Evidence Of Progress English With Mrs Axel-Books Pdf

Evidence of Progress English with Mrs Axel
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text analysis persuasion, Writers use persuasion to convince readers about an issue. Common persuasive techniques include, logical appeals or arguments that use reasons and evidence. to support a position measure, emotional appeals which create strong feelings such as pity. or fear to influence readers opinions, ethical appeals which invoke shared values and principles. Think about how you would define, As you read each essay note which techniques lend more social progress For instance does.
credibility to the authors conclusions society improve through technological. advances by an increase in wealth or by, reading skill recognize ideas. greater health and happiness among all, Victorian writers used complex sentences filled with phrases people Consider what social priorities. clauses and modifiers Use these strategies to sift through each view of progress might suggest. details and make subtle inferences about the important ideas. in a sentence or paragraph DEBATE As a class think of different. ways you might define progress Then, Clarify meaning by identifying the main subject and verb of. break into small groups with each group, a sentence You may need to ignore some details. arguing for a different view What are, Watch for patterns in the text such as repeated sentence the pros and cons of each viewpoint.
structures that the author uses to organize his thoughts. Once you identify the idea of a passage reread it Try to. collect some of the details you initially overlooked. As you read these essays use a chart like the one shown to. note the authors key ideas and the details that support them. Authors Ideas Supporting Details, vocabulary in context. Restate each phrase using a different word or phrase for the. boldface term, 1 debase the currency until it is nearly worthless. 2 to prophesy the final outcome, 3 a lucrative business that provided good income. 4 the angry frown that marked her countenance, 5 to value stoicism rather than displays of emotion. Complete the activities in your Reader Writer Notebook. NA L12PE u05s31 brEviden indd 1031 12 2 10 10 34 23 AM. evidence of progress, Thomas Babington Macaulay, BACKGROUND Industrialism brought sweeping changes to Victorian society The.
invention of the steam engine in the 1780s helped create a new kind of workplace the. factory The development of railways in the 1830s led to the growth of large industrial. towns where hundreds of thousands of workers migrated in search of work Critics. of industrialism focused on the plight of these workers But other commentators. celebrated the economic growth enabled by these technological advances Macaulay. writing in 1830 found reasons for optimism in the midst of these rapid and unsettling. History is full of the signs of the natural progress of society We see in almost Analyze Visuals. In a caricature, every part of the annals of mankind how the industry of individuals struggling up exaggeration is used. against wars taxes famines conflagrations mischievous prohibitions and more for comic or grotesque. mischievous protections creates faster than governments can squander and repairs effect What is comical or. whatever invaders can destroy We see the wealth of nations increasing and all grotesque in this image of. industrial progress, the arts of life approaching nearer and nearer to perfection in spite of the grossest. corruption and the wildest profusion on the part of rulers a a PERSUASION. The present moment is one of great distress But how small will that distress Reread lines 1 7 Does. Macaulay appeal more to, appear when we think over the history of the last forty years a war compared with. logic or to emotion in this, 10 which all other wars sink into insignificance 1 taxation such as the most heavily paragraph Explain. taxed people of former times could not have conceived a debt larger than all the your answer. public debts that ever existed in the world added together the food of the people. 1 a war insignificance the warfare with Revolutionary and Napoleonic France which took place from. 1792 to 1815, Hyde Park As It Will Be 1840s John Leech.
Hand colored pen lithograph Caricature NRM Pictorial. 1032 unit 5 the victorians Collection Science and Society Picture Library. NA L12PE u05s31 Eviden indd 1032 12 2 10 10 28 50 AM. NA L12PE u05s31 Eviden indd 1033 12 2 10 10 28 58 AM. studiously rendered dear the currency imprudently debased and imprudently debase dG bAsP v to. restored Yet is the country poorer than in 1790 We firmly believe that in spite lower in value quality or. of all the misgovernment of her rulers she has been almost constantly becoming dignity to cheapen. richer and richer Now and then there has been a stoppage now and then a short. retrogression but as to the general tendency there can be no doubt A single. breaker may recede but the tide is evidently coming in. If we were to prophesy that in the year 1930 a population of fifty millions prophesy. 20 better fed clad and lodged than the English of our time will cover these islands pr fQE sFP v to predict. that Sussex and Huntingdonshire will be wealthier than the wealthiest parts of something by or as if by. divine guidance, the West Riding of Yorkshire2 now are that cultivation rich as that of a flower. garden will be carried up to the very tops of Ben Nevis and Helvellyn 3 that. machines constructed on principles yet undiscovered will be in every house. that there will be no highways but railroads no traveling but by steam that. our debt vast as it seems to us will appear to our great grandchildren a trifling. encumbrance which might easily be paid off in a year or two many people. would think us insane We prophesy nothing but this we say If any person had. told the Parliament which met in perplexity and terror after the crash in 17204 that. 30 in 1830 the wealth of England would surpass all their wildest dreams that the. annual revenue would equal the principal of that debt which they considered as. an intolerable burden that for one man of ten thousand pounds then living there. would be five men of fifty thousand pounds that London would be twice as large. b RECOGNIZE IDEAS, and twice as populous and that nevertheless the rate of mortality would have Reread lines 19 40. diminished to one half of what it then was that the post office would bring more Notice how Macaulay. into the exchequer than the excise and customs5 had brought in together under creates parallelism by. Charles the Second 6 that stage coaches would run from London to York starting each subordinate. clause with that What, in twenty four hours that men would be in the habit of sailing without wind two basic comparisons. and would be beginning to ride without horses 7 our ancestors would have given does Macaulay make in. 40 as much credit to the prediction as they gave to Gulliver s Travels 8 Yet the b this passage. prediction would have been true and they would have perceived that it was not. altogether absurd if they had considered that the country was then raising every. year a sum which would have purchased the fee simple of the revenue of the. Plantagenets 9 ten times what supported the Government of Elizabeth three times. 2 Sussex and Huntingdonshire West Riding of Yorkshire two former counties in southeastern England. and the western section of Yorkshire a large county in northern England. 3 Ben Nevis nCPvGs and Helvellyn hDl vDlPEn mountains in Britain Ben Nevis is located in Scotland. Helvellyn in the Lake District of northwestern England. 4 crash in 1720 the financial crisis known as the South Sea Bubble caused by the overvaluation of stock in. the South Sea Company, 5 more into the exchequer DksPchDkQEr customs more into the treasury than taxes on domestic and. imported goods, 6 Charles the Second king of England from 1660 to 1685.
7 sailing without wind ride without horses traveling on steamships and beginning to travel on. 8 Gulliver s Travels the fanciful satire by Jonathan Swift published in 1726. 9 fee simple Plantagenets plBn tBjPE nGts complete ownership of the Plantagenet estates The House. of Plantagenet was the royal dynasty that ruled England from 1154 to 1399. 1034 unit 5 the victorians, NA L12PE u05s31 Eviden indd 1034 12 2 10 10 29 04 AM. what in the time of Cromwell 10 had been thought intolerably oppressive To L 4b. almost all men the state of things under which they have been used to live seems. Language Coach, to be the necessary state of things We have heard it said that five per cent is the. Derivations Words, natural interest of money that twelve is the natural number of a jury that forty formed from another. shillings is the natural qualification of a county voter 11 Hence it is that though in word or base are. 50 every age everybody knows that up to his own time progressive improvement has derivations When you. been taking place nobody seems to reckon on any improvement during the next learn a new word try to. generation We cannot absolutely prove that those are in error who tell us that learn its base and other. derivations What is, society has reached a turning point that we have seen our best days But so said all the base of intolerably. who came before us and with just as much apparent reason A million a year will unbearably line. beggar us said the patriots of 1640 Two millions a year will grind the country 45 What are other. to powder was the cry in 1660 Six millions a year and a debt of fifty millions derivations of that base. and what do they mean, exclaimed Swift the high allies have been the ruin of us A hundred and forty.
millions of debt said Junius well may we say that we owe Lord Chatham12 more. than we shall ever pay if we owe him such a load as this Two hundred and. 60 forty millions of debt cried all the statesmen of 1783 in chorus what abilities. or what economy on the part of a minister can save a country so burdened We. know that if since 1783 no fresh debt had been incurred the increased resources. of the country would have enabled us to defray that debt at which Pitt Fox and. Burke13 stood aghast nay to defray it over and over again and that with much. lighter taxation than what we have actually borne On what principle is it that. when we see nothing but improvement behind us we are to expect nothing but. deterioration before us c c RECOGNIZE IDEAS, It is by the prudence and energy of the people that England has hitherto What idea is conveyed by. the rhetorical question in, been carried forward in civilization and it is to the same prudence and the. lines 65 67 What details, 70 same energy that we now look with comfort and good hope Our rulers will in the paragraph support. best promote the improvement of the nation by strictly confining themselves to this idea. their own legitimate duties by leaving capital to find its most lucrative course. commodities their fair price industry and intelligence their natural reward. idleness and folly their natural punishment by maintaining peace by defending lucrative lLPkrE tGv adj. producing wealth or profit, property by diminishing the price of law and by observing strict economy in. every department of the State Let the Government do this the People will. assuredly do the rest, 10 Elizabeth Cromwell Queen Elizabeth I who ruled England from 1558 to 1603 and Oliver Cromwell.
who ruled as Lord Protector from 1653 to 1658, 11 forty shillings voter In Macaulay s time only males with a certain minimum income were able to. vote in Britain A shilling was a unit of currency equal to 1 20 of a pound. 12 Junius Lord Chatham William Pitt the Elder the politician who led Britain into the costly Seven. Years War with France was named Earl of Chatham in 1766 Junius was the pen name of a political. commentator who usually supported Pitt, 13 Pitt Fox and Burke William Pitt the Younger second son of William Pitt the Elder Charles James Fox. and Edmund Burke British political leaders of the late 18th century. evidence of progress 1035, NA L12PE u05s31 Eviden indd 1035 12 2 10 10 29 05 AM. the condition, of england, Thomas Carlyle, background Under the old Poor Law each English parish gave the poor in its. jurisdiction outdoor relief so that families could support themselves In 1834 to. reform abuses of this system Parliament passed the Poor Law Amendment Act which. established a national system of workhouses for the poor All able bodied residents. were required to work each day often at useless tasks such as shredding rope digging. holes or scrubbing already clean floors Writing in 1843 Carlyle used life in the. workhouse to illustrate the negative impact of industrialism on Britain. The condition of England on which many pamphlets are now in the course of Analyze Visuals. publication and many thoughts unpublished are going on in every reflective head What is your reaction. to this image of an, is justly regarded as one of the most ominous and withal one of the strangest.
impoverished family, ever seen in this world England is full of wealth of multifarious produce supply How might your response. for human want in every kind yet England is dying of inanition 1 With unabated have been different if the. bounty the land of England blooms and grows waving with yellow harvests image were a painting. thick studded with workshops industrial implements with fifteen millions of instead of a photograph. workers understood to be the strongest the cunningest and the willingest our. social progress For instance does society improve through technological advances by an increase in wealth or by greater health and happiness among all people Consider what social priorities each view of progress might suggest DEBATE As a class think of different ways you might define progress Then break into small groups with each group arguing for a different view What are the pros

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