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Inspiring Progress India Water Portal
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Message Foreword, I am happy to note that Exnora Green Pammal s solid waste management partnerships in four The municipal solid waste crisis is evident in nearly every intersection vacant lot and drain throughout the. localities covering Tamil Nadu and Haryana have brought out an interesting account of the nation Pollution of our land air and water undermines efforts to improve public health and safeguard our. progress of the project in this valuable publication The initiative to implement the plan of action environment If we don t rigorously study this challenge and take corrective action the consequences will. is that of PepsiCo India Region in association with Exnora Green Pammal s staff at Pammal be disastrous. Panipat Mangadu and the Dept of Atomic Energy Townships Kalpakkam Anupuram and. Bhavani The past decade holds important lessons for those concerned with improving solid waste management On. one hand we ve learned that incessant burning and burying of garbage leave the nation only more polluted. The normal tendency in today s context of global warming and climate change is to generally because such actions fail to correct the cause of the crisis By burning and burying waste we poison. philosophize and intellectualize the phenomenon at the macro level without bothering to do ourselves and our descendants. anything concrete or demonstrable at the ground level Solid waste management is an open. challenge to the population of India not only in its sprawling urban centers but also in every On the other hand we ve learned a far more encouraging lesson from efforts that address the solid waste. part of rural India experiencing the throb of urban penetration crisis by adopting a responsible holistic and far sighted strategy In localities throughout the country. authorities residents corporate sponsors and other stakeholders are collaborating to dramatically reduce. This situation has necessarily contributed to the overall phenomenon of global warming and can waste by implementing practices prescribed by the government s municipal solid waste management rules. be tackled only by addressing the problem at the ground level In fact solid waste management a package of guidelines that emphasize segregating waste at its source recycling and composting Such. offers endless opportunities for cleaning up our environment on eco friendly lines and also practices significantly reduce waste and pollution and have the additional benefits of earning revenue. paves the way to mitigate the effects of the impact to whatever extent it can Implementation of generating employment producing rich compost and salvaging recyclable resources. the project simultaneously opens up avenues of employment income generation and renewable. sources of energy in a cleaner environment Exnora Green Pammal has 15 years of experience with such innovative partnerships This report presents. the lessons and impact of our efforts in four localities In addition to highlighting the reflections of. The programme currently under implementation in the specified areas in India under the authorities and residents who were instrumental in improving waste management services this document. guidance and stewardship of Mrs Mangalam Balasubramanian constitutes the first major step also suggests steps that the government should take to encourage and enable all localities to implement its. in fulfilling the objectives under this concept This step forward will herald many new chapters rules Such steps include. in the coming days to help overcome one of the gravest perils encountered by humanity. launching a continuous and compelling public awareness campaign nationwide to. The Confederation of NGOs of Rural India being dedicated to the progress of India rural motivate everyone to reduce their waste through segregation and recycling. and urban on seamless lines wishes to congratulate Mrs Mangalam Balasubramanian and establishing facilities to process and safely dispose of waste within five km of every locality. her highly motivated team on the success of their efforts and all the best in the years to come so that garbage does not travel long distances in motorized vehicles. introducing a Green Tax on local residents to be spent in a transparent manner for waste. management, L V Saptharishi 2nd March 2010 making waste reduction the prime objective of solid waste management rather than rewarding. Co Chairman CNRI New Delhi waste managers on the basis of tonnes of trash transported and dumped. We hope that this report spreads awareness stimulates discussion and most importantly inspires action. that makes India a clean and healthy nation,Ms Mangalam Balasubramanian Brooks Anderson. Managing Trustee Exnora Green Pammal Clear Impression Documentation Services. Contents Ack nowledgements, Abbreviations 4 The preparation of this document was possible thanks to input and assistance from many people We. record our deep sense of gratitude to the Tamil Nadu and Haryana State Governments as well as the. Acknowledgements 5 Municipal Administrations and Local Bodies for wholeheartedly promoting solid waste management in. the respective sites,Executive Summary 6, In the DAE Townships first and foremost we thank Dr Baldev Raj Director of the IGCAR Also.
Introduction 7 Dr S S Raj Mr K Manoharan Deputy Director of the GSO Mr Prabhat Kumar Director of Bhavani. Profiles of Partnerships in Four Localities 11 and Mr P Subramanian Sanitary Inspector The following residents kindly gave their input Mrs Valli. Mrs W Langlentombi Mrs M Lakshmi Mr M Sharma and Mr G Kuppan In addition we thank. Vital Statistics of the Sites 16 Mr A Soundararajan The following green ambassadors shared their experiences Mrs Meena Mrs Kala. Mrs Anandavalli Mrs Dhanam Mrs A Kumari Mrs C Shyamala Mrs D Saraswathi and Mr Sekar. Lessons Learned 17 one of our supervisors, The MSW Rules Fundamentally Sensible Although Some. In Panipat we thank Shri Balbir Palsha Congress Party MLA Mr Vijay Dhiya IAS Panipat DC. Points Require Clarification 19 Dr Amit Agrawal IAS Yamunanagar DC Mr N K Jindal Executive Engineer Rohtak Mr Anu Garg. Plant HR Manager PepsiCo and Mr Mohit Kumar PepsiCo We are grateful for all of our partners at. Reflections from Officials 21 Exnora Panipat Navnirman Samiti Smt Manjri Chadha Shri Satish Guglani Smt Jagdish Kaur. Shri Kuldeep Singh Bedi Smt Indra Kurana Shri Rameshwar Ranjan Smt Saroj Taluja Shri Subash. Bottlenecks Impeding Wider Implementation of the Rules 23 Nagpal Dr Ramesh Chhabra Shri Deepak Mukhija Shri Harbans Lal Arora Shri Arvind Bajaj. Recommendations A Way Forward 23 Shri Manohar Lal Wadhwa Shri Madan Lal Wadhwa Shri Ramesh Kapoor Shri Harjinder Singh. Dilawari The following residents shared their impressions Mrs Gurmeet Kaur Mr Madan Lal Kalra. Testimonials 26 Mrs Nitu Jha Mr Avtar Singh Mr Rajiv Sariin Mr T N Pathak Mr D V Sharma Mrs Kamlesh. Mrs Sudha Nijhann Mrs Ranjana Jawa Mrs Meena Kumari Mrs Puja Mrs Sakshi. References 28 Mrs Sri Chand Mrs Saroj Rani and Mr Manohar Lal Mutneja. In Mangadu we thank Mr N Ravi EO Mr G Rajendran Ward 18 Councilman and. Mr M Murugan Ward 1 Councilman The following residents shared their impressions. Mr L B Suresh Mrs Uma Maheshwari Mr and Mrs Ranga Rao Mrs Bagilakshmi. Abbreviations Mrs Gaumathy Mrs Sita Kumari Mrs Premila in CTA Garden and Mrs Premila in Pranavadhi St. Mrs Vandiya Mrs Vasanthi and Mrs Manimegalai,ADC Additional Deputy Commissioner. DAE Department of Atomic Energy In Pammal we thank Mr M Chandrasekaran Assistant Director in Tiruvallur Mr K Kalathi EO in. DC Deputy Commissioner Thiruverkadu and Mr Ravikumar EO in Sevilimedu The following representatives from the Anna Nagar. EGP Exnora Green Pammal and VOC Nagar Residents Welfare Associations also contributed their input Mr N Dhandapani. EO Executive Officer Mr K Srinivasan Mr Shankar Sharma Mr K C Sekar Mr K Elangovan and Mr R Sivaraman Also. EPNS Exnora Panipat Navnirman Samiti thanks to Mr Abhiram Seth Former Executive Director of PepsiCo and Mr P Devanand President and. Exnora Excellent Novel Radical CEO ExNoRa Environmental Certification Corporation. GA Exnora s Green Ambassadors who collect and, process waste and sweep streets In each site project managers facilitated all fieldwork for the document Thanks go to Ms E Mariammal. IGCAR Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research Mr S Vijaybasker and Mr K Bhanu Senior Technical Advisor EGP in Pammal Mr Kannadasan in the. MDGs Millennium Development Goals DAE Townships Mr K S Sudhish in Panipat Mr Murugan and Mr Jeyshankar in Mangadu. ME Municipal Engineer, MSW Municipal Solid Waste Dr Suneel Pandey Dr Tom L Richard and Dr Paul T Williams provided helpful studies and. NGO Non governmental Organisation information on municipal solid waste management The Office of the Publisher at the World Bank kindly. RWA Residents Welfare Association granted permission to reprint images that appeared originally in their publications Last but certainly not. SWM Solid Waste Management least we thank Exnora International EGP and EPNS members and Husky Injection Molding Systems. WSP Water and Sanitation Program Pvt Ltd Canada and PepsiCo steadfast partners in the campaign to make India a cleaner nation. Executive Summa r y Introduction, I think that our cities have the dubious distinction of being the dirtiest cities in the world.
There is no doubt about it If there is a Nobel Prize for dirt and filth India will win it hands Widespread littering and indiscriminate dumping. down There is no competition for that and we have to do something dramatic on municipal of municipal solid waste MSW hamper India s. solid waste Jairam Ramesh Union Minister for Environment and Forests 20 November 2009 efforts to achieve several Millennium Development. Goals MDGs Gonzenbach et al 2007 and, India s solid waste crisis is undermining the management policy must be considered carefully combat climate change If corrective action is. nation s efforts to improve public health protect and should be informed by thorough study of not taken the solid waste crisis will increasingly. the environment and stop climate change India existing waste management systems so that policy counteract development efforts as India s population. produces a staggering amount of municipal solid can be fine tuned to achieve only the changes grows and moves to urban areas. waste every day and the rate of production is that are needed without unwanted or undesirable If current trends continue the amount of solid. expected to climb steadily as the nation becomes outcomes Furthermore all proposals for change waste produced in India in 2047 is likely to reach. more populated urbanized and economically must be accompanied by rigorous disclosure and 260 million tonnes five times the present level. developed scrutiny of their associated costs and consequences of production requiring an area of 1 400 square. and their empirical track record kilometres for disposal in landfills that would emit. In 2000 the Indian government enacted rules for 39 million tonnes of methane Singhal and Pandey Handling Rules 2000 hereafter referred to as. the management and handling of municipal solid The rules are not in need of drastic overhaul 2001 Hanrahan Srivastava and Ramakrishna the rules to significantly reduce the volume of. waste hereafter referred to as the rules The rules Rather the rules should be refined according to 2006 municipal solid waste by mandating standardized. prescribe a package of practices that emphasize lessons learned by existing efforts to bring localities practices that included segregating biodegradable. Annual MSW Production in India 2006 2047, recycling and composting to significantly reduce into compliance Review and analysis of such efforts 300. from non biodegradable waste at source recovering, waste with the objectives of improving public will identify bottlenecks and gaps that impede recyclable materials and composting biodegradable. health protecting the environment and easing widespread implementation of the rules thereby 250. matter The government s prescribed practices, the burden on landfills The government directed revealing points where policy requires attention and 200 have the objectives of safeguarding human. the authorities of all localities to comply with the action health conserving resources protecting the. rules by December 2003 The government also 150, million t yr environment and reducing the burden on landfills.
appropriated funding through many grants and This document is a product of such an exercise For 100 The government directed all local authorities to. schemes for local bodies to construct new waste over 15 years the leaders of Exnora Green Pammal establish waste management services that comply. management facilities and purchase necessary EGP an NGO based in Chennai have been with the rules by December 2003 but as of 2010. equipment However as of 2010 most localities implementing solid waste management projects 0 noncompliance is widespread. 2006 2015 2025 2047, have not fully complied with the result that with a variety of local bodies in accordance with the India s solid waste management policy is at a. indiscriminate littering and dumping pollute government s rules This document is the product of Plastic and electronic wastes illustrate the dramatic crossroads Widespread prolonged noncompliance. roadsides street corners and waterways throughout a month long review of four models of partnership rate of increase in waste production Plastic waste with the rules and rapid highly visible. Nagpal Dr Ramesh Chhabra Shri Deepak Mukhija Shri Harbans Lal Arora Shri Arvind Bajaj Shri Manohar Lal Wadhwa Shri Madan Lal Wadhwa Shri Ramesh Kapoor Shri Harjinder Singh Dilawari The following residents shared their impressions Mrs Gurmeet Kaur Mr Madan Lal Kalra

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