 5,Table 2 3 Criticality to user s mission page 6. Table 2 4 Resource replaceability page 6,Table 2 5 Relative value of aircraft page 7. Table 2 6 Relative value of vehicles page 7, Table 2 7 Relative value of petroleum oils and lubricants page 7. Table 2 8 Relative value of other resources page 7. Table 2 9 Relative value of controlled cryptographic items page 8. Table 2 10 Relative Value of arms ammunition and explosives page 8. Table 2 11 U S Army Corps of Engineers page 9,Table 2 12 U S Army Corps of Engineers page 9. Table 2 13 U S Army Corps of Engineers page 9,Table 2 14 U S Army Corps of Engineers page 9. Table 2 15 U S Army Corps of Engineers page 9,Table 2 16 U S Army Corps of Engineers page 10. Table 2 17 U S Army Corps of Engineers page 10,Table 2 18 U S Army Corps of Engineers page 10. Table 2 19 Resource replaceability for U S Army Corps of Engineers Civil Works project resource page 10. Table 2 20 Resource value rating page 11, Table 3 1 Potential aggressors selection table page 12. Table 3 2 Potential likelihood rating factor table page 13. Table 3 3 Likelihood rating factors page 14, Table 3 4 Usefulness for resources with cash value page 14. Table 3 5 Usefulness for resources with direct application to aggressor s goals page 14. Table 3 6 Usefulness for resources with publicity value page 15. Table 3 7 Resource availability page 15,Table 3 8 Local incidents in the past page 15. Table 3 9 Nearby incidents in the past page 15,Table 3 10 Potential for future incidents page 16. Table 3 11 Accessibility of aircraft and vehicles page 16. Table 3 12 Accessibility of petroleum oils and lubricants and resources in outside storage areas page 17. Table 3 13 Accessibility of other arms ammunition and explosives inside facilities page 17. Table 3 14 Accessibility of resources subject to destruction death or injury page 17. Table 3 15 Effectiveness of law enforcement page 17. Table 3 16 Deterrence for aircraft vehicles petroleum oils and lubricants and resources in outside storage page 18. Table 3 17 Deterrence for resources stored inside facilities page 18. ii DA PAM 190 51 22 May 2019,Contents Continued,Table 3 18 Likelihood rating page 19. Figure List,Figure 1 1 Resource value determination page 4. DA PAM 190 51 22 May 2019 iii,Risk Analysis,Introduction. 1 1 Purpose, This pamphlet provides guidance for conducting risk analysis for the Army resources listed within The risk analysis pro. cedure supports the local commander in meeting the responsibility of protecting resources against criminal and terrorist. threats in a cost effective manner It is designed to help security specialists carry out their responsibilities in support of the. local commander It also provides a basis for developing the information required by engineers to provide comprehensive. protection for resources based on security engineering principles. 1 2 References and forms,See appendix A,1 3 Explanation of abbreviations and terms. See the glossary,1 4 How to use this pamphlet, a Establish risk levels for each resource requiring protection Refer to the instructions in section II of this chapter and. the risk factor evaluation tables in chapters 2 and 3 to evaluate risk levels. b Refer to AR 190 51 for other resources to determine the appropriate minimum levels of security to implement for. the resource to be protected based on the risk level for that resource. Section II,Risk Analysis,1 5 Purpose of risk analysis. Not all Army resources at all locations require the same degree of protection Protection of resources must be based on a. realistic assessment of the risks associated with the criminal and terrorist threats likely to be directed at the resources in. their actual locations Performing risk analysis for resources allows commanders to establish resource protection appropri. ate for their value and the likelihood of an attempt to compromise them The risk analysis allows the commander to prior. itize resources so that physical security resources can be applied in the most efficient and cost effective manner possible. The commander should ensure insider threat is included in the threat analysis Risk analysis also provides the supporting. facilities engineering organization with the information required to develop design criteria for construction or equipment. installation to provide comprehensive security for a resource. Risk indicates both the impact of the compromise of a resource and the potential for it being compromised Risk is asso. ciated with individual resources and with different types of aggressors. a Resources Risk concerns resources rather than facilities Facilities are not normally the targets of aggressors and. they should not be the focus of security Facilities contain security elements for the benefit of resources housed within the. facility Security should be based upon protecting the resources in the facilities The risk analysis procedure in this pam. phlet applies to all of the resource types listed in AR 190 51 and AR 190 11 where it is noted that risk analysis is required. It can also be applied to resource types that are not listed but which may warrant protection. b Components of risk Risk is composed of the two factors of resource value and likelihood of aggressor activity. 1 Resource value This risk factor indicates the value or importance of the resource to its user and to the Army The. risk level increases with increasing resource value in this risk analysis model Chapter 3 addresses resource value in more. 2 Likelihood This factor indicates the attractiveness of the resource to the aggressor and the likelihood that an ag. gressor will attempt to compromise the resource based on its attractiveness Risk increases with increasing likelihood of. aggression Chapter3 addresses likelihood in more detail. DA PAM 190 51 22 May 2019 1, c Aggressors The risk analysis procedure in this pamphlet considers criminals protesters and terrorists as potential. aggressors against Army resources A risk analysis must consider each potential aggressor category likely to be interested. in a resource separately The different aggressor categories and the different groups of aggressors within each category are. necessary for developing the threat definition used by security specialists and engineers to compensate for or design for. comprehensive security for resources In the threat analysis developed from elements of this risk analysis different tactics. weapons tools and explosives are assigned to each aggressor type Risk levels are established only for the broad categories. of criminals and terrorists in this risk analysis For this analysis protesters are divided into vandals activists and extremist. protesters which are incorporated into the categories of criminals and terrorists defined below. 1 Criminals Criminals are divided into unsophisticated criminals sophisticated criminals and organized criminal. groups for this analysis Vandals activists are included under the category of criminals. 2 Terrorists For this analysis terrorists are divided into those based in the continental United States based outside. the continental United States and state sponsored terrorists also based outside the continental United States Extremist. protesters and active shooters are also included under the category of terrorists. 3 Spies and Saboteurs Planning against these types of aggressors is not included because planning for the other. aggressor types is sufficient, 4 Insider threat The threat that an insider will use his or her access wittingly or unwittingly to do harm to the. security of the United States This threat can include damage to the United States through espionage terrorism active. shooter unauthorized disclosure of national security information or through loss or degradation of departmental resources. or capabilities,1 7 Risk analysis procedure, The following procedure will be applied to all Army resources being considered for protection including those in existing. facilities and those in facilities yet to be constructed or under major renovation. a The risk analysis for resources to be located in new or renovated facilities will be performed during the planning. stages of the projects Including required security features during initial facility planning will result in long term cost. savings and improved security system integration, b Consult with operations and intelligence personnel operation security personnel the provost marshal or director of. emergency services the facility engineer local State and Federal law enforcement as necessary and the users of the. resources being analyzed as necessary in performing this analysis. 1 Step 1 Identify the unit or organization owning the resource and the area in which the resource is located Enter. this information in the spaces provided on DA Form 7278 Risk Level Worksheet. 2 Step 2 Identify the resource for which the analysis is being performed Enter the category of the resource from. table 1 1 and enter a brief description to further identify it If the identified resource does not fall within one of the cate. gories listed in table 1 1 or if it falls within more than one category select the category which most closely describes the. resource and note the difference in the resource description Enter each resource category and its description in the space. provided on DA Form 7278 Analyze each resource separately. 3 Step 3 Determine resource value Evaluate the appropriate resource value rating factors and determine the resource. value rating for each resource as described in chapter 2. 4 Step 4 Determine likelihood of aggression For each applicable aggressor type and for each resource evaluate the. appropriate likelihood rating factors as described in chapter 3 Determine the highest likelihood ratings for criminals and. terrorists as described in chapter 3, 5 Step 5 Determine the risk levels for resources Use table 1 2 to determine risk levels for each resource based on. its value rating and the likelihood ratings for criminals and terrorists as determined in chapters3 Read the matrix table. 2 2 across from the applicable value rating and down from the applicable likelihood rating The risk level is at the inter. section of the two ratings Enter the risk levels for criminals and terrorists in the spaces provided on DA Form 7278 Figure. 1 1 is an example of a completed analysis, 6 Step 6 With the risk level for each resource refer to AR 190 51 to determine the minimum physical protective. measures and security procedural measures,Resource categories Continued. Category Description, A Aircraft and components including unmanned aircraft systems. B Vehicles and carriage mounted or towed weapon systems. 2 DA PAM 190 51 22 May 2019,Resource categories Continued. Category Description, C Communications and electronics equipment forward repair systems standard automotive tool sets night vision devices. and other high value optical devices high value precision equipment and launched electrode stun devices. D Organizational clothing and individual equipment. E Subsistence items,F Repair parts,G Petroleum oils and lubricants. H Facility engineering supply construction material storage areas and industrial and utility equipment. I Audiovisual equipment training devices and sub caliber devices. J Controlled cryptographic items,K On post public and privatized utilities. L Air items and airdrop systems and personnel and cargo parachute systems including associated ancillary items. M U S Army Corps of Engineers USACE Civil Works CW project resources. N Arms ammunition and explosives AA E,O Medical and medical research resources. Risk level matrix Continued,Resource value rating Aggressor likelihood rating. Very low Low Medium High Very high,Very low VL I I I II II. Low L I I II II II,Medium M I II II II III,High H II II II III III. Very high VH II II III III III,DA PAM 190 51 22 May 2019 3. Figure 1 1 Resource value determination,Recourse Value Determination. 2 1 Measurement of resource value, Resource value is evaluated based on value rating factors which include mission criticality to both the Army and the. resource s user the replaceability of the resource and a measure of the resource s relative value to its user Evaluate each. value rating factor as described below using the applicable value rating tables. 2 2 Evaluation procedure, a Select applicable value rating tables Refer to table 2 1 to determine which value rating tables apply for each resource. b Evaluate value rating factors Select the entry from each value rating table which most closely applies to the resource. Record the numerical values for the value rating factors in the spaces provided on DA Form 7278. c Establish value rating Refer to guidance in paragraph 2 4. 4 DA PAM 190 51 22 May 2019, Resource value rating factor table applicability Continued. Resource category Applicable table numbers, A Aircraft and components including unmanned aerial systems. 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 5, B Vehicles and carriage mounted or towed weapon systems 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 6. C Communications and electronics equipment forward repair systems stand. ard automotive tool sets night vision devices and other high value optical de 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 8. vices high value precision equipment and launched electrode stun devices. D Organizational clothing and individual equipment 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 8. E Subsistence items 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 8,F Repair parts 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 8. G Petroleum oils and lubricants 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 7, H Facility engineering supply construction material storage areas and indus. 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 8,trial and utility equipment, I Audiovisual equipment training devices and sub caliber devices. 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 8,J Controlled cryptographic items 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 9. K On post public and privatized utilities 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 8. L Air items and airdrop systems and personnel and cargo parachute systems. 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 8,including associated ancillary items. M USACE CW project resources select only one table for relative value 2 2 2 3 2 19 2 11. N AA E 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 10, O Medical and medical research resources 2 2 2 3 2 4 2 8. 2 3 Value rating factors, a Criticality to Army s mission This factor addresses the criticality of the resource in its support of the Army s capa. bility to mobilize and fight a war Considering this factor ensures that resources which are critical to Army readiness. receive highest priority Evaluate this factor using table 2 2. Criticality to Army s mission Continued,Loss impact Value rating factor. The loss theft destruction or misuse of the resource could have insignificant impact on the Army s. The loss theft destruction or misuse of the asset resource could have significant impact on the. Army s mission on a regional level, The loss theft destruction or misuse of the resource could compromise the infrastructure of the. Army s mission, The loss theft destruction or misuse of the resource could impact the tactical capability of the. Army s mission, The loss theft destruction or misuse of the resource could be expected to harm the operational ca. pability of the Army s mission, The loss theft destruction or misuse of the resource could result in great harm to the strategic capa. bility of the Army s mission,DA PAM 190 51 22 May 2019 5. b Criticality to user s mission, 1 This factor addresses the criticality of the resource in its support of its user s mission It accounts for the fact that. some resources may be critical to their user s mission but not to the overall Army mission An example of such a resource. could be kitchen equipment in the officers club The equipment may be critical to the club s mission but is unlikely to be. critical to the war fighting mission, 2 In the case of applying this table to USACE CW project resources this factor will address the criticality of the CW. project resource in its support of the USACE mission USACE mission being defined herein as the CW project s author. ized purpose Considering this factor ensures that CW project resources which are critical to USACE receive high priority. within USACE s risk based decision making processes Assume a national level perspective verses a local level perspec. tive when determining the value of this factor Evaluate this factor using table 2 3. Criticality to user s mission Continued,Loss impact Value rating factor. The loss theft destruction or misuse of the resource would have no significant effect on operations. output production or service, The loss theft destruction or misuse of the resource would result in halting operations within 1. month or would result in a 10 percent curtailment of output production or service. The loss theft destruction or misuse of the resource would result in halting operations within 2. weeks or would result in a 25 percent curtailment of output production or service. The loss theft destruction or misuse of the resource would result in halting operations within 1 week. or would result in a 50 percent curtailment of output production or service. The loss theft destruction or misuse of the resource would result in halting operations within 1 day. or would result in a 75 percent curtailment of output production or service. The loss theft destruction or misuse of the resource would result in immediately halting operations. output production or service, c Resource replaceability This factor addresses the time required to replace resources which have been compromised. Replacement can be either in kind or with a reasonable substitute and can be either temporary or permanent This factor. accounts for the impact of delay in replacement of resources on the user s mission Evaluate this factor using table 2 4. Resource replaceability Continued,Replacement time Value rating factor. Can be replaced within 24 hours 0,Can be replaced within 24 to 72 hours 1. Can be replaced within 72 hours to 1 week 2,Can be replaced within 1 week to 1 month 3. Can be replaced within 1 to 6 months 4,Can be replaced within more than 6 months 5. d Relative resource value This factor provides a measure of the relative value of a resource based on the cost of the. resource or other measures of value appropriate for particular resource categories Different tables are used to evaluate the. relative values of different resource categories in the most appropriate ways of measuring value for the various resource. categories The applicable tables are indicated in table 3 1 Write the number of the table chosen in the space provided on. DA Form 7278, 1 Relative value of aircraft The relative value is measured based on the number of aircraft and the presence of attack. aircraft Evaluate relative value of these resources using table 2 5. 6 DA PAM 190 51 22 May 2019,Relative value of aircraft Continued. Resource amounts Value rating factor,Less than 5 aircraft with no attack aircraft 0. Less than 5 aircraft and include attack aircraft 1. 5 to 10 aircraft with no attack aircraft 2,5 to 10 aircraft and include attack aircraft 3. Ten or more aircraft with no attack aircraft 4, Ten or more aircraft and includes attack aircraft 5. 2 Relative value of vehicles The relative value is based on the number of vehicles and the presence of tactical vehicles. and vehicles with carriage mounted or towed weapons systems Evaluate relative value of these resources using table 2 6. Relative value of vehicles Continued,Resource amounts Value rating factor. Less than 20 vehicles No tactical vehicles or carriage mounted or towed weapons systems 0. Less than 20 vehicles Includes tactical vehicles Does not include carriage mounted or towed. weapons systems, Less than 20 vehicles Includes carriage mounted or towed weapons systems 2. Twenty or more vehicles No tactical vehicles or carriage mounted or towed weapons systems 3. Twenty or more vehicles Includes tactical vehicles Does not include carriage mounted or towed. weapons systems, Twenty or more vehicles Includes carriage mounted or towed weapons systems 5. 3 Relative value of petroleum oils and lubricants The relative value is based on the quantity being stored Evaluate. relative value of these resources using table 2 7, Relative value of petroleum oils and lubricants Continued. Resource quantity Value rating factor,Less than 50 000 gallons 1. Between 50 000 and 150 000 gallons 2,Between 150 001 and 500 000 gallons 3. Between 500 001 and 1 000 000 million gallons 4,More than 1 000 000 gallons 5. 4 Relative value of other resources Relative value of resources not included in the tables above is evaluated based. upon monetary value The monetary value may be determined for an inventory of resources or for individual resources. whichever is most appropriate for the quantity of the resources present in the inspectable area being analyzed Actual. quantity of the resources is accounted for in considering the mission criticality of the resources to the Army and the user. Evaluate relative value of these resources using table 2 8. Relative value of other resources Continued,Total inventory cost Value rating factor. Less than 100 000 or the value of an individual resource is less than 10 000 1. DA PAM 190 51 22 May 2019 7,Relative value of other resources Continued. Total inventory cost Value rating factor, Between 100 000 and 250 000 or the value of an individual resource is between 10 000 and. Between 250 000 and 500 000 or the value of an individual resource is between 25 000 and. Between 500 000 and 1 000 000 or the value of an individual resource is between 50 000 and. More than 1 000 000 or the value of an individual resource is more than 100 000 5. 5 Relative value of controlled cryptographic items The relative value of controlled cryptographic items is determined. based on the degree of sensitivity of the information processed with the equipment Evaluate relative value of these assets. using table 2 9, Relative value of controlled cryptographic items Continued. Information sensitivity Value rating factor,For Official Use Only 1. Confidential 2,Top Secret 4,Sensitive Compartmented Information 5. 6 Relative value of arms ammunition and explosives resources The value is based on the loss of category I through. IV AA E assets described in AR 190 11 Evaluate the relative value using table 2 10. Table 2 10, Relative Value of arms ammunition and explosives Continued. Resource amounts Value rating factor, Category IV less than 50 weapons or 50 kg net explosive weight 1. Category IV more than 50 weapons or 50 kg net explosive weight 2. Category III weapons or explosive 3,Category II weapons or explosive 4. Category I weapons or explosive 5, 7 Relative value of U S Army Corps of Engineers Civil Works project resources The USACE CW project resources. requiring a risk assessment encompass the spillway gate structure outlet works structure intake structure Service Bridge. embankment powerhouse powerhouse control room unescorted public accessible powerhouse visitor center switchyard. navigation lock levee drainage structure and levee pumping station To determine the value rating factor of a USACE. CW project resource obtain the project specific Critical Infrastructure Protection and Resilience Program Consequence. Topic Screen data and use tables 2 11 through 2 18 In most cases multiple tables will apply to a CW project resource. Use the table that has the greater rating value factor Enter the number in DA Form 7278. 8 DA PAM 190 51 22 May 2019,Table 2 11, U S Army Corps of Engineers relative value of total economic impact Continued. Total economic impact Value rating factor,Less than 500 million 1. Greater than or equal to 500 million but less than 1 billion 2. Greater than or equal to 1 billion but less than or equal to 10 billion 3. Greater than or equal to 10 billion but less than 20 billion 4. Greater than or equal to 20 billion 5,Table 2 12, U S Army Corps of Engineers relative value of water supply Continued. Population served Value rating factor,Less than 1 000 1. Greater than or equal to 1 000 but less than 15 000 2. Greater than or equal to 15 000 but less than or equal to 50 000 3. Greater than or equal to 50 000 but less than or equal to 125 000 4. Greater than 125 000 5,Table 2 13, U S Army Corps of Engineers relative value of irrigation water Continued. Annual water delivery Value rating factor,Less than 999 acre feet 1. Greater than or equal to 1 000 acre feet but less than 10 000 acre feet 2. Greater than or equal to 10 000 acre feet but less than 100 000 acre feet 3. Greater than or equal to 100 000 acre feet but less than 1 million acre feet 4. Greater than 1 million acre feet 5,Table 2 14, U S Army Corps of Engineers relative value of hydropower generation Continued. Generating capacity Value rating factor,Less than 25 megawatts MW 1. Greater than or equal to 25 MW but less than 50 MW 2. Greater than or equal to 50 MW but less than 300 MW 3. Greater than or equal to 300 MW but less than 1 000 MW 4. Greater than 1 000 MW 5,Table 2 15, U S Army Corps of Engineers relative value of flood damage reduction Continued. Annual flood damage reduction Value rating factor,Less than 10 million 1. Greater than or equal to 10 million but less than 50 million 2. Greater than or equal to 50 million but less than 100 million 3.
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'love and relationship' as a domain, social media as data source and language as a medium is outlined. The overall architecture, which is shown in figure 1, comprises three modules. More specifically, social media data such as forum discussions and blogs are crawled and a corpus is created that can be further analyzed with respect to culture i.e
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