John William Graham 1859 1932 Quaker Apostle Of Progress-Books Pdf

JOHN WILLIAM GRAHAM 1859 1932 Quaker apostle of progress
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University of Birmingham Research Archive, e theses repository. This unpublished thesis dissertation is copyright of the author and or third. parties The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect. of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or. as modified by any successor legislation, Any use made of information contained in this thesis dissertation must be in. accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged Further. distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission. of the copyright holder, University of Birmingham Research Archive e theses repository. This unpublished thesis dissertation is copyright of the author and or third. parties The intellectual property rights of the author or third parties in respect. of this work are as defined by The Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or. as modified by any successor legislation, Any use made of information contained in this thesis dissertation must be in. accordance with that legislation and must be properly acknowledged Further. distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the permission. of the copyright holder, This thesis explores the thought of John William Graham in the context of.
changes that took place in the Society of Friends in Britain during the late. nineteenth century and early twentieth centuries It considers the ways in. which some of the challenges to religious faith in general and to Quakerism in. particular arising at that time were reflected in the sensibility of one highly. intelligent Quaker who gave largely of his time and energy to grappling with. the problems and grasping at the opportunities for renewed vision which. opened out, As a young man Graham found his faith threatened by new ideas about. the natural world and the place of humankind within it about the status and. authority of the Bible about the real existence of a spiritual world With other. Quakers of his generation he sought to renew what they saw as the essence. of the teachings of George Fox and other early Friends This meant. promotion of a faith free alike of dogma and of ritual and relying on the free. ministry of immediate inspiration a faith open to new scientific thinking and. new approaches to the Bible Graham found among early Friends assurance. that true Quakerism and therefore true Christianity was a religion of. experience that any teaching which did not accord with experience could be. discarded Experience meant primarily what the individual found within but it. included the empirical findings of science Graham accepted the Darwinian. theory of natural selection understanding that it acts only by death That. meant that he was led into a practical dualism for religious purposes God had. to be found within the better impulses of the human heart not in the. processes of nature with their often cruel effects Eventually he believed the. two faces of God would be reconciled but meanwhile it was necessary to live. with duality Along with the older kind of natural theology much of the. thought world of the Bible especially of the Old Testament was now. outgrown The idea of progress could be invoked for assurance that what. was acceptable in a previous age was now giving way to something better. Graham came to think that the evangelicalism of some Quakers of the. previous generation who had been his mentors had distorted the original. Quaker message With other younger Quakers he reacted particularly. against the doctrine of salvation by the atoning sacrifice of Jesus finding it. incredible and ethically unacceptable In consequence he undertook a. lifelong battle against such doctrines and against other forces which he saw. as inimical to true Quakerism These forces included tendencies seen. particularly among American Quakers to dilute the time honoured Quaker. institution of the meeting for worship based on silence from which. spontaneous inspired utterance might arise through establishing a paid. pastorate and set forms of worship, Graham found a scientific justification for the old type of Quaker. worship in the teachings of the Society for Psychical Research and especially. in those of Frederic Myers Myers idea of the subliminal consciousness. explained for Graham how the individual might receive intimations from a. spirit world denied to the conscious waking self This was the ground for. prophetic ministry and also for the consecrated life Thus he developed a. theology centred on the Inward Light or Inward Voice identified with a God. active within the human personality inspiring the individual to work for a better. world That meant unremitting pursuit of social justice and of peace in which. more advanced nations would help and guide those at a lower stage as. Graham thought the British were called to do in India Progress towards the. better world was assured but it would be achieved through the strenuous. efforts of human beings especially Quakers, DEDICATION TO WOODBROOKE. Rowntree and Cadbury planted here a school, For Quakers conscious of the need to think. As well as apprehend to forge a link, Between high spiritual fervour and the cool.
Dawn light revealing many a sharp edged tool, Ready for use by those that will not blink. Woodbrooke is changed but still we do not sink, Into the easy comfort of the fool. Among these flowery groves a breeze yet stirs, To wake and warn us powerful ministers. Urge us to seek Truth where she may be found, Not in obeisance to a slippery past. Nor yet in shiny toys not made to last, But in strong plants growing in well tilled ground.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS, In the first place I wish to thank my supervisors Ben Pink Dandelion and. Hugh McLeod for sharing their wide knowledge for keeping me up to the. mark while never failing to give the assurance I needed that I could complete. the course I also thank Ian Jackson the librarian at Woodbrooke the staff of. Friends House Library who helped me find essential material and Chris. Densmore of Swarthmore College Library who brought forth from his store. evidence of Graham s relations with the college For more informal help I. thank Ted Milligan who generously befriended me in his joy that someone. was choosing John William Graham as a subject and also Tom Kennedy. who kindly supplied documents that he acquired while doing his own. research Other academics Jerry Frost Thomas Hamm Jo Vellacott have. given me help and support I have to give special thanks to Geoffrey Cantor. who first suggested that I study John William Graham at a time when I had. not even heard of him I thank Greg Radick and other members of the. Department of History and Philosophy at Leeds University for welcoming me. into their reading group I owe a debt of thanks too to my fellow students for. sharing their insights and giving me the sense of being part of a joint. enterprise and the ever helpful staff and Friends in Residence at. Woodbrooke I thank my husband and sons who have helped to make the. work possible and my grand daughter who did the proof reading Last but. not least I thank several members of Graham s family who have shared their. reminiscences and encouraged me in my work, ABBREVIATIONS. 1 Books by Graham, Conscription and Conscience 1922 CC. Divinity in Man 1927 DM, Evolution and Empire 1912 EE. Faith of a Quaker 1920 FQ, Harvest of Ruskin 1920 HR.
Quaker Ministry 1925 QM, William Penn 1916 WP, British Friend BF. Council for International Service CIS, Dictionary of Quaker Biography DQB. Friends Foreign Missions Association FFMA, Friend Friend. Friends Ambulance Unit FAU, Friends Intelligencer FI. Friends Quarterly Examiner FQE, John William Graham Papers JWGP.
Journal of the Friends Historical Society JFHS, London Yearly Meeting LYM. Northern Friends Peace Board NFPB, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ODNB. Oxford Handbook of Quaker Studies OHQS, Quaker Ministry 1925 QM. Quaker Religious Thought QRT, Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research PSPR. Society for Psychical Research SPR, Yearly Meeting YM.
The Life of John William Graham Chronological Table1. 1859 Born in Preston July 29th the eldest of six children The others were. Herbert born in 1861 Agnes 1863 Anna Mary 1864 Lilian. 1869 Helena 1871, 1871 73 Attends Ackworth School 2. 1874 5 Attends Stramongate School in Kendal, 1875 6 Attends Flounders a Quaker teacher training college. 1876 79 Teaches at Bootham School the Quaker boys school in York. meeting Edward Vipont Brown then a senior boy, 1878 Passes from private study the London University Intermediate B A. Examination in the First Division, 1879 Moves to Stramongate School. 1880 Travels in Scotland 3, 1880 81 Attends University College London with tied scholarship from.
Flounders Awarded BA First Division Wins prize for Junior. 1881 84 Attends King s College Cambridge working for the Mathematics. 1883 Teaches at Bootham School in vacation, 1884 Revives Quaker Meeting at Jesus Lane Cambridge. 1884 Suffers from ill health Granted an aegrotat degree MA in. Mathematics 4, 1884 Gives tuition in mathematics at St Stephen s Cheltenham for. 1 A sample only is included of Graham s numerous offices in the Religious Society of Friends and. also of his walking and climbing holidays in Britain and Europe. 2 For Ackworth School founded in 1779 by the Quaker doctor John Fothergill 1712 1780 see Elfrida. Vipont Ackworth School from its Foundation in 1779 to the Introduction of Co Education in 1946. Ackworth Williams Brown Pritchard 1991 first published 1959 and Between the Cupolas a Light. and Airy Record by W i e Wilfrid Whitten London Headley 1905. 3 Letters in JWGP Box 8, 4 Testimonial from mathematics tutor R R Webb JWGP Box 6 An aegrotat from the Latin. signifying illness is a degree granted to someone unfit to be examined for it but yet deemed to. deserve it, candidates for Cambridge and for Government posts 5. 1884 6 Teaches at Oliver s Mount Quaker School in Scarborough Quarrels. with Thomas Walton the head 6, 1886 Comes to Dalton Hall as resident tutor in mathematics.
1888 Opposes adoption of the Richmond Declaration by London Yearly. 1890 Visit to Switzerland with sister Agnes and Margaret Brockbank. Graham and Margaret become engaged 8, 1891 Marries Margaret Brockbank ceases to reside at Dalton Hall. Honeymoon in Ireland 9, 1892 Birth of daughter Olive 27 April 10 Graham visits the Lake District. with Adult School men in the summer 11, 1892 November Home Mission Conference 12. 1893 Summer Walking holiday in Switzerland and Italy 13. 1893 Birth of son Richard Brockbank 29 October, 1894 Publication of Science and the Law of Kindness. 1895 Summer Holiday in Norway with Margaret 14, 1895 Autumn Manchester Conference Graham speaks on Modern.
Thought 15, 1896 Begins to work as Lecturer on Victoria University Manchester. Extension Staff 16, 1896 First visit to America 17. 1897 Summer Climbing holiday in Switzerland Austria 18. 5 Testimonial from Henry A James teacher at St Stephen s JWGP Box 6. 6 Letter to parents 14 2 1886 and 16 6 86 JWGP Box 6 Graham Spokesman 4 46. 7 See 3 7 below, 8 Letter to Jonathan B Hodgkin 20 8 90 JWGP Box 17. 9 Letters July 1917 JWGP Box 17, 10 Letter to parents 27 4 1892 JWGP Box 17. 11 Letters to Margaret July 1892 JWGP Box 17, 12 See Chapter 6 below.
13 Letters to Margaret, 14 Letter to parents July 1895 JWGP Box 6. 15 See 3 7 below, 16 List of times and places of study of appointments held and degrees taken JWGP Box 17. 17 See 3 8 below, 1897 Succeeds Theodore Neild as Principal of Dalton Hall. 1898 Birth of son Godfrey Michael 22 Feb, 1898 April Holiday in Italy 19. 1898 99 Winter holiday at Chamonix Tobogganing, 1899 Summer School at Birmingham Graham speaks on Isaac.
1900 Birth of daughter Rachel 24 Oct, 1902 Second visit to North America. 1904 3rd visit to North America, 1905 Birth of daughter Agnes 22 Feb. 1907 Publication of The Destruction of Daylight, 1910 Active in Liberal cause in General Election. 1912 Fourth visit to North America Publication of Evolution and Empire. 1913 January Helps to found Northern Friends Peace Board becoming its. first Clerk, 1914 18 Campaigns for peace Acts as Prison Chaplain at Strangeways. Prison Manchester, 1915 Publication of War from a Quaker Point of View.
1916 Publication of William Penn, 1920 Publication of The Faith of a Quaker and The Harvest of Ruskin. 1922 Publication of Conscription and Conscience, 1924 Retires from Dalton Hall. 1924 5 Fellow Lecturer at Woodbrooke 20, 1925 Delivers the Swarthmore Lecture The Quaker Ministry published in. book form the same year, 18 Letter to Margaret 4 7 1897 JWGP Box 6. 19 Letter to Margaret 8 4 1898 JWGP Box 6, 20 The Study Centre established in Selly Oak Birmingham in 1903 with a view to educating Quakers.
in their own traditions See Robert Davis Woodbrooke 1903 1953 a Brief History of a Quaker. Experiment in Religious Education London Bannisdale 1953. 1925 6 Professor of the Principles and History of Quakerism at Swarthmore. College Pennsylvania Fifth visit to North America, 1927 Publication of The Divinity in Man comprising lectures given at. Woodbrooke and at Swarthmore, 1927 April Visits Italy with daughter Agnes and a friend. JOHN WILLIAM GRAHAM 1859 1932 QUAKER APOSTLE OF PROGRESS Joanna Clare Dales A thesis submitted to the University of Birmingham for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of Theology and Religion College of Arts and Law The University of Birmingham University of Birmingham Research Archive e theses repository This unpublished thesis dissertation is copyright of the

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