Identification Of Skeletal Remains Wordpress Com-Books Pdf

Identification of Skeletal Remains WordPress com
20 Sep 2020 | 1 views | 0 downloads | 31 Pages | 1.04 MB

Share Pdf : Identification Of Skeletal Remains Wordpress Com

Download and Preview : Identification Of Skeletal Remains Wordpress Com

Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : Identification Of Skeletal Remains Wordpress Com



Transcription

degrees upper image whereas the supubic angle in the female is U shaped rounded. broader divergent with an angle of 90 degrees or higher lower image. To determine the subpubic angle line up the pubic face with a straight line and trace the. lower angle Measure the angle subtended with a protractor and double the result. The body of the pubic bone which is lateral to the symphysis tends to be triangular in. males whereas in females it is more rectangular in females there is a bony ridge. running down the ventral surface from the pubic crest in females there is a concavity of. the lower margin of the inferior pubic ramus immediately lateral to the lower border of. the symphysis in females there is a ridge of elevated bone on the medial aspect of the. ischiopubic ramus immediately lateral to the symphysis whereas in males this area is. broad and flat the ischiopubic index pubic length x 100 divided by the ischial length is. less than 90 in adult white males in adult females it is over 95. The greater sciatic notch in the male is smaller deeper and narrow typically at an angle. of less than 68 degrees whereas in the female it is larger and more open divergent. typically at an angle of 68 degrees or greater Harrison and Hrdlicka believe that the. greater sciatic notch in of itself has a 75 success rate for the determination of sex. The sciatic notch on the left is female, The acetabulum hip socket in the male is larger averaging 52 mm in diameter. whereas in females it averages 46 mm and is more lateral in its location whereas in. the female it is smaller and located more anterior antero lateral. The acetabulum in a male, The obturator foramen is more ovoid in the male but triangular in the female the pre. auricular sulcus which serves for the attachment of the anterior sacroiliac ligament lies. just lateral to the sacroiliac joint and is well defined in females but virtually absent in. In the male the pelvic inlet is small with a long antero posterior axis appearing heart. shaped due to the protrusion of the sacrum into the posterior brim In the female it is. relatively large with a long transverse axis appearing more circular. The sacrum in the male is typically longer narrower and has a more evenly distributed. continuous curve down the whole bone sometimes with a slight forward projection of. the coccyx as compared to the female In females the sacrum is shorter broader with a. prominent curve between S1 2 and S3 5 Also the superior articular surface in males is. larger than that of females The male sacrum may have more than five segments. which is rare in the female Comparing the transverse diameter of the first sacral. vertebra CW with that of the base of the sacrum BW by utilizing the formula CW x. 100 BW shows he male to have an average of 45 and the female 40. The above pictures are of a male sacrum The left is the dorsal or posterior view and. the right is the ventral or anterior view, The above pictures are of a female sacrum The left is the dorsal or posterior view and. the right is the ventral or anterior view, The pelvic cavity in males is relatively narrow and deep whereas in females it is wide. and shallow The length of the ilium is greater than its height making it to appear more. vertical in the male whereas in the female the ilium appears to be lower and to flare. outward The pubic symphysis is higher in the males as compared to the female. The above left picture is from a male pelvis showing the substantive length as. compared to its height The above right is from a female pelvis showing the lowered. and flared appearance, Sex can also be determined by using the bones of the skull which have an accuracy of.
85 There are some general features of the skull which are very helpful in. determining the sex of the skeletal remains a large skull is typically male and a small. skull is generally female the cranial capacity in the male skull is generally 200 cc. greater than the female the female skull is usually rounder than the male. The skull on the left is that of an adult male whereas that on the right is an adult female. In the male the frontal bones forming the forehead squamosal portion of the frontal. bones is more slanted whereas in the female it is more rounded or globular and. smoother The frontal and parietal eminences are in general more prominent in the. female skulls examination of the zygomatic process will show that the posterior ridge. projects back beyond the external auditory meatus in the male skull also the zygomatic. arches bow outward more than the female where they remain more medial The. supraorbital ridges are more pronounced and strongly developed in males whereas in. females they are far less developed often appearing only as a trace The orbits are. higher more rounded and relatively larger with sharp orbital margins in the females. The male has rounded orbital margins The glabella the somewhat rounded swelling. above the root of the nose in males are more massive in the males. The maxillary bones check bones in males are more massive whereas in females they. are slender The nasal aperture in the male is higher and narrower and its margins are. sharp rather then rounded Also the nasal bones are larger and meet in the midline at. a sharper angle The mastoid process located behind each ear lobe or opening of the. external ear canal are larger in the male In the back of the head occipital region is. typically smooth in the female Also in the midline of the occipital region is a bony. prominence external occipital protuberance which is far more prominent in males The. mandible in the male is larger and thicker with greater body height especially at the. symphysis and a broader ascending ramus The angle formed by the body and ramus. is less obtuse i e under 125 degrees The condyles are larger and the chin is square. The upper image is a female mandible and the lower a male mandible. The palate is typically larger and broader in the male. The shape of the male arch is more of a U whereas the female is more parabolic. The base of the skull has larger occipital condyles a larger foramen magnum and. typically larger foramina in males Also the basilar portion of the occiput and the body. of the sphenoid are longer in the male, Other bones that can be used to determine sex are the sternum scapula and femur. As has already been pointed out the sternum is divided into two major parts the upper. half the manubrium and the lower the body which comprises much of the sternum. The body in males is at least twice the length of the manubrium It is less than this in. These illustrations are from a male, Stewart and McCormick using a radiographic technique determined that if the sternum. is less than 122 mm it is female when over 173 mm it is male. The scapula in males will generally have a deep supra scapular notch That of the. female is more shallow The vertical diameter of the glenoid cavity in females is less. than 36 mm in males it is greater according to Dwight In males the height of the. scapula is typically greater than 157 mm whereas in females it is less than 144 mm. Of the long bones it is the femur which is most commonly used for sex determination. The femur in males is larger and heavier than in females The angle of the neck to the. shaft is greater in females Lastly if the head diameter is less than 46 mm it is generally. female Pearson and Bell using the vertical diameter of the femoral head have. indicated the male is typically greater than 45 mm and the female is less than 41 mm. The angle formed by the neck of the femur with its shaft the collodiaphyseal angle is. less than 40 degrees in the male and greater than 50 degrees in the female The. maximum oblique length of the femur in males according to Brash is approximately 459. mm whereas in females it is 426 mm However Pearson and Bell give values for men. of 447 mm and 409 mm for females, The femur on the left is that from a female whereas that on the right is from a male. The humerus radium and ulna typically are not used for sex determination However. on occasion you may find perforations of the olecranon fossa of the distal end of the. humerus which occurs more commonly in females than males and usually on the left. There are three major biologic divisions of humans Caucasoid white anglo etc. Negroid Black etc and Mongoloid Racial differences in the skeleton are best. determined from examination of the skull The long bones of the extremities can also. be helpful However it should be borne in mind that although in the last 10 000 years. there has been increasingly stable large populations i e caucasoid negroid and. mongoloid there has also been considerable interbreeding such that individual. variations can reach a point in which it is virtually impossible to determine the race of. the skeletal remains, The wide zygomatic arches which give the high bone features of the mongoloid race. may also produce a transverse facial width which is greater than the width of any other. part of the head, There is a feature of the skull of blacks that is not always present but when it is it.
strongly suggest black race and that is the presence of deep grooves on the nasal floor. sill on either side of the nasal septum, The femur in blacks is generally straighter the anteroposterior bowing being less than. those of caucasoids or mongoloids Blacks long bones in general are longer than those. of caucasians or mongloids, The following are the major differences in the races seen in the respective skulls You. will also note the caucasoid white is further subdivided into Nordic north european. Alpine central european and mediterranean south european. Character caucasoid mongoloid black, nordic alpine mediterranean. Skull length long short long short long, Skull breadth narrow broad narrow broad narrow. Skull height high high moderate h middle low, contour rounded arched rounded arched flat.
Face breadth narrow wide narrow very wide narrow, Face height high high moderate h high low. opening angular round angular rounded rectangular, opening narrow moderately narrow narrow wide. Lower nasal, margin sharp sharp sharp sharp troughed. Nasal profile straight slanted straight, Molar bone curved curved at right. Upper incisors smooth smooth shovel, Bony browridges well developed faint faint.
Prognathism rare present low, Facial profile straight straight straight straight downward. Palate shape narrow moderately w narrow moderately w wide. Although not a skeletal feature head hair is often found with skeletonized remains. which can serve as an indicator of race, The hair of the blacks is very tightly coiled and black The diameter of the individual hair. is the lowest of the three races usually about 50 microns. The hair of the mongoloids is black and straight and is the widest of the three races. typically 100 microns and greater, The hair of caucasoids has a wide range of color and form Its diameter is between the. blacks and mongoloids ranging from 70 to 90 microns. 3 Age at the Time of death, For the fetus and the young infant Forensic dentists through the utilization of x rays. can reasonably estimate age from 13 to 16 weeks in utero through 14 years of age. when calcification of the permanent second molar usually occurs Kraus and Jordan. published a textbook The Human Dentition Before Birth in 1965 One of the tables. listed in this book is entitled The Calcification of the Deciduous Dentition which is as. Hard Tissue Amount of Enamel, Formation Begins Enamel Completed Root.
Deciduous Fertilization Age Formed at Months Completed. Tooth in Utero Weeks Birth After BIrth Year, central incisor 14 13 16 Five sixths 1 1. lateral incisor 16 14 16 Two thirds 2 2, canine 17 15 18 One third 9 3. first molar 15 14 17 Cusps united 6 2, occlusal complete. calcification plus, to crown height, second molar 19 16 23 Cusps united 11 3. occlusal incompletely, calcified calcified, tissue covers one.
fifth to crown, Mandibular, central incisor 14 13 16 Three fifths 2 1. lateral incisor 16 14 Three fifths 3 1, canine 17 16 One third 9 3. first molar 15 14 17 Cusps united 5 2, occlusal completely. second molar 18 17 19 Cusps united occlusal 10 3, incompletely calcified. the right is the ventral or anterior view The above pictures are of a female sacrum The left is the dorsal or posterior view and the right is the ventral or anterior view The pelvic cavity in males is relatively narrow and deep whereas in females it is wide and shallow The length of the ilium is greater than its height making it to appear more vertical in the male whereas in the female

Related Books

SCREW COMPRESSORS

SCREW COMPRESSORS

Screw compressors custom made by BOGE have for decades been synonymous with efficient and reliable compressed air supply to trade workshops through to industrial companies The BOGE C series is a trendsetter in its class less noise less pipework less connections in contrast to more output more individual configuration possibilities and more efficiency and requiring a minimum of space We

Installation amp Service Manual Hillphoenix

Installation amp Service Manual Hillphoenix

Installation amp Service Manual P5FG P5NG P5FGN and P5NGN This manual has been designed to be used in conjunction with the General UL NSF Installation amp Service Manual Save the Instructions in Both Manuals for Future Reference This merchandiser conforms to the American National Standard Institue amp NSF International Health and Sanitation standard ANSI NSF 7 2003 PRINTED IN

promozioni esame architetto esamearchitetto me

promozioni esame architetto esamearchitetto me

6 ARCHITETTO MANUALE PER L ESAME DI STATO E PER L ESERCIZIO DELLA PROFESSIONE A nulla valso l intervento del Consiglio Nazionale degli Architetti P P e C che ha invitato gli Ordini ad attivare una procedura per segnalare all Autorit Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato eventuali pratiche commercialmente scorrette messe in atto da Groupon infatti tale offerta pu indurre

COME FUNZIONA L ESAME DI STATO REQUISITI PER L AMMISSIONE

COME FUNZIONA L ESAME DI STATO REQUISITI PER L AMMISSIONE

Per sostenere l Esame di Stato occorre presentare domanda di ammissione presso la sede prescelta nei tempi e nei modi da essa indicati fermo restando che la scadenza per la presentazione delle domande e l inizio delle prove sono le stesse su tutto il territorio nazionale I candidati possono presentare domanda in una sola sede universitaria Per l ammissione all Esame di Stato

Tracce prove II sessione 2018 Universit degli Studi di

Tracce prove II sessione 2018 Universit degli Studi di

ESAME DI STATO PER L ABILITAZIONE ALL ESERCIZIO DELLA PROFESSIONE DI ARCHITETTO Sez A II sessione 2018 PRIMA PROVA SCRITTA PER I CANDIDATI ESONERATI DALLA PRIMA PROVA PRATICA Il Candidato scelga uno tra i seguenti temi 1 Su un terreno in declivio 30 posto di fronte al mare il Candidato progetti una CASA BIFAMILIARE CON GIARDINO Il lotto ha forma rettangolare di dimensioni 80 x

ESAMI DI STATO PER L ABILITAZIONE ALL ESERCIZIO DELLA

ESAMI DI STATO PER L ABILITAZIONE ALL ESERCIZIO DELLA

esami di stato per l abilitazione all esercizio della professione di architetto pianificatore territoriale paesaggista architetto junior ii sessione anno 2018

Il nuovo esame di stato per gli architetti

Il nuovo esame di stato per gli architetti

turo architetto L esame di Stato viene perci affrontato dai candidati con un certo timore o almeno con incertezza non solo perch non si mai sicuri al cento per cento della propria prepara zione ma anche perch a differenza degli esami universita ri sostenuti in precedenza che corrispondono a singole ma terie e ad argomenti delimitati l esame di Stato pu vertere su

Operating Instructions Cyfrowe pl

Operating Instructions Cyfrowe pl

Operating Instructions Digital Camera Model No DMC FX33 VQT1J82 Before connecting operating or adjusting this product please read the instructions completely For USA assistance please call 1 800 272 7033 or send e mail to digitalstillcam us panasonic com For Canadian assistance please call 1 800 99 LUMIX 1 800 995 8649 or send e mail to lumixconcierge ca panasonic com P PC DMC

Operating Instructions First acquire pictures to PC

Operating Instructions First acquire pictures to PC

covered in these operating instructions may differ from actual ones depending on the operating environment of your PC Please be aware of this beforehand zNo information is provided about basic PC operations and terms Please refer to the relevant PC manual zThe contents of these operating instructions may be subjected to changes without prior notice zReproduction of these operating

DMC FX33 Panasonic USA

DMC FX33 Panasonic USA

Model No DMC FX33 VQT1K01 Before use please read these instructions completely GN Before Use 2 VQT1J01 Before UseDear Customer We would like to take this opportunity to thank you for purchasing this Panasonic Digital Camera Please read these Operating Instructions carefully and keep them handy for future reference Information for Your Safety Carefully observe copyright laws Recording

Guide to the Sverre O Braathen Circus Photo Collection

Guide to the Sverre O Braathen Circus Photo Collection

Guide to the Sverre O Braathen Circus Photo Collection 1850 1983 Location Special Collections amp Rare Books Room at Illinois State University Accession ID 46 SC 2015 08 Creator Braathen Sverre O 1895 1974 Extent 32 boxes 4090 photographs Abstract Photographs of circuses performers crews animals wagons and other materials by a variety of creators compiled by Braathen