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Fundamentals of Environmental Studies
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Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 53617 3 Fundamentals of Environmental Studies. Mahua Basu, Frontmatter, More information, in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org. Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 53617 3 Fundamentals of Environmental Studies. Mahua Basu, Frontmatter, More information, Fundamentals of. Environmental Studies, Mahua Basu, in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org.
Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 53617 3 Fundamentals of Environmental Studies. Mahua Basu, Frontmatter, More information, 4843 24 2nd Floor Ansari Road Daryaganj Delhi 110002 India. Cambridge University Press is part of the University of Cambridge. It furthers the University s mission by disseminating knowledge in the pursuit of. education learning and research at the highest international levels of excellence. www cambridge org, Information on this title www cambridge org 9871107536173. Cambridge University Press 2016, This publication is in copyright Subject to statutory exception. and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements. no reproduction of any part may take place without the written. permission of Cambridge University Press, First published 2016.
Printed in India, A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data. Names Basu Mahua Xavier S Savarimuthu 1970, Title Fundamentals of environmental studies Mahua Basu S Xavier SJ. Description Delhi India Cambridge University Press is part of the. University of Cambridge 2016 Includes bibliographical references and index. Identifiers LCCN 2015021990 ISBN 9781107536173 pbk. Subjects LCSH Environmental sciences Natural resources Human ecology. Nature Effect of human beings on, Classification LCC GE105 B37 2016 DDC 304 2 dc23 LC record available at http lccn loc gov 2015021990. ISBN 978 1 107 53617 3 Paperback, Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy. of URLs for external or third party internet websites referred to in this publication. and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is or will remain. accurate or appropriate, in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org.
Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 53617 3 Fundamentals of Environmental Studies. Mahua Basu, Frontmatter, More information, Dedicated to. our Parents and all our Teachers, in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org. Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 53617 3 Fundamentals of Environmental Studies. Mahua Basu, Frontmatter, More information, in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org.
Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 53617 3 Fundamentals of Environmental Studies. Mahua Basu, Frontmatter, More information, Preface xi. Acknowledgments xiii, 1 Multidisciplinary Nature of Environmental Studies 1 25. 1 1 Definition and Concept of Environment 1, 1 2 Types of Environment 1. 1 3 Multidisciplinary Nature of Environmental Studies 2. 1 4 Scope of Environmental Studies 4, 1 5 Components of Environment 7.
1 6 Importance 13, 1 7 Need for Public Awareness 15. 1 8 Institutions and People 19, 1 9 Raising Environmental Awareness in India 21. 2 Natural Resources Energy 26 65, 2 1 Introduction 26. 2 2 Classification of Natural Resources 26, 2 3 Renewable and Non renewable Resources 28. 2 4 Energy Resources Present Trend and Future Energy Sources 58. 3 Natural Resources Water Land Forest Food and Mining 66 111. 3 1 Natural Resources and Associated Problems 66, 3 2 Water Resources 67.
3 3 Land Resources 85, 3 4 Forest Resources 87, 3 5 Food Resources 94. 3 6 Mineral Resources 100, 3 7 Role of an Individual in Conservation of Natural Resources 107. 3 8 Equitable Use of Resources for Sustainable Lifestyles 107. in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org. Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 53617 3 Fundamentals of Environmental Studies. Mahua Basu, Frontmatter, More information, viii Contents. 4 Ecosystems 112 152, 4 1 Definition and Concept of Ecology 112.
4 2 Concepts of an Ecosystem 114, 4 3 Components of Ecosystem 115. 4 4 Structures and Functions of an Ecosystem 117, 4 5 Energy Flow in Ecosystem 122. 4 6 Biogeochemical Cycles 128, 4 7 Ecological Succession 133. 4 8 General Classification of Ecosystems 136, 4 9 Species Interactions in Ecosystems 145. 4 10 Ecosystem Services 148, 5 Biodiversity and Its Conservation 153 207.
5 1 Introduction and Concept 153, 5 2 Measuring Biodiversity over Spatial Scales 155. 5 3 Bio geographic Classification of India 157, 5 4 Value of Biodiversity 162. 5 5 Biodiversity at Global National and Local Levels 170. 5 6 Mega diversity Hotspots 171, 5 7 Hotspots of Biodiversity 174. 5 8 Th reats to Biodiversity 178, 5 9 Red Data Book 183. 5 10 Endangered and Endemic Species of India 186, 5 11 Conservation of Biodiversity 187.
6 Environmental Pollution 208 269, 6 1 Introduction 208. 6 2 Air Pollution 209, 6 3 Water Pollution 230, 6 4 Odour Pollution 250. 6 5 Noise Pollution 252, 6 6 Radioactive Pollution 256. 6 7 Soil Pollution 258, 6 8 Marine Pollution 260, 6 9 Th ermal Pollution 265. 6 10 Role of Individuals in Pollution Prevention 265. 7 Waste Management 270 314, 7 1 Definition 270, in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org.
Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 53617 3 Fundamentals of Environmental Studies. Mahua Basu, Frontmatter, More information, Contents ix. 7 2 Wastewater Treatment WWT 270, 7 3 Solid Waste Management 287. 7 4 Recycling of Paper 303, 7 5 Recycling of Glass 303. 7 6 Plastic Management and Recycling 303, 7 7 Industrial Solid Waste Management 307.
7 8 Biomedical Waste Management 310, 8 Disaster and Disaster Management 315 343. 8 1 Introduction and Definition 315, 8 2 Disaster Management 317. 8 3 Disaster Profile of India 330, 9 Social Issues and Environment 344 407. 9 1 Unsustainable to Sustainable Development 344, 9 2 Urban Problems Related to Energy 346. 9 3 Water Management 347, 9 4 Resettlement and Rehabilitation of People 353.
9 5 Environmental Ethics 358, 9 6 Global Environmental Issues 366. 9 7 Wasteland Reclamation 377, 9 8 Consumerism and Waste Products 379. 9 9 Environmental Legislation 380, 9 10 Environment Impact Assessment EIA 387. 9 11 Citizens Actions and Action Groups 401, 9 12 Public Awareness 404. 10 Human Population and the Environment 408 444, 10 1 Population and Community 408.
10 2 Family Welfare Programme 425, 10 3 Environmental and Human Health 426. 10 4 Human Rights 435, 10 5 Value Education 437, 10 6 Women and Child Welfare 439. 10 7 Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health 440. Bibliography 445, in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org. Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 53617 3 Fundamentals of Environmental Studies. Mahua Basu, Frontmatter, More information, in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org.
Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 53617 3 Fundamentals of Environmental Studies. Mahua Basu, Frontmatter, More information, Environmental studies is not just another term paper that students are expected to rush through. On the contrary it is much more potent in its content and its proper understanding will not only. help young learners live their lives in the most sustainable manner but will also help them make a. difference and contribute to the reversal of many of the ailments that afflict Mother Earth. Our environment which has been shaped over millennia is today threatened primarily. because of man s greed and wantonness Indiscriminate burning of fossil fuels and a mad haste for. development over the last three centuries have played havoc with the fragile ecosystems at places. irretrievably Environmental studies is thus gaining in importance as it not only promises a holistic. view of related issues but is also capable of pointing out human follies and providing answers for. a cleaner greener and more prosperous future world order. The paper on which this book is printed the wooden desk on which you are now studying. the book the electricity that is propelling the ceiling fan the pen that you are using to take down. notes everything around us has an impact on the world that we live in and therefore on our. environment By understanding what starts the domino effect leading to ultimate consequences. for the environment through Environmental Studies we can not only strive towards a more. sustainable lifestyle locally but can actually make some difference at the planetary level by capping. wastages and ensuring the optimal usage of resources. Each drop of positive action taken by every individual will add up through families societies. nations to encompass entire mankind and will one day make up the ocean that will help us. restrain even reverse the wheels of ecological destruction that we ourselves have set in motion. This is precisely why we have stressed and striven to ensure that the students understand the. subject are able to relate the knowledge they gain to the way they live and finally to empower. them to be the change they will profess, Any textbook can define dictate and be didactic Our effort on the contrary is not merely. restricted to helping students achieve top grades That is certainly an important function of the. book However the core concern and main stress is on engaging young minds and igniting them. so that the students imbibe the values imparted and transform into better human beings. Being clean green and sustainable are not mere options Today we live in a world where it is. the only option and even as we write this time is running out on the environment pushing us all. towards the brink of destruction The answer humanity s response will depend to a great extent. on how conscious and committed future generations are Only when a million ignited minds attain. critical mass and walk the green talk will we be able to make a difference If this book is able to create. an impression on even one such young mind we will consider having succeeded in our endeavour. in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org. Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 53617 3 Fundamentals of Environmental Studies. Mahua Basu, Frontmatter, More information, in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org.
Cambridge University Press, 978 1 107 53617 3 Fundamentals of Environmental Studies. Mahua Basu, Frontmatter, More information, Acknowledgments. It took more than two years to write this book Prior to writing it took another few years to. assemble all the information that was required to plan and start writing the chapters The subject. is so dynamic that by the time we collected information and started writing the policies plan. and data would often undergo revision We have tried our level best to provide updated data. latest developments and case studies in an attempt to make the book apposite to the present day s. context and of course ensure that it contains every topic in the UGC syllabus Our additional. inputs shall definitely proffer the utility of this book for students of Honours and Post Graduate. First and foremost we owe a lot to our parents for their constant encouragement and suggestions. throughout the period of writing We express our apology for not being able to give them adequate. time during the span of writing, We gratefully acknowledge the humble support and inspiration we received from our Principal. Rev Fr Dr J Felix Raj S J the Vice Principals Rev Fr Dr Dominic Savio S J Professor Bertram. Da Silva Professor M M Rahman Deans of all the departments in our endeavour. Our sincere gratitude to all our teachers who imparted knowledge to us since our childhood. and encouraged us in our endeavour Special thanks to Professor Runu Bhattacharya as she would. often enrich us with her knowledge and wisdom, We extend our sincere thanks to Saikat Sen who believed in us and was the first person to. come up with the idea of writing a textbook on Environmental Studies for the Undergraduate. level His support generated the self confidence required to transform our knowledge into the. form of a book We are grateful to Sabarna Banerjee Senior Sales Executive Cambridge University. Press We shall not forget his first telephonic conversation expressing his willingness to refer the. manuscript to the editorial sections of Cambridge University Press. Such confidence was again provided by Rajesh Dey Commissioning Editor Cambridge. University Press who after a glance at the initial chapters of the manuscript expressed interest in. considering it for publication We shall remember his guidance and expertise at each step in giving. a final shape to this book Our sincere thanks to Debjani Majumder Vice President Cambridge. University Press who in spite of her busy schedule would often take out time in order to share. her experiences and expectations regarding this book whenever she would get a chance to visit. Our thanks to Professor Bipra Kumar Das Dr Ankur Ray St Xavier s College Autonomous. Kolkata Professor Ilora Sen of Shri Shikshayatan College Kolkata and Late Sri Shyamal Kumar. in this web service Cambridge University Press www cambridge org. 8 1 Introduction and De nition 315 8 2 Disaster Management 317 8 3 Disaster Pro le of India 330 9 Social Issues and Environment 344 407 9 1 Unsustainable to Sustainable Development 344 9 2 Urban Problems Related to Energy 346 9 3 Water Management 347 9 4 Rese lement and Rehabilitation of People 353 9 5 Environmental Ethics 358

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