First Semester, Note All papers are optional in both the semesters of M A Final except paper X of the IInd. semester which is compulsory for all the students,Paper I 1 Intellectual History of China Japan. 2 History of South Asia Modern Nepal Sri Lanka,3 History of Modern South East Asia. Paper II A Society Culture and Religion in India from early times to 1200 AD. B Society Culture and Religion in India from 1200 A D till the advent of Europeans. C Society Culture Religion in India in Modern Period. Paper III A Aspects of Economic life in Ancient India. B Aspects of Economic life in Medieval India,C Colonial Economy in Modern Times. Paper IV A Ancient Indian Historiography and Sources. B Historiography in Medieval India,C Historiography in Modern India. Paper V A Science Technology in Ancient India,B Science Technology in Medieval India. C Science Technology in Colonial India,Second Semester. Paper VI 1 History of non European World Indigenous societies of Africa U S A Australia. 2 History of non European World Indigenous societies of Central Asia West Asia. 3 Tribal Histories of India,Paper VII 1 Women in Indian History. 2 History of Indian Diaspora,3 Women Religion, Paper VIII 1 Maritime History of India Overseas Trade from pre Christian era to the end of 16th. 2 Maritime History of India 1500 1800 Overseas Trade and European Trading. 3 India Since Independence, Paper IX A 20th Century Historians and Historiography on Ancient India. B 20th Century Historians and Historiography on Medieval India. C 20th Century Historians and Historiography on Modern India. Compulsory, Paper X Research Methodology and Historical Investigation. Note Student will opt for the same group A B C in papers II III IV of First semester and. Paper IX of second semester,M A PREVIOUS,I Semester. Paper I Principles of History, Unit I Meaning of History Definition Scope Subject matter of History. Unit II Types of History social economic intellectual agrarian urban art history etc Use and. Misuse of history,Unit III Problems of Periodisation. Unit IV Objectivity Determinism Relativism Causation Generalization in history and Moral. judgement in history,Unit V History and other Disciplines. Ancillary Sciences Archeology Paleography Epigraphy Numismatics. Auxiliary Sciences Ecology Anthropology Linguistics Sociology Economics Political. Science Law Philosophy with cognate fields like historical geography economic history. intellectual history legal and constitutional history Influences of statistics and mathematics. on historical methods, Unit VI Extent of subjectivity contrast with physical sciences interpretation and speculation. causation verses evidence concept of historical inevitability Historical Positivism. Books References, On history Ferdiand Braudel Translated by Sarah Mathew in 1980 University of Chicago Press. Philosophies of history edited Robert N Burns Hugh Raymen Pickeed in 2000 Oxford. The nature of history Authur Marwick 1989 Macmillan London. The companion to the Study of History Michael Stanford 1996 Blackwell Oxford. What is history today J Gardiner 1988 Macmillan London. The order of things Foucault Michel 1970 Tavistock Publications London. What is history E H Carr 2001 Palgrave Basingstoke. The idea of history R G Collingwood 1988 Oxford University Press Madras. Telling the truth about history Appleby 1994 Norton New York. The Historians s Craft Marc Bloch 1954 MUP Manchester. The territory of the Historian E LE Roy Ladurie 1979 Harvester Press Britain. Paper II Contemporary World Part I upto 1945,Unit I Legacy of the 19 Century. Growth of capitalism structural changes of European economy. Imperialism Theories Lenin Hobson Concept of New Imperialism. A short survey of the growth of capitalism imperialism in U K Germany Japan. Unit II World between the two Wars, League of Nations Collective Security causes of its failure Great Depression. Liberal Ideas Socialist Movements Conservative Nationalism and Liberal Socialism. Unit III Ideologies of Nazism Fascism Case Study of Germany Italy Japan. Unit IV Second World War the New Political Order From European to Global War origins. nature and results of the war, Unit V Nationalist movements and decolonization causes and nature forms of resisting colonialism. Books References,A History of the World 1914 91 Eric Hobsbawn 1996. Encyclopedia Brittanica 2000,Encyclopedia of Social Science 1983. The Struggle for Mastery in Europe A J P Taylor,The Origins of Second World War A J P Taylor. Paper III Indian Nationalism Socio religious and other protest movements upto 1905. Unit I Historiography of Indian Nationalism Conceptual Debates. Emergence of Indian Nationalism Effects of British administration Western Civilization. English education Social policy of the British Christian Missionaries Press etc. Social and religious reforms of the 19th century, Unit II Popular Movements Tribal Revolt and Peasant Movement From middle of 18th to19th. Political Associations of the 19th century, Political Associations in Bengal Bombay and Madras Presidencies. Other political groups, Unit III Foundation of the Indian National Congress. Different theories about the formation and origin of the Congress Its Leadership Objectives. and Methods, Role of Moderate leaders in the Indian National Congress and their working. Progress of Indian National Movement from 1885 to 1905. Constitutional Methods and Peaceful Methods of the Congress. Unit IV Economic drain Reaction by the Congress and Nationalists. Unit V British attitude towards the policy and programme of the Congress till 1905 Partition of. Bengal in 1905 and its after effects, Reaction of the Indian Nationals and Indian National Congress against the partition of. Books References, History of the Freedom Movement in India Vol I Tara Chand. Oxford History of India Percival Spear,India Today R Palma Dutta. Indian Unrest V Chirol, English Education and the Origin of the Indian Nationalism Bruce T Mcully. The Emergence of Indian Nationalism Competition and Collaboration in the late 19th Century Anil. Subaltern Studies Vol I to IV Ranjit Guha, The History of the Indian National Congress 1885 1935 B Pattabhi Sitaramayya. Peasant Struggle in India A R Desai ed, Civil Disturbance during the British Rule in India S B Chaudhri. Paper IV Ecology and Environment in History, Unit I Ecology What is Ecology Scope of Ecology Ecology Science or Art Its relation to other. subjects Terminology of Ecology Basic concept of Ecology Approaches to Ecology. Unit II Environment What is Environment Component of Environment Living and Non living. components Management and conservation of living and non living resources of. environment for sustainable development Environmental degradation and its impact on. present and future generations, Science and ethics of environmental care and sustainability. Conservation Its tradition in India,The concept of nature in our spiritual traditions. Ethics of environmental awareness and the source of biodiversity conservation in ancient. culture and literature of India, Unit III Environment consciousness in ancient India. Indus valley civilization Planned urbanization drainage system watershed management. waste management worship of different components of nature concept of prakriti and. Pre Vedic and Post Vedic civilization, Forest and wild life management in Maurya and Gupta period small scale industries based. on natural resources in ancient India, Unit IV Environmental consciousness in Medieval India. Exploration of natural resources for economic development in early Medieval India. Exploration of natural resources for sustainable economic and ecological development in. Mughal period Over exploitation and ecological destabilization during later Mughal period. Unit V Environmental and Ecological consciousness in Modern India. British economic policy and imperialism,Ruin of Indian small scale industries. Over exploitation of natural resources, Establishment of industries based on Indian natural resources and its impact on environment. and ecology, Unit VI Environmental Problem in Independent India. Books References, Environmental science William P Cunningham Barbara Woodworth Saigo USA 1990. Fundamentals of Ecology ed E P Odum W B Philadelphia Pennsylvania USA 1959. Ecology and Environment P D Sharma Rastogi Publications Meerut 1990. Social Cultural and Economic History of India Vol I II III Chopra Puri Das. Forest and Wild life Management in ancient India Looking through the Mauryan Times Mohd Ahsan. Paryavaran Gyan Yagya Samiti Lucknow Recommend, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas tatha Sanskriti Hindi K C Srivastava. Madhyakalin Bharat Hindi Harishchandra Verma, Bharat Mein Arthik Rashtravada Ka Udbhav Aur Vikas Hindi Bipin Chandra. Nand Maurya Yugin Bharat Hindi K A Nilkantha Sastri. Paper V A State Formation in Ancient India, Unit I Sources Concept and origin of State Its nature aims and functions Organic unity of the. State Saptang, Unit II The Kingship Concept of Dandniti Coronation ceremony Rajdhrama Theocratic ideas of. Unit III Republics Characteristics of Ancient Republics their Constitution according to Panini. Republics in Buddhist Literature, Unit IV Dharma and Jurisprudence Judicial system Organization of Judicial Department. Unit V State income and expenditure taxation etc,Books References. State and Government in Ancient India English Hindi A S Altekar. Hindu polity IInd ed English Hindi K P Jayaswal,A History of Indian Political Ideas U N Ghosal. Aspects of Ancient Indian Political Ideas and Institutions R S Sharma. Some Aspects of Ancient Hindu Polity D R Bhandarkar. Development of Hindu Politics and Political Ideas N C Bandopadhyaya. Chapters on Rajdharma Hindi Santi Parva of Mahabharat. Paper V B State and Governance in Medieval India, Unit I Nature of State Sovereignty Theory of kingship Administration of Slave kings Balban s. theory of kingship North West Frontier policy, Unit II Revenue Administration of Tughluqs and Khaljis Firoz Tughluq s Administration. Administration of Vijayanagar, Unit III Administration of Sultanate Central government The Sultanate a Theocracy Khalifa and. Ulema Khalifa s relation with Sultan Other departments Provincial administration Local. administration, Unit IV Defence arrangement of Iltutmish Balban Alauddin Khilji Effects of Mongol menace. Unit V Land Revenue reforms under Sher Shah and Akbar Concept of Sovereignty Nature of State. in Medieval India Development of Vizarat Mughal Administration. Military System i under Sultans ii under Mughals,Revenue System i under Sultans ii under Mughals. Maratha Administration under Shivaji,Books References. Political Theory of Delhi Sultanate Habib M and Afsar Begum. Medieval India Society jagirdari Crisis and Village Satish Chandra Tr Madhu Trivedi Madhyakalin. Bharat Sultant Se Mughal Tak Hindi,The Government of Delhi Sultanate U N Dey. Akbar the Great A L Srivastava,The Mughal Empire R C Mazumdar. Administration of Delhi Sultanate I H Qureshi,Administration of the Mughals I H Qureshi. Some Aspects of Muslim Administration R P Tripathi. Saltanat Kaleen Sarkar Tatha Prashashnik Vyavastha Hindi Usha Rani Bansal. Mughal Shashan Paranali Hindi Hari Shankar Srivastava. History of India 1200 1747 A L Srivastava,Mughal Government Administration Shri Ram Sharma. Paper V C Modern Indian Political Thought Prominent Thinkers of India. Unit I Theoretical background of political thought of modern India East West Encounter. Unit II Emergence of new social religious ideas Ram Mohan Roy Derozio Young Bengal. Swami Dayanand Saraswati Arya Samaj,Unit III Ideas of National regeneration. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhya Swami Vivekanand Bhoodev Mukhopadhya. Sri Aurobindo Balgangadhar Tilak Subhash Chandra Bose Lala Lajpat Rai V D Savarkar. Dr Hegdewar Guru Golwalkar Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Pt Deen Dayal Upadhyaya. Unit IV Mohd Iqbal Mohd Ali Jinnah, Unit V Pt Madan Mohan Malaviya Jawaharlal Nehru B R Ambedkar. Books References, Europe Reconsidered Tapan Roy Choudhry Oxford University Press. Modern Indian Political Thought V P Verma, History of Political Thought from Ram Mohan to Dayanand A History of Indian Social and Political. Ideas B B Majumdar,Speeches and Writings B G Tilak. Adhunik Bharat ka Rajnitik Chintan Hindi Awasthi Awasthi. Dr Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Balraj Madhok New Delhi first print 1954. M A PREVIOUS,II Semester,Paper VI Major Currents in Historical Thought. Unit I Origins of Historical narrative Greek and Latin Historiography Herodotus Thucydides. Polybius Livy Tacitus St Thomas Acquinas St Augustine Church historiography. Unit II Chinese tradition Ssuma chian, Unit III Ancient Indian Historical tradition Kalhana. Unit IV Islamic Historical tradition Ibnkhaldum Al Beruni Ziauddin Beruni Abul Fazal. Unit V Renaissance General characteristics Age of Enlightenment Romanticism Voltaire Gibbon. Unit VI Rise of Modern Historiography Empirical tradition Bury Universalist Idealist tradition. Toynbee Spengler Positivist tradition August Comte Ranke Annales tradition Marc. Bloch Braudel Lucienfebure Marxist Tradition E P Thompson E J Hobsbawm. Books References, A History of Historical Writing Vol I and 2 J W Thompson and Bernard Holm New York Macmillan. The Blackwell Dictionary of Historians John cannon et al ed Oxford Basil Blackwell 1988. The Annales Historians Critical Assessment Vol I Stuart Clark London Routledge 1999. The Idea of History R G Collingwood Oxford OUP 1946. In Defence of History Richard J Evans London Granta Books 1997. Studies in Indo Muslim Historical Writing Peter Hardy London 1997. Historians of Medieval India ed Mohibbul Hassan Meerut Meenakshi Prakashan 1968. An introduction to the study of Indian History D D Kosambi 1956. Historiography in Modern India R C Majumdar Bombay Asia publishing house 1967. Ancient Indian Historians V S Pathak London Asia publishing House 1963. Paper VII Contemporary World Part II 1945 2003,Unit I Cold war its effects. Cold war bilateralism in world politics background responsibility pacts treaties. tensions rivalries, Historical context of the emergence of Third World principle of non aligned movement. conferences in this regard, Americanization of Western Europe Truman doctrine Marshall plan American foreign. policy since 1945, Korean War background America s role Internalization of the Korean conflict. Vietnam War its impact,Cuba USA in Latin America, Middle East in world politics birth of Israel The Palestinian question Oil diplomacy 1979. Iranian revolution Iraq Kuwait conflict Gulf war, Indo Pakistan relations Kashmir question Bangladesh war. Unit II Age of Progress economic social, Industry agriculture science technology communication information. Civil rights movements apartheid feminism, Unit III Disintegration of Socialist bloc end of cold war. Genesis process of disintegration its impact on society politics from bi polar to uni. polar world, Concept of globalization Historical context Instruments. International Terrorism its impact on world politics. U S aggression on Iraq 2003 background nature,Books References. The world since 1945 Keith Robbins 1998, The History of the World Eric Hobsbawn 1914 1991 1996. Encyclopedia Brittanica 2005,Paper VIII Indian National Movement 1905 1947. Unit I Rise of Extremism Policy and Programme of the Extremists Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Bipin Chandra Pal Lala Lajpat Rai and Aurobindo Ghosh. Difference between the Moderates and the Extremists Surat Split. Militant Revolutionary Activities in India and Abroad. Unit II The Home Rule League and Mrs Annie Besant British Attitude towards the League. Congress League Alliance 1916,The Swaraj Party Its Programme and Aims. Unit III Mahatma Gandhi and his Movements,The Non Co operation Movement 1920 1922. The Civil Disobedience Movement,First phase 1930 1931 Gandhi Irwin pact 1931. Second phase 1932 1934,The Quit India Movement 1942. Second world war,Individual Satyagraha,Cripps Mission its failure. Economic hardships,Unit IV Birth of Muslim League 1906. Activities and growth of League till 1916, Activities of the Muslim League and demand for Pakistan. Unit V The Peasant Movements 1920 1930 U P Kisan Sabha Mapilla Revolt Bardoli Satyagraha. Unit VI The rise and growth of Leftist Movement, Growth and activities of the Communists and the Socialists. Unit VII Subhash Chandra Bose and the Indian National Congress Forward Block. Activities of Subhash Chandra Bose outside India, Unit VIII Partition of India Circumstances and Historical factors Causes responsible for the Partition. Books References, History of the Indian National Congress Vol II Pattabhi Sitaramaya. Leftist Movement in India S R Choudhary, History of the Freedom Movement Vol III R C Mazumdar. Nationalism and Colonialism in Modern India India s struggle for Independence Modern India. Bipin Chandra,The Extremist Challenge Amalesh Tripathi. History of the Freedom Movement in India Vol IV Tara Chand. The Emergence of the Indian National Congress S R Mehrotra. The Emergence of the Indian Nationalism Anil Seal,Modern India Sumit Sarkar. A Documentary Study of British Policy towards Indian Nationalism B L Grover. Social Background of Indian Nationalism Peasant struggles in India A R Desai. The Partition of India ed Philips and WainWright, The Rise of Muslims in Indian Politics 1888 1905 Rafiq Zakaria. Paper IX Environmental Crisis and World Religions, Unit I World Religions Science Technology and Environment. Unit II Christianity and the Environment,Unit III Islam and the Present Ecology. Unit IV Ecology A Zoroastrian experience Buddhism and ecology Jainism and environmental. Unit V Sikhism and the present ecology, Unit VI Environmental protection in Hindu Religion. Unit VII World Religions and Environmental Imperatives. Books References, Paristhiti evam Paryavaran Hindi Harish Chandravyas Panchshil Prakashan Jaipur. Paryavaran ki Sanskriti Hindi Shubhra Patva Vagdevi Prakashan Bikaner. Paryavaran ki Rajniti Hindi Lata Joshi Anamika Publishers Distributers 2001. Himalaya Bachao Hindi Sundarlal Patwa ed, Paryavaran Sanskriti Pradusan evam Sanrakshan Hindi Pt Nityanand Mishra Almora Book Depot. Social Ecology Ramachandra Guha ed Delhi, Indian Environmental Politics Programming and Stewardship O P Dwivedi 1997 Macmillan London. Environmental Politics in Third World O P Dwivedi, Explorations in Environmental History Samuel P Hays 1998 Pitsburg U S A. Paper X A Governance in Ancient India History of Ideas. Unit I Political Institutions of Vedic Period Central Assemblies Sabha Samiti Paura Janpad. Unit II Council of Ministers Mantriparishad Constitutions and Functions Qualifications of. Unit III Inter State Relations Mandala Theory Espionage. Unit IV Government Mauryan Administration Gupta Administration Administration of Harsha. Unit V Administrative system under the Cholas,Unit VI Judiciary Court Procedure and Punishment. Books References,Hindu polity IInd ed K P Jayaswal English Hindi. Corporate life in Ancient India R C Mazumdar, State and Government in Ancient India English Hindi A S Altekar. Hindu Revenue System U N Ghosal,Local Government in Ancient India K Mukherjee. Studies of Indian History and Culture U N Ghosal,The Wonder That Was India A L Basham. History of Dharma Shastra Vol 3 P V Kane,Paper X B History of Ideas in Medieval India. Unit I A Critical study of sources historian s conception ideas Tahkik ma lil Hind Al Beruni. Tabkat i Nasiri Minhaj Barani s conception of History Tarikh i Firozshahi Fatwa i. Unit II Mystic Ideology The Mystic path service to humanity pacifism and non violence Chishti. attitude towards the State Suhrawardi attitude towards State. Unit III Historians and Histories of Mughal Empire in Akbar s reign Views of members of Din I. Ilahi Abul Fazal s ideas of history Akbarnama Tabkat i Akbari Khwaja Nijamuddin s. treatment of history Muntakhab ut Tawarikh Badauni s treatment of history. Unit IV Babarnama Jahangirnama Padshahnama,Unit V Travels Manucci Bernier Ibn Batuta. Books References, Historians of Indian Pakistan and Ceylon C H Philips. Ideas of History in Medieval India J N Sarkar, History of India as told by its own Historians Elliot Dawson. Historians of Medieval India M Hasan,Some Historians of Medieval India B N Lunia. i Abul Fazal Aini i Akbari,ii Barani Tarkh i Firoj Shahi. iii Badauni untakhab ul Tawarikh,iv Travel Accounts of Ibn Batuta Bernier Mannuci. Paper X C History of Ideas in Modern India, Unit I Colonialism emergence of new political ideas Utilitarianism Liberalism Nationalism. Democracy Socialism Communalism Secularism, Unit II Pacifism John Ruskin Leo Tolstoy Impact on Indian Thought. Unit III Ideas of dissent protest Constitutional Opposition Dada Bhai Naoroji Gokhale Swadeshi. Boycott Passive Resistance Satayagraha Civil disobedience Total Revolution. Unit IV Gandhian social philosophy Its source ideas on religion civilization social reform. education emphasis on villages women s rights harijan uplift struggle against casticism etc. Unit V Sarvodaya Bhoodan Integral Humanism Radical Humanism. Books References,The English Utilitarian and India Eric Stokes. British attitudes towards India G D Bearce,Hind Swaraj M K Gandhi. Essays on Gandhian politics ed Ravindra Kumar, Gokhale The Indian Moderates and the British Raj B R Nanda. Ruskin and Gandhi Mclaughlin Elizabeth T London Buckell Univ Press 1979. M N Roy and Radical Humanism Bhattacharya G P Bombay A J B H Wadia Publication 1961. Colonialism Tradition and Reforms An Analysis of Gandhi s Political Discourses Parekh Bhikku. New Delhi Sage publications 1989, Civil Society History and Possibilities ed Sudipta Karaj and Sunil Khilnami New Delhi Foundation. Books 2000, Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World A Derivative Discourse Chatterjee Partha Delhi 1986. Culture Ideology and Hegemony Intellectual and Social Consciousness in Colonial India Pannikar. K N New Delhi 1995,First Semester,PAPER I 1 Intellectual History of China and Japan. Unit I The Intellectual foundation of Chinese and Japanese Civilizations Confucianism Taoism. Legalism Maism and Shintoism, Unit II Intellectual challenges from outside Buddhism in China Japan significance and legacy. Unit III Attempts at Syncretism Rise of Culturalism Conservation Neo Confucianism in China. Chu XI and Wang Yang Ming Shinto in Medieval Japan Neo Confucian orthodoxy. Hayashi Ranzan Yamazaki Ansai Minto School Kaibara Ekken Eighteenth century. Cofucianism an attempt at Rationalism, Unit IV East Asia confronts the west Critique of traditional ideology Debates on modernization. China Reform for Restoration of Traditional State Meiji Restoration Kang Yu Wei Lung. Qi Chao Sun Yat Sen and 1911 Revolution May Fourth Movement Yan Fu Li Dazhao. Chen Du Xiu Rise of Marxism and the thought of Mao Zedong Japan Shinto Revival. Debates over Eastern ethics and western science Fukuzawa Yukichi Restoration and. renovation in the Meiji era The Imperial Eescript on Education Itagaki Taisuke Okuma. Shigenobu Prewar Liberalism Rise of Revolutionary Nationalism Japan and Asia Kita. Ikki s ultranationalism Japanese Social Movement, Unit V The Chinese Japanese Tradition in the Modern World. Books References, Sources of Chinese Tradtion Vol I II ed Wm Theodore DeBary Columbia University Press. Intellectual Foundation of China Frederick Mote Alfred A Knopf NY 1971. Confucius China its modern fate Joseph Levenson,The Gate of Heaven Peace Jonathan Spence. The Last Stand of Chinese Conservatism Wright Mary C Stanford 1957. The May Fourth Movement Intellectual Revolution in Modern China Chow Tse tung Harvard 1962. The Political Thought of Mao Schram Stuart New York 1972. Li Ta Chao and the Origin of Chinese Marxism Meisner Maurice Harvard 1967. Feudal Background of Japanese Politics Norman E Herbert Institute of Pacific Relations 1945. Fifty Years of New Japan Okuma Shigenobu Smith 1909. Paper I 2 History of South Asia Modern Nepal Sri Lanka. Unit I The unification of Nepal under Prithivi Narain Shah The Administration of Rana Bahadur. Shah his relations with China Tibet and Treaty with the East India Company The reign of. Surendra Bikram Shah Prithivi Bir Bikram Shah Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah and first Great. Unit II The premierships of Jung Bahadur his reforms and foreign armed revolution in Nepal. people s struggle in the valley Delhi Agreement and Gorkha Dal Restoration of Tribhuvan. Bir Bikram Shah and Prime Minister ship of M P Koirala. Unit III Accession of King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and the new constituent event of 1960. Panchyat Democracy, Unit IV The East India Company in Sri Lanka 1796 1802 and the fall of the Kandyan Dynasty Sri. Lanka under the British rule Era of reform and reconstruction 1833 1900 Rise of. Nationalism in Sri Lanka and Ceylon National Congress 1904 The Donoghmoe Commission. and its recommendations 1927 30 The first phase of the transfer of power 1931 1942 D S. Senanayka and the communion States 1942 47 Art and Literature of Sri Lanka in the 19th. 20th century,Books References, An Introduction to Nepal Rishikesh Saha New Delhi 1993. Life of Maharaja Sri Jung Bahadur of Nepal P J Bahadur Rana Kathamandu 1947. Contemporary Nepal L B Homal Varanasi 1994, Sri Lanka A History Chandra R Desilva New Delhi 1987. Dutch Power in Ceylon 1658 1687 S Arararatnam New Delhi 1980. Sri Lanka in Change Crisis James Manor,A History of Burma Htin Aung London 1967. Freedom Struggle in Burma Kumar Budin Narain Singh New Delhi 1989. Paper I 3 History of Modern South East Asia, Unit I Impact of colonialism on South East Asia Colonialism in its prime The Dutch East Indies. French Indo China Burma the Philippines Malaysian territories. Unit II Nationalist Evolution Indonesia Malaysia Indo China Burma Thailand. Unit III Japanese Imperialism conquest and occupation The sponsorship of independence. Unit IV Independence Path Thailand Burma Indo China Indonesia Malaysia Philippines and. Singapore South East Asia in Global Politics American impact and Chinese Shadow.
that of their commercial counterparts in South Africa stood at 20 % (Tapson, 1982). This is in spite the fact that the share of livestock owned by farmers within the former homelands as a proportion of South Africa stood at 35 % for cattle, 57 % of goats and 10 % of sheep. This placed these areas at the core of livestock
required building and door security by the Facility Use Coordinator. o Key holders and building occupants will adhere to physical security procedures outlined in this manual. Security Camera System - Our church facility is equipped with fourteen security video cameras, which are
ing, improvised and homemade small arms and light weapons are limited to single-shot firearms, and simple mortars, grenade launchers, and recoilless weapons (Hays and Jenzen-Jones, 2018). A firearm can be reduced to two critical components: a barrel and a firing mechanism. At its most basic level, a barrel is simply a tube that is able to accept
Homemade Grenade Launchers: Constructing the Ultimate Hobby Weapon Live Off the Land in the City and Country Mantrapping Modern Weapons Caching The Most Dangerous Game: Advanced Mantrapping Techniques Ragnar's Action Encyclopedia of Practical Knowledge and Proven Techniques Ragnar's Big Book of Homemade Weapons: Building and Keeping Your ...
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Eagle #3: The second obligation of an Eagle Scout is loyalty, without loyalty, all character lacks direction. An Eagle is loyal to his ideals. May the blue of your Eagle badge always remind you to be loyal. Eagle #4: The third obligation of an Eagle Scout is courage. Courage gives all character force and
from the given fraction so that the result is non-negative. We have to repeat this on the remainder until we nd a fraction that is itself a U.F. not equal to one already written down. 1.1 The Greedy method. We can note that: Theorem 1.1.1. Subtracting the largest possible unit fraction that keeps a non negative di erence
Unit 1 Fraction Concepts Diagnostic Test 36 The 24-question Diagnostic Test for Fraction Concepts, in multiple-choice format, consists of four parts: (1) introduction to fractions and mixed numbers; (2) factors, multiples, and primes; (3) equivalence and simplest form; and (4) estimation, comparing/ordering, and division interpretation of fractions. The test allows you to pinpoint specific ...
karenanya, sumber data menjadi bahan pertimbangan dalam penentuan metode pengumpulan data. Sumber data terdiri dari : sumber dat pimer dan sumber data sekunder. (Purhantara, 2010:79) 1. Data primer Data primer adalah data yang diperoleh langsung dari subjek penelitian, dalam hal ini peneliti memperoleh data atau informasi langsung dengan menggunakan instrumen-instrumen yang telah ditetapkan ...