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FROM PROPHECY TO PARODY THOMAS MERTON S
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216 David D Cooper From Prophecy to Parody 217, Nowhere are those common elements more pronounced than in 2 One thing is certain any d iscussion of Merton s anti poems can. Merton s late poetry especially Cables to the Ace his radical experiment not be separated from his continuing interest in critical socia l theory. with the language of alienation and its implications for a new poetry an Among important dired influences and models such poets as Merton s. anti poetry of pure signs The new poetry that began to appear in the friends Robert Lax 5 and the Chilean anti poet Nicanor Parra6 Merton also. mid 60s that is to say entirely abrogates traditional symbolism in favor of needed a firm theoretical and philosophical basis for his experiments with a. indicative signs Its distinguishing hallmark is Merton s wholesale renuncia new poetry He found that substratum in the writings of Herbert Marcuse. tion of conventional syntactical patterns of meaning and inherited stand whose model of a one dimensional society merged into a perfect partner. ards of poetic truth which help account for the opacity and at times the ship with other writers who had previously shaped Merton s radical huma. utter abstruseness of his later poetry and its abrupt departure from any of nism including Marx Dietrich Bonhoeffer Albert Camus and Erich. his previous work Merton s anti poetics suggests generally then that he Fromm. believed a poetry stripped of the efficacy of symbolic language was a poetry Marcuse s social critique set forth in One Dimensional Man. essentially of unmeaning a poetry of denatured tropes parroting the banal uncovered serious deficiencies in modern industrial society which he felt. ity of the contemporary mind Merton s new humanism was the response had led to an advanced state of human alienation By way of quick over. of a committed humanist outraged by the dehumanizing effects of mass view Marcuse argued that contemporary society was so dominated by the. culture Similarly his new poetry was the readion of a poet angered by technological processes of production distribution consumption that it. what Merton once described as the spasmodic upheaval of language had succumbed in effect to a technological totalitarianism A society. refleded in mass culture modes of discourse under the domination of its technology not only determines the occupa. This issue of Merton s anti poetics has been widely discussed in tions skills and attitudes of workers necessary to sustain its technological. Merton scholarship 3 and it is difficult to pin down a consensus among apparatus but according to Marcuse it must also control and define the. literary critics some of whom have gone to extraordinary lengths to unslip needs and aspirations of its workers Technological totalitarianism. the Gordian knot of Cables to the Ace It may well be in the final analysis defined by Marcuse as a non terroristic economic technical coordination. that Merton s purpose in Cables was only to frustrate critical good sense which operates through the manipulation of needs by vested interests 7. and create a post modern paean to unmeaning whose sole aim was to effectively obliterates any distinctions between private and public life and. dislocate decoding efforts A curious spectre haunts Cables Might it be a individual and societal needs thus creating a one dimensional society. repository of jokes where Merton pokes fun at literary scholars who seem comprised of one dimensional persons When economic and technologi. bent as he once said of Joyce studies on pursuing an academic treasure cal contigencies prevail such things as individuality dissent and non. hunt which Joyce took far less seriously than they In any event in the conformity lose their critical function indeed Marcuse claimed they. following discussion of Merton s late poetics we will try to avoid springing become socially useless. the playful traps strewn especially throughout Cables choosing instead a With its emphasis on repression and subjugation of individual needs. safer less problematic course namely that Merton s denatured anti Marcuse s model of the one dimensional society carries profoundly anti. poetics was his way of entering as a poet into the consciousness of alie humanistic consequences He insisted that the prevailing societal forces of. nated man and mimicking his style of speech his way he himself process technique and operation subvert the economic political and. remarked of declaring war on dehumanizing modes of contemporary intellectual freedom of individuals Individual needs he stressed collapse. discourse which exacerbate human alienation Like Merton s radical under the tyranny of vested colledive interests the kinds of interests which. humanism his new poetry is above all a poetry of dissent. 5 See especially Thomas Merto n and Robert Lax J Catch of J nt i letters Kansas City Sheed Andrews. McMeel 1978, 3 See Ross Labrie The J rt of Thomas Merton fort Worth Texas Christian University Press 1979 pp. 134 147 Sister Therese lentfoehr1 Words and Silence On the Poetry of Thomas Merton New York New 6 See Merton s translations in Poems and J ntlpoems ed Miller Williams New York New Directions. Directions 1979 pp 97 11 4 ana George Woodcock Thomas Merton Monk and Poet J Critical Study 1966. New York Farrar Straus Giroux 1978 pp 173ff 7 One Dimensional Man Studies in the Ideology of J dvanced Industrial Society Boston Beacon. 4 See e g Luke Flaherty Thomas Merton s Cables to the J ce A Critical Study Renascence 24 1 Press 196 4 p 3 Further references appear in the text. Autumn 1971 pp 3 32,216 David D Cooper From Prophecy to Parody 217. Nowhere are those common elements more pronounced than in 2 One thing is certain any d iscussion of Merton s anti poems can. Merton s late poetry especially Cables to the Ace his radical experiment not be separated from his continuing interest in critical socia l theory. with the language of alienation and its implications for a new poetry an Among important dired influences and models such poets as Merton s. anti poetry of pure signs The new poetry that began to appear in the friends Robert Lax 5 and the Chilean anti poet Nicanor Parra6 Merton also. mid 60s that is to say entirely abrogates traditional symbolism in favor of needed a firm theoretical and philosophical basis for his experiments with a. indicative signs Its distinguishing hallmark is Merton s wholesale renuncia new poetry He found that substratum in the writings of Herbert Marcuse. tion of conventional syntactical patterns of meaning and inherited stand whose model of a one dimensional society merged into a perfect partner. ards of poetic truth which help account for the opacity and at times the ship with other writers who had previously shaped Merton s radical huma. utter abstruseness of his later poetry and its abrupt departure from any of nism including Marx Dietrich Bonhoeffer Albert Camus and Erich. his previous work Merton s anti poetics suggests generally then that he Fromm. believed a poetry stripped of the efficacy of symbolic language was a poetry Marcuse s social critique set forth in One Dimensional Man. essentially of unmeaning a poetry of denatured tropes parroting the banal uncovered serious deficiencies in modern industrial society which he felt. ity of the contemporary mind Merton s new humanism was the response had led to an advanced state of human alienation By way of quick over. of a committed humanist outraged by the dehumanizing effects of mass view Marcuse argued that contemporary society was so dominated by the. culture Similarly his new poetry was the readion of a poet angered by technological processes of production distribution consumption that it. what Merton once described as the spasmodic upheaval of language had succumbed in effect to a technological totalitarianism A society. refleded in mass culture modes of discourse under the domination of its technology not only determines the occupa. This issue of Merton s anti poetics has been widely discussed in tions skills and attitudes of workers necessary to sustain its technological. Merton scholarship 3 and it is difficult to pin down a consensus among apparatus but according to Marcuse it must also control and define the. literary critics some of whom have gone to extraordinary lengths to unslip needs and aspirations of its workers Technological totalitarianism. the Gordian knot of Cables to the Ace It may well be in the final analysis defined by Marcuse as a non terroristic economic technical coordination. that Merton s purpose in Cables was only to frustrate critical good sense which operates through the manipulation of needs by vested interests 7. and create a post modern paean to unmeaning whose sole aim was to effectively obliterates any distinctions between private and public life and. dislocate decoding efforts A curious spectre haunts Cables Might it be a individual and societal needs thus creating a one dimensional society. repository of jokes where Merton pokes fun at literary scholars who seem comprised of one dimensional persons When economic and technologi. bent as he once said of Joyce studies on pursuing an academic treasure cal contigencies prevail such things as individuality dissent and non. hunt which Joyce took far less seriously than they In any event in the conformity lose their critical function indeed Marcuse claimed they. following discussion of Merton s late poetics we will try to avoid springing become socially useless. the playful traps strewn especially throughout Cables choosing instead a With its emphasis on repression and subjugation of individual needs. safer less problematic course namely that Merton s denatured anti Marcuse s model of the one dimensional society carries profoundly anti. poetics was his way of entering as a poet into the consciousness of alie humanistic consequences He insisted that the prevailing societal forces of. nated man and mimicking his style of speech his way he himself process technique and operation subvert the economic political and. remarked of declaring war on dehumanizing modes of contemporary intellectual freedom of individuals Individual needs he stressed collapse. discourse which exacerbate human alienation Like Merton s radical under the tyranny of vested colledive interests the kinds of interests which. humanism his new poetry is above all a poetry of dissent. 5 See especially Thomas Merto n and Robert Lax J Catch of J nt i letters Kansas City Sheed Andrews. McMeel 1978, 3 See Ross Labrie The J rt of Thomas Merton fort Worth Texas Christian University Press 1979 pp. 134 147 Sister Therese lentfoehr1 Words and Silence On the Poetry of Thomas Merton New York New 6 See Merton s translations in Poems and J ntlpoems ed Miller Williams New York New Directions. Directions 1979 pp 97 11 4 ana George Woodcock Thomas Merton Monk and Poet J Critical Study 1966. New York Farrar Straus Giroux 1978 pp 173ff 7 One Dimensional Man Studies in the Ideology of J dvanced Industrial Society Boston Beacon. 4 See e g Luke Flaherty Thomas Merton s Cables to the J ce A Critical Study Renascence 24 1 Press 196 4 p 3 Further references appear in the text. Autumn 1971 pp 3 32,218 David D Cooper From Prophecy to Parody 219.
perpetuate toil aggressivene ss misery and injustice The more rational dialectical language In it operationa l and b ehavioral rationality absorbs. productive technical and total the repressive administration of society th transcendent negative oppositional elements o f Reason p 103. becomes Marcuse concludes the more unimaginable the means and. ways by which the administered individuals might break their servitude and. seize their own liberation pp 6 7, 3 Turning now to Merton ample evidence stated explicitly or. Of particular interest to Marcuse and more germane to his influ. otherwise implied suggests that he interpreted Marcuse s functional. ence over Merton s new poetics was the way in which one dimensional. discourse as the language of alienated man In Zen and the Birds of Appe. behavior and thought are expressed in modern modes of communication s. tite for example Merton announces his complete agreement with Mar. Discourse in a one dimensional society Marcuse considered must reflect. cuse s critique of one dimensional thinking and discourse in which. the same repressive and totalitarian characteristics as the economic and. Merton writes the very rationality and exactitude of technological society. political forces which manipulate individual needs in order to sustain the. and its various justifications add up to one more total mystification 9. collective technological agenda The language of one dimensional man. Consider further Merton s essay Symbolism Communication or Com. Marcuse claimed testifies then to those societal forces responsible for his. munion a wide ranging series of reflections and commentary on the fate. repression Thus language in a one dimensional society has yielded to a. of symbolism in technological society Although Merton does not cite. progressive functionalization which repells non conformist and idiosyn. One Dimensional Man directly the essay resonates with Marcuse s ideas ft. cratic elements from the patterns and movements of speech One. may be appropriate to argue then that Merton used Marcuse s insights. dimensional language is dominated by operationalism it is the language. into the functional ization of modern language as a springboard to discuss. of technological reasoning which rigorously promotes positive thinking. its spiritual ramifications If as Marcuse claimed modern language had. and action a language that orders and organizes that induces people to. succumbed to sheer operational ism Merton argued by extension that the. do to buy and to accept Moreover Marcuse argued this functional. functionalization of discourse had been accompanied by a gradual dys. language stifles transcendent critical notions it disables such rhetorical. functionalization of symbolic language And it followed for Merton that. elements as symbols of reflection abstraction development contradic. this erosion of the power of the symbol and the deterioration in the. tion Above all by devaluating transcendence dissension contradiction. modern person s capacity to respond to symbolic language are alarming. critical reflection etc functional discourse militates against a develop. symptoms of spiritual decay, ment of meaning Marcuse writes because it does not search for but. Merton attributes the degradation of symbolic language in scientific. establishes and imposes truth and falsehood, and technological society to an incapacity to distinguish between the. Marcuse examined the concrete manifestations of one dimensional. symbol and the indicative sign The preeminent function of the sign. discourse in such areas as contemporary patterns of syntax and usage. Merton explains is to communicate practical and factual information The. historical writing political language and advertising copy He summarizes. symbol in contrast has no uti litarian value whatsoever it does not convey. Abridgment of the concept in fixed images arrested development in information or explain Given then the overwhelming premium set on. self validating hypnotic formulas immunity against contradiction iden. tification of the thing and of the person with its function these tenden function operation and process in modern mass culture as Marcuse had. cies reveal the one dimensional mind in the language that it speaks pp argued the non utilitarian symbol is drained of its efficacy and routed from. 96 97 the language of mass man, And he concludes Useless as a means of communication Merton comments on the. In and for the society this organization of functional discourse is of vital higher purpose achieved by the symbol the purpose of going beyond. importance it serves as a vehicle of coordination and subordination The practicality and purpose beyond cause and effect 10 He stresses the trans. unified functional language is an irreconcilably anti critical and anti. 9 Thomas Merton Zen and the Birds of Appetite New York New Directions 1966 pp 139 140. 6 See especially The Closing of the Universe of Discourse Ibid pp 64 120 10 Love and Living p 67 He reafter referred to in the text as L L. 218 David D Cooper From Prophecy to Parody 219, perpetuate toil aggressivene ss misery and injustice The more rational dialectical language In it operationa l and b ehavioral rationality absorbs.
productive technical and total the repressive administration of society th transcendent negative oppositional elements o f Reason p 103. becomes Marcuse concludes the more unimaginable the means and. ways by which the administered individuals might break their servitude and. seize their own liberation pp 6 7, 3 Turning now to Merton ample evidence stated explicitly or. Of particular interest to Marcuse and more germane to his influ. otherwise implied suggests that he interpreted Marcuse s functional. ence over Merton s new poetics was the way in which one dimensional. discourse as the language of alienated man In Zen and the Birds of Appe. behavior and thought are expressed in modern modes of communication s. tite for example Merton announces his complete agreement with Mar. Discourse in a one dimensional society Marcuse considered must reflect. cuse s critique of one dimensional thinking and discourse in which. the same repressive and totalitarian characteristics as the economic and. Merton writes the very rationality and exactitude of technological society. political forces which manipulate individual needs in order to sustain the. and its various justifications add up to one more total mystification 9. collective technological agenda The language of one dimensional man. Consider further Merton s essay Symbolism Communication or Com. Marcuse claimed testifies then to those societal forces responsible for his. munion a wide ranging series of reflections and commentary on the fate. repression Thus language in a one dimensional society has yielded to a. of symbolism in technological society Although Merton does not cite. progressive functionalization which repells non conformist and idiosyn. One Dimensional Man directly the essay resonates with Marcuse s ideas ft. cratic elements from the patterns and movements of speech One. may be appropriate to argue then that Merton used Marcuse s insights. dimensional language is dominated by operationalism it is the language. into the functional ization of modern language as a springboard to discuss. of technological reasoning which rigorously promotes positive thinking. its spiritual ramifications If as Marcuse claimed modern language had. and action a language that orders and organizes that induces people to. succumbed to sheer operational ism Merton argued by extension that the. do to buy and to accept Moreover Marcuse argued this functional. functionalization of discourse had been accompanied by a gradual dys. language stifles transcendent critical notions it disables such rhetorical. functionalization of symbolic language And it followed for Merton that. elements as symbols of reflection abstraction development contradic. this erosion of the power of the symbol and the deterioration in the. tion Above all by devaluating transcendence dissension contradiction. modern person s capacity to respond to symbolic language are alarming. critical reflection etc functional discourse militates against a develop. symptoms of spiritual decay, ment of meaning Marcuse writes because it does not search for but. Merton attributes the degradation of symbolic language in scientific. establishes and imposes truth and falsehood, and technological society to an incapacity to distinguish between the. Marcuse examined the concrete manifestations of one dimensional. symbol and the indicative sign The preeminent function of the sign. discourse in such areas as contemporary patterns of syntax and usage. Merton explains is to communicate practical and factual information The. historical writing political language and advertising copy He summarizes. symbol in contrast has no uti litarian value whatsoever it does not convey. Abridgment of the concept in fixed images arrested development in information or explain Given then the overwhelming premium set on. self validating hypnotic formulas immunity against contradiction iden. tification of the thing and of the person with its function these tenden function operation and process in modern mass culture as Marcuse had. cies reveal the one dimensional mind in the language that it speaks pp argued the non utilitarian symbol is drained of its efficacy and routed from. 96 97 the language of mass man, And he concludes Useless as a means of communication Merton comments on the. In and for the society this organization of functional discourse is of vital higher purpose achieved by the symbol the purpose of going beyond. importance it serves as a vehicle of coordination and subordination The practicality and purpose beyond cause and effect 10 He stresses the trans. unified functional language is an irreconcilably anti critical and anti. 9 Thomas Merton Zen and the Birds of Appetite New York New Directions 1966 pp 139 140. 6 See especially The Closing of the Universe of Discourse Ibid pp 64 120 10 Love and Living p 67 He reafter referred to in the text as L L. 220 from Prophecy to Parody 221,David D Cooper, jeremiad on the degradation of symbolism Merton cites many examples.
cendent function of symbolism its role as a vehicle of union and synthesis. in modern usage which illustrate the breakdown of communication into. and its power to awaken spiritual resonances that evoke a deeper aware. deception By analyzing advertising copy political jargon and even reli. ness of the inner meaning of life and of reality itself Symbols mobilize. gious language Merton parallels Marcuse s argument that such modes of. and animate vital resources of creativity and spirituality Merton draws on. discourse reveal a language of power self enclosed finality and. the power of symbolic language itself in an effort to approximate the. totalist dictatorship in action This is a language Merton argues of final. function and purpose of symbolism A true symbol takes us to the center. utterance and hypnotic formulation in which the insatiable appetite for. of a circle not to another point on the circumference A true symbol. the tautological the definitive the fina 11 defies contradiction and dissent. points to the very heart of being not to an incident in the flow of becom. and as Marcuse stressed militates against the development of meaning. ing L L pp 54 55, what Merton prefers to call the contamination of reason by inherent. The symbol Merton writes awakens awareness or restores it Therefore. it aims not at communication but at communion Communion is the. ambiguity Merton selects examples especially from military terminology. awareness of participation in an ontological or religious reality in the such as kill ratio pacification free zone liberation which. mystery of being of human love of redemptive mystery of contemplative reflect precisely those characteristics of operationalism that Marcuse. claimed preclude the genuine development of meaning Such terms are. The purpose of the symbol if it can be said to have a purpose is not to. increase the quantity of our knowledge and information but to deepen first and foremost rooted in cliche They exemplify what Marcuse de. and enrich the quality of life itself by bringing man into communion with scribed as the abridgment of concepts in fixed images that is they over. the mysterious sources of vitality and meaning of creativity love and. simplify compress and economize content to the point of utterly obscur. truth to which he cannot have direct access by means of science and. technique L L p 68 ing underlying concepts This is the kind of terminology as Merton would. The vital role of the symbol then is precisely this to express and say that contaminates reason through ambiguity Specifically Merton. encourage man s acceptance of his own center his own ontological roots explains a free zone is an area where anything that moves ca n be. in a mystery of being that transcends his individual ego L L p 65. assumed to be the enemy and shot He cites the case of an army major who. As Merton positions his discussion of symbolism s transcendent explained the shelling of a South Vietnamese village as liberation it. values into the context of modern technological culture a context clearly became necessary the major reports to destroy the town in order to save. indentifiable as Marcuse s one dimensional society Merton s commen it More recent examples would include the CIA s manual for anti. tary pivots sharply into critique and lament One dimensional society after Sandinista rebels in Nicaragua which urges the selective use of violence. all obliterates the distinction between public and private existence there against government officials assassination and proposes the elimination. fore it bars contact with those ontological roots of which symbols aim to of a popular Contra supporter in order to create a martyr for the cause. evoke awareness Modes of modern communication which Marcuse disloyalty and murder. showed to be dominated by utilitarian processes effectively cripple the This is by and large a discourse of gross deception evasion. higher function of symbolism to transcend as Merton argued practicality euphemism It is a business like and antiseptic sort of terminology in which. and cause and effect The operational rationality of modern discourse a clinical certainty successfully masks sinister connotations Such terms seem. central premise of Marcuse s critique absorbs and denies transcendent immune to contradiction in their masterful and unsentimental justifications. vocabularies In one dimensional society the symbol as a vehicle of of the otherwise ugly strategies of war Although the above examples are. communion in short surrenders to a discourse of signs with its sole pur drawn from military jargon their distinguishing features as Marcuse and. pose of identifying facts and conveying information Merton show extend to all manner of linguistic forms in one dimensional. Merton also acknowledges at least implicitly Marcuse s claims for society What unifies the range of discourse in such a society is the will to. the totalitarian character of functional language a language that as Mar power which dictates ethically neutral patterns of speech As Merton. cuse says serves only to induce people to do to buy and to accept. Elsewhere for example in Merton s War and the Crisis of Language a 11 Thomas Merton The Nonviolenr 11 rerna ive ed Gordon Zahn New York Farrar Straus Giroux. 1980 p 238 Hereafrer referred ro in the text as NVA. far sharper protest against denatured contemporary prose than his. 220 from Prophecy to Parody 221,David D Cooper, jeremiad on the degradation of symbolism Merton cites many examples. cendent function of symbolism its role as a vehicle of union and synthesis. in modern usage which illustrate the breakdown of communication into. and its power to awaken spiritual resonances that evoke a deeper aware. deception By analyzing advertising copy political jargon and even reli. ness of the inner meaning of life and of reality itself Symbols mobilize. gious language Merton parallels Marcuse s argument that such modes of. and animate vital resources of creativity and spirituality Merton draws on. discourse reveal a language of power self enclosed finality and. the power of symbolic language itself in an effort to approximate the. totalist dictatorship in action This is a language Merton argues of final. function and purpose of symbolism A true symbol takes us to the center. utterance and hypnotic formulation in which the insatiable appetite for. of a circle not to another point on the circumference A true symbol. the tautological the definitive the fina 11 defies contradiction and dissent. points to the very heart of being not to an incident in the flow of becom. and as Marcuse stressed militates against the development of meaning. ing L L pp 54 55, what Merton prefers to call the contamination of reason by inherent. The symbol Merton writes awakens awareness or restores it Therefore. it aims not at communication but at communion Communion is the. ambiguity Merton selects examples especially from military terminology. awareness of participation in an ontological or religious reality in the such as kill ratio pacification free zone liberation which. mystery of being of human love of redemptive mystery of contemplative reflect precisely those characteristics of operationalism that Marcuse. claimed preclude the genuine development of meaning Such terms are. The purpose of the symbol if it can be said to have a purpose is not to. increase the quantity of our knowledge and information but to deepen first and foremost rooted in cliche They exemplify what Marcuse de. and enrich the quality of life itself by bringing man into communion with scribed as the abridgment of concepts in fixed images that is they over. the mysterious sources of vitality and meaning of creativity love and. simplify compress and economize content to the point of utterly obscur. truth to which he cannot have direct access by means of science and. technique L L p 68 ing underlying concepts This is the kind of terminology as Merton would. The vital role of the symbol then is precisely this to express and say that contaminates reason through ambiguity Specifically Merton. encourage man s acceptance of his own center his own ontological roots explains a free zone is an area where anything that moves ca n be. in a mystery of being that transcends his individual ego L L p 65. assumed to be the enemy and shot He cites the case of an army major who. As Merton positions his discussion of symbolism s transcendent explained the shelling of a South Vietnamese village as liberation it. values into the context of modern technological culture a context clearly became necessary the major reports to destroy the town in order to save. indentifiable as Marcuse s one dimensional society Merton s commen it More recent examples would include the CIA s manual for anti. tary pivots sharply into critique and lament One dimensional society after Sandinista rebels in Nicaragua which urges the selective use of violence. all obliterates the distinction between public and private existence there against government officials assassination and proposes the elimination. fore it bars contact with those ontological roots of which symbols aim to of a popular Contra supporter in order to create a martyr for the cause. evoke awareness Modes of modern communication which Marcuse disloyalty and murder. showed to be dominated by utilitarian processes effectively cripple the This is by and large a discourse of gross deception evasion. higher function of symbolism to transcend as Merton argued practicality euphemism It is a business like and antiseptic sort of terminology in which. and cause and effect The operational rationality of modern discourse a clinical certainty successfully masks sinister connotations Such terms seem. central premise of Marcuse s critique absorbs and denies transcendent immune to contradiction in their masterful and unsentimental justifications. vocabularies In one dimensional society the symbol as a vehicle of of the otherwise ugly strategies of war Although the above examples are. communion in short surrenders to a discourse of signs with its sole pur drawn from military jargon their distinguishing features as Marcuse and. pose of identifying facts and conveying information Merton show extend to all manner of linguistic forms in one dimensional. Merton also acknowledges at least implicitly Marcuse s claims for society What unifies the range of discourse in such a society is the will to. the totalitarian character of functional language a language that as Mar power which dictates ethically neutral patterns of speech As Merton. cuse says serves only to induce people to do to buy and to accept. Elsewhere for example in Merton s War and the Crisis of Language a 11 Thomas Merton The Nonviolenr 11 rerna ive ed Gordon Zahn New York Farrar Straus Giroux. 1980 p 238 Hereafrer referred ro in the text as NVA. far sharper protest against denatured contemporary prose than his. 222 David D Cooper From Prophecy to Parody 223, explains the logic of power speaks the language of power a language that 4 That last comment is somewhat perplexing especially in light of. is all the more pervasive because it is proud of being ethically illiterate and Cables to the Ace in which Merton contrary to his own advice to fellow. because it accepts as realistic the basic irrationality of its own tactics poets eschews symbolic language By extrapolating modes of mass culture. NVA p 241 It is above all a language inherently dehumanizing and discourse into a new poetry devoid of symbolism the practicing poet of. contemptuous of fundamental human values and needs a discourse Cables sounds as if he is compromising the essayist of Symbolism Com. Merton writes of double talk tautology ambiguous cliche self righteous munication or Communion At least it may appear as though Merton fails. and doctrinaire pomposity and pseudo scientific jargon that mask a total to heed his own counsel because Cables while by no means an exercise in. callousness and moral insensitivity indeed a basic contempt for man total madness is nonetheless an anti poetry that shuns the vitality and. NVA p 246 wisdom of traditional symbolism it is a poetry that prefers instead to join in. Returning to Merton s discussion of the degradation of symbolism what Merton elsewhere condemns as empty headed crowing along the. the dynamics of his argument reduce to a basic conflict between Marcuse s road to lunacy Any hints of conflict however between Merton s advice to. totalitarian functional discourse and Merton s own interpretation of the other poets and his own practice of anti poetry should not be construed as. purpose of symbol ism between a language which indoctrinates truth and such clear evidence of cross purposes or contradictions After all by mim. falsehood and a language which promotes the search for truth Drawing on icking the discourse of ad men and engineers of opinion in Cables Merton. a line from Cables to the Ace at stake Merton maintains is nothing less is in effect condemning that discourse Besides Merton s approach to the. than the survival of symbolic language in a culture of bare faced literal fundamental issue of language and especially the fate and the practice of. commands Sounding a note of serious alarm Merton questions that poetry in contemporary society is complicated by a separation of perspec. survival as long as the modern person he suggests remains cut off from tives by two distinct personae with separate obligations. any reality except that of his own processes and that of the extraordinary As a priest for example Merton viewed the degradation of. new world of his machines When man is reduced to his empirical self symbolism in technological society as evidence of spiritual decay This is the. and confined within its limits he is so to speak excluded from himself cut voice then that issues apocalyptic warning signals in Symbolism Com. off from his own roots condemned to a wilderness of externals munication or Communion This is the persona that elsewhere calls on. where there can be no living symbols L L p 65 contemporary poets to liberate themselves from society s coercive or. Not willing to conclude his reflections on the dysfunctionalization of seductive pressures and assesses the poet s responsibility as a moral. symbolic language on such a pessimistic note Merton calls on artists and obligation to maintain his own freedom and his own truth 12 It is as a priest. poets the ones most aware of the disastrous situation and for that very that Merton addresses a gathering of Latin American poets whom he urges. reason the closest to despair to restore vitality to the corrupt and to remain united against falsehoods against all power that poisons. degenerate sense of symbolism and check the process which continues to man and subjects him to the mystifications of bureaucracy commerce and. devalue symbolic language in technological society He calls for a renewal the police state Modern poets must seek their liberation he further. of wisdom that like his new humanism must be more than a return to the intones by renouncing tutelage to established political systems or cultural. past however glorious We need a wisdom appropriate to our own predic structures and their impurity of language and spirit 13 As a spiritual. ament a wisdom that recognizes and cooperates with the spiritual and counselor Merton defines the poet in such homilies as these in short as a. creative vitality of symbolism and refuses above all any complicity with prophet who restores a spiritual vision to reality and the future. the logic and language of power One thing is certain he notes finally if But as a practicing poet Merton seemed more interested in parody. the contemplative and the poet forsake that wisdom and join in the than prophecy As a poet himself in other words Merton viewed the. triumphant empty headed crowing of advertising men and engineers of degradation of symbolism in technological society as opening up new. opinion then there is nothing left in store for us but total madness. L L p 79 12 Answers on Art and Freedom in Raids on the Unspeakable pp 170 171. 13 Message to Poets Ibid pp 155 159,222 David D Cooper From Prophecy to Parody 223.
explains the logic of power speaks the language of power a language that 4 That last comment is somewhat perplexing especially in light of. is all the more pervasive because it is proud of being ethically illiterate and Cables to the Ace in which Merton contrary to his own advice to fellow. because it accepts as realistic the basic irrationality of its own tactics poets eschews symbolic language By extrapolating modes of mass culture. NVA p 241 It is above all a language inherently dehumanizing and discourse into a new poetry devoid of symbolism the practicing poet of. contemptuous of fundamental human values and needs a discourse Cables sounds as if he is compromising the essayist of Symbolism Com. Merton writes of double talk tautology ambiguous cliche self righteous munication or Communion At least it may appear as though Merton fails. and doctrinaire pomposity and pseudo scientific jargon that mask a total to heed his own counsel because Cables while by no means an exercise in. callousness and moral insensitivity indeed a basic contempt for man total madness is nonetheless an anti poetry that shuns the vitality and. NVA p 246 wisdom of traditional symbolism it is a poetry that prefers instead to join in. Returning to Merton s discussion of the degradation of symbolism what Merton elsewhere condemns as empty headed crowing along the. the dynamics of his argument reduce to a basic conflict between Marcuse s road to lunacy Any hints of conflict however between Merton s advice to. totalitarian functional discourse and Merton s own interpretation of the other poets and his own practice of anti poetry should not be construed as. purpose of symbol ism between a language which indoctrinates truth and such clear evidence of cross purposes or contradictions After all by mim. falsehood and a language which promotes the search for truth Drawing on icking the discourse of ad men and engineers of opinion in Cables Merton. a line from Cables to the Ace at stake Merton maintains is nothing less is in effect condemning that discourse Besides Merton s approach to the. than the survival of symbolic language in a culture of bare faced literal fundamental issue of language and especially the fate and the practice of. commands Sounding a note of serious alarm Merton questions that poetry in contemporary society is complicated by a separation of perspec. survival as long as the modern person he suggests remains cut off from tives by two distinct personae with separate obligations. any reality except that of his own processes and that of the extraordinary As a priest for example Merton viewed the degradation of. new world of his machines When man is reduced to his empirical self symbolism in technological society as evidence of spiritual decay This is the. and confined within its limits he is so to speak excluded from himself cut voice then that issues apocalyptic warning signals in Symbolism Com. off from his own roots condemned to a wilderness of externals munication or Communion This is the persona that elsewhere calls on. where there can be no living symbols L L p 65 contemporary poets to liberate themselves from society s coercive or. Not willing to conclude his reflections on the dysfunctionalization of seductive pressures and assesses the poet s responsibility as a moral. symbolic language on such a pessimistic note Merton calls on artists and obligation to maintain his own freedom and his own truth 12 It is as a priest. poets the ones most aware of the disastrous situation and for that very that Merton addresses a gathering of Latin American poets whom he urges. reason the closest to despair to restore vitality to the corrupt and to remain united against falsehoods against all power that poisons. degenerate sense of symbolism and check the process which continues to man and subjects him to the mystifications of bureaucracy commerce and. devalue symbolic language in technological society He calls for a renewal the police state Modern poets must seek their liberation he further. of wisdom that like his new humanism must be more than a return to the intones by renouncing tutelage to established political systems or cultural. past however glorious We need a wisdom appropriate to our own predic structures and their impurity of language and spirit 13 As a spiritual. ament a wisdom that recognizes and cooperates with the spiritual and counselor Merton defines the poet in such homilies as these in short as a. creative vitality of symbolism and refuses above all any complicity with prophet who restores a spiritual vision to reality and the future. the logic and language of power One thing is certain he notes finally if But as a practicing poet Merton seemed more interested in parody. the contemplative and the poet forsake that wisdom and join in the than prophecy As a poet himself in other words Merton viewed the. triumphant empty headed crowing of advertising men and engineers of degradation of symbolism in technological society as opening up new. opinion then there is nothing left in store for us but total madness. L L p 79 12 Answers on Art and Freedom in Raids on the Unspeakable pp 170 171. 13 Message to Poets Ibid pp 155 159,224 David D Cooper From Prophecy to Parody 225. possibilities for an innovative poetics a radically experimental post power all numen all that would seem to give him some ascendancy over. modern anti poetry notable for its lack of any moral fervor or prophetic the reader LE p 145. spirit a poetry that does not resist the mystifications of bureaucracy In a manner of speaking then the anti poet declares himself poet. commerce and the police state but rather submits to such mystifications laureate of Marcuse s one iimensional society Marcuse Merton acknowledges. Both the poet and the priest recognized as Merton echoing Marcuse in The Asian Journal has shown how mass culture tends to be anticulture. says in Zen and the Birds of Appetite that Western culture had to stifle creative work by the sheer volume of what is produced or. reached the climax of entire totalitarian rationality of organization and of reproduced In which case poetry must start with an awareness of this. complete absurdity and self contradiction p 140 The priest resisted that contradiction and use it as anti poetry which freely draws on the. recognition because it raised the specter of a modern ethos alien to his aterial of superabundant nonsense at its disposal and feed it back. spiritual traditions But the poet especially of Cables to the Ace accepted it rnto the mass consumption of pseudo culture p 118. and sought after an aesthetic appropriate to what Marcuse had defined. essentially as a one dimensional society distinguished by one dimensional. thought and behavior If when speaking as a priest Merton urged other. poets to liberate themselves from that ethos as a poet he entered it and 5 So the following discussion of entries selected from Cables to the. began experimenting with the kind of poetry as he notes in a review of Ace builds on the fundamental proposition that Merton s radical aesthetic. Roland Barthes Writing Degree Zero which reminds the reader not to get of the anti poem incorporates many elements of Marcuse s functional. lost in false complicities with the message or the emotion not to get discourse in one dimensional society 16 As indicated earlier however any. swept away by illusions of inner meaning a slice of life a cosmic celebra effort to give a comprehensive and unified reading of Cables is bound to be. tion or an eschatological vision 14 This is a poetry an anti poetry that frustrated by its apparently purposeful uncenteredness and its anything. does just the opposite of what traditional poetry empowered by symbo goes free wheeling pitch Many things tumble together in disarray While. lism should do Anti poetry does not bring the reader into communion melancholic as in Cable 12 for example it is at times utterly comic as. with mysterious sources of vitality and meaning of creativity love and when a midget suddenly pops out in Cable 27 and cries Hats off Hats off. truth Merton defines the purpose of anti poetry and the role of the o the human condition In a Prologue which is bullying to the point of. anti poet most succinctly in an entry in The Asian Journal The anti poet rnsu lt Merton sets the stage for an aggressiveness that also surfaces in many. suggests a tertiary meaning which is not creative and original but a Cables the same sort of aggression that heated much of Merton s social. deliberate ironic feedback of cliche a further referential meaning criticism and prompted him once to confess to a certain petulancy rooted. alluding by its tone banality etc to a customary and abused context that in egotism Some Cables are grossly though playfully nonsensical while in. of an impoverished and routine sensibility and of the mass mind the others the babble gives way to esoteric utterance pensive and wise Cables. stereotyped creation of quantitative response by mass culture 1s The 37 and 38 One may wonder too why Merton saw fit to include some of the. anti poet abandons all conventional postures and approaches because he love poems he wrote for a nurse in Louisville for example Cable 78. can no longer trust the honesty of his customary dialogue with the rest of Harmonies of Excess 17 where a serene lyricism seems so discordant and. society He is cut off from public discourse in a culture of specialization com promised a s it jostles against the opposite moods of its neighboring. and separation where as the poet Wendell Berry has more recently entrres All of th rs makes for a disorienting reading experience a disruptive. suggested the old union of beauty goodness and truth is broken The automatic random conjoining of disparate elements mosaics Merton. anti poet must then surrender all charismatic exaltation all aspiration to called them or Familiar Liturgies of Misunderstanding where poetry. and anti poetry verse and prose blocks fire so to speak in cylinders oddly. H The Literary Essays of Thomas Merton ed Brother Patrick Hart New York New Directions 1981 p. 142 Hereafter referred to in the text as LE 16 Selections are taken from The Collected Poems of Thomas Mertoff New York New Directions. 1977 pp 393 454, 15 The Asian Journal of Thomas Merton ed Naomi Burton Brother Patrick Hart and James Laughlin. New York New Directions 1975 p 286, 1 These so called love poems have been collected in Eighteen Poems New York New Directions. 224 David D Cooper From Prophecy to Parody 225, possibilities for an innovative poetics a radically experimental post power all numen all that would seem to give him some ascendancy over. modern anti poetry notable for its lack of any moral fervor or prophetic the reader LE p 145. spirit a poetry that does not resist the mystifications of bureaucracy In a manner of speaking then the anti poet declares himself poet. commerce and the police state but rather submits to such mystifications laureate of Marcuse s one iimensional society Marcuse Merton acknowledges. Both the poet and the priest recognized as Merton echoing Marcuse in The Asian Journal has shown how mass culture tends to be anticulture. says in Zen and the Birds of Appetite that Western culture had to stifle creative work by the sheer volume of what is produced or. reached the climax of entire totalitarian rationality of organization and of reproduced In which case poetry must start with an awareness of this. complete absurdity and self contradiction p 140 The priest resisted that contradiction and use it as anti poetry which freely draws on the. recognition because it raised the specter of a modern ethos alien to his aterial of superabundant nonsense at its disposal and feed it back. spiritual traditions But the poet especially of Cables to the Ace accepted it rnto the mass consumption of pseudo culture p 118. and sought after an aesthetic appropriate to what Marcuse had defined. essentially as a one dimensional society distinguished by one dimensional. thought and behavior If when speaking as a priest Merton urged other. poets to liberate themselves from that ethos as a poet he entered it and 5 So the following discussion of entries selected from Cables to the. began experimenting with the kind of poetry as he notes in a review of Ace builds on the fundamental proposition that Merton s radical aesthetic. Roland Barthes Writing Degree Zero which reminds the reader not to get of the anti poem incorporates many elements of Marcuse s functional. lost in false complicities with the message or the emotion not to get discourse in one dimensional society 16 As indicated earlier however any. swept away by illusions of inner meaning a slice of life a cosmic celebra effort to give a comprehensive and unified reading of Cables is bound to be. tion or an eschatological vision 14 This is a poetry an anti poetry that frustrated by its apparently purposeful uncenteredness and its anything. does just the opposite of what traditional poetry empowered by symbo goes free wheeling pitch Many things tumble together in disarray While. lism should do Anti poetry does not bring the reader into communion melancholic as in Cable 12 for example it is at times utterly comic as. with mysterious sources of vitality and meaning of creativity love and when a midget suddenly pops out in Cable 27 and cries Hats off Hats off. truth Merton defines the purpose of anti poetry and the role of the o the human condition In a Prologue which is bullying to the point of. anti poet most succinctly in an entry in The Asian Journal The anti poet rnsu lt Merton sets the stage for an aggressiveness that also surfaces in many. suggests a tertiary meaning which is not creative and original but a Cables the same sort of aggression that heated much of Merton s social. deliberate ironic feedback of cliche a further referential meaning criticism and prompted him once to confess to a certain petulancy rooted. alluding by its tone banality etc to a customary and abused context that in egotism Some Cables are grossly though playfully nonsensical while in. of an impoverished and routine sensibility and of the mass mind the others the babble gives way to esoteric utterance pensive and wise Cables. stereotyped creation of quantitative response by mass culture 1s The 37 and 38 One may wonder too why Merton saw fit to include some of the. anti poet abandons all conventional postures and approaches because he love poems he wrote for a nurse in Louisville for example Cable 78. can no longer trust the honesty of his customary dialogue with the rest of Harmonies of Excess 17 where a serene lyricism seems so discordant and. society He is cut off from public discourse in a culture of specialization com promised a s it jostles against the opposite moods of its neighboring. and separation where as the poet Wendell Berry has more recently entrres All of th rs makes for a disorienting reading experience a disruptive. suggested the old union of beauty goodness and truth is broken The automatic random conjoining of disparate elements mosaics Merton. anti poet must then surrender all charismatic exaltation all aspiration to called them or Familiar Liturgies of Misunderstanding where poetry. and anti poetry verse and prose blocks fire so to speak in cylinders oddly. H The Literary Essays of Thomas Merton ed Brother Patrick Hart New York New Directions 1981 p. 142 Hereafter referred to in the text as LE 16 Selections are taken from The Collected Poems of Thomas Mertoff New York New Directions. 1977 pp 393 454, 15 The Asian Journal of Thomas Merton ed Naomi Burton Brother Patrick Hart and James Laughlin.
New York New Directions 1975 p 286, 1 These so called love poems have been collected in Eighteen Poems New York New Directions. 226 David D Cooper From Prophecy to Parody 227, out of time Nonetheless we can at least identify a major leitmotif that trails even irradiated landscape The potential symbolic value of a bird or of lights. through Cables to the Ace it can be read profitably as a sustained and fruits is negated anyway by the adjectives which modify them The. Marcusian meditation on the dysfunctionalization of symbolic language in ultimate fate of the seer is indeed sealed when Merton negotiates a final. technological society a sort of anti poetry qua social criticism non sequitur leap The sayings of the saints are put away in air. In Cables 1 and 2 for example Merton immediately pits the quanti conditioned archives. tative function of signs against the qualitative values of the symbol and Merton arrives at a similar judgment in Cable 5 where the form of. judges the outcome Cables as in telegraphic cables are themselves commentary first changes from prose blocks to verse. signs because their purpose is to convey information to communicate not Gem notes. commune In Cables 1 and 2 then messages skip across the page like Of the examiner. Or terminal declarations, electric pulses short syntactical bursts punctuated by stops played and. sung by one dimensional societies ill fated by a totalist technocracy The Directors. Have engineered a surprise,1 You will not easily discover. Edifying cables can be made musica l if played and sung by full armed. societies doomed to an electric war A heavy imperturbable beat No The speech the Notes of the examiner in these lines is that language. indication where to stop No messages to decode Cables are never of self enclosed finality or terminal declaration which Marcuse. causes Noises are never values With the unending vroom vroom vroom identifies as the chief characteristic of totalitarian discourse It is the speech. of the guitars we will all learn a new kind of obstinacy together with. massive lessons of irony and refusal We assist once again at the marriage. of directors and dictators and those engineers of opinion whom Merton. of heaven and hell had previously ostracized in his essay on the degradation of symbolism. 2 Their surprise is not only hard to discover but once discovered it quickly. A seer interprets the ministry of the stars the broken gear of a bird He slips away. tests the quality of stone lights ashen fruits of a fire s forgotten service He Come shyly to the main question. registers their clarity with each new lurch into suspicion He does not There is dishonor in these wires. regret for he does not know He plots the nativity of the pole star but it You will first hesitate then repeat. neither sets nor rises Snow melts on the surface of the young brown river Then sing louder. and there are two lids the petals of sleep The sayings of the saints are put To the drivers. away in air conditioned archives Of ironic mechanisms. Cables are never causes Noises are never values The higher critical As they map your political void. functions of causation and value judgment are drowned out here by the Functional discourse dehumanizes there is dishonor in the language of. hypnotic heavy imperturbable beat of Cable sign language and cables and electric wires But even if the you addressed in the stanza. absorbed into the omnipresent white noise of vrooming guitars captured hesitates through faint recognition he still seems doomed to a hypnotic. elsewhere in Cable 77 in a better image as the copyrighted tornado Of speech of drives and mechanisms Cut off from participation in a deeper. sheer sound The seer in Cable 2 speaks a different language He interprets ontological reality he enters a landscape of his own emptiness where the. and tests and registers clarity His knowledge derives from intuition His directors happily survey his political void And among the many origi. plotting of the origin of a star does not follow the precise mathematical nal Side effects of residence in that wasteland of mechanisms that ethos. procedures of astronomy He exercises higher order cognitive and intellec of operational ism is that Each nominal conceit Will be shot down by an. tual faculties in other words which Marcuse claims are essentially those of electric eye and Events are finally obscure forever Symbol and meta. the non conformist But the fate of Merton s non conformist poet seer in a phor along with the critical self reflection and indeed the very evidence of. world where there are no messages to decode is hinted at by the nature history itself those things Marcuse identifies in short as transcendent. of the objects upon which the seer trains his intuitive powers Those objects functions are stifled and incapacitated until. are metallic and strangely funereal the broken gear of a bird stone You wake and wonder. lights and ashen fruits the kinds of objects which might clutter a sterile Whose case history you composed. 226 David D Cooper From Prophecy to Parody 227, out of time Nonetheless we can at least identify a major leitmotif that trails even irradiated landscape The potential symbolic value of a bird or of lights.
through Cables to the Ace it can be read profitably as a sustained and fruits is negated anyway by the adjectives which modify them The. Marcusian meditation on the dysfunctionalization of symbolic language in ultimate fate of the seer is indeed sealed when Merton negotiates a final. technological society a sort of anti poetry qua social criticism non sequitur leap The sayings of the saints are put away in air. In Cables 1 and 2 for example Merton immediately pits the quanti conditioned archives. tative function of signs against the qualitative values of the symbol and Merton arrives at a similar judgment in Cable 5 where the form of. judges the outcome Cables as in telegraphic cables are themselves commentary first changes from prose blocks to verse. signs because their purpose is to convey information to communicate not Gem notes. commune In Cables 1 and 2 then messages skip across the page like Of the examiner. Or terminal declarations, electric pulses short syntactical bursts punctuated by stops played and. sung by one dimensional societies ill fated by a totalist technocracy The Directors. Have engineered a surprise,1 You will not easily discover. Edifying cables can be made musica l if played and sung by full armed. societies doomed to an electric war A heavy imperturbable beat No The speech the Notes of the examiner in these lines is that language. indication where to stop No messages to decode Cables are never of self enclosed finality or terminal declaration which Marcuse. causes Noises are never values With the unending vroom vroom vroom identifies as the chief characteristic of totalitarian discourse It is the speech. of the guitars we will all learn a new kind of obstinacy together with. massive lessons of irony and refusal We assist once again at the marriage. of directors and dictators and those engineers of opinion whom Merton. of heaven and hell had previously ostracized in his essay on the degradation of symbolism. 2 Their surprise is not only hard to discover but once discovered it quickly. A seer interprets the ministry of the stars the broken gear of a bird He slips away. tests the quality of stone lights ashen fruits of a fire s forgotten service He Come shyly to the main question. registers their clarity with each new lurch into suspicion He does not There is dishonor in these wires. regret for he does not know He plots the nativity of the pole star but it You will first hesitate then repeat. neither sets nor rises Snow melts on the surface of the young brown river Then sing louder. and there are two lids the petals of sleep The sayings of the saints are put To the drivers. away in air conditioned archives Of ironic mechanisms. Cables are never causes Noises are never values The higher critical As they map your political void. functions of causation and value judgment are drowned out here by the Functional discourse dehumanizes there is dishonor in the language of. hypnotic heavy imperturbable beat of Cable sign language and cables and electric wires But even if the you addressed in the stanza. absorbed into the omnipresent white noise of vrooming guitars captured hesitates through faint recognition he still seems doomed to a hypnotic. elsewhere in Cable 77 in a better image as the copyrighted tornado Of speech of drives and mechanisms Cut off from participation in a deeper. sheer sound The seer in Cable 2 speaks a different language He interprets ontological reality he enters a landscape of his own emptiness where the. and tests and registers clarity His knowledge derives from intuition His directors happily survey his political void And among the many origi. plotting of the origin of a star does not follow the precise mathematical nal Side effects of residence in that wasteland of mechanisms that ethos. procedures of astronomy He exercises higher order cognitive and intellec of operational ism is that Each nominal conceit Will be shot down by an. tual faculties in other words which Marcuse claims are essentially those of electric eye and Events are finally obscure forever Symbol and meta. the non conformist But the fate of Merton s non conformist poet seer in a phor along with the critical self reflection and indeed the very evidence of. world where there are no messages to decode is hinted at by the nature history itself those things Marcuse identifies in short as transcendent. of the objects upon which the seer trains his intuitive powers Those objects functions are stifled and incapacitated until. are metallic and strangely funereal the broken gear of a bird stone You wake and wonder. lights and ashen fruits the kinds of objects which might clutter a sterile Whose case history you composed. 228 David D Cooper From Prophecy to Parody 229,As your confessions are filed. society Following the metaphor an electric cosmos must be glitch proof. In the dialect and protected against anything that threatens to blow a fuse or trip a circuit. Of bureaux and electrons In a further allusion to the operational and behavioral rationality that. Merton had previously defined the purpose of symbolic language as awak Marcuse claimed necessarily governed one dimensional thought and. ening awareness or restoring it he characterized the symbol as a vehicle of behavior Merton devotes Cable 19to a vignette depicting a man wired to a. self discovery But here functional and operational modes of speech pre rat s brain in the laboratory of a behavioral scientist It is a morbid presenta. vail the dialect that is to say Of bureaux and electrons so the case I tion of human behavior shaped and controlled by the mechanisms of. history of self awareness arrived at through modes of self reflection such pleasure and punishment Split second doses of motivation Keep you in. as confession becomes little more than fodder for the filing cabinet like stitches Merton writes and human ecstasies are triggered by rats pushing. those sayings of the saints shelved away in hermetic archives Little wonder pleasure buttons This is a claustrophobic nightmare that effectively. that Merton immediately follows in Cable 6 with Caliban s curse quoted underscores Marcuse s contention that the more total the repressive. from Shakespeare s The Tempest The red plague rid you For learning me administration of society becomes the more unimaginable the means and. your language ways by which the administered individuals might break their servitude and. Throughout these early entries Merton establishes clear links seize their open liberation In fact portraits of such ad ministered indi. between his own Cables and those various features that Marcuse identifies viduals appear frequently throughout Cables Merton uses the behavioral. as preeminent hallmarks of functional discourse in advanced technological scenario for example in Cable 52 where strictly controlled and ordered. society In the Cables which follow Merton continues to expand those human behavior is likened to the robotic activity of an ant obediently. linkages by further developing the controlling image of electricity an carrying out his appointed task and mindlessly following his appointed. especially ironic choice in light of Merton s own death by accidental elec round In the technical circuit Or consider the businessman in Cable 50. trocution Electricity is exquisitely organized power transmitted through whose entire being is shaped by the pleasures of Cracking new money. networks of highly organized circuits cables conduits It is a perfect image He worships truth telling twenties And fifties that understand and he. for the coordination of functional energy and Merton uses it to portray a offers a prayer to the cunning dollar Make me numb And advertise. social environment as Marcuse might say entirely dominated by its tech My buzzing feed backing Business making mind His consciousness and. nological apparatus a social order wired in to process and technique conscience and spirit owe allegience to a cult of commerce that provides. Merton traces patterns of electrical flow from the specific to the global for all his values aspirations and needs The dollar tells me no lie. from academies of electrical renown to the electric village and the it knows and loves me And is my intimate all looking doctor Like this. electric world and finally to an electric universe Ultimately the disciple of commerce all of Merton s portraits of administered alienated. electric cosmos itself comes to resemble a macrocosmic circuit board individuals reflect operational minds in action minds that define objec. where everything commerce industry agriculture politics education tives pleasure wealth and identify means conformity commerce. metaphysics religion as well as all modes of human discourse flows while betraying an astonishing ineptness in such things as ethical calcula. through imita ble wires everlasting carbon vines and electric walks tion moral reasoning and critical self reflection. Time itself marches in the electronic parade for even the next ice age is Rats ants robotic businessmen these as Merton would no doubt. programmed from end to end prefer to say are anti portraits of human beings reduced to ciphers by the. Technological totalitarianism the politics of Merton s electric cult of order and organization These are persons dehumanized alienated. village must insulate itself as Marcuse further reasoned against any stripped of their individuality just like the woman in Cable 43 who is. non conformist or idiosyncratic elements which might challenge the transformed into an empty caricature of the ideal Woman by the ad man. organization and control of vested collective interests It stands to reason the shaman of one dimensional society who sells her a new face Here. that errant pulses or surges are to Merton s electric ethos what dissent again the operational mind springs into action a mind that defines an. non conformity and individuality are to Marcuse s one dimensional objective beauty and identifies a means cosmetics without the slightest. 228 David D Cooper From Prophecy to Parody 229,As your confessions are filed. society Following the metaphor an electric cosmos must be glitch proof. In the dialect and protected against anything that threatens to blow a fuse or trip a circuit. Of bureaux and electrons In a further allusion to the operational and behavioral rationality that. Merton had previously defined the purpose of symbolic language as awak Marcuse claimed necessarily governed one dimensional thought and. ening awareness or restoring it he characterized the symbol as a vehicle of behavior Merton devotes Cable 19to a vignette depicting a man wired to a. self discovery But here functional and operational modes of speech pre rat s brain in the laboratory of a behavioral scientist It is a morbid presenta. vail the dialect that is to say Of bureaux and electrons so the case I tion of human behavior shaped and controlled by the mechanisms of. history of self awareness arrived at through modes of self reflection such pleasure and punishment Split second doses of motivation Keep you in. as confession becomes little more than fodder for the filing cabinet like stitches Merton writes and human ecstasies are triggered by rats pushing. those sayings of the saints shelved away in hermetic archives Little wonder pleasure buttons This is a claustrophobic nightmare that effectively. that Merton immediately follows in Cable 6 with Caliban s curse quoted underscores Marcuse s contention that the more total the repressive. from Shakespeare s The Tempest The red plague rid you For learning me administration of society becomes the more unimaginable the means and. your language ways by which the administered individuals might break their servitude and. Throughout these early entries Merton establishes clear links seize their open liberation In fact portraits of such ad ministered indi. between his own Cables and those various features that Marcuse identifies viduals appear frequently throughout Cables Merton uses the behavioral. as preeminent hallmarks of functional discourse in advanced technological scenario for example in Cable 52 where strictly controlled and ordered. society In the Cables which follow Merton continues to expand those human behavior is likened to the robotic activity of an ant obediently. linkages by further developing the controlling image of electricity an carrying out his appointed task and mindlessly following his appointed. especially ironic choice in light of Merton s own death by accidental elec round In the technical circuit Or consider the businessman in Cable 50. trocution Electricity is exquisitely organized power transmitted through whose entire being is shaped by the pleasures of Cracking new money. networks of highly organized circuits cables conduits It is a perfect image He worships truth telling twenties And fifties that understand and he. for the coordination of functional energy and Merton uses it to portray a offers a prayer to the cunning dollar Make me numb And advertise. social environment as Marcuse might say entirely dominated by its tech My buzzing feed backing Business making mind His consciousness and. nological apparatus a social order wired in to process and technique conscience and spirit owe allegience to a cult of commerce that provides. Merton traces patterns of electrical flow from the specific to the global for all his values aspirations and needs The dollar tells me no lie. from academies of electrical renown to the electric village and the it knows and loves me And is my intimate all looking doctor Like this. electric world and finally to an electric universe Ultimately the disciple of commerce all of Merton s portraits of administered alienated. electric cosmos itself comes to resemble a macrocosmic circuit board individuals reflect operational minds in action minds that define objec. where everything commerce industry agriculture politics education tives pleasure wealth and identify means conformity commerce. metaphysics religion as well as all modes of human discourse flows while betraying an astonishing ineptness in such things as ethical calcula. through imita ble wires everlasting carbon vines and electric walks tion moral reasoning and critical self reflection. Time itself marches in the electronic parade for even the next ice age is Rats ants robotic businessmen these as Merton would no doubt. programmed from end to end prefer to say are anti portraits of human beings reduced to ciphers by the. Technological totalitarianism the politics of Merton s electric cult of order and organization These are persons dehumanized alienated. village must insulate itself as Marcuse further reasoned against any stripped of their individuality just like the woman in Cable 43 who is. non conformist or idiosyncratic elements which might challenge the transformed into an empty caricature of the ideal Woman by the ad man. organization and control of vested collective interests It stands to reason the shaman of one dimensional society who sells her a new face Here. that errant pulses or surges are to Merton s electric ethos what dissent again the operational mind springs into action a mind that defines an. non conformity and individuality are to Marcuse s one dimensional objective beauty and identifies a means cosmetics without the slightest.


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controlled Blasting for civil construction in an urban

the excavation. The embedded concrete piles would form the support structure for this section of the tunnel, and could not be damaged by blasting the pillar. Blasting on this site was strictly controlled, because it was located in the middle of a busy construction site and tunnel portal that had to remain operational 24 hours a day. There

Blasting versus Mechanical Methods Managing Risk ...

Blasting versus Mechanical Methods Managing Risk

TUNNEL BLASTING Drill Jumbo Laser Beam Rock Bolts Face DRILLING Tunnel Face Invert Crown Laser Beam Shotcrete Rock Bolts 2 LOADING 1 Tunnel Face BLAST AND VENTILATE Tunnel Face Tunnel Face SUPPORTING TUNNEL Load Haul Dump Unit SCALE & MUCK Tunnel Face TEMPORARY GROUND SUPPORT 5 Tunnel Face 6 Muck Shotcrete Air & Water Material Hopper Scaling Shotcrete Muck GROUND SUPPORT FINAL SUPPORT 7 8