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It is my great pleasure to introduce the Mid term Review of the Statistical Master Plan SMP for. Cambodia The SMP sets out a long term prioritized plan for the development of Cambodia s Na. tional Statistical System NSS It also provides a comprehensive framework for the development of. official statistics across the whole of the Royal Government of Cambodia RGC The SMP covers the. statistical activities and development aspirations of the National Institute of Statistics NIS of the. Ministry of Planning as well as statistical units in various other line ministries and the National Bank. of Cambodia, The current SMP covers the period 2008 to 2015 In 2012 there was time for a mid term review to. assess if the SMP needed adjustments in particular in relation to the National Strategic Develop. ment Plan NSDP of Cambodia and the increased demands and the actual financial gap Another. consideration was the ASEAN Framework that will have a larger impact on the NSS in the future. On behalf of the Royal Government of Cambodia I would like to take this opportunity to thank Sida. for the financial support and Statistics Sweden for their technical assistance to prepare this midterm. review I also would like to express my gratitude to the Statistics Advisory Council SAC and to the. Statistics Coordination Committee SCC for their help and support in finalizing the midterm review. The midterm review of the SMP was unanimously approved by the SAC for Cambodia on May 30. 2012 On behalf of the SAC and users of Cambodia s official statistics I commend the midterm re. view of the SMP to you,Chhay Than,Senior Minister,Minister of Planning. Chairman Statistics Advisory Council,Phnom Penh,November 2012. The Statistical Master Plan SMP of Cambodia covers the statistical activities and development pro. jects of all ministries and institutions with the National Statistical System NSS of the Royal Govern. ment of Cambodia RGC The SMP has a high ambition in order to cover the known users need of. statistics in the Cambodian society It is a well structured plan and contains statistical infrastructure. programme statistical work programme proposed budget and financing plan and implementation. plan for the whole NSS It also contains information on donors commitment and lists some key indi. cators The current SMP was prescribed in 2007 and covers the years from 2008 to 2015. The overall objective of this mid term review of the SMP carried out in 2012 has been to assess the. SMP and the activities under the SMP along with an assessment of its implementation arrangements. and how these activities are contributing to the implementation of the SMP The work has involved. producers users and donors as well as the Technical Working Group TWG PPR Sub Group for NIS. and Statistics Coordination Committee SCC, One important conclusion in the midterm review is that there still is a great financing gap Only a. minor part of the prioritised statistical activities are financed at the moment About 17 5 percent are. financed by the current government budget and about the same by donor organisations Without. additional government or other funding about two third of the prioritised activities for official statis. tics could never be undertaken In this review process the suggestion that the RGC shall increase the. government budget for prioritised statistical activities and production of official statistics so the NSS. is totally financed at latest in 2015, We thank the members of the SCC and the staff at the line ministries and institutions of Royal Gov.
ernment of Cambodia for assisting NIS in the work to finalize this midterm review We also extend. our thanks to the work carried out by NIS staff Furthermore we wish to place on record our deep. appreciation of Statistics Sweden for management assistance and technical support. Contact person for this report is Mr Lay Chhan at NIS. San Sy Than,Director General,National Institute of Statistics. Chairman Statistics Coordination Committee,Phnom Penh. November 2012,TABLE OF CONTENTS,ACRONYMS IV,EXECUTIVE SUMMARY VI. PART I CURRENT STATUS AND ASSESSMENT 1,1 Background and Process 1. 1 1 Development plans in the Royal Government of Cambodia 1. 1 2 Statistical developments 2,1 3 Relationship with donors 2.
1 4 Lessons learned 2,1 5 How this SMP was prepared 3. 2 Current Status of National Statistical System 3, 2 1 Components of the national statistical system 3. 2 2 Relations between the components of the national statistical system 4. 3 Assessment of Strengths and Weaknesses of Current System 5. 3 1 Infrastructure of the statistical system 5,3 2 Statistical outputs and data quality 5. 3 3 Skill levels and training 6,3 4 Constraints 7, 3 5 Assessment of interviews with users producers and donors 7. PART II STATISTICAL MASTER PLAN 10,4 Outline of Statistical Master Plan 10.
4 1 Outline of Statistical Master Plan 10,5 2 Operation of the SMP 10. 5 Statistical Infrastructure Programme 11,5 1 Legal framework 11. 5 2 Human resources development 11, 5 3 Upgrading developing statistical operations 12. 6 Statistical Work Programme 13,6 1 Vision for the future 13. 6 2 Maintaining key economic and socio demographic statistics 13. 6 3 Censuses and surveys 14,6 4 Maintenance of registers 15.
6 5 Administrative sources 15,6 6 Developing an indicator system 16. 6 7 Analysis and reports 16,6 8 Dissemination 16,7 Proposed Budget and Financing Plan 17. 8 Implementation Plan 20,8 1 Mechanism for implementing the plan 20. 8 2 Monitoring and evaluation 20,8 3 Risks 20,8 4 Sustainability 21. Table 1 Indicative Timetable for Censuses and Household Surveys 2008 2015. according to the mid term review 15, Table2 Calculated cost for official statistics production at NIS and designated statistical units 18.
Annex 1 Sources of Information 22, Annex 2 List of monitoring indicators for NSDP MDGs and ASEAN indicators 24. Annex 3 Information of NIS Summary on 23 12 2011 estimated budgets 33. ADB Asian Development Bank,ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations. AusAid Australian agency for international development. BoP Balance of Payments, CAMinfo Cambodia Socio Economic Indicator database. CDC Council for the Development of Cambodia,CDHS Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey. CDRI Cambodia Development Research Institute,CIPS Cambodia Inter censal Population Survey.
CMDG Cambodia Millennium Development Goals,COM Office of Council of Ministers. CPI Consumer Price Index,CSES Cambodia Socio Economic Survey. DUSC Data User Service Center,EC European Commission. EMIS Education Management Information System,GDDS General Data Dissemination System. GDP Gross Domestic Product,GRS Government Rectangular Strategy.
HMIS Health Management Information System,IMF International Monetary Fund. JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency,LFS Labour Force Survey. MAFF Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries. MCFA Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts,MDG Millennium Development Goals. MEF Ministry of Economy and Finance,MFA Ministry of Foreign Affairs. MIME Ministry of Industry Mines and Energy,MIS Management Information System.
MLVT Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training, MLMUC Ministry of Land Management Urban Planning and Construction. MNASRI Ministry of National Assembly Senate Relations and Inspection. MOEYS Ministry of Education Youth and Sports,MOH Ministry of Health. MOC Ministry of Commerce,MOE Ministry of Environment. MOI Ministry of Information,MOJ Ministry of Justice. MOEYS Ministry of Education Youths and Sports,MoP Ministry of Planning.
MOSVY Ministry of Social Affairs Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation. MOT Ministry of Tourism,MOWA Ministry of Women s Affairs. MPT Ministry of Post and Telecommunication,MPWT Ministry of Public Works and Transportation. MRC Ministry of Religion and Cults,MRD Ministry of Rural Development. MTR Mid term review,MWRM Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology. NBC National Bank of Cambodia,NGO Non Government Organisation.
NIS National Institute of Statistics,NPRS National Poverty Reduction Strategy. NSDP National Strategic Development Plan,NSS National Statistical System. NWG PM National Working Group on Poverty Measurement. PARIS21 Partnership in Statistics for the 21st century. PMG Priority Mission Group,POC Priority Operating Costs. PPI Producer Price Index,RGC Royal Government of Cambodia. RS Rectangular Strategy,SAC Statistics Advisory Council.
SCA State Secretariat of Civil Aviation,SCC Statistics Coordination Committee. SNEC Supreme National Economic Council,SPF State Secretariat of Public Functions. SDMX Statistical Data and Metadata eXchange,SDP Strategic Development Plan. SIDA Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. SMP Statistical Master Plan, TWG PPR Technical Working Group on Planning and Poverty Reduction. UNDP United Nations Development Programme, UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation.
UNFPA United Nations Population Fund,UNICEF United Nations Children s Fund. USAID United States Agency for International Development. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY, The Statistical Master Plan 2008 2015 SMP launched in 2007 and reviewed in 2012 sets out a. long term plan for Cambodia s national statistical system NSS It covers the whole of the NSS in. cluding the National Institute of Statistics NIS designated statistical units in line ministries and the. National Bank of Cambodia The SMP is an important breakthrough when it comes to the description. of needed information and to point out on which surveys and censuses the information should be. based The SMP also points out the limitations to fulfill the statistics planned due to user needs as. there is a huge financing gap in government funding It often reflects higher ambitions than what the. limited resources both personal and financial can handle The SMP builds on earlier work done and. includes some calculated cost for the NSS, The SMP is a basic plan for the NSS It is rather well known and used as a planning document in the. Ministry of Planning and among some of the line ministries and donors organisations The plan and. its connected framework have to be continuously communicated within the system and the stake. The SMP is an overarching document and is used together with the National Strategic Development. Plan NSDP which is the policy document for the line ministries to follow and plan what statistics to. produce In regard to changed demands for statistics both nationally and internationally in particu. lar in relation to the NSDP and the consideration that the ASEAN Framework will have a larger im. pact on the NSS in the near future the reviewed SMP now embraces those indicators as a part of the. plan The SMP is also recommended to be an integrated part of the NSDP the Ministry of Planning. Strategic Plan MPSP and the Annual report of the NSS in order to be a part of a system for planning. and follow up, The mid term review MTR undertaken in 2012 is a part of the ongoing Sida supported institutional. capacity building project at NIS The overall objective was to review and assess the SMP and the. activities under the SMP along with an assessment of its implementation arrangements and how. these activities are contributing to the implementation of the SMP The work has involved produc. ers users and donors as well as the TWG PPR Sub Group for NIS and Statistics Coordination Com. mittee SCC The final draft was presented for the Statistics Advisory Council SAC the 30 th of May. Already when the SMP was launched the recommendation was that the national capacity for official. statistics production must be strengthened and especially NIS role must be strengthened by sus. tainable financing This is still true A solid government funding for the designated official statistics. will ensure a sustainable NSS As long as the majority of financing of the NSS is made by donors. some censuses e g Agriculture census and surveys will be undertaken ad hoc The system of official. statistics is as essential as all other national infrastructural systems Official statistics of high quality. is for a nation equally important as accounts for a company The current funding gap is huge and if. there shall be a system for official statistics of Cambodia there must be immediate changes in the. system of financing Today s funding gap is about 2 3 of the calculated budget for statistics produced. in 2011 For the statistics produced during the period 2009 2011 the government funding has risen. from 1 5 to 1 3 for the NIS The rest has been financed by donors When it comes to funding for the. total of what is needed for the NSS the share financed by the government is less A great step for. ward is the government decision to financially support a significant part of the Agricultural census. The legislative framework the Statistics Law and the Sub decrees gives good base for making the. NSS work well However there are some parts of the legislative framework that can be improved. The framework must fully support the working processes and be totally clear about responsibilities. Therefore the Sub decrees are recommended to be revised in order to strengthen the framework. even more The revision shall look at clarity and comprehension when harmonising the Law and the. Sub decrees in respect of responsibilities terms and definitions the level of details and if there are. important parts missing After some years the Statistics Law also could be amended. The MTR shows that great achievements have been made but also that some of the major weak. nesses that were addressed from the very beginning still exist The infrastructure and institutional. arrangements made are in some ways adequate but in others not One example is the lack of fund. ing and budgetary independence and autonomy for the NIS and official statistics The systems for. communication with the stakeholders users and producers of statistics for planning and follow up. and for coordination and consultation arrangements must still be strengthened for the NSS to be an. effective integrated decentralised system It is of great importance to implement a system for cost. calculations for the statistics production within the decentralised system in order to have a good. base for prioritisation and an efficient use of resources. The strategic issues of increasing the quality in statistics by introducing a code of conduct in statistics. production is ongoing so is training and introduction of both classification standards and standard. ized working procedures This work must continue and be widened to embrace standardized indica. tors and processes and database management systems as well as increased use of ICT During the. last years there have been a lot of efforts in strengthening the statistics production by training and. on technical assistance and in management There are still huge gaps between the level of skills and. techniques used needed for a sustainable statistics production and for NIS to fulfill its role as a. competence center in statistics production The capacity in other line ministries to produce official. statistics is still much lower than in the NIS A few line ministries have had technical assistance and. enough resources to produce statistics In some line ministries more than one unit are dealing with. statistics production without proper coordination within the ministry or with NIS In order to fill the. gaps there must be adequate and sustainable funding and one issue to be discussed is if a more cen. tralized system for official statistics production can be more harmonized and efficient The issue. about centralization can for example embrace how to organize the NSS and how to coordinate na. tional and provincial bodies or offices and the reasonability for carrying out surveys. Key components of statistical capacity building are training and the level of salary for the civil ser. vants To increase the efficiency in the NSS the salary problem even if it is a really difficult issue for. the government to solve must be solved and civil servants employed at NIS and other statistics units. must be offered salaries allowances so they can focus on their government work and not take addi. tional outside work in order to manage The training inputs have to be coordinated to meet the. overall objective of a sustainable capacity building of the NSS. There has been great progress in the dissemination of statistics by publishing results on the website. and in reports The NIS website now presents most of the results from different surveys and the. users can access online databases e g the population census and CAMInfo There are however. improvements still to be made also in this field By experience increased dissemination and aware. ness of statistics increases the use and usefulness of data and indicators In order to prioritize and to. be able to produce the most needed and used statistics there must be increased knowledge of the. usefulness of data and variables, The fact is that there have not been broad agreements on the priority ranking of the proposed statis.
tics activities in the current SMP In the line ministries priority of statistics production is largely based. on the planning of each line ministry in response to the National Strategic Development Plan NSDP. Government Rectangular Strategy GRS and or the Cambodia Millennium Development Goals. CMDG Although almost all required statistics by NSDP and SMP are produced The effort to collect. and report on the MDG indicators has been successful due to the integration of the MDG monitoring. framework into national policy evaluation especially through NSDP monitoring. There are significant benefits of the large surveys and the censuses undertaken Since 2007 the 2008. Population Census and the 2011 Economic Census have been conducted mainly with donor funding. The Agricultural Census is outlined 2013 The RGC is increasingly funding the censuses Yet more. funding from the RGC is required to make a sustainable statistical system The highest priority for. the NSS is to maintain existing economic and socio demographic statistics and to improve their. quality and timeliness Some additional activities are included as high priority in order to improve. quality and fill some gaps in the priority outputs Priority statistics include compilation of the annual. and quarterly National Accounts the expanded Consumer Price Index producer and agricultural. commodity price indices indices of agricultural and industrial production and of retail sales and. labour force statistics and a labour costs index Also included are agricultural production statistics. and crops livestock and fisheries statistics education health labour market and tourism statistics. and poverty and demographic measures and access to basic facilities Over the period covered by. the SMP external assistance could increasingly focus on further developments improvements and. new activities not covered by the current priority list but of great value for the quality in statistics. and registers and for the opportunity to meet future needs. The use of statistics is increasing due to changing users needs increased quality in and knowledge of. statistics through use and well functioning systems for dissemination In the further work it is of. great importance to continue to increase the knowledge of the SMP among users producers and. stakeholders and public It can be done by implementing a strategy for communication of official. statistics production and dissemination It is also of great importance to set up systems for regular. communication between the RGC NIS and line ministries as users and producers and other users. One system can be consisting of meetings and workshops with users to determine statistical needs. and suggestions about how it shall be prioritized and financed and another involving the Cambodian. government for discussions about prioritizing and financing of the identified needs of official statis. tics One way of strengthening the funding is to improve and coordinate the different stakeholders. funding by for example a programme based approach or basket funding. In order to get more current estimates on the financial resources needed for official statistics in. Cambodia a model was prepared for this mid term review The model is based on available data on. reported costs from NIS line ministries and other designated units which are appointed by the Sub. decree on Designated Official Statistics and some other government bodies that produce statistics. The model uses reported data on costs and number of employees in statistics production to calcu. late data on salaries When data is missing data from the current SMP is used The calculated cost. 2011 for the NSS is about 8 5 million USD Funding for international consultants is included in the. estimates for 2011 and that part will decrease about 50 per cent when the donors funding is out. Some of the findings in the MTR will be used in the preparation of the next SMP 2016 and beyond It. is recommended that the planning starts during 2013 or at latest early 2014. STATISTICAL MASTER PLAN FOR CAMBODIA MID TERM REVIEW November 2012. PART I CURRENT STATUS AND ASSESSMENT,1 Background and Process. 1 1 Development plans in government, The Rectangular Strategy RS for Growth Employment Equity and Efficiency was launched in 2004. and guides the implementation of the economic policy agenda of the Royal Government of Cambo. dia RGC Good governance is the core in the RS and quality statistical information will allow the. monitoring of activities managed by the government which will be critical for improving the govern. ance standard in Cambodia Other parts of the RS are promoting economic growth through agricul. ture development rehabilitation and construction of physical infrastructure private sector devel. opment and capacity building and human resource development The Rectangular Strategy Phase II. has since been launched as a response to the global financial crisis and global economic recession to. prepare Cambodia to face these challenges, The National Strategic Development Plan NSDP was prepared as a planning document for the RGC. to implement the vision set out in the RS After the Rectangular strategy phase II was launched an. update of the NSDP was prepared The NSDP update 2009 2013 focus on synchronising the time. period between the NSDP update and the fourth legislature of the RGC to ensure the implementa. tion of the actions programmes and projects outlined in the RS Phase II The NSDP update 2009. 2013 takes into account the potential impact of the global economic downturn of the Cambodian. The indicators in the NSDP are the key determinant of information in order to describe the current. situation and the way forward to develop the Cambodian society according to the millennium goals. Currently there is a new set of indicators for monitoring the progress following the process of the. mid term review NSDP update 2009 2013 and the implementation of the Rectangular strategy. phase II of RGC, Coordinated statistics and indicators of high quality are of great importance for the politicians when. it comes to leading the way to sustainable growth and well being for the Cambodian society The. SMP is an important breakthrough when it comes to the description of needed information and to. point out on which surveys and censuses it should be based The SMP also points out the limitations. to fulfill the statistics planned due to user needs as there is a huge financing gap in government. The main actors in the NSS are NIS and the line ministries institutions and the National Bank of. Cambodia They are all appointed by the Sub decree on Designated Official Statistics as designated. producers of official statistics Some of the ministries make a five year plan for their business and. operations However the plan often reflects higher ambitions than what the limited resources both. personal and financial can handle There is limited coordination between the different line minis. tries long and short term plans This has to be improved in order to produce statistics in a more. resource efficient way, The Ministry of Planning is responsible for the NSDP and NIS for the statistics in the yearly follow up.
A follow up report is planned to be published in July 2012 This report will be one of the instruments. for further planning of resources for the official statistics production. STATISTICAL MASTER PLAN FOR CAMBODIA MID TERM REVIEW November 2012. 1 2 Statistical developments, The effort to collect estimate and report on the MDG indicators has been successful due to the. integration of the MDG monitoring framework into national policy evaluation especially through. National Poverty Reduction Strategy NPRS monitoring At the national level more than two thirds. of the MDG indicators or close approximations of these indicators has at least two data points be. tween 1990 and 2011 At the international level the availability is somewhat lower After the 2004. Cambodian Inter censal Population Survey CIPS was released NIS conducted the 2008 Population. Census that has been extensively used in the monitoring of the MDG Also the Cambodia Demo. graphic Health Survey in 2000 2005 and 2010 gives a good opportunity for policy makers to monitor. the progress according to the MDG The Cambodian Socio Economic Survey CSES was conducted in. 2004 and since 2007 is conducted annually The NSDP is using the CSES for the annual monitoring. and the CSES data will be used as a basis for the calculations of the poverty line Consequently more. up to date measures of NSDP indicators are now available to data users. A Statistics Advisory Council SAC and a Statistics Coordination Committee SCC were established in. 2007 and are of great importance for the support of the development of the National Statistical Sys. tem and assistance in the technical coordination of the official statistics of the Royal Government. The SAC has had three meetings and the SCC 11 meetings since the establishment. 1 3 Relationship with donors, The NIS was undertaking a series of reviews to address institutional and organisational issues for the. SMP launched 2007 Some plans and indicators have been reviewed and updated since the SMP was. prepared The most important reviews and plans include. List of monitoring and evaluation indicators for NSDP Update 2009 2013. Ministry of Planning Strategic Plan, Donor meeting on mobilizes resources for conducting Agriculture Census. 1 4 Lessons learned, There have been improvements for a greater coordination of the content and timing of survey activi. ties There are however need for further development in cooperation and coordination of planning. financing about methodological issues standardized questions common approaches to analysis and. the use of NIS field work capacity The Statistics Law regulates coordination between NIS NBC and. line ministries which supplies the system a solid basis for the coordination of the system as a whole. There are significant benefits of the large surveys and the censuses undertaken In order to maintain. up to date quality in statistics and indicators needed for the development of a sustainable growth of. the Cambodian society there must be both a short and a long term planning in how to maintain. already reached results and a core budget secured Since 2007 the 2008 Population Census and a. 2011 Economic Census have been conducted mainly with donor funding The RGC is increasingly. funding the censuses Yet more funding from the RGC is required to make a sustainable statistical. The skills in statistics and the capacity at NIS have improved since 2007 Further improvements have. yet to be made both to carry out surveys and censuses at NIS and when NIS is training other parts in. the NSS to improve the staff skills in statistics A core budget for this work is also a requirement. STATISTICAL MASTER PLAN FOR CAMBODIA MID TERM REVIEW November 2012. 1 5 How this mid term review SMP was prepared, The current SMP covers the period 2008 2015 and it was time for a mid term review of the SMP to.
assess if the SMP needs adjustments in particular in relation to the updated NSDP Another consid. eration is the ASEAN Framework that will have a larger impact on the National Statistical System. NSS in the near future, The SMP is a long term plan and has high ambitions in order to cover the known users needs of sta. tistics in the Cambodian society It is a well structured plan and contains statistical infrastructure. program statistical work program proposed budget and financing plan and implementation plan for. the whole NSS It also contains information on donors commitment and list of indicators There is. however a great financing gap about 75 per cent of the total budget required Most of the statistics. budget is today financed by different donor organizations In the current SMP it is suggested that the. Royal Government of Cambodia RGC will increase its share by ten per cent annually until the NSS is. totally financed This suggestion is based on the situation in 2007 As known most of or all the. donor funding will end in 2015 Therefore the increased government funding must be at least about. 20 25 per cent annually until 2015, The Paris 21 delegation on behalf of NIS conducted a mission in June 2011 in order to meet with. government authorities and the main donors of the Cambodian statistical system to encourage their. active participation in a mid term review of the SMP After meetings and discussions with the NIS. government authorities and donors PARIS 21 made recommendations to launch a mid term review. of the SMP In a Sida mission report Assistance in the coordination of the National Statistical System. in Cambodia from 2009 there is also a recommendation to follow the SMP s adaption to reality for. a future overhaul and revision, This mid term review is now undertaken as a part of the ongoing Sida supported institutional capac. ity building project at NIS The overall objective is to review and assess the SMP and the activities. under the SMP along with an assessment of its implementation arrangements and how these activi. ties are contributing to the implementation of the SMP The work involves producers users and. donors as well as SAC and SCC, 2 Current Status of the National Statistical System. 2 1 Components of the national statistical system, The NSS in Cambodia is highly decentralised and the system is defined in the Statistics Law and re.
lated Sub decrees The Statistics Law was enacted in 2005 and related Sub decree on the organisa. tion and functioning of the NSS was fully in effect in 2007 In 2010 the Sub decree on Designated. Official Statistics was approved The legislative framework the Statistics Law and the Sub decrees. gives overall good basis for making the NSS work well and to support the working process. The Statistics Law and related Sub Decrees set out a clear area of responsibilities and relationships. between NIS and the designated statistical units The Statistics Law regulates the Statistics Advisory. Council SAC to provide advice in facilitating the development of the NSS and the Statistics Coordi. nation Committee SCC to assist NIS in technical coordination of the official statistics. According to the Sub decree of Designated Official Statistics the NIS and 22 Line Ministries 2 Coun. cils 2 State Secretariats and the National Bank of Cambodia shall be responsible for collecting proc. essing compiling analyzing publishing and disseminating official statistics to the public according to. the data requirements of users All censuses and surveys shall be conducted by NIS and sectoral. STATISTICAL MASTER PLAN FOR CAMBODIA MID TERM REVIEW November 2012. surveys shall be conducted by the designated statistical units itself or in cooperation with NIS In the. Sub decree of Designated Official Statistics the areas of official statistics are listed. The Statistics Law and the Sub decrees generate a framework and will encourage the integration of. activities into a national statistical system It is theoretically a well structured and useful tool as it. clearly defines the responsibility for collection compilation of the official statistics within the NSS. but in practice the NIS and the line ministries have difficulties to fully comply as the responsibilities. for the different parts within the system are hard to fulfil without sustainable government funding. Also some of the designated official statistics could be more of sectoral statistics used internally in. the ministry and should therefore not be regarded as official. A solid government funding for the designated official statistics will ensure a sustainable national. statistical system As long as the majority of financing of the NSS is made by donors censuses and. surveys will be undertaken ad hoc, In 2011 there were a total of 996 people engaged in official statistics production The NIS has about. 314 staff members at MoP central level and 315 staff at provincial and district offices There is about. 367 staff involved in statistical activities in line ministries and the NBC. 2 2 Relations between the components of the national statistical system. Through the process of NSDP mid term review a series of consultation meetings with line ministries. jointly organized by General Directorate of Planning and National Institute of Statistics on reviewing. and revising indicators for monitoring the progress of NSDP CMDG have been carried out There. have also been a number of meetings on the CMDG update. NWG PM conducted five meetings to discuss the new methodology for poverty. TWG PPR Sub group for NIS contacted twice meetings to discuss the SMP MTR. A series of SCC meetings was organized and several topics were discussed during the meetings. such as coordination and cooperation capacity building for NSS and metadata collection for sta. tistical system, A donor meeting to discuss on resource mobilization for agriculture census and other surveys. such as labor force survey was conducted in 2011, Organizing workshops for discussing statistical needs capacity building and resources acquired is. usually an efficient way to build a system to meet the users needs of statistics in a society Apart. from the NSDP development and the TWG of Planning and Poverty Reduction TWG PPR other. stakeholders have not been participating to the extent proposed in the SMP. During the review of the SMP there have been meetings with major donors and many line ministries. These meetings and discussions have again proved the need for a system of regular meetings or. workshops in order to strengthen the NSS It is also of great importance to set up systems for regular. communication between the RGC NIS and line ministries as users and producers and also other us. ers One system should be consisting of meetings and workshops with users to determine statistical. needs and suggestions about how it should be prioritized and financed and another involving the. RGC for discussions about the identified needs of official statistics and how it should be financed and. prioritized, STATISTICAL MASTER PLAN FOR CAMBODIA MID TERM REVIEW November 2012. 3 Assessment of Strengths and Weaknesses of Current System. 3 1 Infrastructure of the national statistical system. This mid term review of the SMP shows that some of the major weaknesses that were addressed. from the very beginning still exist The infrastructure and institutional arrangements provided by the. Statistics Law are in some ways adequate but in others not Examples are the lack of full autonomy. funding and budgetary independence of the NIS and official statistics The systems for communica. tion see chapter 2 2 and for planning and follow up and coordination and consultation arrange. ments must still be strengthened for the NSS to be effectively integrated with its decentralised sys. The legislative framework covers vast parts of making the NSS work well and gives good basis for the. statistical and coordination work However there are some parts of the legislative framework that. can be improved There are differences in definitions in the Statistics Law and the Sub decrees and. some matters could be more concise in order to make the regulation and the documents easy to. read and to understand Some parts of the regulations are too detailed with the risk of requiring. revisions more often than if these parts were less detailed Amending laws and regulations are often. a slow process As statistics is a part of the infrastructure of the society statistics production must. have up to date support for what kind of statistics shall be produced by and for whom The legisla. tive framework must support the working processes and be clear about responsibilities. The Sub decrees are recommended to be revised in order to strengthen the framework even more. The revision shall look at clarity and understandably at harmonisation of the three parts due to re. sponsibilities terms and definitions to the level of details and if there are important things missing. for example quality and simplicity for respondents In some years it can also be wise to amend the. Statistics Law, During the last years there have been a lot of efforts in strengthening the statistics production by.
training and on technical assistance and in management support There are still huge gaps between. the level of skills and techniques used for a sustainable statistics production and for NIS to fulfill its. role as a competence center in statistics production. 3 2 Statistical outputs and data quality, After the SMP was released the support to NIS has continued through donors as JICA Sida UNFPA. and UNICEF More trained staff and more statistics disseminated are the results of the past years. donor assistance, National Accounts NA has received training through short term consultants and more administra. tive data is used as basis for the calculations The CSES data is planned to be used both for the an. nual and the quarterly national accounts The dissemination of quarterly national accounts will start. A census of agriculture has not been conducted due to lack of funding Ultimately NIS has managed. to find enough donor and government support to conduct a census of agriculture in 2013 JICA has. supported NIS in carrying out an establishment census in 2011 and plan to carry out a large estab. lishment survey in 2014 These censuses and surveys will improve the information about the eco.

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RGC Royal Government of Cambodia RID Road Infrastructure Department Rl Riel RM Routine Maintenance RMR Routine Maintenance and Repair RNDS Road Network Development Study (JICA) RoW Right of Way RP Resettlement Plan RSAP Road Safety Action Plan RTAVIS Road Traffic Accident and Victim Information System

Title of the Article A Remote Sensing Imagery and ...

Title of the Article A Remote Sensing Imagery and

A Remote Sensing Imagery and Geographic Information System in Investigation of Limnological Characteristics of a Unique Lake Ngozi, Tanzania Author Abel Ansporthy Mamboleo Researcher, Abel.mamboleo@lincolnuni.ac.nz Department of Informatics and Enabling Technologies Lincoln University P.O. Box 85084, Lincoln, Christchurch, New Zealand

US $3.00, Canada $4.50 2500 Series WHISPAIR Max and DVJ ...

US 3 00 Canada 4 50 2500 Series WHISPAIR Max and DVJ

A ROOTS blower or exhauster must be operated within certain approved limiting conditions to enable continued satisfactory performance. Warranty is contingent on such operation. Maximum limits for pressure, temperature and speed are specified in TABLE 2, page 12 for Whispair Max and TABLE 3, page 13 in the 2500 Series DVJ Section, for allowable

Echo Point to Leura Cascades - wildwalks.com

Echo Point to Leura Cascades wildwalks com

Echo Point Echo Point is the Blue Mountains' most famous and popular lookout, home to one of the best photo opportunities for the Three Sisters. Visited by over two million tourists each year, this popular spot also serves as the starting point for many great walks in the area. The lookout is well fenced, has information signs and stunning views across the valley to the Three Sisters and Mount ...

Vitamin C - Cornell Center for Materials Research

Vitamin C Cornell Center for Materials Research

vitamin C solution, where yellow is molecules of vitamin C and white represents water molecules. When combined, indophenol and vitamin C react, which is shown by a color change of purple and yellow (respectively) to white (or clear, in real-life). This can be represented in the felt by having students stack the yellow and purple pieces and cover