Free English Grammar E Book Espresso English-Books Pdf

Free English Grammar E Book Espresso English
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Table of Contents, Present Continuous For Future Use 5. Will or Going To 6, Linking Words Reasons and Results 7. Linking Words Adding Organizing Summarizing 10, Linking Words Contrasting Ideas 13. Tips for Learning Irregular Verbs 14, Simple Past and Past Continuous 20. Present Perfect Ever Never 23, Present Perfect Yet Already Just 25.
Present Perfect For Since 27, Present Perfect Simple Continuous 28. Comparative Adjectives Not as as 30, Comparative Adjectives Quantifiers 31. Comparative or Superlative 33, So Neither Too 34, Verbs Infinitive or ING 38. Permission Obligation Prohibition 42, Prepositions of Time 46. Prepositions of Place 51, Prepositions of Movement 56.
Relative Clauses 61, Word Order Asking Questions 65. www espressoenglish net, Direct and Indirect Questions 70. Two Forms of Used to 73, Too and Enough 74, Some Any No 75. Subject Verb Agreement 78, First Conditional 81, Second Conditional 83. Should Could Would 85, Past Perfect 88, Present Perfect or Past Perfect 91.
Passive Voice Present Past 94, Reported Speech Statements 95. Reported Speech Requests Orders Questions 97, www espressoenglish net. Thanks for downloading the Free English Grammar E Book Level 2 I hope. it helps you with your English studies If you have any questions about the. lessons please e mail me at help espressoenglish net. Espresso English has over 300 fun fast online English lessons. www espressoenglish net You can also sign up to get new English lessons. every week by e mail as well as the Free English Grammar E Book Level 1. Please Share This Book, This book is free but can I ask you to help me with one thing. Please post a link to the book on Facebook and Twitter to share it with your. friends and classmates Thanks I really appreciate it. www espressoenglish net, Present Continuous For Future Use. Talking about the future in English, Many students use only will or going to in.
order to talk about the future However it s, very common to use the present. continuous to talk about the future in the case, of arrangements that are planned. I m having dinner with friends tonight, She s meeting David at the train station tomorrow. He isn t coming to the party, We aren t seeing our family this weekend. What are you doing on Saturday, Is Mary arriving at 7 00 or 8 00 tomorrow morning.
You can use the present continuous for future plans with these words. tonight tomorrow this weekend, next week month year. this summer fall winter spring, on Monday Tuesday Wednesday etc. next Monday Tuesday Wednesday etc, www espressoenglish net. Will or Going To, There are two additional ways to talk about the future in English. will won t and going to, Use going to for plans and arrangements.
On my next vacation I m going to stay in a nice hotel in Paris. She s going to look for a new job after her current contract ends. David s going to meet me at the airport at 8 00, We re going to get married next July. They re going to visit Amy next week They made plans to meet up. Peter and Paul are going to share an apartment when they move to. Note You can also use the present continuous for the future in these cases. On my next vacation I m staying at a nice hotel in Paris. David s meeting me at the airport at 8 00, We re getting married next July. Use will won t for promises, I ll send you an e mail. I won t tell anyone your secret, He ll pay you back tomorrow. We won t forget your birthday, Use will for offers.
I ll buy you a drink, My secretary will help you with the paperwork. Use will for decisions made in that moment, Would you like potatoes or rice. I ll have the rice, Which shirt do you like, Well the red one is cheaper but I prefer the color blue I ll take the. www espressoenglish net, You can use either will won t or going to for predictions or general. statements about the future, My company s going to move its headquarters overseas next year.
My company will move its headquarters overseas next year. Your wife will love those flowers they re beautiful. Your wife s going to love those flowers they re beautiful. The economy isn t going to improve much this year, The economy won t improve much this year. He won t pass the test He hasn t studied at all, He s not going to pass the test He hasn t studied at all. Use I think will and I don t think will to express thoughts. about the future, Don t use I think won t it doesn t sound natural. I think you won t like this movie It s very violent. I don t think you ll like this movie It s very violent. Will Won t vs Going to Quiz, Click here to take the quiz. http www espressoenglish net grammar in use willwont vs going to quiz. Linking Words Reasons and Results, Image source FreeDigitalPhotos net.
Linking words help you connect the ideas in a, sentence In this lesson you ll learn some. common linking words to, express reasons and results. Linking Words Reasons, www espressoenglish net, Because Because of. The difference between these two words is that because is followed by. a subject verb and because of is followed by a noun. The game was canceled because of the rain, The game was canceled because it was raining. In spoken English many people say cause as a short form of because. Due to Owing to, Due to and owing to are also followed by a noun These words are a little.
more formal, There s a lot of traffic today due to the upcoming holiday. holiday noun, The after school program was canceled owing to lack of interest from. the students, Due to the fact that Owing to the fact that. Use these phrases before a subject verb Again these phrases are a little. more formal, Many people are still unemployed due to the fact that the economic. recovery has been slower than anticipated, The publisher rejected the author s latest work owing to the fact that.
the manuscript was full of errors, Since and as are more informal and they are followed by a subject. I m going to bed at 10 PM since I need to get up early tomorrow. I didn t go to the gym today as I had a lot of homework to do. Linking Words Results, www espressoenglish net, Therefore Consequently As a result. These words are more formal and are more commonly used in written. Our company s profits have increased 150 in the past. year Therefore we re going to invest in new equipment and training. The tennis player had knee surgery mid October consequently she. took the rest of the season off, There have been heavy rains throughout the interior of the state As a. result several areas have experienced flooding, So is more informal and more commonly used in spoken English. We were hungry so we stopped at a cafe for a snack. Linking Words Quiz Reasons and Results, Click here to take the quiz.
http www espressoenglish net linking words in english reasons and. results quiz, www espressoenglish net, Linking Words. Adding Organizing Summarizing, Adding Information and Examples. for example for instance, Use these words to give one example of the idea you are talking about Both. of these expressions can go at the beginning or the end of a sentence. There are a number of problems in this school For example many of. the classrooms don t have audiovisual equipment, She has a lot of good ideas for our business opening an online. store for instance, Written English i e and e g, In written English we can use i e to give further explanation or.
clarification it means that is or in other words, Our last marketing campaign failed i e we spent 50 000. and didn t make many sales, We can use e g to give examples it means for example. I enjoy radical sports e g rock climbing hang gliding and. windsurfing, In formal writing these expressions always appear inside. parentheses, namely such as, There is a difference between namely and such as. Namely is followed by ALL of the examples you referred to but such. as gives only one or some of the examples not all of them. www espressoenglish net, A few of the students namely Brian Thomas and Jack failed the course.
A few of the students such as Brian failed the course. Also can go in the middle of a sentence whereas too is typically used at the. We did a lot of sightseeing on our vacation We also bought a number of. We did a lot of sightseeing on our vacation We bought a number of. souvenirs too, as well as well as, As well goes at the end of the sentence similarly to too. As well as must be followed by another word, She s not only extremely successful she s beautiful as well. She s beautiful as well as being extremely successful. in addition moreover furthermore, These linking words are usually used at the beginning of a sentence to add. another idea or further develop the previous point. People who exercise regularly have more energy during the day and. sleep better at night In addition they tend to live longer. Construction on the new subway has been delayed for months due to. budget shortfalls Moreover the workers are threatening to go on. Our sales are expected to rise 30 in the next, year Furthermore purchase of new equipment will help cut. manufacturing costs and increase profits, www espressoenglish net.
Note In addition moreover and furthermore are more formal. English In informal spoken English we usually use the expressions. plus what s more and besides, Organizing and Ordering Information. Firstly Secondly, When you are going to make a series of points you can. use firstly and secondly for the first and second points After that you can. use The third point The fourth point etc or in addition. Lastly Finally, For your final point you can begin the sentence with lastly or finally These. words show your audience that you are almost finished. the former the latter, You can use these words to refer back to two examples previously. Our company has two factories one in Detroit and one in Atlanta The. former is operating at 95 capacity and the latter at 65. In this case the former the factory in Detroit and the latter the. factory in Atlanta, Summarizing Information, Here are some English phrases you can use to give a summary of the.
information you have already said or written In general these phrases go at. the beginning of the sentence and are followed by a comma. In summary, To summarize, In conclusion, In a nutshell. more informal, www espressoenglish net, Linking Words Contrasting Ideas. Image source FreeDigitalPhotos net, But However, But is more informal than however You can. use however at the beginning of a sentence but you can t. use but at the beginning of a sentence in written English. I tried to lift the box but it was too heavy for me. I tried to lift the box However it was too heavy for me. Although Even though, These linking words are the same and they are both followed by a subject. Although I exercise every day I can t seem to lose any weight. She still loves him even though he treated her very badly. Despite In spite of, These linking words are the same and they are followed by a noun or.
a gerund ing form of the verb which can function as a noun. Our plane arrived on time in spite of the delay during takeoff. We won the game despite having two fewer players, Despite the fact that in spite of the fact that. These phrases are followed by a subject verb, They arrived on time in spite of the fact that they left an hour late. We won the game despite the fact that we had two fewer players. While Whereas Unlike, These linking words are used to make contrasts While and whereas are. usually used between two complete phrases Unlike is typically used with. only a subject, I like tennis while my brother prefers bowling. www espressoenglish net, This cell phone plan costs 0 05 per minute whereas that one gives.
you up to 800 minutes per month for a fixed price, His boss allows him to work from home unlike mine. She s very friendly unlike her sister, Linking Words Quiz Contrasting Ideas. Click here to take the quiz, http www espressoenglish net linking words contrasting. ideas quiz, Tips for Learning Irregular Verbs, Did you know that about 70 of the time when we use a verb in English it. is an irregular one That means that learning and using irregular verbs is. essential for learning English, The English language has so many irregular verbs that it can make you go.
crazy but even irregular verbs follow some patterns In this lesson. you ll learn groups of irregular verbs that can make it easier to memorize. Don t just study this list try to create your own sentences and use all the. verbs you know This will help you remember them much better. Ready Let s go, Verbs with all 3 forms identical, Let s begin with the easiest group of irregular verbs These verbs are the. same in the present the past and the past participle They include. bet burst cast cost cut fit hit hurt let put quit set shut split. When talking about clothes being the correct size, Verbs with identical Present and Past Participle. www espressoenglish net, These verbs are the same in the present and the past participle Only the. simple past form is different, Present Past Past Participle. come came come, become became become, run ran run, Verbs with N in the Past Participle.
These verbs are a little more complicated as they have n in the past. Espresso English has over 300 fun fast online English lessons www espressoenglish net You can also sign up to get new English lessons every week by e mail as well as the Free English Grammar E Book Level 1 Please Share This Book This book is free but can I ask you to help me with one thing Please post a link to the book on Facebook and Twitter to share it with your friends and

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