Ielts Writing Task 1 Simon Wordpress Com-Books Pdf

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6 4 Water cycle 26,1 Line graph,1 1 Tips for Line graph. Line graphs always show changes over time Here s some advice about how to describe them. Try to write 4 paragraphs introduction summary of main points 2 detail paragraphs. For your summary paragraph look at the big picture what changes happened to all. of the lines from the beginning to the end of the period shown i e from the first year. to the last Is there a trend that all of the lines follow e g an overall increase. You don t need to give numbers in your summary paragraph Numbers are specific. details Just mention general things like overall change highest and lowest without. giving specific figures, Never describe each line separately The examiner wants to see comparisons. If the graph shows years you won t have time to mention all of them The key years. to describe are the first year and the last year You should also mention any special. years e g a peak or a significant rise fall, Start describing details paragraph 3 with a comparison of the lines for the first year. shown on the graph e g in 1990 the number of, Use the past simple increased fell for past years and will or is expected predicted. to for future years, Don t use the passive e g the number was increased continuous e g the number.
was increasing or perfect tenses e g the number has increased. 1 2 Internet Users as percentage of population,Writing Task 1 Simon Page 2. The line graph compares the percentage of people in three countries who used the Internet. between 1999 and 2009, It is clear that the proportion of the population who used the Internet increased in each. country over the period shown Overall a much larger percentage of Canadians and. Americans had access to the Internet in comparison with Mexicans and Canada experienced. the fastest growth in Internet usage, In 1999 the proportion of people using the Internet in the USA was about 20 The figures. for Canada and Mexico were lower at about 10 and 5 respectively In 2005 Internet. usage in both the USA and Canada rose to around 70 of the population while the figure for. Mexico reached just over 25, By 2009 the percentage of Internet users was highest in Canada Almost 100 of Canadians. used the Internet compared to about 80 of Americans and only 40 of Mexicans. Writing Task 1 Simon Page 3,1 3 International migration in UK.
The chart gives information about UK immigration emigration and net migration between. 1999 and 2008, Both immigration and emigration rates rose over the period shown but the figures for. immigration were significantly higher Net migration peaked in 2004 and 2007. In 1999 over 450 000 people came to live in the UK while the number of people who. emigrated stood at just under 300 000 The figure for net migration was around 160 000 and. it remained at a similar level until 2003 From 1999 to 2004 the immigration rate rose by. nearly 150 000 people but there was a much smaller rise in emigration Net migration peaked. at almost 250 000 people in 2004, After 2004 the rate of immigration remained high but the number of people emigrating. fluctuated Emigration fell suddenly in 2007 before peaking at about 420 000 people in 2008. As a result the net migration figure rose to around 240 000 in 2007 but fell back to around. 160 000 in 2008,Writing Task 1 Simon Page 4,1 4 UK acid rain emission. The graph below shows UK acid rain emissions measured in millions of tones from four. different sectors between 1990 and 2007, I ve made the following essay into a gap fill exercise. The line graph compares four sectors in of the amount of acid rain emissions that. they produced over a period of 17 years in the UK, It is clear that the total amount of acid rain emissions in the UK between.
1990 and 2007 The most decrease was seen in the electricity gas and water supply. In 1990 around 3 3 million tones of acid rain emissions came from the electricity gas and. water sector The transport and communication sector was for about 0 7 million tones. of emissions while the domestic sector around 0 6 million tones Just over 2 million. tones of acid rain gases came from other industries. Emissions from electricity gas and water supply fell dramatically to only 0 5 million tones in. 2007 a of almost 3 million tones While acid rain gases from the domestic sector and. other industries fell gradually the transport sector a small increase in emissions. a peak of 1 million tones in 2005,Fill the gaps using these words. produced reaching fell responsible saw considerably terms drop dramatic. Writing Task 1 Simon Page 5,1 5 Water consumption, The graph and table below give information about water use worldwide and water. consumption in two different countries, The charts compare the amount of water used for agriculture industry and homes around the. world and water use in Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is clear that global water needs rose significantly between 1900 and 2000 and that. agriculture accounted for the largest proportion of water used We can also see that water. consumption was considerably higher in Brazil than in the Congo. In 1900 around 500km of water was used by the agriculture sector worldwide The figures. for industrial and domestic water consumption stood at around one fifth of that amount By. 2000 global water use for agriculture had increased to around 3000km industrial water use. had risen to just under half that amount and domestic consumption had reached. approximately 500km, In the year 2000 the populations of Brazil and the Congo were 176 million and 5 2 million. respectively Water consumption per person in Brazil at 359m was much higher than that in. the Congo at only 8m and this could be explained by the fact that Brazil had 265 times. more irrigated land,184 words band 9,Writing Task 1 Simon Page 6.
1 6 Car ownership, The graph below gives information about car ownership in Britain from 1971 to 2007. The graph shows changes in the number of cars household in Great Britain a. period of 36 years, Overall car ownership in Britain increased 1971 and 2007 In particular the number. of households with two cars rose while the number of households a car fell. In 1971 half of all British households did not have regular use of a car Around 44. of households had one car but only about 7 had two cars It was uncommon for families to. own three or more cars around 2 of households falling into this category. The one car household was the most common type from the late 1970 s although. there was little change in the for this category The biggest change was seen in the. proportion of households without a car which fell steadily over the 36 year period. around 25 in 2007 In contrast the proportion of two car families rose steadily reaching. about 26 in 2007 and the proportion of households with more than two cars rose. Fill the gaps in the essay with the following words. almost to figures per between by over with without onwards. Writing Task 1 Simon Page 7,2 Bar chart,2 1 Marriages and divorces. The first bar chart shows changes in the number of marriages and divorces in the USA and. the second chart shows figures for the marital status of American adults in 1970 and 2000. It is clear that there was a fall in the number of marriages in the USA between 1970 and. 2000 The majority of adult Americans were married in both years but the proportion of. single adults was higher in 2000, In 1970 there were 2 5 million marriages in the USA and 1 million divorces The marriage. rate remained stable in 1980 but fell to 2 million by the year 2000 In contrast the divorce. rate peaked in 1980 at nearly 1 5 million divorces before falling back to 1 million at the end. of the period,Writing Task 1 Simon Page 8, Around 70 of American adults were married in 1970 but this figure dropped to just under.
60 by 2000 At the same time the proportion of unmarried people and divorcees rose by. about 10 in total The proportion of widowed Americans was slightly lower in 2000. 2 2 Levels of participation, The charts below show the levels of participation in education and science in developing. and industrialised countries in 1980 and 1990, The three bar charts show average years of schooling numbers of scientists and technicians. and research and development spending in developing and developed countries Figures are. given for 1980 and 1990,Writing Task 1 Simon Page 9. It is clear from the charts that the figures for developed countries are much higher than those. for developing nations Also the charts show an overall increase in participation in education. and science from 1980 to 1990, People in developing nations attended school for an average of around 3 years with only a. slight increase in years of schooling from 1980 to 1990 On the other hand the figure for. industrialised countries rose from nearly 9 years of schooling in 1980 to nearly 11 years in. From 1980 to 1990 the number of scientists and technicians in industrialised countries. almost doubled to about 70 per 1000 people Spending on research and development also saw. rapid growth in these countries reaching 350 billion in 1990 By contrast the number of. science workers in developing countries remained below 20 per 1000 people and research. spending fell from about 50 billion to only 25 billion. Writing Task 1 Simon Page 10,2 3 Consumer good, The bar chart compares consumer spending on six different items in Germany Italy France.
and Britain, It is clear that British people spent significantly more money than people in the other three. countries on all six goods Of the six items consumers spent the most money on. photographic film, People in Britain spent just over 170 000 on photographic film which is the highest figure. shown on the chart By contrast Germans were the lowest overall spenders with roughly the. same figures just under 150 000 for each of the six products. The figures for spending on toys were the same in both France and Italy at nearly 160 000. However while French people spent more than Italians on photographic film and CDs. Italians paid out more for personal stereos tennis racquets and perfumes The amount spent. Writing Task 1 Simon Page 11, by French people on tennis racquets around 145 000 is the lowest figure shown on the. chart 154 words,2 4 House prices, The bar chart compares the cost of an average house in five major cities over a period of 13. years from 1989, We can see that house prices fell overall between 1990 and 1995 but most of the cities saw.
rising prices between 1996 and 2002 London experienced by far the greatest changes in. house prices over the 13 year period, Over the 5 years after 1989 the cost of average homes in Tokyo and London dropped by. around 7 while New York house prices went down by 5 By contrast prices rose by. approximately 2 in both Madrid and Frankfurt, Between 1996 and 2002 London house prices jumped to around 12 above the 1989. average Homebuyers in New York also had to pay significantly more with prices rising to. 5 above the 1989 average but homes in Tokyo remained cheaper than they were in 1989. The cost of an average home in Madrid rose by a further 2 while prices in Frankfurt. remained stable 165,Writing Task 1 Simon Page 12,3 1 Tips for table. Tables seem difficult when they contain a lot of numbers Here s some advice. Try to write 4 paragraphs introduction summary of main points 2 detail paragraphs. Before you start writing highlight some key numbers Choose the biggest number in. each category in the table i e in each column and row If the table shows years look. for the biggest changes in numbers over the time period You could also mention the. smallest numbers but you can ignore middle numbers neither biggest nor smallest. For your summary paragraph try to compare whole categories columns or rows. rather than individual cells in the table If you can t compare whole categories. compare the biggest and smallest number Write 2 sentences for the summary. In your two details paragraphs never describe each category column or row. separately The examiner wants to see comparisons Try to organise the numbers you. highlighted into 2 groups one for each paragraph e g highest numbers for all. categories together and lowest numbers together, Describe compare the numbers you highlighted include at least 3 numbers in each. Use the past simple for past years and will or is expected predicted to for future. years If no time is shown use the present simple,Writing Task 1 Simon Page 13.
3 2 Rail networks, The table below gives information about the underground railway systems in six cities. Full essay band 9, The table shows data about the underground rail networks in six major cities. The table compares the six networks in terms of their age size and the number of people who. use them each year It is clear that the three oldest underground systems are larger and serve. significantly more passengers than the newer systems. The London underground is the oldest system having opened in 1863 It is also the largest. system with 394 kilometres of route The second largest system in Paris is only about half. the size of the London underground with 199 kilometres of route However it serves more. people per year While only third in terms of size the Tokyo system is easily the most used. with 1927 million passengers per year, Of the three newer networks the Washington DC underground is the most extensive with. 126 kilometres of route compared to only 11 kilometres and 28 kilometres for the Kyoto and. Los Angeles systems The Los Angeles network is the newest having opened in 2001 while. the Kyoto network is the smallest and serves only 45 million passengers per year. Writing Task 1 Simon Page 14,3 3 Poverty proportion in Australia. The table below shows the proportion of different categories of families living in poverty in. Australia in 1999, The table gives information about poverty rates among six types of household in Australia in.
the year 1999, It is noticeable that levels of poverty were higher for single people than for couples and. people with children were more likely to be poor than those without Poverty rates were. considerably lower among elderly people, Overall 11 of Australians or 1 837 000 people were living in poverty in 1999 Aged. people were the least likely to be poor with poverty levels of 6 and 4 for single aged. people and aged couples respectively, Just over one fifth of single parents were living in poverty whereas only 12 of parents. living with a partner were classed as poor The same pattern can be seen for people with no. children while 19 of single people in this group were living below the poverty line the. figure for couples was much lower at only 7,150 words band 9.


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