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Curriculum Guide for What It Is Like to Go to War,by Karl Marlantes. Made possible by a partnership between Cal Humanities and. the California History Social Science Project,Overview of Cal Humanities War Comes Home. and California Reads, War Comes Home is Cal Humanities new statewide effort to engage Californians in thinking. about what it means to come home from war not only for veterans but for all of us. As our long combat commitments in Afghanistan and Iraq wind down we believe this is an. important moment in which to pause to reflect on the momentous societal changes that are. occurring as thousands of veterans resume civilian life and to consider how returning service. members will rejoin their communities How will veterans those who bear the direct. consequences of what it means to engage in war as well as their parents wives husbands. children relatives and friends create a new sense of home How can we create a shared. understanding of what it s like to go to war What obligations do we have to those who serve in. the name of our national defense What can we learn from the past to understand the. challenges faced by today s returning service men and women How can we all welcome. veterans home in a way that is helpful and meaningful to all of us. This year Cal Humanities and its partners will provide opportunities for Californians to explore. these questions through hundreds of community events forums book discussion groups. exhibits and interactive web events across the state The Cal Humanities website. www calhum org will be an online hub for activities where you can learn more and share what. you have discovered, California Reads is a program of Cal Humanities conducted in partnership with the. California Center for the Book and the California State Library It invites Californians from all. walks of life throughout our state to participate in reading and discussion programs and related. activities hosted by libraries schools colleges bookstores and other community institutions. This is the second statewide read under our California Reads banner providing. Californians with opportunities to read and discuss stories and ideas that matter. In keeping with our theme this year we will be reading Karl Marlantes What It Is Like to Go to. War Marlantes is a Vietnam veteran a Rhodes Scholar and the author of the New York Times. best selling novel Matterhorn His newest book has received much reader and critical acclaim. since publication in 2011 and has often been cited by veterans as the work that best expresses. their experience According to the San Francisco Chronicle it ought to be mandatory reading. by potential infantry recruits and by residents of any nation that sends its kids Marlantes s. word into combat, California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Science Project.
Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved. The California History Social Science Project CHSSP has developed this curriculum guide for. the book to support classroom discussion and activities For seven years Cal Humanities has. collaborated with CHSSP as a trusted partner to reach young Californians through humanities. education in K 12 schools With shared interests in providing high quality programming to. actively engage classroom teachers students and the public with the important issues of our. state and nation CHSSP and Cal Humanities have partnered on a number projects We Are. California California Reads Searching for Democracy Making Sense of the Civil War and. Teaching Democracy Altogether they represent our commitment to intellectual curiosity and. collaborative learning in the humanities, A PDF version of this guide along with additional resources and information about War Comes. Home California Reads and related public programs and activities at libraries and other. community venues can be found on the Cal Humanities website at www calhum org. California Reads is supported in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities the. BayTree Fund The Whitman Institute and the U S Institute of Museum and Library Services. under the provisions of the Library Services and Technology Act administered in California by. the State Librarian Additional support has been provided by Grove Atlantic Publishers Inc. Cal Humanities is an independent non profit partner of the National Endowment for the. Humanities We promote the humanities as relevant meaningful ways to understand the human. condition and connect us to each other in order to become a better California We produce fund. create and support humanities based projects and programs eye opening cultural experiences. and meaningful conversations Our audience is as diverse as the 38 million people from every. corner of the globe that make up our state, The opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the position or policy of the National. Endowment for the Humanities the U S Institute of Museum and Library Services the California State. Library Cal Humanities funders and no official endorsement by any of these institutions should be. California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Science Project. Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved. Table of Contents,1 Curriculum Guide Introduction and Procedures 5. 2 Overview of the War Strategies and On the ground Experiences 8. 3 Map of the Vietnam War 13,4 Karl Marlantes Experiences War 14. 5 The Aftermath of War 18,6 Analyzing the War Matrix 23.
7 Writing about War 26,8 Support for Student Literacy 28. California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Science Project. Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved. What it is like to go to war in Vietnam,A Lesson for High School Teachers. Beth Slutsky Ph D California History Social Science Project. Jenna Rentz Mt Diablo High School,Background, Prior to this unit of study students should be exposed to the origins of American. involvement in the war in Vietnam This should include a broad overview of the Cold. War the American policy of containment of communism proxy wars decolonization in. Southeast Asia and the escalation of the war with the Gulf of Tonkin incident in August. of 1964 Once students understand how and why the United States committed itself to. the war in Vietnam they can begin to learn about the on the ground and longer term. consequences of the war, What were the consequences of the war in Vietnam for American soldiers and the. broader society,Teaching Thesis, American involvement in Vietnam caused hundreds of thousands of soldiers most of.
who were drafted into the military to serve in on the ground guerrilla style combat. American soldiers left home traveled to distant places risked their lives every day for. months and then returned home to a nation that they believed had not supported the. war American soldiers killed were killed had loved ones who were killed and have. permanent visible and invisible scars from this destruction When soldiers returned. home from war they had a range of experiences some found the broader community did. not welcome them some tried to integrate into civilian life and found their communities. ill prepared to receive them and some had wounds so deep they could not find a place. in American society, California History Social Science Standards Addressed. 11 3 Trace the origins and geopolitical consequences foreign and domestic of the Cold War. and containment policy including the Vietnam War, 11 4 List the effects of foreign policy on domestic policies and vice versa e g protests. during the war in Vietnam the nuclear freeze movement. California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Science Project. Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved. Common Core State Standards Addressed, RH1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary. sources connecting insights gained from specific details to an understanding of the text. as a whole, RH2 Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source. provide an accurate summary that makes clear the relationships among the key details. RH3 Evaluate various explanations for actions or events and determine which. explanation best accords with textual evidence acknowledging where the text leaves. matters uncertain, RH5 Analyze in detail how a complex primary source is structured including how key.
sentences paragraphs and larger portions of the text contribute to the whole. WHST1 Write arguments focused on discipline specific content. a Introduce precise knowledgeable claim s establish the significance of. the claim s distinguish the claim s from alternate or opposing. claims and create an organization that logically sequences the claim s. counterclaims reasons and evidence,Procedures for Historical Investigation. Part 1 Introduction, In this section students gain context for the historical investigation and a basic. grasp of the issue s This initial understanding will be challenged extended or. supported by subsequent documents in this investigation. Materials and Resources,Background and questions on war in Vietnam. Map of Vietnam, Excerpts from Marlantes book and comprehension questions. Activities, 1 In order to provide background for the war and have students understand a.
broad timeline of it have them read Overview of the War Strategies and On. the ground Experiences answer the embedded questions and review the map of. Vietnam and key battles 30 minutes, 2 There are several excerpts from Marlantes memoir in which he explains what it. was like to be a soldier on the ground in Vietnam Have students read these. excerpts and answer the set of questions that follows each excerpt Make sure. students come away from the reading with a sense of the mixed emotions that. soldiers encounter exhilaration excitement terror and grief all at once 30. California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Science Project. Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved. Part 2 Evidence Analysis, In this section students analyze documents textual visual and or audio related. to the key historical investigation question as they examine the literal aspects of. each source consider multiple perspectives determine what can be learned from. various pieces of evidence and compare different pieces of evidence. Materials and Resources, Excerpts about the consequences of war for soldiers and the nation from. Marlantes book, Matrix for analyzing quotes and determining significance. Activities, 1 Students will learn about consequences of the war for individual soldiers and the.
nation Have them read the selected excerpts to get a broader sense of what it. was like to come home from war They should select four of those quotes to. complete the matrix Students will summarize then analyze then synthesize the. significance to explain the longer term impact of war upon soldiers and the. nation 50 minutes,Part 3 Historical Explanation, In this section students construct an explanation about history marshalling. evidence for their interpretation from the sources analyzed to advance an. argument in response to the key question Teachers can assess students. understanding of the standard and the historical process by evaluating this product. Materials and Resources,Writing About War sentence frames. Activities, 1 Based on the matrix and introductory activity students will begin to put these. pieces together to write about war Using the sentence frames students should. follow the directions to answer the focus question what were the consequences of. the war in Vietnam They should also spend time considering the last part of the. question based on Marlantes experiences of coming home from the war in. Vietnam how can society better prepare for returning soldiers 30 minutes. Support for Student Literacy, For students with lower levels of literacy ELLs or otherwise you may wish to. consider using shortened excerpts Refer to Support for Student Literacy as a. replacement for earlier excerpts that more succinctly address Marlantes ideas in. the previous documents Students will still be able to complete the assignments. while using these shortened excerpts, California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Science Project.
Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved. Overview of the War Strategies and On,the ground Experiences. Excerpted from The History Blueprint Cold War America 4 8 A. War of Attrition California History Social Science Project 2013. Directions Read the overview of the war in Vietnam. and answer the questions in the text as you come upon. The war in Vietnam was not fought on traditional, battlefields with clearly identified soldiers seizing new. territory Instead the war was fought with different. weapons markers of success and consequences than, previous wars Military planners on both sides of the. conflict initially hoped to achieve quick success through. strategic attacks on the enemy While early on, operations did inflict damage on their opponents both. sides ultimately settled into a war of attrition a series. Two bombs tumble from a Vietnamese Air Force A 1E, of relatively small battles designed to deplete the Skyraider over a burning Viet Cong hideout near.
resources of the enemy weaken their morale and Cantho South Viet Nam U S Air Force 1967. Source Library of Congress, reduce public support for the conflict so that they were http www loc gov pictures item 2001699982. willing to surrender, Question How do you think this style of fighting affected soldiers. American Military Strategy, The United States for example hoped to defeat North. Vietnam through massive bombing campaigns such as,Operation Rolling Thunder Starting in early 1965. American planes began to drop what would eventually. total 4 6 million tons of bombs onto North Vietnam as. well on the Ho Chi Minh Trail a supply line that the. communists used to transport people and goods from. the north to the south American commanders,intended the campaign to demoralize the Communist.
soldiers and compliment U S grounds troops When,President Richard Nixon took office in 1969 he. employed a secret plan to end the war which expanded. the American air campaign He began a secret bombing. campaign in the neighboring countries of Laos and,Cambodia sovereign nations separate from Vietnam. in an effort to attack the communist forces hiding in. Photograph of a Marine Landing at Danang these border nations. Vietnam 08 03 1965 Source National,Archives ARC Identifier 595865. California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Science Project. Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved. On the ground American troops conducted search and destroy missions to seek out. the enemy and kill them to increase the body count one measure of American success or. failure in the conflict Helicopters a new military asset quickly transported soldiers in. and out during these missions Soldiers burned to the ground many villages that. contained suspected communist sympathizers This displaced many civilians leaving. them without food or shelter To see search and destroy missions in action visit The. History Channel website to see a three minute video clip. http www history com topic,s vietnam war videos search. and destroy to hear,interviews with Vietnam,veterans and archival footage.
of the war You will see,graphic images of search and. destroy missions As you,watch listen to the soldiers. describe the purpose of these,missions and the role that they. or other soldiers played,Question What were their, perspectives of this war Vietnam As the second phase of operation Thayer the 1st Air Cavalry Division. airmobile is having operation Irving in the area 25 miles north of Qui Nhon which lies. strategy 400 miles north northeast of Saigon The 1st Air Cavalry was given the mission of. clearing a mountain range where an estimated two battalions of North Vietnam regulars. were supposed to be massing an attack on Hammond Airstrip Troops of A Company. checking house during patrol 10 06 1966 Source National Archives ARC Identifier. Another tactic the U S employed was the use of defoliants and herbicides on the. Vietnamese countryside Hoping to both deplete the communists food supply and. eliminate their cover from the sky the US military sprayed by air and waterways 12. million gallons of Agent Orange a variety of defoliants and herbicides on Vietnam. This campaign destroyed the forests and farmland millions of Vietnamese and. Americans were ultimately exposed to the toxic chemicals To see film clips of soldiers. spraying defoliant on riverbanks in Vietnam and what the trees looked like afterwards. visit the Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech University U S Army Newsfilm V. 73 69 Weed Killer Knocks Out VC s Riverbank Ambush Sites South Vietnam VC. Weed Killer 8 11 February 1969 Item Number 987VI0672 Record 85332. The United States also tried to gain the support of local people so that they would not. aid the communists American soldiers would go into South Vietnamese villages and 1. determine if locals were providing food or weapons to the communists and 2 if the. California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Science Project. Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved. villagers were not helping the North Vietnamese solicit their support through food aid. or protection from the enemy, Question How would gaining the support of local people be challenging for American.
Vietnamese Communist Strategy,The Communist led North Vietnamese. Army NVA and the Viet Cong VC,employed a different strategy but with the. same goal consistent pressure designed,to weaken American resolve and promote a. negotiated peace that favored their side,Employing a guerilla warfare strategy NVA. and VC forces favored hit and run attacks,and surprise ambushes over full scale.
military conflict Although American,forces benefitted from more training and. advanced military technology NVA and VC,forces posed significant challenges to the. Americans Neither the VC or the NVA,wore bright uniforms marking their enemy. status making it difficult for American,Vietnam Vietnamese army personnel training in the. soldiers to differentiate between a civilian, jungle May 1962 U S Dept of Defense Department of and a military combatant And while many.
the Army Source National Archives ARC Identifier of the VC s weapons were crude in. 530607 comparison to American firepower as the,war progressed Communist forces. became increasingly proficient in,killing and maiming American. forces using home made booby,traps and mines mortars rocket. propelled grenades and machine,guns and anti aircraft artillery. imported from the Soviet Union,and China They repurposed the.
over 20 000 tons of explosive,material dropped by U S planes. for the homemade bombs The,Battle of Hamo Village during Tet 1968. Source National Archives ARC Identifier 532451, California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Project. Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved. communists also benefitted from a series of tunnels. stretching throughout North and South Vietnam The,tunnels allowed for safe travel stored ammunition. food and water provided sleeping quarters and,hospice for those.
in need of medical aid The Communists were also,aided by many civilians who provided safe haven. food and support in local villages across South, What impact do you think the NVA and VC strategies. of fighting had upon American soldiers you may, wish to refer to the photograph on the second page. along with others in this section,The End of the War. President Richard Nixon shifted America s,Photograph of Marines of Company I in Vietnam.
10 30 1969 Source National Archives ARC,Identifier 532492. military strategy with his election in 1968 Nixon,advocated a policy of Vietnamization which called. for gradual reduction of American forces and increasing military leadership by the. South Vietnamese At the same time Nixon s Secretary of State began secret peace. negotiations with the North Vietnamese in Paris These negotiations dragged on for. years a peace treaty between the U S and North Vietnam wasn t signed until 1973 In. the interim period the fighting continued and Nixon launched a controversial bombing. campaign in Cambodia designed to destroy the supply bases supporting the communist. forces Public support for American involvement in the conflict declined precipitously. during the period as well increasing pressure on the Nixon administration to end the. war Following the American departure from the war in 1973 South Vietnamese forces. continued to fight until they were overrun in 1975 with the fall of Saigon That year. America lost the war in Vietnam when North and South Vietnam reunited under. Communist leadership, How do you think the American loss of the war in Vietnam affected American soldiers. that had served there, California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Science Project. Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved. ANSWER KEY, 1 Fighting affected soldiers because it was hard to discern the enemy.
2 There are multiple possible answers for perspectives about the strategy but. students should grasp the on the ground challenges as well as the larger. tactical and moral dilemmas, 3 Gaining support of local people would be challenging because they. simultaneously needed to patrol them locate enemies and align themselves. with friendly locals, 4 Students should understand that the strategies of fighting made it difficult for. American soldiers to define success locate the enemy and engage in more. conventional forms of combat, 5 Students should come away with an understanding of the fact that the. American loss in Vietnam could have had an effect on soldiers It could have. made them regret the war think it was not worth fighting in or simply. depressed about having sacrificed so greatly, California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Science Project. Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved. Map of Vietnam War Sonali Dujari for California History Social. Science Project Copyright 2013 Regents of the University of. California All Rights Reserved, California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Science Project.
Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved. Karl Marlantes Experiences War, Directions Read the background and three excerpts below then answer the questions. in order to understand what it was like to be a combat soldier in Vietnam. Background The following excerpts are from a memoir by Karl Marlantes called What. It Is Like to go to War He wrote this book to reflect on his experiences as a young. American soldier who was sent to fight in Vietnam In the book he describes what it was. like to be a soldier fighting against communists in Vietnam but he also explains the cost. of war on himself his fellow soldiers and on American society overall. EXCERPT 1 The least,acknowledged aspect of war today. is how exhilarating it is This aspect,makes people very uncomfortable. The hard truth is that ever since I,can remember I have loved thinking. about war and I wasn t the only,one I played it in the woods with.
my friends I read about it and,people wrote what I read I saw it in. movies and people filmed what I,saw In Vietnam there were times. when I swelled with pride at the,immense destruction I could deal. out There is a deep savage joy in, destruction a joy beyond ego Vietnam memorial soldiers by Frederick Hart Washington D C Digital. ID original digital file highsm 04696, enhancement It s the child http hdl loc gov loc pnp highsm 04696.
toppling the tower of blocks he s,spent so much time carefully. constructing It s the lighting of the huge bonfire the demolition of a building the. shattering of a clay pigeon It s firecrackers and destruction derbies on the Fourth of. July Part of us loves to destroy Nietzsche says I am by nature warlike To attack is. among my instincts P 62 63,1 How can war be exhilarating. 2 Friedrich Nietzche was a famous philosopher who wrote a great deal about. human nature What do you think Nietzche meant when he said To attack is. among my instincts, California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Science Project. Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved. EXCERPT 2 A week before he was due to go,home my friend Mike committed a real read. about it with horror in the papers red heat,atrocity After more than a year in Vietnam he d.
seen a lot of combat and lost friends Mike s,squad had been assigned to protect a small. village One day he captured a Viet Cong, guerrilla near a village where just a week earlier. Mike had lost several friends to land mines The,prisoner like Mike was around eighteen or. twenty He had been captured loaded with land,mines There was no doubt about his or his. unit s intentions When you step directly on a,land mine the explosion often kills you by going.
up between your legs The survivors have to look,around for missing pieces and make sure they get. thrown into the poncho with the body so you get,all of your pieces buried in the same place. Mike decided not to turn the prisoner over to the,usual authorities the South Vietnamese military. no paragons virtuous models of human rights, Photograph of Private First Class Russell R He kept the prisoner to interrogate himself The. Widdifield in Vietnam 1969 Source National rational purpose for this so called interrogation. Archives ARC Identifier 532493 was to find out where the prisoner s unit was and. where they were setting booby traps or perhaps, ambushes in order to avoid any more casualties to Mike s squad But as Mike told me.
later he simply lost it He was filled with rage, Mike kept the kid for a day beating him until he grew too tired to beat him further He. would then rest up fly into another rage and beat him some more In Mike s own. words I beat him to a pulp He then hung the kid upside down from a flagpole. hoisting him in view of the entire village to let the village know what Marines did to VC. who killed Marines, The prisoner was seen hanging from the flagpole by an American Army unit who got. him out of Mike s hands Fortunately for both of them the prisoner lived Mike was. tried busted back to private and discharged without honor He has had to live with the. fact that after months of honorable and difficult service he certainly had lost it and this. was his sad return to America Mike now has a wife kids and a steady job in the upper. management levels of a large corporation,This act haunts Mike still He did it It happened. California Reads War Comes Home Curriculum Guide Cal Humanities California History Social Science Project. Copyright 2014 The Regents of the University of California All Rights Reserved.

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