From Sigmund Freud To Viktor E Frankl Integral-Books Pdf

FROM SIGMUND FREUD TO VIKTOR E FRANKL INTEGRAL
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FROM SIGMUND FREUD TO VIKTOR E FRANKL INTEGRAL,PSYCHOANALYSIS. From Sigmund Freud to Viktor E Frankl,Integral Psychoanalysis Norberto Keppe 3. The use of the Dialectic Technique in Integral Psychoanalysis. Cl udia Bernhardt Pacheco 47,NOTE ON THE MEANING OF KEY TRILOGICAL TERMS. Throughout this book the reader will note that the following three key Trilogical terms are. frequently used by the author conscientisation inconscientisation and interiorisation These. words are English neologisms created by the author Norberto R Keppe and are defined as. CONSCIENTISATION The psychological process of becoming aware of reality both. external and internal, INCONSCIENTISATION The wilful attitude of concealing repressing or denying one s. consciousness or in other words hiding from oneself something one does not wish to see. INTERIORISATION This term is not to be confused with internalization Interiorisation. consists of using external reality as a mirror to understand more clearly what exists in one s. inner self feeling thought conscience intuition emotion etc It is the principal technique. used in individual Trilogical Analysis,PRESENTATION.
The Society of Integral Psychoanalysis was officially created in 1970 in the city. of S o Paulo Brazil exactly ten years after its founder Dr Norberto R Keppe had. returned from a three year period of study and work in Vienna with Prof Viktor E. As we already know Logotherapy constitutes the Third Viennese School of. Psychotherapy after those of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler However Frankl. introduced a true innovation when he pointed out fundamental errors of traditional. psychoanalysis that have caused great troubles not only in the scientific but also in the. social field, Frankl however always said that his work would be a complement to. Psychoanalysis never imagining that it could be a true correction not only in the. theoretical aspect but in the practical as well And it is exactly the latter that Keppe has. accomplished, He noticed from the time he began his psychotherapeutic activities not only in. the Hospital das Clinicas of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of S o Paulo but. also in his private clinic that there was an insufficiency in the fundamental hypotheses. of psychoanalysis Little by little under the influence of Frankl s ideas he succeeded in. establishing a group of hypotheses which proved to be much more effective in the. therapeutic process All of these hypotheses are drawn from the fields of philosophy and. religion from which some of the greatest questions concerning humanity have arisen. They have practically nothing to do with biology Indeed one might ask what. psychological difficulties which are related to thought and feelings have to do with. something physical or physiological Thus by incorporating these hypotheses into. psychotherapy Frankl and Keppe have truly restructured Freudianism whose original. tenets had hitherto impregnated all areas of human activity. As we know Freud correctly analysed man but only in his secondary aspect. Frankl and Keppe have succeeded in practically reaching man s essence and Keppe. perceived that nervousness neurosis psychosis and physical diseases are due to a battle. that we carry on against truth beauty and goodness. This book was written by eight members of the Society of Integral. Psychoanalysis They not only explain the hypotheses and technique of Integral. Psychoanalysis but also make a critique of several kinds of psychological orientation. that cause even more damage to the persons who submit themselves to these. techniques The book ends with a comparison of Frankl and Keppe conducted by Dr. Shlomo Zekhry vice president of our Society, I want to take advantage of this opportunity to thank Dr Frankl for what he has. accomplished in benefit of mankind which we have now been able complete through. integral psychoanalysis,FROM SIGMUND FREUD TO VIKTOR E FRANKL. INTEGRAL PSYCHOANALYSIS, I studied and worked with Dr Viktor E Frankl in Vienna from April 1958 until.
June 1960 During that time I had the opportunity to study several Viennese Schools of. Psychotherapy such as the Adlerian orientation Dr Knut Baumgarten s Child Guidance. Clinic the Viennese Circle of Deep Psychology and the traditional Society of Orthodox. Psychoanalysis, During those years I worked with Prof Frankl s ideas in the therapeutic field and. finally I succeeded in verifying them in practice I can tell you that ninety percent of. them were confirmed as you will observe during my presentation. I would like to point out some of his main hypotheses a the denial of. Pan Determinism with which much of our present culture is impregnated b all the. freedom the human being makes use of even in choosing his illness c the serious. mistake of Freudian pan sexualism which has distressingly invaded the whole world d. the opening to transcendence e the confusion made by Freud between religion and. neurosis f the fact that being conscious bewurstsein is being responsible. In the last part of this work I present practical cases recordings of individual. analysis sessions that will help you become acquainted with the methodology of. Integral Psychoanalysis,Psychopathological Psychotherapies. Up to now all processes of psychotherapy have actually been far from psycho. logical Psychoanalysis itself whether orthodox or not is more than anything else a. biological organic treatment Many other techniques such as Rogerian Transactional. analysis psychodrama and behaviorism are socio therapeutic if ever a psycho. therapeutic approach could be such, What I am saying is that all of these approaches attribute the cause of human. anguish to physical or social factors and consider the psyche to be the result of brain. secretions according to the old medical teachings or social factors lack of affection. economic difficulties problems with status etc In other words they see psychic life. as always victimized by something external to it, All these ideas that dominated the field of psychotherapy are the same sick ideas. that the people who look for treatment have and they are wrong because of their. foundational ideas In other words the psychotherapeutic processes are as pathological. as the people who look for them and this type of psychotherapy ends up merely. changing the neurosis After a psychotherapy process the individual winds up with. another illness this time with all the blessings of science I would call these. psychopathological psychotherapies We could say that in this case science which. should elevate the person out of his psychopathological situation conducts the same. process that has been making us ill This then does not benefit us as it should. All that has been accomplished so far in psychotherapy has been either biotherapy. or sociotherapy The former has been generally organized by physicians who have the. idea of curing emotions and feelings primarily by addressing sex libido and. administering medicines electric shock and insulin. Sociotherapy has been preferred by psychologists who thought they would find in. the social field the motive for every human estrangement In this area we find the. Cultural School Karen Homey and Erich Fromm the Frankfurt School Herbert. Marcuse Wilhelm Reich the English anti psychiatry Foucault s School Vera Schmidt. in the Soviet Union and also the transactional line Generally therapies use all these. processes together, What I am trying to say is that to attribute the etiology of psychological.
disturbances to factors that are foreign or secondary to psychic life is itself. psychopathological because it feeds the individual s persecutory elements thereby. making his condition worse If problems were external or even hereditary then we. would always be right in feeling resentment or even revolt towards our parents. There is no Unconscious involved in the origin of illness but rather an attitude of. Inconscientisation, I believe that the biggest mistake that has flooded all fields of psychotherapy has. been Freud s idea about the existence of an unconscious as the basic agent of neurosis. Coincidentally this idea has also invaded every area of human thought thereby. granting the human being an enormous justification for his mistakes. Any psychotherapy that is based upon the existence of an unconscious as the origin. of pathology is precarious firstly because of the large period of time needed to deal. with something unknown and secondly because this cannot be achieved anyway. because most times it doesn t exist This perspective has given rise to the formation of a. great number of ideas and theories each one more fanciful than the next in an endless. and useless sequence, There is a famous phrase in philosophy non multiplicantur entia sine necessitas. which means that one must not create unnecessary things Any process of analysis that. requires a long time to achieve a result proceeds from the idea that investigation ad. infinitum is necessary and the client is little interested in doing that. This hypothesis of the existence of an unconscious that prevents us from being. sane is exactly the same as that which attributes our disorders to evil spirits that seize us. and must be exorcised This is the reason that Erich Fromm who was analyzed by. Sachs one of the seven of Freud s closest disciples said in his last interview to the. French newspaper Le Monde that he had never once been benefited by psychoanalysis. As for psychoanalyst Dr Wilhelm Wittenberg of Munich Fromm said that while he. was an enchanting man the only thing that he remembered about him was that you. needed to put his cream in before his coffee Karl Jaspers said that psychoanalysis was a. dogmatic process which to be accomplished required the client s belief Was Carl. Gustav Jung not right in rejecting the proposition of the Oedipus complex at least as a. fundamental factor of the origin of neurosis, From the very first writings Freud published on the theory of the human being s. afflictions many people in Vienna were of the opinion that he demonstrated a lot of. imagination and that his work was more literary than anything else And it is also well. known to anyone who has done psychoanalysis that any objection to Freud s ideas is. interpreted as a kind of resistance, In the second part of this paper I wish show you that we are not victims of an. unconscious but of our wish to inconscientise what we do not want to see How could. we be victims of instincts and impulses trieb in German. Medard Boss was a psychoanalyst for many years and one day he realized the. inadequacy of all theories about the unconscious in treating neurosis His point of view. was that Freudian analysis required a whole range of intellectual acrobatics In an. interview he gave in Brazil last May he said that to be realized is to integrate oneself. into the world every human life that cannot be realized in everyday life is bound to fall. into depression, We cannot be victims of what we do not know but we damage ourselves with the.
attitude of wanting to conceal what we are aware of In my opinion the theory of the. unconscious was the biggest psychological deception of the twentieth century. Social Psychotherapy, First of all by social psychotherapy or rather sociotherapy I am speaking mainly. about Transactional Analysis Rogerian Therapy Psychodrama and Behaviourism. These psychotherapeutic approaches were born psychopathological This. happened from the very first experiences of attending clients because these. methodologies attributed the cause of problems to the client s relationship with others. I am talking now about the psychoanalytical approach that relates all human. welfare directly to the kind of social and biological sexual behaviour the person has. All families who have directed their children to this type of treatment have gone. through bad moments as their children increase their revolt against their own home. The psychoanalysts of our Society have written a book entitled Alienating. Psychotherapies in which they describe the negative effects of any treatment modality. that leads to further concealment of consciousness from the individual It is due to these. negative side effects that there is strong opposition from people in general to these. various methods and schools of psychotherapy, If you consider the matter closely you will realize that there has been a serious. misunderstanding in the field of psychotherapy which tries to lead the individual to. happiness through means that are inferior to him that is sex money and economic and. social power A human being can only be happy if he is in contact with the life that. comes from his inner self and this life is the same that governs the entire universe. Every psychoanalytical approach that emphasizes the social or biological aspects. mainly sexual of the psyche is a waste of time The mere idea of being happy through. somebody else causes us incredible affliction owing to the impossibility of finding. somebody perfect And here begins our inner hell, There is a fundamental mistake in thinking that one can be happy through. somebody else who after all is just a fellow creature with the same level of misery as. ours In fact this attitude is merely the search for a new form of alienation compared to. true happiness which consists in being in harmony with our own goodness And where. FROM SIGMUND FREUD TO VIKTOR E FRANKL INTEGRAL PSYCHOANALYSIS I studied and worked with Dr Viktor E Frankl in Vienna from April 1958 until June 1960 During that time I had the opportunity to study several Viennese Schools of Psychotherapy such as the Adlerian orientation Dr Knut Baumgarten s Child Guidance

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