Forklift Training Program My Kpa Online-Books Pdf

FORKLIFT TRAINING PROGRAM My KPA Online
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FORKLIFT TRAINING PROGRAM, CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION OUTLINE. I Introduction, A Definition, A powered industrial truck is any mobile power propelled truck used to carry push pull lift stack or tier. materials Powered industrial trucks can be ridden or controlled by a walking operator A forklift is a powered. industrial truck Other examples include walking pallet trucks and tow tractors. This training program is for forklift operators, B Differences Between a Forklift and an Automobile. A forklift is basically a lever on wheels An important difference between an automobile and a forklift is that a. forklift steers with the rear wheels and has a front drive axle Also a forklift travels in reverse almost as much. time as it travels forward As a result forklift transmissions usually have forward and reverse speeds of equal. gearing and power In addition most forklifts are powered by either LPG propane or electric batteries Some. additional differences between a forklift and an automobile include. On most forklifts there are no speedometers, When an operator drives a forklift his body is exposed to temperatures dust chemical emissions and. other environmental conditions, Unlike automobiles most forklifts allow for only one person the operator.
C Reason for Forklift Training, Annual forklift powered industrial truck accident toll. o 100 fatalities, o 36 000 serious injuries, OSHA s estimate 20 25 of accidents are caused at least in part by inadequate operator training. II Training Requirements, OSHA regulations mandate that forklift operators receive both formal classroom instruction and practical training. on the forklift s they will operate This training class is intended to satisfy the requirement for the formal classroom. instruction In addition to providing a regulatory overview this instruction will focus on providing. General guidelines on forklift operation, General safety guidelines. After this training is completed individuals who operate forklifts should receive practical training so that they will. be able to properly and safely operate the forklift s at their facility This practical training will include. Hands on training on how to operate the forklift, Re training as may be needed to ensure continued safe operation of the forklift.
Refresher training at least once every three years. Again this training is required for all employees that operate a forklift. Forklift Training Program Page 2, KPA LLC 8 09vFed. III Classroom Training Elements, A Truck Related Topics. 1 General information on typical forklift controls. Ignition Insert correct key in the ignition and turn it clockwise to activate the starter. Make sure the brake is set and the clutch depressed. Brake foot pedal Step on the brake to slow the forklift The greater the pressure the. faster the forklift will stop, Hand brake The hand brake is usually on the right side of the vehicle It is to be used for. a parking brake or in the event of an emergency It must be set whenever you get off the. forklift Usually one pulls upward to set the brake and pushes forward to release it DO. NOT OPERATE A FORKLIFT WITH THE HAND BRAKE ON, Gearshift lever The gearshift lever is usually located to the left side of the steering. column just under the steering wheel Putting the lever in forward or up position will. cause the forklift to move forward The middle position is neutral while to back or rear. position is reverse THE LEVER SHOULD BE IN THE NEUTRAL POSITION. PRIOR TO STARTING A FORKLIFT, Fork control and attachments The fork control lever is typically located to the right of.
the steering column either on the dash or to the right of the seat Raising the lever or. pulling it backwards normally raises the forks Depressing the lever or pushing it. forward will normally lower the forks, Mast tilt The lever to control the tilt of the mast is usually located to the right of the. forklift control lever Raising the lever or pulling it backward will normally tilt the top of. the mast back towards the forklift Pushing forward or depressing the lever will normally. move the top of the mast forward away from the forklift. Horn The horn is typically located at the top of the steering column near or at the center. of the steering wheel This is similar to automobiles. 2 Steering and Maneuvering, Steering As noted earlier the rear wheels do the steering on a forklift Consequently be. careful to allow enough clearance when turning a corner. o Steer the forklift close to the inside corner and start the turn just after the front wheels. pass the inside corner, o Appropriate steering techniques should be used when turning in confined and limited. o Always take care to ensure that no personnel are within the truck s danger zone. o The forklift responds quickly when the steering wheel is turned DO NOT MAKE. TURNS AT HIGH SPEED, Proper speed There are no speedometers on forklifts. o Use good judgment according to the area in which you are traveling Do not however. exceed 6 mph or if more restrictive any onsite speed limit established by facility. management, o Use especially slow speeds in confined or well traveled areas Always use slow speeds.
until you are totally familiar with the particular forklift you are operating as well as the. work areas through which you are traveling, Ramps and grades Go up and down grades and ramps slowly Always travel with the. forks pointing uphill When operating a loaded forklift drive forward when going up ramps. and backward in reverse when going down ramps, Viewing direction While in motion always look in the direction you are heading. Forklift Training Program Page 3, KPA LLC 8 09vFed. Horn use Stop and sound the horn in areas where your view is blocked and before turning. all corners, Brake use Use the brake when coming to a stop Do not stop by putting the forklift in. Rules of the road Observe all traffic regulations including any posted speed limits for. forklifts and forklift stop signs, o When crossing a public street use the closest gate and drive the shortest and most.
direct route, o Yield the right of way to all street traffic. o Cross railroad tracks diagonally whenever possible and never park closer than 8 feet. from the center of a railroad track, o Avoid running over loose objects on the roadway. Pedestrian safety Never drive a forklift up to anyone standing in front of a fixed object. Never drive with forks elevated, Loading docks While operating a forklift on a loading dock do not drive close to the edge. of the ramp or platform, Utility use Do not use a forklift to open or close doors. 3 Visibility, Direction of travel The forklift driver should always look in the direction of travel.
o If the load obstructs the operator s viewpoint the lift should be driven in reverse. Blind corners Stop and sound the horn in areas where your view is blocked and before. turning all corners, 4 Forklift Use and Operations. Load Handling Use extreme care when tilting a load forward or backward particularly. with high stacking, o Tilt elevated forks forward only to place them under an elevated load. o Do not tip an elevated load forward except when in the process of placing the load on a. rack or stack, Tractor Trailer Use When loading and unloading trucks and trailers ensure that the. wheels of these units are first chocked with brakes set in order to prevent movement. o Before driving a forklift onto a truck or trailer check the flooring for breaks and. weaknesses, o Ensure that the dock plate is secure and safe for travel into and out of the trucks and. trailers that require loading and unloading, o Look over dock boards slowly and never exceed their rated capacity.
Lifting Capacity Note the lifting capacity of your forklift and do not exceed these limits. o This loading capacity reading should be printed in clear view of the operator. o In addition to other dangers overloading a forklift significantly affects its steering. Traveling with a Load Carry your load as low to the ground as possible approximately. six inches above the ground, o You may need to raise the forks slightly before climbing a ramp so that they do not. scrape the ground, o Watch out for low overhead items such as gas air and sprinkler pipes. o Never place a load down in front of a fire door, Picking up and stacking pallets. o Make sure that the top surface of the forks is at the same angle as the top of the pallet. o Approach the load squarely so that the corners of the pallet are at an equal distance. from the side of the forks and with the forks half way between the top and bottom of the. Forklift Training Program Page 4, KPA LLC 8 09vFed. o Place the forks as far as possible under the load. o Raise the forks slowly until they are touching the underside of the pallet top Make. sure that the pallet is not touching or caught on any other object. o Never pick up a pallet that appears to be unsafely loaded If the load is off center try to. center it before lifting If it cannot be centered then separate the forks as wide as. possible and try to position them equidistant from the center of gravity of the load IF. IN DOUBT DO NOT LIFT THE LOAD ASK YOUR SUPERVISOR FOR. o Slowly lift the load After it is clear of all obstacles tilt the mast slightly back. o Always travel in the direction you can see, Picking up two pallets at a time.
o Place the first pallet squarely on top of the second Make sure that the top pallet is. stable and that the bottom pallet has an even load. o Be sure to check the total weight of the combined load before picking up the pallets to. be sure that it is not greater than the capacity of the forklift If it is or if you are unsure. of this do not attempt to pick up the load, o Pick up the pallets using the same procedure outlined above for picking up and stacking. o Never drive a forklift forward with a double load. o Start transporting the load very slowly making sure that the steering will respond by. making a slight turn If the forklift does not respond properly or does not respond at all. then the load is too heavy Set it down and move one pallet at a time. Positioning loads at destination, o Slowly approach the area where the pallet is to be placed. o When at the destination smoothly stop the forklift and straighten the mast so that the. bottom of the pallet is at the same angle as the ground. o Align the pallet to the exact placement wanted and lower the load. o Lower the forks so that they are in the open space between the upper and lower levels. of the pallet Slowly back away being careful to look to the rear. Forklift capacity, o Know the lifting capacity of your forklift and do not exceed these limits This load. capacity should be printed in clear view of the operator In addition to other dangers. overloading a forklift significantly affects its steering. o The operator of the forklift must always ensure that the load is within the rated capacity. for the forklift taking into account the task to be performed. o If a loaded forklift does not steer properly the load is too heavy or is otherwise unsafe. to transport Set the load down and advise your supervisor. 5 Vehicle inspection and maintenance, Each day prior to operating the forklift the operator should complete a pre operational forklift safety. checklist You may want to document these inspections to show that they are being conducted A. complete list of items to check can normally be found in the operator s manual and typically includes. many of the following, Brakes Hydraulic Fluid Gauges.
Tires Forks Horn, Oil Mast Lights, Fuel Load Backrest Steering. Water Overhead Guard Levers Controls, The forklift should also be inspected to ensure that it is clean and free of debris It should be driven. forward for several feet and braked to a stop to ensure brakes are working properly Anything out of the. Forklift Training Program Page 5, KPA LLC 8 09vFed. ordinary should be reported to your supervisor before you begin driving the forklift. OSHA has developed sample checklists for a variety of powered industrial trucks for use in situations. where the operator s manual does not provide machine specific inspection items These checklists. should be used as an example and should be modified to the specific equipment used at your facility. The checklists are available in Attachment B of this program. 6 Refueling battery recharging, LPG propane When replacing a propane tank of fuel follow these procedures and safety. guidelines, 1 Set the hand brake on the forklift, 2 Close the valve on the LPG tank.
3 Remove the connecting hose, 4 Remove the LPG tank. 5 Replace it with a full unit, 6 Tighten the securing strap. 7 Attach the hose to the LPG tank to fuel the forklift. o The person changing LPG tanks should wear gloves to prevent frostbite from LPG that. may potentially escape during a refueling process, o LPG tanks should never be filled while the engine is running. o If LPG tanks are refilled onsite ensure that all refilling is performed outdoors and that. care is taken to avoid overfilling the tank, Batteries If your forklift is the electric type and will not immediately be used by the next. shift take it to the battery charging area Properly position it and set the brake before. attempting to change or charge batteries Connect charging cables and make sure they are. o Before charging batteries ensure cells are filled with e. sample formal classroom instruction program and an online training program forklift steers with the rear wheels and has a front drive axle Also a forklift travels in reverse almost as much time as it travels forward As a result forklift transmissions usually have forward and reverse speeds of equal gearing and power In addition most forklifts are powered by either LPG propane or

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