International Journal Of Life Sciences Oaji-Books Pdf

International Journal of Life Sciences OAJI
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Moses et al 2018, attached to their way of life the mystifying awareness on the presence of these small but. appearance and disappearance of fruiting bodies nevertheless important entities in the area of study. have always fascinated all laymen and experts alike and the current and emerging mycotechnologies. Through the ages in all civilizations mushrooms have associated with them. been associated with animals superstitions and, related entities supernatural and mysterious entities. fairy tales mythology and folk legends Their MATERIALS AND METHODS. vernacular names bear testimony to such mysterious. associations as well as their morphology habitat and The study was carried out by the survey method for. several other associative characteristics collection and documentation of data during the. monsoon and post monsoon season from June to, The dietary value of mushrooms is well documented November 2017 wherein a survey of macrofungi was. Bahl 1998 Feeney et al 2014 Cultivation of edible carried out in the area of study The five locations of. mushrooms has always attracted research attention study in the campus were the gardens adjoining main. and the trends are also visible in remote areas as an building of the G M Momin Women s College. answer to dietary deficiencies Sharma and Thakur Location no 1 area adjoining extension building of. 2010 Valverde et al 2015 Amongst the several other the college location no 2 area adjoining staff. uses of mushrooms and macro fungi are their quarters location no 3 lumber and timber storage. utilization as sources of therapeutic and anti cancer area adjoining KME Society s College of Education. agents Patel and Goyal 2012 Sharma et al 2017 building location no 4 and area adjoining KME. neutraceuticals Rathore et al 2017 novel bioactive Society office building location no 5 The specimens. compounds Chatterjee and Patel 2017 in were identified in the field and in the department of. biotransformation and bioremediation Raj et al botany G M Momin Women s College using. 2011 as dyes Bessette and Bessette 2001 in dye standard literature Bakshi 1971 Lawrence and. sensitized solar cells Zalas et al 2015 and several Harniess 1991 Keizer 1997 Polese 2000 and. aspects of modern scientific research In spite of their techniques suggested by Buczacki 1992 and Kaul. utilitarian aspects literature on macrofungi from the 1999. mega city of Mumbai is scarce and scattered and there. are practically no reports of this component of, biodiversity from Bhiwandi region adjoining RESULTS AND DISCUSSION. Mumbai Hence the current investigation was, undertaken to study and document mushrooms and A total of 17 types of macrofungi comprising 15.
macrofungi from KME Society s campus and G M genera were recorded during the investigation. Momin Women s College campus in Bhiwandi city Amongst the fungi recorded 2 forms comprising 2. genera belonged to Ascomycetes while 15 forms, The area of study viz G M Momin Women s College comprising 13 genera were attributed to. popular amongst locals as G M college or Rais High Basidiomycetes The findings are presented in Table 1. School campus is a 6 5 acre campus situated in the Forms such as Auricularia auricula Daldinea concentrica. Kaneri area of Bhiwandi city Dist Thane near Trametes Mycena Schizophyllum commune and. Mumbai the commercial capital of India Apart from Schizophyllum sp were prominently represented albeit. housing some of the best schools and colleges in at their respective site locations The forms. Bhiwandi the campus developed since 1927 on encountered were found to be in most of the cases. agricultural plots which were originally paddy fields limited to their respective location and generally did. also sports a reasonably rich biodiversity of not overlap with other locations of study most. vegetation Various mushrooms and macrofungi probably owing to the typical and characteristic. appear on the educational campus especially during circumstantial conditions prevalent at every location. the monsoon season which prompted the present While location no 1 showed conditions characteristic. study The study was also undertaken to spread of gardens with soil rich in organic matter the others. 26 NCETM 2018 Int J of Life Sciences Special issue A9 January 2018. National Conference on Emerging Trends in Mycotechnology NCETM 2018. were dry in comparison Location no 2 and 3 were From among the macrofungal forms reported herein. characterized by few uprooted dead trees tree stumps Daldinia concentrica is well documented as a wood. and logs of wood location no 4 was characterized by decay fungus Hiscox and Boddy 2017 has. conditions typical of a dry timber depot while applications in traditional medicines and. location no 5 revealed dry garden like conditions ethnomycology Akpaja et al 2005 yields secondary. with some dead tree stumps The findings on metabolites with anti HIV Qin et al 2006. biodiversity of macrofungi are in agreement with nematicidal Anke et al 1995 phytotoxic Lee et al. those of Todawat and Papdiwal 2012 and Kumar et 2006 antimicrobial Shen et al 2017 activities and is. al 2015 Mushrooms such as Coenocybe tenera known for its health benefits Karun et al 2017. Psilocybe sp and Mycena sps were common during Hypoxylon has been successfully exploited for. rains on the garden soil freshly amended with metabolites exhibiting anti bacterial and anti fungal. cowdung manure the latter most probably being activity Yuyama et al 2017 Widely believed to be. their source of origin Many of the macrofungal forms the earliest cultivated fungus for food Royse 2014. recorded in the current investigation had remarkable Auricularia auricula has been in the lime light for its. abilities related to wood rotting and biodegradation of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities Yu and Oh. agro industrial wastes dietary value production of 2016 hypoglycemic Yuan et al 1998 and therapeutic. bioactive compounds of medicinal importance Zhang properties Lu et al 2018 dietary aspects Misaki and. et al 2016 Kinge et al 2017 and are cultivated in Kakuta 1995 Vallee et al 2017 novel cultivation. different parts of the world for their valued products practices Onyango et al 2011 molecular aspects Du. Zervakis and Koutrotsios 2017 et al 2016 commercial food value Zou et al 2017. and mycoremediation potential Song et al 2017, Table 1 Macrofungi recorded on KME Society s Educational Campus Bhiwandi. S Botanical Name Common Name Location site, No 1 2 3 4 5. Ascomycetes, 1 Daldinia concentrica Bolton Cesati de King Alfred s cakes carbon balls. 2 Hypoxylon sp hypoxylon, Basidiomycetes, 3 Auricularia auricula Bull J Schrot Jelly ear Jew s ear Tree ear.
4 Auricularia polytricha Mont Sacc Cloud ear fungus. 5 Schizophyllum commune Fries Split gill Common Schizophyllum. 6 Pleurotus ostreatus Jacq ex Fr P Kumm Oyster mushroom. 7 Polyporus sp Bracket fungus, 8 Poria sp Poria, 9 Trametes sp Many zoned polypore. 10 Daedalea sp Maze gill, 11 Coenocybe tenera Schaeff Fayod Cone cap mushroom brown dunce cap. 12 Laccaria laccata Scop Cooke Deceiver, 13 Marasmius sp. 14 Psilocybe sp, 15 Mycena sp 1 Common mycena, 16 Mycena sp 2 Common mycena. 17 Psathyrella sp Cone capped agaric, www ijlsci in Int J of Life Sciences Special Issue A9 January 2018 27.
Moses et al 2018, A polytricha is known for its antimicrobial Gbolagade Ascomycetes while 15 forms comprising 13 genera. and Fasidi 2005 and antidiabetic Wu et al 2014 were members of Basidiomycetes All the macrofungi. properties as well as culinary and medicinal found growing in the area of study were economically. importance Afiukwa et al 2013 Schizophyllum and environmentally important Most of the forms. commune was reported as a respiratory allergen Singh documented were reported to exhibit exceptional. et al 2013 but also produces commercially valuable wood rotting capabilities. biopolymers Mohammadi et al 2017 and has been, attributed with anti inflammatory property Du et al. 2017 Acknowledgements, The author gratefully acknowledges the co operation. encouragement and inspiration received from the Konkan. The popular edible oyster mushroom Pleurotus, Muslim Education Society of Thane District and Dr S K. ostreatus is reported to have nutritive medicinal and. Deshmukh for completion of this project, antimicrobial attributes neutraceutical potential.
Kunjadia et al 2014 along with biodegradation, capabilities mycoremediation potential Purnomo et Conflicts of interest The authors stated that no conflicts of. al 2017 apart from being source of novel, compounds and enzymes Piscitelli et al 2017. Polyporus Poria and Trametes well known for their REFERENCES. wood rotting activity also have great therapeutic, value Stamets 2012 and applications in alternative Afiukwa CA Ugwu Okechukwu PC Ebenyi LN Oketa. HA Idenyi JN and Ossai EC 2013 Phytochemical, medicine Genus Trametes is reported as an excellent. analysis of two wild edible mushrooms Auricularia, source of enzyme laccase Bucic Kojic et al 2017 and polytricha and Pleurotus ostreatus common in Ohaukwu.
for its mycoremediation potential Wolfand et al area of Ebonyi state Nigeria Research Journal of. 2016 Apart from production of laccase and potent Pharmaceutical Biological and Chemical Sciences 4 2 1065. role in biodegradation Daedalea and Marasmius have. Akpaja EO Okhuoya JA and Ehwerheferere BA 2005, also been attributed with biotransformation abilities Ethnomycology and indigenous uses of mushrooms. Rizqi and Purnomo 2017 Vantamuri and Kaliwal among the bini speaking people of Nigeria a case study. 2017 The small agaric Mycena was reported as source of Aihuobabekun community near Benin city Nigeria. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 7 3 373. of several novel volatile compounds Palazzolo et al. 2017 and as symbiont enhancing germination and, Anke H Stadier M Mayer A and Sterner O 1995. growth in rare orchid species Lee et al 2017 Secondary metabolites with nematicidal and. Similarly Psathyrella sps are reported endowed with antimicrobial activity from nematophagous fungi and. compounds of nutritional and therapeutic value Ascomycetes Canadian Journal of Botany 73 S1 932 939. Atchibri et al 2017 Various species of Psilocybe are Atchibri ALO Farman AO and Patrice AYYD 2017. Nutritional and therapeutic compounds of the edible. known for their psychedelic effects and applications in dried mushroom Psathyrella tuberculata and prevention. medicine Nichols et al 2016 The current study of the arterial hypertension Agric Biol J N Am 8 1. revealed a moderately rich biodiversity of macrofungi 10 17. on KME Society s Educational Campus which is Bahl Nita 1998 Handbook on mushrooms 3rd Edn. Oxford IBH Publishing Co Pvt Ltd New Delhi, however significant considering the poor macro. Bakshi BK 1971 Indian Polyporaceae ICAR New Delhi pp. mycoflora of Bhiwandi and its surrounding areas, Bessette AR and Bessette A 2001 The rainbow beneath my. A survey of mushrooms and macrofungi was feet A mushroom dyer s field guide Syracuse. conducted during monsoon and immediate post University Press pp1 176. monsoon months in the current year 2017 in Bucic Kojic A Selo G Zelic B Planinic M and Tisma M. Bhiwandi Dist Thane Maharashtra India A total of 2017 Recovery of phenolic acid and enzyme. production from corn silage biologically by Trametes. 17 types of mushrooms and macrofungi belonging to versicolor Appl Biochem Biotechnol 181 948 960. 15 genera were recorded from the area of study Buczacki S 1992 Mushrooms and Toadstools of Britain and. Amongst the fungi recorded 2 forms belonged to Europe Harper Collins Publishers London pp 24 44. 28 NCETM 2018 Int J of Life Sciences Special issue A9 January 2018. National Conference on Emerging Trends in Mycotechnology NCETM 2018. Chatterjee B and Patel T 2017 Edible mushroom a Misaki A and Kakuta M 1995 Kikurage tree ear and. nutritious food improving human health International shirokikurage white jelly leaf Auricularia auricula and. Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Research 2 1 34 37 Tremella fuciformis Food Reviews International 11 1 211. Du P Cao T Cui B Yuan Y and Dai Y 2016 Genetic 218. diversity and relationships of 24 strains of genus Mohammadi A Shojaosadati SA Tehrani HJ Mousavi SM. Auricularia Agaricomycetes assessed using SRAP Saleh T and Khorasani AC 2017 Schizophyllan. markers International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 18 production by newly isolated fungus Schizophyllum. 10 945 954 commune IBRC M 30213 optimization of culture. Feeney MJ Miller AM and Roupas P 2014 Mushrooms medium using response surface methodology Ann. Biologically distinct and nutritionally unique Nutr Microbiol 2017 https doi org 10 1007 s13213 017. Today 49 6 301 307 1316 9, Gbolagade JS and Fasidi IO 2005 Antimicrobial activities of Nichols DE Johnson MW and Nichols CD 2016.
some selected Nigerian mushrooms African Journal of Psychedelics as medicines An emerging new paradigm. Biomedical Research 8 83 87 Clin Pharmacol Ther 101 209 219. Hiscox J and Boddy L 2017 Armed and dangerous Onyango BO Palapala VA Arama PF Wagai SO and. chemical warfare in wood decay communities Fungal Gichimu BM 2011 Suitability of selected. Biology Reviews 31 4 169 184 supplemented substrates for cultivation of Kenyan. native wood ear mushrooms Auricularia auricula, Karun NC Sridhar KR Ambarish CN Pavithra M. American Journal of Food Technology 6 5 395 403, Greeshma AA and Ghate SD 2017 Health perspectives. of medicinal macrofungi of southwestern India In Palazzolo E Saiano F Laudicina VA Gargano ML and. International Journal of Life Sciences International Peer Reviewed Open Access Refereed Journal Special Issue A 9 January 2018 UGC Approved Journal No 48951 Original Article Open Access National Conference on Emerging Trends in Mycotechnology NCETM 2018 25 Macrofungi from KME Society s educational campus in Bhiwandi dist Thane Maharashtra and their associated Myco technologies

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