Languagecert Iesol Exam Exam Help Booklet Reading-Books Pdf

LANGUAGECERT IESOL EXAM EXAM HELP BOOKLET READING
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This booklet is to be used exclusively for LanguageCert exam preparation in Hungary. How to use this booklet, This booklet has been created to help you prepare for the reading tasks that you will need to do in the. reading section of the LanguageCert IESOL exam The booklet will focus on three exam levels B1 B2 and. The booklet has 5 sections with each section having been designed to guide you through the process. Table of Contents, 1 The structure of the Reading section of LanguageCert IESOL exam. 2 The assessment of the Reading section of LanguageCert IESOL exam. 3 Tips per reading parts how to solve the tasks B1 B2 and C1. 4 Dictionary use,5 Reading outside the classroom, 1 The Structure of the Reading section of LanguageCert IESOL exams. When you are preparing for a language exam it is important to familiarise yourself with the structure of the. exam so let s have a look at some of the things you can expect when taking a B1 B2 or C1 IESOL exam You. will have 2 hours and 10 minutes to complete BOTH the reading and writing sections at B1 and B2 level and. 2 hours and 40 minutes at C1 level so you ll need to plan your time wisely This section of the booklet will. explain the types of reading you need to perform and the criteria you will be measured against. Marks and features of each reading task for each level. Part 1 5 short texts each with part of 1 long text followed by 6 Learners read text and 5. the text removed Item multiple choice items to test statements and writes T for. selected from multiple choice understanding True or F for False in the. box next to each statement, Part 2 A text with sentences A text with sentences A text with sentences. removed Learners select the removed Learners select the removed Learners select. correct sentences to complete correct sentences to complete the correct sentences to. the text the text complete the text, Part 3 4 short texts Learners use 4 short texts Learners use 4 short texts Learners use.
texts to find the correct texts to find the correct texts to find the correct. answers to questions answers to questions answers to questions. Part 4 Learners read text and answer Learners read text and answer Learners read text and. open questions to show open questions to show answer open questions to. understanding understanding show understanding,B1 Focus Type Language area tested and other. Part 1 understanding of the 5 short texts each with Conventions of layout. organisational lexical part of the text removed,5 marks Linking devices logical and connecting. and grammatical Learners read and select, features of a text correct item for gap from Grammatical devices pronominal. multiple choice answers reference clauses etc,Lexical devices synonyms words with. related meaning etc, Part 2 understanding of how A text with sentences Types of sentences that may be removed.
meaning is built up in removed Learner selects,6 marks Topic sentence. discourse the correct sentences to,complete the text Exemplifying sentence. Sentence containing anaphoric or,cataphoric reference. Sentence which develops an idea,Sentence which emphasises a point eg in. Summarising sentence,Final sentence of a paragraph.
Sentence expressing opinion,Sentence expressing contrast eg On the. other hand,Sentence expressing sequence eg, Part 3 awareness of the 4 short texts Learners The texts are linked by a common topic. purpose of different use texts to find the, 7 marks Items require learners to read in detail as. texts and the ability to correct answers to,well as skim and scan. locate specific questions, information 2 questions test awareness of purpose of.
texts or intended audience,5 questions require the learner to read in. detail in order to find information, Part 4 Locating and obtaining Learners read text and The questions require learners to scan for. specific information answer questions to show the location of the answer in the text. understanding,The questions follow the order of the text. The correct answer may not be obvious,by merely spotting similar words from the. text in the question,A maximum of 3 words is allowed but.
most answers are answerable in 1 word,Focus Type Language area tested and other. Part 1 Detailed 1 long text followed by 6 The item focus may be on opinion fact. understanding of multiple choice items to gist attitude stance etc. information ideas and test understanding,The questions follow the order of the text. The correct answer may not be obvious,by merely spotting similar words from the. text in the question, Part 2 Understanding of how A text with sentences Types of sentences that may be removed. meaning is built up in removed Learners select,6 marks Topic sentence.
discourse the correct sentences to,complete the text Exemplifying sentence. Sentence containing anaphoric or,cataphoric reference. Sentence which develops an idea,Sentence which emphasises a point eg in. Summarising sentence,Final sentence of a paragraph linking to. the next to show transition to another,Sentence expressing opinion.
Sentence expressing contrast eg On the,other hand,Sentence expressing cause and effect. eg Consequently,Sentence expressing sequence eg, Part 3 Awareness of the 4 short texts Learners The texts are linked by a common topic. purposes of different use texts to find the, 7 marks Items require learners to read in detail as. texts and the author s correct answers to,well as skim and scan. stance and attitudes questions, and the ability to locate 3 questions test awareness of purpose of.
specific information texts or intended audience,4 questions require the learner to read in. detail in order to find information, Part 4 Locating and obtaining Learners read text and The questions require learners to scan for. specific information answer questions to show the location of the answer in the text. understanding,The questions follow the order of the text. The correct answer may not be obvious,by merely spotting similar words from the. text in the question,A maximum of 5 is words allowed but.
most answers are answerable in 3 words,Focus Type Language area tested. Part 1 Understanding of use Learner reads text and 5 The text will contain idiomatic language. of language in articles statements and writes T narrative or academic ideas arguments. and texts dense with for True or F for False in and opinions. complex structures the box next to each,statement The statements paraphrase ideas and. Part 2 Understanding of how A text with sentences Types of sentences that may be removed. meaning is built up in removed Learner selects,6 marks Topic sentence. discourse the correct sentences to,complete the text Exemplifying sentence. Sentence containing anaphoric or,cataphoric reference.
Sentence which develops an idea,Sentence which emphasises a point eg in. Summarising sentence,Final sentence of a paragraph. Sentence expressing opinion,Sentence expressing contrast eg On the. other hand,Sentence expressing cause and effect eg. Consequently,Sentence expressing sequence eg, Part 3 Awareness of the 4 short texts Learners The texts are linked by a common topic.
purpose of different use texts to find the, 7 marks Items require learners to read in detail as. texts and the ability to correct answers to,well as skim and scan. locate specific questions, information 3 questions test awareness of purpose of. texts or intended audience,4 questions require the learner to read in. detail in order to find information, Part 4 Locating and obtaining Learners read text and The questions require learners to scan for.
specific information answer open questions to the location of the answer in the text. show understanding,The questions follow the order of the text. The correct answer may not be obvious,by merely spotting similar words from the. text in the question,A maximum of 5 is words allowed but. most answers are answerable in 3 words, 2 The Assessment of the Reading section of LanguageCert IESOL exams. The reading tasks are evaluated with the help of paper specific mark schemes Each exam paper version has. a paper specific mark scheme with solutions to the multiple choice questions as well as answers to the open. question tasks The total marks awarded for the tasks are the sum of the marks awarded for each item In. order to pass a candidate needs to achieve 50 of the total score. Level and Marks B1 B2 C1,Part 1 5 6 5,Part 2 6 6 6.
Part 3 7 7 7,Part 4 8 7 8,Total 26 26 26,Pass 13 13 13. Tips on marks and timing, It s up to you which task you start with However it is a good idea to bear in mind the scores awarded for each. task when deciding how much time to spend completing it At all the levels above the highest scores are. awarded to Part 3 and Part 4 Remember that spending too much time on Part 2 might not be a good strategy. as it is only worth 6 marks and at the same time is relatively difficult. You will have to manage the time available to achieve a good balance between time dedicated to reading and. writing tasks You will have 2 hours and 10 minutes for BOTH the reading and writing sections at B1 and B2. level and 2 hours and 40 minutes at C1 level Consider spending approximately 60 minutes on the reading. tasks at B1 and B2 level and 80 minutes at C1,Further notes on marking. The main focus of the reading section of the exam is to determine whether your reading skills meet the. requirements of the level you are attempting and therefore your use of the other skills listening writing and. speaking will be very limited so that your reading skills can be tested accurately The only time when you have. to write is in Part 4 when you need to answer open questions Since we are not testing your grammar spelling. or your writing skills we will accept misspelt words and American spelling as long as the word is clearly. recognisable as the correct answer However answers exceeding the maximum word limit stated in the rubric. will not be accepted and neither will two answers even if one of them is the correct one. The best way to avoid losing marks by making one of the above mistakes is to copy your answer directly from. the text Remember that you do not have to use synonyms you can use the words from the text. Remember that the language exams have been aligned to the CEFR so that can provide you with valuable. information about the exam you are planning to take Before anything else happens test yourself with the help. of the can do statements Can you perform the reading activities below successfully For instance if you. require a B2 exam can you read articles on the Internet or enjoy reading an unabridged book If not then this. level may be too hard for you,Level Can do statement. A1 I can understand familiar names words and very simple sentences for example on. notices and posters or in catalogues, A2 I can read very short simple texts I can find specific predictable information in.
simple everyday material such as advertisements prospectuses menus and. timetables and I can understand short simple personal letters. B1 I can understand texts that consist mainly of high frequency every day or job. related language I can understand the description of events feelings and wishes. in personal letters, B2 I can read articles and reports concerned with contemporary problems in which the. writers adopt particular attitudes or viewpoints I can understand contemporary. literary prose, C1 I can understand long and complex factual and literary texts appreciating. distinctions of style I can understand specialised articles and longer technical. instructions even when they do not relate to my field. C2 I can read with ease virtually all forms of the written language including abstract. structurally or linguistically complex texts such as manuals specialised articles and. literary works, 3 Tips for the reading parts how to solve the tasks. In this section we will give you some ideas and guidance on how you can score the highest marks for each. of the four tasks we mentioned in the previous chapter. 1 Gapped text, Quickly read through the text to get the gist if it then read the sentences and underline the clue words that. can help you identify the correct place of the given sentence Remember that there is only one correct place. for each sentence therefore there must be some clue as to where the sentence belongs Let s have a look at. some examples, Before reading the text itself the learner here has highlighted the clue words to help decide where the.
sentences belong What are these clue words,Clue word Refers to. A Here a place already mentioned,C It singular noun a building already mentioned. D This a singular noun or a description already mentioned. E After them a plural noun already mentioned, F Nevertheless a previous sentence with contrasting ideas to this. G This a previous description of the countryside, After highlighting and identifying pronominal and other references the learner can now read the text carefully. and locate the information to which the highlighted words refer. This task requires relatively conscious understanding of grammar so make sure you know how pronominal. references pronouns work Essentially pronouns are words that do not make sense on their own but instead. they refer back or forward to other words Let s take an example. It s amazing, Do we know what the person is talking about ie what is amazing We don t and therefore this sentence is.
ambiguous since we need to see the word it refers to It could be a film an aqua park an activity etc What. we do know however is that it cannot refer to plural nouns such as films aqua parks or activities nor can it. refer to a man or a woman Let s take another example. After all this he didn t want to leave, Here we have two pronouns This is a demonstrative pronoun which will probably refer to an event and he. will need a singular male in the previous sentence Remember that pronominal references always need their. referent in the previous sentence and not 2 or 3 sentences before. Apart from pronominal references this task may make use of linking words as well Linking words are useful. in creating cohesion a logical link between words sentences and paragraphs There are several types of. linking words some of them express contrast However although some purpose or result therefore so. some sequence then etc The type of linking word you find in the sentence will help you find its place in the. text Let s take an example, However I cannot tolerate staff members smoking any longer. What kind of idea can be expressed in the previous sentence All we know is it has to be contrasting the. idea expressed in the sentence above For example I am a very tolerant man Or I have always been a. very open minded manager, Remember to identify the function of the linking word and the type of sentence that the preceding sentence. If you don t seem to get the hang of this task remember that it is only worth 6 marks so you should probably. focus on the other three tasks Remember that this particular task might be the most difficult one of all 4 and. therefore it might not be worth spending an excessive amount of time on it if it proves to be too difficult Aim. to complete it in 20 minutes and then move on but don t leave any boxes blank even if you are not sure. it s worth guessing, Practise noticing pronominal references by looking out for them when reading an article or a book You will. be surprised how many you will find and how logical it will seem after a while Let s take an example excerpt. from Alice s Adventures in Wonderland, You can see some but not all pronominal references highlighted The colour of highlight shows you what.
the referents are Look at the way the story unfolds with mainly 4 main characters Alice the Rabbit the. watch and the waist coat pocket and how a correct use of pronouns make it easy for the reader to. understand the sequence of events Try to remember that a similar logic will be useful for this exam task. Now let s see some tips from the examiners themselves. Don t waste time checking vocabulary You do not need to fully understand this task you mainly. need to locate pronominal references and linking words. Set a time limit of a maximum of 20 minutes for this task. Do not leave any boxes empty even if you have no idea about the solutions. The monolingual dictionary is not particularly useful here as this is primarily a grammar focused task. Don t waste time checking words that won t help you to solve the task. 2 Four texts task, Remember that the 4 texts have a common topic so don t choose one text merely because it uses the same. word as one of the questions It might be mentioned in a different context and the same idea might be. expressed in another text as well Locate the sentence s that contain s a given idea expressed by a. question and use the time and dictionary to fully understand that sentence Let s take an example Here text. D mentioned the same words forthcoming concerts and it even includes the name of a venue the Plaza. However it would be a mistake to choose D as Plaza is not the location of their next concert The correct. answer can be found in text B even though it is more difficult to spot as it includes a paraphrased version of. the question next week instead of forthcoming and will be performing instead of concert Remember. that you will not be able to solve this task by merely spotting words. Don t forget to use your monolingual dictionary in this task but use it wisely Do not start reading the. text checking random words First read the questions use the dictionary for words in the questions to make. sure you understand them Then start reading the text locate the target sentences where the answer might. be and THEN use the dictionary to fully understand the target sentence As an example in the case above. the learner could have avoided choosing text D by checking the first 2 sentences cancel breakdown. The Which text type of questions test awareness of purpose of texts or intended audience These. require you to skim read Skim reading means reading for general information or gist In order to skim read. you need to run your eyes over the text to gather the most important information You use this kind of. reading in everyday life when you read a newspaper or news site to keep up to date with what is happening. in the world You also use it when you flick through the advertisements on a job site to find the job you are. qualified to do You read and then eliminate unimportant information and choose important information For. example you would not start reading a job advertisement for the position of plumber if you are looking for a. payroll specialist position, Questions beginning Which text tells you is saying the following test ability to scan Scanning means. reading for specific information or words In order to scan you need to run your eyes through the text to. locate certain words You use this kind of reading in everyday life when you are trying to find your plane on. the departure board at the airport or when you would like to know when the Wimbledon TV coverage starts. You read and then eliminate unimportant words or phrases and choose important ones For instance you. would not stop to read the plot summary of Cliffhanger if you are looking for tennis coverage Make sure you. read carefully though in order to find the detail you are searching for. The difference between scanning and skimming is where the necessary information can be found With. scanning the answer to the exam question will be located in one part of the text whereas skimming may. require you to read several parts of the text to get a general understanding or feel of what the text is about. and who it is for When you skim read remember these three steps. 1 Read the text quickly, 2 Mentally summarise the information for later use. 3 Remember keywords only not every detail, When you scan underline the sentence which you think holds the answer to the question This will help you. later when you want to check your work before handing in the paper It will also make your work more. focused and it will be easier to avoid choosing a text merely because you feel like it is the correct answer or. have spotted a word, Now let s see some tips from the examiners themselves.
Don t overuse the dictionary here, Read the questions first and then start reading the texts. Remember that the four texts are about the same topic and therefore similar words are bound to. appear in any of the four texts so don t choose a text because you spotted a word which appeared. in the question, Underline the section of the text that you are basing your decision on. 3 Open questions, This task will require you to scan so remember the basic rules of scanning Scanning means reading for. specific information or words In order to scan you need to run your eyes through the text to locate certain. words Remember to underline the sentence which you think holds the answer to the question This will help. you later when you want to check your work before handing in the paper It will also make your work more. focused and it will be easier to avoid choosing an answer merely because you feel like it is the correct. Remember that the questions follow the order of the text This will be helpful when you are trying to locate. the target sentence the sentence which holds the answer Imagine you have difficulty locating the answer. to question 4 but you have already found the answer to question 3 What you could do is move on to. question 5 and once you have found it it will be easier to find question 4. Limit dictionary use to the target sentences Remember that you are not trying to understand everything but. you are trying to solve the task Don t check words unless you have already established that they are in one. of the target sentences, Remember that the correct answer will not be obvious and the question will not include words from the text in. a way that would make word spotting possible The question will often paraphrase the text or use the. opposite of one of the words Use a dictionary to avoid making the wrong choice. This is the only part of the reading section of the exam where you will have to write the solutions yourself as. opposed to choosing from the options given so you need to make sure that what you write is acceptable. Remember the following, 1 Grammar and spelling errors will not be penalised as long as the answer given is clearly.
recognisable as the correct answer and as long as the misspelled solution is not another existing. word in English, 2 Answers exceeding the maximum number of words stated in the rubric will not be accepted. 3 Two answers will not be accepted even if one of them is the correct answer. 4 If the answer does not answer the question it will not be accepted. Let s take some examples to demonstrate the above rules. 1 if the answer is heat hit is not acceptable if the answer is lovely girl loveli girl will be accepted. if the answer is sunset sundown twilight or dusk will be accepted but you don t need to use. synonyms unless specifically asked to do so It s safer to use words from the text. 2 Full sentences over the word limit and copied out from the text will not be accepted Make sure you. choose the five word 3 word at B1 section of the text that is necessary If you need to omit articles. a an the to make the answer fit the rubric or re phrase if necessary. 3 Question Where does the tour start At the zoo at 5am This will not be accepted as it includes. irrelevant and incorrect information Make sure you only answer the question and that you do not. include any irrelevant information, 4 Question What does the author think of the play I think it is amazing The problem with this. answer is that the subject has not been changed to match the subject of the question it has merely. been copied out of the text, Now let s see some tips from the examiners themselves. Underline the part of the text that answers the question. Don t use the dictionary too much just for some vital words. Remember that the questions follow the order of the text and use this to your advantage when trying. to locate answers, Make sure your answer does not exceed the maximum number of words stated in the rubric.

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