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Harbour to Desert Emporium to Sanctuary Response
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A Wilson Harbour to Desert Emporium to Sanctuary Response. Fig 2 Mediterranean shipping routes in the Roman period ARNAUD 2007 fig 2 reproduced with permission and inset diagrams of. network connectivity, same number of lines in the poems and had served in the army for 33 years Do we have here an instance. of the mobility promoted by the army serving to encourage the circulation of Punic traditions into zones. further inland along the lines Matt McCarty suggested for Saturn cults The poem tells us that he was the. first to plant vines in the region and instituted irrigated orchards an illustration of the economic development. that Karen Heslin was discussing And there is an extraordinary list to which I shall return of regions and. the goods for which they were famous which serves as a reminder of perceptions of connectivity and the. consumer geography of the Roman elite mindset which becomes all the more intelligible in the light of the. other papers we have heard about trade in this panel by Candace Rice Victoria Leitch Sanda Heinz and. Katia Sch rle, But before we look at this list I want to step away from the mausoleum for a moment and consider. Irad Malkin s diagram of network connectivity fig 2 In the plenary sessions Malkin showed us how a. circumferential network might be transformed by a few random direct connections which vastly improve the. speed and efficiency of connectivity Major nodes emerge as these direct connections attract frequent and. continual traffic and become cemented and permanent routes He invited us to consider the application of. this idea to the Archaic Mediterranean and trace the development of cross cultural connections If this idea. is applicable to the Archaic Greek world it is even more so to the Roman The long distance connections. across the sea had become established and were of major importance with frequent traffic The distribution. of cheap items like North African cookwares illustrates this nicely. We can map the schematic connections of Irad Malkin s diagram onto current debates about ancient. trading mechanisms The neighbour to neighbour connections around the circumference of Malkin s diagram. MCCARTY in this session, HESLIN in this session, RICE in this session LEITCH in this session HEINZ in this session SCH RLE in this session. MALKIN in this conference, LEITCH in this session, Bollettino di Archeologia on line I 2010 Volume speciale B B10 7 Reg Tribunale Roma 05 08 2010 n 330 ISSN 2039 0076. www archeologia beniculturali it, XVII International Congress of Classical Archaeology Roma 22 26 Sept 2008.
Session Harbour to Desert Emporium to Sanctuary North African Landscapes of Economic and Social Exchange in the Roman Imperial Period. Fig 3 Kasserine Mausoleum of the Flavii inscription CIL 8 212 lines 13 42 photo A Wilson. Bollettino di Archeologia on line I 2010 Volume speciale B B10 7 Reg Tribunale Roma 05 08 2010 n 330 ISSN 2039 0076. www archeologia beniculturali it, A Wilson Harbour to Desert Emporium to Sanctuary Response. would represent the coastal tramping of Horden and Purcell s Mediterranean caboteur while the direct. point to point connections that speed up the system are the major Mediterranean maritime routes in Pascual. Arnaud s study of ancient routes and navigation The port communities of Candace Rice s paper in this. session are the result of the emergence of pairs of major nodes with permanent connections to each other. the mechanisms of trade in the Roman world were weighted much more towards the direct preferential links. between emporium ports than towards random coastal tramping or cabotage If it is true that the agents of. connectivity may become less varied in their function as Irad Malkin suggests the mercantile agents. become more specialised in the routes they serve in the Roman world overall variety in the goods. exchanged was increased by the sheer scale and reach of the network. The scale and reach of that network is illustrated in the poem inscribed on the main body of the. Mausoleum of the Flavii fig 3 The mausoleum as a durable monument which is effective as a self. conscious and expensive memorial for eternity is contrasted with the transient goods which could also be. bought for money goods coming from a variety of far flung regions. quis non iam pronis animi virtutibus adsit, quis non hoc miretur opus fusasq ue videndo. divitias stupeat tantos secerneri census, per quos aetherias surgunt monimenta per aura s. haec est fortunae melius laudanda facultas, sic sibi perpetuas faciunt impendia sedes. sic immortales scit habere pecunia mores, aeterno quotiens stabilis beneficitur usu.
viderit ille furor nimio qui ducitur auro, quem trahit argenti venalis sanguine candor. viderit et fusae vanis in amoribus errans, gloria luxuriae peregrinas quaerere magno. quae didicit vestes gemmasq ue nitore placentes, aut ab Aeruthreo venientia munera fluctu. quam laedunt gentes vario certamine rerum, Graecia cum pueris Hispania pallados usu. venatu Libyae tellus orientis amomo, Aegyptos phariis levitatibus artibus actis.
Gallia semper ovans dives Campania vino, haec cito deficiunt et habent breve mvnvs moris. Who would not stand here with the strength of his mind laid low. Who would not be astonished at this construction and in seeing. the riches spent on it be amazed to reckon up such wealth. by means of which this monument rises through the aetherial breezes. This is an ability better to be praised than fortune. Thus does wealth make for itself an eternal seat, Thus does money know how to have undying currency. Unchanging however often it confers benefits by eternal use. That fury shall see it which is driven by excess of gold. Which the brilliance of silver for sale drags in blood. The wandering glory of luxury squandered on vain desires. HORDEN PURCELL 2000 143 52 365 70, ARNAUD 2007 fig 2. RICE in this session, Bollettino di Archeologia on line I 2010 Volume speciale B B10 7 Reg Tribunale Roma 05 08 2010 n 330 ISSN 2039 0076. www archeologia beniculturali it, XVII International Congress of Classical Archaeology Roma 22 26 Sept 2008.
Session Harbour to Desert Emporium to Sanctuary North African Landscapes of Economic and Social Exchange in the Roman Imperial Period. shall also see it which taught us to seek foreign garments and gems pleasing by their great. or gifts coming from the Red Sea, which the nations lash in diverse competition for goods. Greece with boys Spain with the use of olive oil, Libya with hunting the land of the east with spice. Egypt with the delights of the Pharaohs Gaul, always boasting of its crafts Campania rich in wine. These swiftly fail and have the brief reward of fashion. CIL 8 212 lines 13 32 Translation author, A strongly connected world then in which even in inland Tunisia there is an awareness of the ability. to obtain goods from the other end of the empire including Egypt and the Red Sea and indeed luxury goods. evoke distant regions and vice versa So was this a world of happy connected people trading busily with. each other Sue Alcock reminded us to look for the ugly side of our connections or perhaps as Monty. Python would have it to come and see the violence inherent in the system We do not have to look very. hard at this monument to find it The first item in the list of provincial specialities is boys from Greece This is. the slave trade the slave markets of the east alive and well in the second century AD supplying fancy boys. to all over the Mediterranean for sexual and other exploitation In the vibrant and intense commercial traffic. of the Roman world we should not forget the human traffic that formed such a component of that trade. Katia Sch rle brought to our attention the migration of prostitutes from the Nile Valley to the forts of the. Eastern Desert and perhaps to the Red Sea ports so assiduously taxed by the state but generally this kind. of human exploitation is difficult to trace archaeologically. Difficult but not always impossible the slave collar from Bulla Regia inscribed advltera meretrix tene. me qvia fvgivi de Bulla Regia makes the point And looking south the Garamantes were the instrumental. middlemen in the Saharan slave trade The ARS tablewares and lamps the Mediterranean glass and the. amphorae from Tripolitania found in Garamantian tombs in the Fazzan in the Libyan Sahara represent some. of the goods that flowed the other way David Mattingly s recent excavations at the Garamantian capital of. Germa have found box tiles and hypocaust tiles indicating that there was a Roman style bathhouse there. imported as ready made elements on camel back across the Sahara This may have been technical aid to. a temporarily friendly and subservient client state but one wonders how much of the Roman pottery in the. region represents return cargoes for caravans of slaves The economic development of the North African. landscape with veteran settlement in the interior bringing in its wake centuriation road building and the. plantation of vines disrupted the traditional transhumance systems and helped provoke the revolt of. Tacfarinas The extraordinary mercantile connectivity of Roman North Africa with the Mediterranean. created market opportunities and numerous winners in the economic game but there could not be winners. without losers, Prof Andrew Wilson, Institute of Archaeology University of Oxford.
E mail andrew wilson arch ox ac uk, ALCOCK in this conference. Monty Python and The Holy Grail 1975 scene 3, SCH RLE in this session. ILS 9455 Leone 1996 On slave collars generally see Thurmond 1994 the extant corpus of inscribed slave collars belongs. predominantly or even exclusively to the early Christian period. For a review of the ancient sources on the Garamantes see MATTINGLY 2003 76 90. MATTINGLY ET AL 2001 140, LASS RE 1982, Bollettino di Archeologia on line I 2010 Volume speciale B B10 7 Reg Tribunale Roma 05 08 2010 n 330 ISSN 2039 0076. www archeologia beniculturali it, A Wilson Harbour to Desert Emporium to Sanctuary Response. Bibliography, ARNAUD P 2007 Diocletian s Prices Edict The Prices of Seaborne Transport and the Average Duration of.
Maritime Travel JRA 20 1 321 36, GROUPE DE RECHERCHES SUR L AFRIQUE ANTIQUE 1998 Les Flavii de Cillium tude architecturale. pigraphique historique et litt raire du Mausole de Kasserine CIL VIII 211 216 Rome. HORDEN P PURCELL N 2000 The Corrupting Sea A Study of Mediterranean History Oxford. LASS RE J M 1982 Un conflit routier observations sur les causes de la guerre de Tacfarinas AntAfr 18. LEONE A 1996 Un Adultera Meretrix a Bulla Regia alcuni aspetti della citt tardoantica In M KHANOUSSI P. RUGGERI C VISMARA eds L Africa romana atti dell XI convegno di studio Cartagine 15 18. dicembre 1994 Ozieri 1371 83, LONGERSTAY M 1993 Les repr sentations picturales de mausol es dans les haouanet du N O de la Tunisie. AntAfr 29 17 51, MATTINGLY D J ed 2003 The Archaeology of Fazzan vol 1 Synthesis London. MATTINGLY D J BROOKS N COLE F DORE J DRAKE N LEONE A HAY S MCLAREN S NEWSON P PARTON. H PELLING R PRESTON J REYNOLDS T SCHR FER KOLB I THOMAS D TINDALL A TOWNSEND A. WHITE K 2001 The Fezzan Project 2001 Preliminary Report on the Fifth Season of Work LibStud. THURMOND D L 1994 Some Roman Slave Collars in CIL Athenaeum Studi periodici di letteratura e storia. dell antichit Universit di Pavia 82 459 93, Bollettino di Archeologia on line I 2010 Volume speciale B B10 7 Reg Tribunale Roma 05 08 2010 n 330 ISSN 2039 0076. Bollettino di Archeologia on line I 2010 Volume speciale B B10 7 Reg Tribunale Roma 05 08 2010 n 330 ISSN 2039 0076 www archeologia beniculturali it 67 Andrew Wilson Harbour to Desert Emporium to Sanctuary Response The Mausoleum of the Flavii at Kasserine in inland Tunisia fig 1 is a monument which

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