Obtaining a copy of this Accounting Standard, This Standard is available on the AASB website www aasb gov au. Australian Accounting Standards Board,PO Box 204,Collins Street West. Victoria 8007,Phone 03 9617 7637,E mail publications aasb gov au. Website www aasb gov au,Other enquiries,Phone 03 9617 7600. E mail standard aasb gov au,Commonwealth of Australia 2015. This AASB Standard contains IFRS Foundation copyright material Reproduction within Australia in unaltered form. retaining this notice is permitted for personal and non commercial use subject to the inclusion of an. acknowledgment of the source Requests and enquiries concerning reproduction and rights for commercial purposes. within Australia should be addressed to The Director of Finance and Administration Australian Accounting Standards. Board PO Box 204 Collins Street West Victoria 8007. All existing rights in this material are reserved outside Australia Reproduction outside Australia in unaltered form. retaining this notice is permitted for personal and non commercial use only Further information and requests for. authorisation to reproduce for commercial purposes outside Australia should be addressed to the IFRS Foundation at. www ifrs org,ISSN 1036 4803,AASB 117 2 COPYRIGHT, Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562. COMPARISON WITH IAS 17,ACCOUNTING STANDARD,AASB 117 LEASES. from paragraph,OBJECTIVE 1,DEFINITIONS 4,CLASSIFICATION OF LEASES 7. LEASES IN THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF LESSEES,Finance leases. Initial recognition 20,Subsequent measurement 25,Disclosures 31. Operating leases 33,Disclosures 35,LEASES IN THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF LESSORS. Finance leases,Initial recognition 36,Subsequent measurement 39. Disclosures 47,Operating leases 49,Disclosures 56,SALE AND LEASEBACK TRANSACTIONS 58. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS 67,EFFECTIVE DATE 69,WITHDRAWAL OF IAS 17 REVISED 1997 70. COMMENCEMENT OF THE LEGISLATIVE INSTRUMENT Aus70 1. WITHDRAWAL OF AASB PRONOUNCEMENTS Aus70 2,A Australian reduced disclosure requirements. IMPLEMENTATION GUIDANCE,DELETED IAS 17 TEXT,AVAILABLE ON THE AASB WEBSITE. Basis for Conclusions on IAS 17, Australian Accounting Standard AASB 117 Leases is set out in paragraphs 1 Aus70 2 and Appendix A All the. paragraphs have equal authority Paragraphs in bold type state the main principles AASB 117 is to be read in the. context of other Australian Accounting Standards including AASB 1048 Interpretation of Standards which identifies. the Australian Accounting Interpretations and AASB 1057 Application of Australian Accounting Standards In the. absence of explicit guidance AASB 108 Accounting Policies Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors provides. a basis for selecting and applying accounting policies. AASB 117 3 CONTENTS, Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562. Comparison with IAS 17, AASB 117 Leases incorporates IAS 17 Leases issued by the International Accounting Standards Board IASB. Australian specific paragraphs which are not included in IAS 17 are identified with the prefix Aus Paragraphs. that apply only to not for profit entities begin by identifying their limited applicability. For profit entities complying with AASB 117 also comply with IAS 17. Not for profit entities compliance with IAS 17 will depend on whether any Aus paragraphs that specifically apply. to not for profit entities provide additional guidance or contain applicable requirements that are inconsistent with. Entities preparing general purpose financial statements under Australian Accounting Standards Reduced Disclosure. Requirements Tier 2 will not be in compliance with IFRSs. AASB 1053 Application of Tiers of Australian Accounting Standards explains the two tiers of reporting requirements. AASB 117 4 COMPARISON, Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562. Accounting Standard AASB 117, The Australian Accounting Standards Board makes Accounting Standard AASB 117 Leases under section 334 of the. Corporations Act 2001,Kris Peach,Dated 7 August 2015 Chair AASB. Accounting Standard AASB 117, 1 The objective of this Standard is to prescribe for lessees and lessors the appropriate accounting policies. and disclosure to apply in relation to leases, 2 This Standard shall be applied in accounting for all leases other than. a leases to explore for or use minerals oil natural gas and similar non regenerative. resources and, b licensing agreements for such items as motion picture films video recordings plays. manuscripts patents and copyrights, However this Standard shall not be applied as the basis of measurement for. a property held by lessees that is accounted for as investment property see AASB 140. Investment Property, b investment property provided by lessors under operating leases see AASB 140. c biological assets within the scope of AASB 141 Agriculture held by lessees under finance. d biological assets within the scope of AASB 141 provided by lessors under operating leases. 3 This Standard applies to agreements that transfer the right to use assets even though substantial services by. the lessor may be called for in connection with the operation or maintenance of such assets This Standard. does not apply to agreements that are contracts for services that do not transfer the right to use assets from. one contracting party to the other,Definitions, 4 The following terms are used in this Standard with the meanings specified. A lease is an agreement whereby the lessor conveys to the lessee in return for a payment or series of. payments the right to use an asset for an agreed period of time. A finance lease is a lease that transfers substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to ownership. of an asset Title may or may not eventually be transferred. An operating lease is a lease other than a finance lease. A non cancellable lease is a lease that is cancellable only. a upon the occurrence of some remote contingency,b with the permission of the lessor. c if the lessee enters into a new lease for the same or an equivalent asset with the same lessor. d upon payment by the lessee of such an additional amount that at inception of the lease. continuation of the lease is reasonably certain,AASB 117 5 STANDARD. Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562. The inception of the lease is the earlier of the date of the lease agreement and the date of commitment. by the parties to the principal provisions of the lease As at this date. a a lease is classified as either an operating or a finance lease and. b in the case of a finance lease the amounts to be recognised at the commencement of the. lease term are determined, The commencement of the lease term is the date from which the lessee is entitled to exercise its right to. use the leased asset It is the date of initial recognition of the lease ie the recognition of the assets. liabilities income or expenses resulting from the lease as appropriate. The lease term is the non cancellable period for which the lessee has contracted to lease the asset. together with any further terms for which the lessee has the option to continue to lease the asset with. or without further payment when at the inception of the lease it is reasonably certain that the lessee. will exercise the option, Minimum lease payments are the payments over the lease term that the lessee is or can be required to. make excluding contingent rent costs for services and taxes to be paid by and reimbursed to the. lessor together with, a for a lessee any amounts guaranteed by the lessee or by a party related to the lessee or. b for a lessor any residual value guaranteed to the lessor by. i the lessee,ii a party related to the lessee or, iii a third party unrelated to the lessor that is financially capable of discharging the. obligations under the guarantee, However if the lessee has an option to purchase the asset at a price that is expected to be sufficiently. lower than fair value at the date the option becomes exercisable for it to be reasonably certain at the. inception of the lease that the option will be exercised the minimum lease payments comprise the. minimum payments payable over the lease term to the expected date of exercise of this purchase. option and the payment required to exercise it, Fair value is the amount for which an asset could be exchanged or a liability settled between. knowledgeable willing parties in an arm s length transaction. Economic life is either, a the period over which an asset is expected to be economically usable by one or more users. b the number of production or similar units expected to be obtained from the asset by one or. more users, Useful life is the estimated remaining period from the commencement of the lease term without. limitation by the lease term over which the economic benefits embodied in the asset are expected to. be consumed by the entity,Guaranteed residual value is. a for a lessee that part of the residual value that is guaranteed by the lessee or by a party. related to the lessee the amount of the guarantee being the maximum amount that could in. any event become payable and, b for a lessor that part of the residual value that is guaranteed by the lessee or by a third. party unrelated to the lessor that is financially capable of discharging the obligations under. the guarantee, Unguaranteed residual value is that portion of the residual value of the leased asset the realisation of. which by the lessor is not assured or is guaranteed solely by a party related to the lessor. Initial direct costs are incremental costs that are directly attributable to negotiating and arranging a. lease except for such costs incurred by manufacturer or dealer lessors. Gross investment in the lease is the aggregate of, a the minimum lease payments receivable by the lessor under a finance lease and. b any unguaranteed residual value accruing to the lessor. Net investment in the lease is the gross investment in the lease discounted at the interest rate implicit. in the lease,AASB 117 6 STANDARD, Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562. Unearned finance income is the difference between,a the gross investment in the lease and. b the net investment in the lease, The interest rate implicit in the lease is the discount rate that at the inception of the lease causes the. aggregate present value of a the minimum lease payments and b the unguaranteed residual value. to be equal to the sum of i the fair value of the leased asset and ii any initial direct costs of the. The lessee s incremental borrowing rate of interest is the rate of interest the lessee would have to pay. on a similar lease or if that is not determinable the rate that at the inception of the lease the lessee. would incur to borrow over a similar term and with a similar security the funds necessary to. purchase the asset, Contingent rent is that portion of the lease payments that is not fixed in amount but is based on the. future amount of a factor that changes other than with the passage of time eg percentage of future. sales amount of future use future price indices future market rates of interest. 5 A lease agreement or commitment may include a provision to adjust the lease payments for changes in the. construction or acquisition cost of the leased property or for changes in some other measure of cost or. value such as general price levels or in the lessor s costs of financing the lease during the period between. the inception of the lease and the commencement of the lease term If so the effect of any such changes. shall be deemed to have taken place at the inception of the lease for the purposes of this Standard. 6 The definition of a lease includes contracts for the hire of an asset that contain a provision giving the hirer. an option to acquire title to the asset upon the fulfilment of agreed conditions These contracts are. sometimes known as hire purchase contracts, 6A AASB 117 uses the term fair value in a way that differs in some respects from the definition of fair value. in AASB 13 Fair Value Measurement Therefore when applying AASB 117 an entity measures fair value. in accordance with AASB 117 not AASB 13,Classification of leases. 7 The classification of leases adopted in this Standard is based on the extent to which risks and rewards. incidental to ownership of a leased asset lie with the lessor or the lessee Risks include the possibilities of. losses from idle capacity or technological obsolescence and of variations in return because of changing. economic conditions Rewards may be represented by the expectation of profitable operation over the. asset s economic life and of gain from appreciation in value or realisation of a residual value. 8 A lease is classified as a finance lease if it transfers substantially all the risks and rewards incidental. to ownership A lease is classified as an operating lease if it does not transfer substantially all the risks. and rewards incidental to ownership, 9 Because the transaction between a lessor and a lessee is based on a lease agreement between them it is. appropriate to use consistent definitions The application of these definitions to the differing circumstances. of the lessor and lessee may result in the same lease being classified differently by them For example this. may be the case if the lessor benefits from a residual value guarantee provided by a party unrelated to the. 10 Whether a lease is a finance lease or an operating lease depends on the substance of the transaction rather. than the form of the contract 1 Examples of situations that individually or in combination would normally. lead to a lease being classified as a finance lease are. a the lease transfers ownership of the asset to the lessee by the end of the lease term. b the lessee has the option to purchase the asset at a price that is expected to be sufficiently lower. than the fair value at the date the option becomes exercisable for it to be reasonably certain at the. inception of the lease that the option will be exercised. c the lease term is for the major part of the economic life of the asset even if title is not transferred. d at the inception of the lease the present value of the minimum lease payments amounts to at least. substantially all of the fair value of the leased asset and. 1 See also Interpretation 127 Evaluating the Substance of Transactions Involving the Legal Form of a Lease as identified in AASB 1048. Interpretation of Standards,AASB 117 7 STANDARD, Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562. e the leased assets are of such a specialised nature that only the lessee can use them without major. modifications, 11 Indicators of situations that individually or in combination could also lead to a lease being classified as a. finance lease are, a if the lessee can cancel the lease the lessor s losses associated with the cancellation are borne by. the lessee, b gains or losses from the fluctuation in the fair value of the residual accrue to the lessee for. example in the form of a rent rebate equalling most of the sales proceeds at the end of the lease. c the lessee has the ability to continue the lease for a secondary period at a rent that is substantially. lower than market rent, 12 The examples and indicators in paragraphs 10 and 11 are not always conclusive If it is clear from other. features that the lease does not transfer substantially all risks and rewards incidental to ownership the lease. is classified as an operating lease For example this may be the case if ownership of the asset transfers at. the end of the lease for a variable payment equal to its then fair value or if there are contingent rents as a. result of which the lessee does not have substantially all such risks and rewards. 13 Lease classification is made at the inception of the lease If at any time the lessee and the lessor agree to. change the provisions of the lease other than by renewing the lease in a manner that would have resulted in. a different classification of the lease under the criteria in paragraphs 7 12 if the changed terms had been in. effect at the inception of the lease the revised agreement is regarded as a new agreement over its term. However changes in estimates for example changes in estimates of the economic life or of the residual. value of the leased property or changes in circumstances for example default by the lessee do not give. rise to a new classification of a lease for accounting purposes. 15 Deleted, 15A When a lease includes both land and buildings elements an entity assesses the classification of each. element as a finance or an operating lease separately in accordance with paragraphs 7 13 In determining. whether the land element is an operating or a finance lease an important consideration is that land normally. has an indefinite economic life, 16 Whenever necessary in order to classify and account for a lease of land and buildings the minimum lease. payments including any lump sum upfront payments are allocated between the land and the buildings. elements in proportion to the relative fair values of the leasehold interests in the land element and buildings. element of the lease at the inception of the lease If the lease payments cannot be allocated reliably between. these two elements the entire lease is classified as a finance lease unless it is clear that both elements are. operating leases in which case the entire lease is classified as an operating lease. 17 For a lease of land and buildings in which the amount that would initially be recognised for the land. element in accordance with paragraph 20 is immaterial the land and buildings may be treated as a single. unit for the purpose of lease classification and classified as a finance or operating lease in accordance with. paragraphs 7 13 In such a case the economic life of the buildings is regarded as the economic life of the. entire leased asset, 18 Separate measurement of the land and buildings elements is not required when the lessee s interest in both. land and buildings is classified as an investment property in accordance with AASB 140 and the fair value. model is adopted Detailed calculations are required for this assessment only if the classification of one or. both elements is otherwise uncertain, 19 In accordance with AASB 140 it is possible for a lessee to classify a property interest held under an. operating lease as an investment property If it does the property interest is accounted for as if it were a. finance lease and in addition the fair value model is used for the asset recognised The lessee shall. continue to account for the lease as a finance lease even if a subsequent event changes the nature of the. lessee s property interest so that it is no longer classified as investment property This will be the case if for. example the lessee, a occupies the property which is then transferred to owner occupied property at a deemed cost. equal to its fair value at the date of change in use or. b grants a sublease that transfers substantially all of the risks and rewards incidental to ownership. of the interest to an unrelated third party Such a sublease is accounted for by the lessee as a. finance lease to the third party although it may be accounted for as an operating lease by the third. AASB 117 8 STANDARD, Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562. Leases in the financial statements of lessees,Finance leases. Initial recognition, 20 At the commencement of the lease term lessees shall recognise finance leases as assets and liabilities. in their statements of financial position at amounts equal to the fair value of the leased property or if. lower the present value of the minimum lease payments each determined at the inception of the. lease The discount rate to be used in calculating the present value of the minimum lease payments is. the interest rate implicit in the lease if this is practicable to determine if not the lessee s incremental. borrowing rate shall be used Any initial direct costs of the lessee are added to the amount recognised. as an asset, 21 Transactions and other events are accounted for and presented in accordance with their substance and. financial reality and not merely with legal form Although the legal form of a lease agreement is that the. lessee may acquire no legal title to the leased asset in the case of finance leases the substance and financial. reality are that the lessee acquires the economic benefits of the use of the leased asset for the major part of. its economic life in return for entering into an obligation to pay for that right an amount approximating at. the inception of the lease the fair value of the asset and the related finance charge. 22 If such lease transactions are not reflected in the lessee s statement of financial position the economic. resources and the level of obligations of an entity are understated thereby distorting financial ratios. Therefore it is appropriate for a finance lease to be recognised in the lessee s statement of financial position. both as an asset and as an obligation to pay future lease payments At the commencement of the lease term. the asset and the liability for the future lease payments are recognised in the statement of financial position. at the same amounts except for any initial direct costs of the lessee that are added to the amount recognised. as an asset, 23 It is not appropriate for the liabilities for leased assets to be presented in the financial statements as a. deduction from the leased assets If for the presentation of liabilities in the statement of financial position a. distinction is made between current and non current liabilities the same distinction is made for lease. liabilities, 24 Initial direct costs are often incurred in connection with specific leasing activities such as negotiating and. securing leasing arrangements The costs identified as directly attributable to activities performed by the. lessee for a finance lease are added to the amount recognised as an asset. Subsequent measurement, 25 Minimum lease payments shall be apportioned between the finance charge and the reduction of the. outstanding liability The finance charge shall be allocated to each period during the lease term so as. to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability Contingent. rents shall be charged as expenses in the periods in which they are incurred. 26 In practice in allocating the finance charge to periods during the lease term a lessee may use some form of. approximation to simplify the calculation, 27 A finance lease gives rise to depreciation expense for depreciable assets as well as finance expense for. each accounting period The depreciation policy for depreciable leased assets shall be consistent with. that for depreciable assets that are owned and the depreciation recognised shall be calculated in. accordance with AASB 116 Property Plant and Equipment and AASB 138 Intangible Assets If there is. no reasonable certainty that the lessee will obtain ownership by the end of the lease term the asset. shall be fully depreciated over the shorter of the lease term and its useful life. 28 The depreciable amount of a leased asset is allocated to each accounting period during the period of. expected use on a systematic basis consistent with the depreciation policy the lessee adopts for depreciable. assets that are owned If there is reasonable certainty that the lessee will obtain ownership by the end of the. lease term the period of expected use is the useful life of the asset otherwise the asset is depreciated over. the shorter of the lease term and its useful life, 29 The sum of the depreciation expense for the asset and the finance expense for the period is rarely the same. as the lease payments payable for the period and it is therefore inappropriate simply to recognise the lease. payments payable as an expense Accordingly the asset and the related liability are unlikely to be equal in. amount after the commencement of the lease term,AASB 117 9 STANDARD. Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562. 30 To determine whether a leased asset has become impaired an entity applies AASB 136 Impairment of. Disclosures, 31 Lessees shall in addition to meeting the requirements of AASB 7 Financial Instruments Disclosures. make the following disclosures for finance leases, a for each class of asset the net carrying amount at the end of the reporting period. b a reconciliation between the total of future minimum lease payments at the end of the. reporting period and their present value In addition an entity shall disclose the total of. future minimum lease payments at the end of the reporting period and their present value. for each of the following periods,i not later than one year. ii later than one year and not later than five years. iii later than five years, c contingent rents recognised as an expense in the period. d the total of future minimum sublease payments expected to be received under non. cancellable subleases at the end of the reporting period. e a general description of the lessee s material leasing arrangements including but not. limited to the following, i the basis on which contingent rent payable is determined. ii the existence and terms of renewal or purchase options and escalation clauses. iii restrictions imposed by lease arrangements such as those concerning dividends. additional debt and further leasing, 32 In addition the requirements for disclosure in accordance with AASB 116 AASB 136 AASB 138. AASB 140 and AASB 141 apply to lessees for assets leased under finance leases. Operating leases, 33 Lease payments under an operating lease shall be recognised as an expense on a straight line basis. over the lease term unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern of the. user s benefit 2, 34 For operating leases lease payments excluding costs for services such as insurance and maintenance are. recognised as an expense on a straight line basis unless another systematic basis is representative of the. time pattern of the user s benefit even if the payments are not on that basis. Disclosures, 35 Lessees shall in addition to meeting the requirements of AASB 7 make the following disclosures for. operating leases, a the total of future minimum lease payments under non cancellable operating leases for each. of the following periods,i not later than one year. ii later than one year and not later than five years. iii later than five years, b the total of future minimum sublease payments expected to be received under non. cancellable subleases at the end of the reporting period. c lease and sublease payments recognised as an expense in the period with separate amounts. for minimum lease payments contingent rents and sublease payments. d a general description of the lessee s significant leasing arrangements including but not. limited to the following, 2 See also Interpretation 115 Operating Leases Incentives as identified in AASB 1048 Interpretation of Standards. AASB 117 10 STANDARD, Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562. i the basis on which contingent rent payable is determined. ii the existence and terms of renewal or purchase options and escalation clauses. iii restrictions imposed by lease arrangements such as those concerning dividends. additional debt and further leasing,Leases in the financial statements of lessors. Finance leases,Initial recognition, 36 Lessors shall recognise assets held under a finance lease in their statements of financial position and. present them as a receivable at an amount equal to the net investment in the lease. 37 Under a finance lease substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to legal ownership are transferred by. the lessor and thus the lease payment receivable is treated by the lessor as repayment of principal and. finance income to reimburse and reward the lessor for its investment and services. 38 Initial direct costs are often incurred by lessors and include amounts such as commissions legal fees and. internal costs that are incremental and directly attributable to negotiating and arranging a lease They. exclude general overheads such as those incurred by a sales and marketing team For finance leases other. than those involving manufacturer or dealer lessors initial direct costs are included in the initial. measurement of the finance lease receivable and reduce the amount of income recognised over the lease. term The interest rate implicit in the lease is defined in such a way that the initial direct costs are included. automatically in the finance lease receivable there is no need to add them separately Costs incurred by. manufacturer or dealer lessors in connection with negotiating and arranging a lease are excluded from the. definition of initial direct costs As a result they are excluded from the net investment in the lease and are. recognised as an expense when the selling profit is recognised which for a finance lease is normally at the. commencement of the lease term,Subsequent measurement. 39 The recognition of finance income shall be based on a pattern reflecting a constant periodic rate of. return on the lessor s net investment in the finance lease. 40 A lessor aims to allocate finance income over the lease term on a systematic and rational basis This income. allocation is based on a pattern reflecting a constant periodic return on the lessor s net investment in the. finance lease Lease payments relating to the period excluding costs for services are applied against the. gross investment in the lease to reduce both the principal and the unearned finance income. 41 Estimated unguaranteed residual values used in computing the lessor s gross investment in the lease are. reviewed regularly If there has been a reduction in the estimated unguaranteed residual value the income. allocation over the lease term is revised and any reduction in respect of amounts accrued is recognised. immediately, 41A An asset under a finance lease that is classified as held for sale or included in a disposal group that is. classified as held for sale in accordance with AASB 5 Non current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued. Operations shall be accounted for in accordance with that Standard. 42 Manufacturer or dealer lessors shall recognise selling profit or loss in the period in accordance with. the policy followed by the entity for outright sales If artificially low rates of interest are quoted. selling profit shall be restricted to that which would apply if a market rate of interest were charged. Costs incurred by manufacturer or dealer lessors in connection with negotiating and arranging a. lease shall be recognised as an expense when the selling profit is recognised. 43 Manufacturers or dealers often offer to customers the choice of either buying or leasing an asset A finance. lease of an asset by a manufacturer or dealer lessor gives rise to two types of income. a profit or loss equivalent to the profit or loss resulting from an outright sale of the asset being. leased at normal selling prices reflecting any applicable volume or trade discounts and. b finance income over the lease term, 44 The sales revenue recognised at the commencement of the lease term by a manufacturer or dealer lessor is. the fair value of the asset or if lower the present value of the minimum lease payments accruing to the. AASB 117 11 STANDARD, Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562. lessor computed at a market rate of interest The cost of sale recognised at the commencement of the lease. term is the cost or carrying amount if different of the leased property less the present value of the. unguaranteed residual value The difference between the sales revenue and the cost of sale is the selling. profit which is recognised in accordance with the entity s policy for outright sales. 45 Manufacturer or dealer lessors sometimes quote artificially low rates of interest in order to attract. customers The use of such a rate would result in an excessive portion of the total income from the. transaction being recognised at the time of sale If artificially low rates of interest are quoted selling profit. is restricted to that which would apply if a market rate of interest were charged. 46 Costs incurred by a manufacturer or dealer lessor in connection with negotiating and arranging a finance. lease are recognised as an expense at the commencement of the lease term because they are mainly related. to earning the manufacturer s or dealer s selling profit. Disclosures, 47 Lessors shall in addition to meeting the requirements in AASB 7 disclose the following for finance. a a reconciliation between the gross investment in the lease at the end of the reporting period. and the present value of minimum lease payments receivable at the end of the reporting. period In addition an entity shall disclose the gross investment in the lease and the present. value of minimum lease payments receivable at the end of the reporting period for each of. the following periods,i not later than one year, ii later than one year and not later than five years. iii later than five years,b unearned finance income. c the unguaranteed residual values accruing to the benefit of the lessor. d the accumulated allowance for uncollectible minimum lease payments receivable. e contingent rents recognised as income in the period. f a general description of the lessor s material leasing arrangements. 48 As an indicator of growth it is often useful also to disclose the gross investment less unearned income in. new business added during the period after deducting the relevant amounts for cancelled leases. Operating leases, 49 Lessors shall present assets subject to operating leases in their statements of financial position. according to the nature of the asset, 50 Lease income from operating leases shall be recognised in income on a straight line basis over the. lease term unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern in which use. benefit derived from the leased asset is diminished 3. 51 Costs including depreciation incurred in earning the lease income are recognised as an expense Lease. income excluding receipts for services provided such as insurance and maintenance is recognised on a. straight line basis over the lease term even if the receipts are not on such a basis unless another systematic. basis is more representative of the time pattern in which use benefit derived from the leased asset is. diminished, 52 Initial direct costs incurred by lessors in negotiating and arranging an operating lease shall be added. to the carrying amount of the leased asset and recognised as an expense over the lease term on the. same basis as the lease income, 53 The depreciation policy for depreciable leased assets shall be consistent with the lessor s normal. depreciation policy for similar assets and depreciation shall be calculated in accordance with. AASB 116 and AASB 138, 54 To determine whether a leased asset has become impaired an entity applies AASB 136. 55 A manufacturer or dealer lessor does not recognise any selling profit on entering into an operating lease. because it is not the equivalent of a sale, 3 See also Interpretation 115 Operating Leases Incentives as identified in AASB 1048 Interpretation of Standards. AASB 117 12 STANDARD, Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562. Disclosures, 56 Lessors shall in addition to meeting the requirements of AASB 7 disclose the following for operating. a the future minimum lease payments under non cancellable operating leases in the aggregate. and for each of the following periods,i not later than one year. ii later than one year and not later than five years. iii later than five years, b total contingent rents recognised as income in the period. c a general description of the lessor s leasing arrangements. 57 In addition the disclosure requirements in AASB 116 AASB 136 AASB 138 AASB 140 and AASB 141. apply to lessors for assets provided under operating leases. Sale and leaseback transactions, 58 A sale and leaseback transaction involves the sale of an asset and the leasing back of the same asset The. lease payment and the sale price are usually interdependent because they are negotiated as a package The. accounting treatment of a sale and leaseback transaction depends upon the type of lease involved. 59 If a sale and leaseback transaction results in a finance lease any excess of sales proceeds over the. carrying amount shall not be immediately recognised as income by a seller lessee Instead it shall be. deferred and amortised over the lease term, 60 If the leaseback is a finance lease the transaction is a means whereby the lessor provides finance to the. lessee with the asset as security For this reason it is not appropriate to regard an excess of sales proceeds. over the carrying amount as income Such excess is deferred and amortised over the lease term. 61 If a sale and leaseback transaction results in an operating lease and it is clear that the transaction is. established at fair value any profit or loss shall be recognised immediately If the sale price is below. fair value any profit or loss shall be recognised immediately except that if the loss is compensated for. by future lease payments at below market price it shall be deferred and amortised in proportion to. the lease payments over the period for which the asset is expected to be used If the sale price is above. fair value the excess over fair value shall be deferred and amortised over the period for which the. asset is expected to be used, 62 If the leaseback is an operating lease and the lease payments and the sale price are at fair value there has in. effect been a normal sale transaction and any profit or loss is recognised immediately. 63 For operating leases if the fair value at the time of a sale and leaseback transaction is less than the. carrying amount of the asset a loss equal to the amount of the difference between the carrying. amount and fair value shall be recognised immediately. 64 For finance leases no such adjustment is necessary unless there has been an impairment in value in which. case the carrying amount is reduced to recoverable amount in accordance with AASB 136. 65 Disclosure requirements for lessees and lessors apply equally to sale and leaseback transactions The. required description of material leasing arrangements leads to disclosure of unique or unusual provisions of. the agreement or terms of the sale and leaseback transactions. 66 Sale and leaseback transactions may trigger the separate disclosure criteria in AASB 101 Presentation of. Financial Statements,Transitional provisions,68 Deleted by the AASB. 68A An entity shall reassess the classification of land elements of unexpired leases at the date it adopts the. amendments referred to in paragraph 69A on the basis of information existing at the inception of. those leases It shall recognise a lease newly classified as a finance lease retrospectively in accordance. with AASB 108 Accounting Policies Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors However if an. entity does not have the information necessary to apply the amendments retrospectively it shall. AASB 117 13 STANDARD, Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562. a apply the amendments to those leases on the basis of the facts and circumstances existing on. the date it adopts the amendments and, b recognise the asset and liability related to a land lease newly classified as a finance lease at. their fair values on that date any difference between those fair values is recognised in. retained earnings,Effective date, 69 An entity shall apply this Standard for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2016 Earlier. application is encouraged for periods beginning on or after 1 January 2014 but before 1 January 2016 If an. entity applies this Standard for a period beginning before 1 January 2016 it shall disclose that fact. 69A In the previous version of this Standard paragraphs 14 and 15 were deleted and paragraphs 15A and 68A. were added as part of AASB 2009 5 Further Amendments to Australian Accounting Standards arising from. the Annual Improvements Project issued in May 2009 An entity shall apply those amendments for annual. periods beginning on or after 1 January 2010 Earlier application is permitted If an entity applies the. amendments for an earlier period it shall disclose that fact. Withdrawal of IAS 17 revised 1997,70 Deleted by the AASB. Commencement of the legislative instrument, Aus70 1 For legal purposes this legislative instrument commences on 31 December 2015. Withdrawal of AASB pronouncements, Aus70 2 This Standard repeals AASB 117 Leases issued in July 2004 Despite the repeal after the time. this Standard starts to apply under section 334 of the Corporations Act either generally or in. relation to an individual entity the repealed Standard continues to apply in relation to any period. ending before that time as if the repeal had not occurred. Note When this Standard applies under section 334 of the Corporations Act either generally or. in relation to an individual entity it supersedes the application of the repealed Standard. AASB 117 14 STANDARD, Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562. Appendix A,Australian reduced disclosure requirements. This appendix is an integral part of the Standard, AusA1 The following do not apply to entities preparing general purpose financial statements under. Australian Accounting Standards Reduced Disclosure Requirements. a paragraphs 31 c 31 d 35 b and 48, b in paragraph 31 b the text a reconciliation present value and in the second. sentence the text In addition an entity shall disclose and and their present. c in paragraph 35 c the text with separate amounts sublease payments and. d in paragraph 56 a the words in the aggregate and. Entities applying Australian Accounting Standards Reduced Disclosure Requirements. may elect to comply with some or all of these excluded requirements. AusA2 The requirements that do not apply to entities preparing general purpose financial statements. under Australian Accounting Standards Reduced Disclosure Requirements are also identified in. this Standard by shading of the relevant text,AASB 117 15 APPENDIX A. Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2015L01562.
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In practice, we also have uncertainty about the model. There is not only a wide range of possible samples, but also a wide range of plausible models that might be applied to any given sample. There are two layers of uncertainty, only one of which is formally incorporated into theory and practice.
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