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Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia, Economy Profile of Ethiopia. Doing Business 2020 Indicators, in order of appearance in the document . Starting a business Procedures time cost and paid in minimum capital to start a limited liability company. Dealing with construction permits Procedures time and cost to complete all formalities to build a warehouse and the quality control and safety. mechanisms in the construction permitting system, Getting electricity Procedures time and cost to get connected to the electrical grid and the reliability of the electricity supply and the. transparency of tariffs, Registering property Procedures time and cost to transfer a property and the quality of the land administration system. Getting credit Movable collateral laws and credit information systems. Protecting minority investors Minority shareholders rights in related party transactions and in corporate governance. Paying taxes Payments time total tax and contribution rate for a firm to comply with all tax regulations as well as postfiling. processes, Trading across borders Time and cost to export the product of comparative advantage and import auto parts.
Enforcing contracts Time and cost to resolve a commercial dispute and the quality of judicial processes. Resolving insolvency Time cost outcome and recovery rate for a commercial insolvency and the strength of the legal framework for. insolvency, Employing workers Flexibility in employment regulation and redundancy cost. Page 2, Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia,About Doing Business. The Doing Business project provides objective measures of business regulations and their enforcement across 190 economies and selected cities at the subnational and. regional level , The Doing Business project launched in 2002 looks at domestic small and medium size companies and measures the regulations applying to them through their life. cycle , Doing Business captures several important dimensions of the regulatory environment as it applies to local firms It provides quantitative indicators on regulation for. starting a business dealing with construction permits getting electricity registering property getting credit protecting minority investors paying taxes trading across. borders enforcing contracts and resolving insolvency Doing Business also measures features of employing workers Although Doing Business does not present rankings. of economies on the employing workers indicators or include the topic in the aggregate ease of doing business score or ranking on the ease of doing business it does. present the data for these indicators , By gathering and analyzing comprehensive quantitative data to compare business regulation environments across economies and over time Doing Business encourages.
economies to compete towards more efficient regulation offers measurable benchmarks for reform and serves as a resource for academics journalists private sector. researchers and others interested in the business climate of each economy . In addition Doing Business offers detailed subnational studies which exhaustively cover business regulation and reform in different cities and regions within a nation . These studies provide data on the ease of doing business rank each location and recommend reforms to improve performance in each of the indicator areas Selected. cities can compare their business regulations with other cities in the economy or region and with the 190 economies that Doing Business has ranked . The first Doing Business study published in 2003 covered 5 indicator sets and 133 economies This year s study covers 11 indicator sets and 190 economies Most. indicator sets refer to a case scenario in the largest business city of each economy except for 11 economies that have a population of more than 100 million as of 2013. Bangladesh Brazil China India Indonesia Japan Mexico Nigeria Pakistan the Russian Federation and the United States where Doing Business also collected data. for the second largest business city The data for these 11 economies are a population weighted average for the 2 largest business cities The project has benefited from. feedback from governments academics practitioners and reviewers The initial goal remains to provide an objective basis for understanding and improving the. regulatory environment for business around the world . To learn more about Doing Business please visit doingbusiness org. Page 3, Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia, Ease of Doing Business in DB RANK DB SCORE. Region Sub Saharan Africa, Ethiopia, Income Category Low income. Population 109 224 559 48 0, 159, City Covered Addis Ababa. Rankings on Doing Business topics Ethiopia, 67, 132. 137, 142 142, 149, 156, 168, 176, 189, Starting Dealing Getting Registering Getting Protecting Paying Trading Enforcing Resolving.
a with Electricity Property Credit Minority Taxes across Contracts Insolvency. Business Construction Investors Borders, Permits,Topic Scores. 71 7 59 7 60 1 50 9 15 0 10 0 63 3 56 0 62 8 30 3. Starting a Business rank 168 Getting Credit rank 176 Trading across Borders rank 156. Score of starting a business 0 100 71 7 Score of getting credit 0 100 15 0 Score of trading across borders 0 100 56 0. Procedures number 11 Strength of legal rights index 0 12 3 Time to export. Time days 32 Depth of credit information index 0 8 0 Documentary compliance hours 76. Cost number 45 4 Credit registry coverage of adults 0 4 Border compliance hours 51. Paid in min capital of income per capita 0 0 Credit bureau coverage of adults 0 0 Cost to export. Documentary compliance USD 175, Dealing with Construction Permits rank 142 Protecting Minority Investors rank 189 Border compliance USD 172. Score of dealing with construction permits 0 100 59 7 Score of protecting minority investors 0 100 10 0 Time to export. Procedures number 15 Extent of disclosure index 0 10 3 0 Documentary compliance hours 194. Time days 136 Extent of director liability index 0 10 0 0 Border compliance hours 72. Cost of warehouse value 12 6 Ease of shareholder suits index 0 10 2 0 Cost to export. Building quality control index 0 15 11 0 Extent of shareholder rights index 0 6 0 0 Documentary compliance USD 750. Extent of ownership and control index 0 7 0 0 Border compliance USD 120. Getting Electricity rank 137 Extent of corporate transparency index 0 7 0 0. Score of getting electricity 0 100 60 1 Enforcing Contracts rank 67. Procedures number 4 Paying Taxes rank 132 Score of enforcing contracts 0 100 62 8. Time days 95 Score of paying taxes 0 100 63 3 Time days 530. Cost of income per capita 768 5 Payments number per year 29 Cost of claim value 15 2. Reliability of supply and transparency of tariff index 0 8 0 Time hours per year 300 Quality of judicial processes index 0 18 7 0. Total tax and contribution rate of profit 37 7, Registering Property rank 142 Postfiling index 0 100 51 6 Resolving Insolvency rank 149. Score of registering property 0 100 50 9 Score of resolving insolvency 0 100 30 3. Procedures number 7 Recovery rate cents on the dollar 27 3. Time days 52 Time years 3 0, Cost of property value 6 0 Cost of estate 14 5. Quality of the land administration index 0 30 5 5 Outcome 0 as piecemeal sale and 1 as going 0. concern , Strength of insolvency framework index 0 16 5 0.
Page 4, Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia, Starting a Business. This topic measures the number of procedures time cost and paid in minimum capital requirement for a small to medium sized limited liability company to start up and. formally operate in each economy s largest business city . To make the data comparable across 190 economies Doing Business uses a standardized business that is 100 domestically owned has start up capital equivalent to. 10 times the income per capita engages in general industrial or commercial activities and employs between 10 and 50 people one month after the commencement of. operations all of whom are domestic nationals Starting a Business considers two types of local limited liability companies that are identical in all aspects except that one. company is owned by 5 married women and the other by 5 married men The ranking of economies on the ease of starting a business is determined by sorting their. scores for starting a business These scores are the simple average of the scores for each of the component indicators . The most recent round of data collection for the project was completed in May 2019 See the methodology for more information . What the indicators measure Case study assumptions. Procedures to legally start and formally operate a company To make the data comparable across economies several assumptions about the business and the. number procedures are used It is assumed that any required information is readily available and that the. entrepreneur will pay no bribes , Preregistration for example name verification or reservation . notarization , The business , Registration in the economy s largest business city Is a limited liability company or its legal equivalent If there is more than one type of limited. Postregistration for example social security registration liability company in the economy the limited liability form most common among domestic firms is. company seal chosen Information on the most common form is obtained from incorporation lawyers or the. statistical office , Obtaining approval from spouse to start a business or to leave. Operates in the economy s largest business city For 11 economies the data are also collected for. the home to register the company, the second largest business city .
Obtaining any gender specific document for company Performs general industrial or commercial activities such as the production or sale to the public of. registration and operation or national identification card goods or services The business does not perform foreign trade activities and does not handle. products subject to a special tax regime for example liquor or tobacco It is not using heavily. Time required to complete each procedure calendar days . polluting production processes , Does not include time spent gathering information Does not qualify for investment incentives or any special benefits . Is 100 domestically owned , Each procedure starts on a separate day 2 procedures cannot Has five business owners none of whom is a legal entity One business owner holds 30 of the. start on the same day , company shares two owners have 20 of shares each and two owners have 15 of shares. Procedures fully completed online are recorded as day each . Procedure is considered completed once final document is Is managed by one local director . received Has between 10 and 50 employees one month after the commencement of operations all of them. domestic nationals , No prior contact with officials Has start up capital of 10 times income per capita . Has an estimated turnover of at least 100 times income per capita . Cost required to complete each procedure of income per. Leases the commercial plant or offices and is not a proprietor of real estate . capita , Has an annual lease for the office space equivalent to one income per capita .
Official costs only no bribes Is in an office space of approximately 929 square meters 10 000 square feet . Has a company deed that is 10 pages long , No professional fees unless services required by law or. commonly used in practice, The owners ,Paid in minimum capital of income per capita . Have reached the legal age of majority and are capable of making decisions as an adult If there. Funds deposited in a bank or with third party before registration is no legal age of majority they are assumed to be 30 years old . or up to 3 months after incorporation Are in good health and have no criminal record . Are married the marriage is monogamous and registered with the authorities . Where the answer differs according to the legal system applicable to the woman or man in. question as may be the case in economies where there is legal plurality the answer used will be. the one that applies to the majority of the population . Page 5, Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia,Starting a Business Ethiopia. Standardized Company, Legal form Private Limited Company PLC . Paid in minimum capital requirement No minimum, City Covered Addis Ababa.
Indicator Ethiopia Sub Saharan OECD high Best Regulatory. Africa income Performance, Procedure Men number 11 7 4 4 9 1 2 Economies . Time Men days 32 21 5 9 2 0 5 New Zealand , Cost Men of income per capita 45 4 36 3 3 0 0 0 2 Economies . Procedure Women number 11 7 5 4 9 1 2 Economies , Time Women days 32 21 6 9 2 0 5 New Zealand . Cost Women of income per capita 45 4 36 3 3 0 0 0 2 Economies . Paid in min capital of income per capita 0 0 9 3 7 6 0 0 120 Economies . Figure Starting a Business in Ethiopia Score, 41 2 68 3 77 3 100 0. Procedures Time Cost Paid in min capital, Figure Starting a Business in Ethiopia and comparator economies Ranking and Score.
DB 2020 Starting a Business Score, 0 100, 93 2 Rwanda Rank 35 . 87 8 Egypt Arab Rep Rank 90 , 82 7 Kenya Rank 129 . 80 1 Regional Average Sub Saharan Africa , 71 7 Ethiopia Rank 168 . 52 9 Eritrea Rank 185 , Note The ranking of economies on the ease of starting a business is determined by sorting their scores for starting a business These scores are the simple average of. the scores for each of the component indicators , Page 6.
Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia, Figure Starting a Business in Ethiopia Procedure Time and Cost. Time days Cost of income per capita , 40, 30, 35, Cost of income per capita . 25, 30, Time days , 20 25, 20, 15, 15, 10, 10, 5, 5. 0 0, 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11, Procedures number , This symbol is shown beside procedure numbers that take place simultaneously with the previous procedure . Note Online procedures account for 0 5 days in the total time calculation For economies that have a different procedure list for men and women the graph shows the. time for women For more information on methodology see the Doing Business website http doingbusiness org en methodology For details on the procedures. reflected here see the summary below , Page 7, Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia.
Details Starting a Business in Ethiopia Procedure Time and Cost. No Procedures Time to Complete Associated Costs,1 Reserve a unique company name 1 day ETB 27. Agency Ministry of Trade or Trade Bureau at sub city level. The entrepreneur can reserve the unique company name According to the Commercial Code the. company name shall be as agreed but shall not offend public policy nor the rights of third parties. The entrepreneur completes a simple form and submits it to the agent at window No 1 The. service is partially computerized and the search is quick A Letter of Recommendation LR will be. given by the agent and must be attached to the Memorandum and Articles of Association for. authentication , Once a name is reserved a confirmation letter is issued by the Ministry Bureau addressed to the. Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority This letter will enable the company to sign the bylaws. at the notary and obtain a tax registration certificate . 2 Authentication of the company documents and the lease agreement at the Documents 2 days ETB 451. Authentication and Registration Office DARO , Agency Documents Authentication and Registration Office DARO . Article 11 1 e of Commercial Registration and Business Licensing Proclamation No 686 2010 . the Memorandum and Articles of Associations must be authenticated The entrepreneur deposits. the documents at DARO and will be given an appointment for the next day The Documents. Authentication and Registration Office verifies the in kind contribution stated in the Memorandum . The partners appear in person at the appointed date with an original copy of their letter of. appointment power of attorney and a valid identity card The officer checks the validity of the. documents the authenticity of the signatures and the genuineness of the identity cards All. partners sign the documents before the notary public and pay a stamp duty flat fee of ETB 350 as. well as100 ETB 4 copy and Birr 1 per additional person Payment is done in the same office. where the documents are being registered in the books . 3 Obtain a tax identification number TIN 1 day no charge. Agency Ethiopian Revenue and Customs Authority, Before incorporation the company must obtain a tax identification number by completing and. submitting an application form together with its memorandum and articles of association A. taxpayer registration certificate will then be issued to the company for submission at the sub city. along with its application for incorporation , 4 Register the company and obtain the Commercial registration certificate 1 day ETB 102.
Agency Commercial Register, The applicant registers the Memorandum and Articles of Association After reviewing the. documents including the lease agreement the Commercial register delivers a registration. certificate Payment is done at the same time ,5 Make a company seal 1 3 days ETB 550. Agency Seal maker, While the law does not specifically require a company to have a seal it is required and commonly. used in practice The seal maker is a private service provider thus the pace of its service delivery. depends on its cost reputation and quality The seal maker will require the business license and. TIN of the company , 6 Register the company and employees with the Private Organization Employees Pension 1 day simultaneous no charge. Fund, Agency Private Organizations Employees Social Security Agency POESSA .
According to Article 4 of the Private Organization Employees Pension Proclamation No 715 2011. enacted June 2011 any private organization shall for the purpose of registration submit to the. agency copies of its establishment law personal data of its employees taken at the time of first. employment letter of employment issued to the employee and other particulars determined by the. Agency within 60 days from the date of establishment of the company or employment . 7 Register with Ethiopian Revenue and Customs Authority for VAT 1 day no charge. Agency Ethiopian Revenue and Customs Authority, A newly established firm must register for VAT if its turnover is at least ETB 500 000 on the basis. of VAT Proclamation No 285 2002 Article 16 Article 16 1 b of the VAT Proclamation and. Article 4 3 of Directive No 25 2009 A Directive for VAT registration states that persons engaged. in the following business activities have the obligation to register importers manufacturers of. plastics and plastic products shoe factories contractors above Grade 10 computers and. accessories shops manufacturers and sellers of leather and leather products electronic shops. and jewelry shops Once registered the VAT certificate is obtained . 8 Publish name in nationwide newspaper 15 days ETB 300. Agency Ethiopian Press Agency, In order to insure the availability of the name companies publish the name for 15 days in a. national newspaper If after 15 days no objection is lodged the company applies for the name. registration certificate , Page 8, Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia. 9 Reserve a unique trade name 1 day ETB 27, Agency Ministry of Trade or Trade Bureau at sub city level. After publication in the newspaper the company can continue to register for the trade name and. pay all relevant fees Article 24 1 of the 2010 Commercial Registration and Business Licensing. Proclamation states that any person desiring to engage in a commercial activity shall register his. trade name at the place where he is registering in the commercial register . Before the registration of a trade name in the commercial register and in the trade name register it. shall be verified that another business person has not got the trade name registered in the trade. name register or in the commercial register ,10 Obtain a business license 1 day ETB 102.
Agency Ministry of Trade or Trade Bureau at the sub city level. A business license must be obtained The applicant must present the Principal Registration a. proof of the new Tax Identification Number and pay the relevant fees For certain categories of. businesses a certificate of competence in the field of commercial activity in which the applicant is. seeking a business license may also be required The Business License is usually issued on the. same day these documents are submitted , 11 Install a cash registration machine 7 days on average ETB 5 000 10 000. Agency Ethiopian Revenue and Customs Authority Point of sales software providers and Cash. register machine hardware providers, Pursuant to the Council of Ministers Regulations No 139 2007 To Provide for the Obligatory Use. of Sales Register Machines all businesses must purchase and install a sales register machine in. order to comply with VAT tax obligations The machines are available at certified supplier locations. around Addis Ababa Once the machine is brought to the company offices it must be properly. installed and set up so that it is linked to the Tax Administration system . Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure . Page 9, Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia, Dealing with Construction Permits. This topic tracks the procedures time and cost to build a warehouse including obtaining necessary the licenses and permits submitting all required notifications . requesting and receiving all necessary inspections and obtaining utility connections In addition the Dealing with Construction Permits indicator measures the building. quality control index evaluating the quality of building regulations the strength of quality control and safety mechanisms liability and insurance regimes and professional. certification requirements The most recent round of data collection was completed in May 2019 See the methodology for more information. What the indicators measure Case study assumptions. Procedures to legally build a warehouse number To make the data comparable across economies several assumptions about the construction. company the warehouse project and the utility connections are used . Submitting all relevant documents and obtaining all necessary. clearances licenses permits and certificates, The construction company BuildCo . Submitting all required notifications and receiving all necessary Is a limited liability company or its legal equivalent and operates in the economy s largest. inspections, business city For 11 economies the data are also collected for the second largest business city .
Obtaining utility connections for water and sewerage Is 100 domestically and privately owned has five owners none of whom is a legal entity Has a. licensed architect and a licensed engineer both registered with the local association of architects. Registering and selling the warehouse after its completion. or engineers BuildCo is not assumed to have any other employees who are technical or licensed. Time required to complete each procedure calendar days experts such as geological or topographical experts . Owns the land on which the warehouse will be built and will sell the warehouse upon its. Does not include time spent gathering information completion . Each procedure starts on a separate day though procedures. that can be fully completed online are an exception to this rule The warehouse . Procedure is considered completed once final document is Will be used for general storage activities such as storage of books or stationery . received Will have two stories both above ground with a total constructed area of approximately 1 300 6. square meters 14 000 square feet Each floor will be 3 meters 9 feet 10 inches high and will be. No prior contact with officials located on a land plot of approximately 929 square meters 10 000 square feet that is 100 . owned by BuildCo and the warehouse is valued at 50 times income per capita . Cost required to complete each procedure of income per. Will have complete architectural and technical plans prepared by a licensed architect If. capita , preparation of the plans requires such steps as obtaining further documentation or getting prior. Official costs only no bribes approvals from external agencies these are counted as procedures . Will take 30 weeks to construct excluding all delays due to administrative and regulatory. Building quality control index 0 15 requirements , Quality of building regulations 0 2 . The water and sewerage connections , Quality control before construction 0 1 . Will be 150 meters 492 feet from the existing water source and sewer tap If there is no water. Quality control during construction 0 3 delivery infrastructure in the economy a borehole will be dug If there is no sewerage. Quality control after construction 0 3 infrastructure a septic tank in the smallest size available will be installed or built . Will have an average water use of 662 liters 175 gallons a day and an average wastewater flow. Liability and insurance regimes 0 2 of 568 liters 150 gallons a day Will have a peak water use of 1 325 liters 350 gallons a day and. Professional certifications 0 4 a peak wastewater flow of 1 136 liters 300 gallons a day . Will have a constant level of water demand and wastewater flow throughout the year will be 1. inch in diameter for the water connection and 4 inches in diameter for the sewerage connection . Page 10, Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia,Dealing with Construction Permits Ethiopia. Standardized Warehouse, Estimated value of warehouse ETB 997 224 90.
City Covered Addis Ababa, Indicator Ethiopia Sub Saharan OECD high Best Regulatory. Africa income Performance, Procedures number 15 15 1 12 7 None in 2018 19. Time days 136 145 4 152 3 None in 2018 19, Cost of warehouse value 12 6 8 9 1 5 None in 2018 19. Building quality control index 0 15 11 0 8 9 11 6 15 0 6 Economies . Figure Dealing with Construction Permits in Ethiopia Score. 60 0 68 3 37 1 73 3, Procedures Time Cost Building quality control index. Figure Dealing with Construction Permits in Ethiopia and comparator economies Ranking and Score. DB 2020 Dealing with Construction Permits Score, 0 100.
71 2 Egypt Arab Rep Rank 74 , 70 6 Rwanda Rank 81 . 67 6 Kenya Rank 105 , 59 7 Ethiopia Rank 142 , 58 5 Regional Average Sub Saharan Africa . 0 0 Eritrea Rank 186 , Note The ranking of economies on the ease of dealing with construction permits is determined by sorting their scores for dealing with construction permits These scores. are the simple average of the scores for each of the component indicators . Page 11, Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia, Figure Dealing with Construction Permits in Ethiopia Procedure Time and Cost. Time days Cost of warehouse value , 12, 120, 10, Cost of warehouse value .
100, 8, Time days , 80, 6, 60, 4, 40, 20 2, 0 0, 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15. Procedures number , This symbol is shown beside procedure numbers that take place simultaneously with the previous procedure . Note Online procedures account for 0 5 days in the total time calculation For economies that have a different procedure list for men and women the graph shows the. time for women For more information on methodology see the Doing Business website http doingbusiness org en methodology For details on the procedures. reflected here see the summary below , Page 12, Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia. Figure Dealing with Construction Permits in Ethiopia and comparator economies Measure of Quality. 16 15 0, 14 0, 14, 12 11 0,Index score, 10 0, 10 8 9. 8, 6, 4, 2, 0, No Practice, Ethiopia Egypt Eritrea Kenya Rwanda Sub Saharan.
Arab Africa, Rep , Details Dealing with Construction Permits in Ethiopia Procedure Time and Cost. No Procedures Time to Complete Associated Costs, 1 Obtain a geotechnical study soil test 15 days ETB 9 972. Agency Private laboratory, A soil test is required prior to starting construction and is obtained by BuildCo from a private. laboratory , 2 Obtain planning consent 3 days ETB 799. Agency Municipality Subcity Building Design Department . According to Part 2 Section 5 Articles 1 and 2 of Building Proclamation No 624 of 2009 the. applicant must secure a planning consent prior to submitting the application for a construction. permit After having received an application for a planning consent a building officer shall grant a. written declaration for compliance or noncompliance with the urban planning of the urban center . In order to apply for a planning consent according to Part 2 Section 4 of Regulation No 243 of. 2011 the owner of a building shall fill the form prepared by the urban administration by showing. the height and the type of service of the building to be constructed and submit his application. attached with the original and a copy of the title deed in order to obtain a planning consent . The urban administration shall in case of a request for planning consent to build a new building . grant , title deed and, plan information describing the height and the permitted type of service .
The building officer will also determine the category of buildings submitted for his approval in. accordance with the criteria set within the regulations For the Doing Business case study the. warehouse would fall under Category B , The building officer shall decide the compliance or non compliance of the application with the. urban center and notify the applicant his decision and the reasons thereto in writing within three. working days , With respect to the fees according to Part 4 Section 24 Articles 2 and 4 of Regulation No 243 of. 2011 there is a service fee of ETB 300 for the planning consent And the plan review fee is 1 2000. of the project estimate if the project estimate is less than ETB 2 500 000 . 3 Obtain consent from neighbors and submit it to the Municipality 3 days no charge. Agency Municipality Subcity , Once the consent has been obtained BuildCo must obtain a written statement from the neighbors . stating that there are no land disputes on the plot where the warehouse will be built This is set in. the law Part 2 Section 3 Articles 2 and 3 of Regulation No 243 of 2011 . Page 13, Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia, 4 Obtain approval of plans and construction permit 30 days ETB 80. Agency Municipality, The following documents must be submitted in order to obtain the construction approval .
application with full name and address of the applicant . permitted service for the building , location of construction . table showing the total area of the floors , planning consent . architectural structural sanitary electrical designs and soil test and structural analysis report for. buildings of Category B , in addition to the plans required for buildings of Category B fire safety plans and descriptions. thereof shall be submitted for buildings of Category C . electro mechanical designs and analysis for buildings using lifts and artificial ventilation not. applicable to the Doing Business case study , number of floors of neighboring buildings below and above ground level and their distance from. the boundary lines and, full name address signature and a copy of registration certificate of professionals who prepared.
plan of the building, Consent from neighbors, According to Part 2 Section 6 Article 1 of Regulation No 243 of 2011 the time limit to review and. approve the plans is 7 working days if the building is Category B or 21 working days if Category C . With respect to the fees according to Part 4 Section 25 of Regulation No 243 of 2011 the plan. approval fee is 10 of the plan review fee , 5 Hire an external firm to conduct technical inspections and supervision during construction 1 day ETB 105 000. Agency Private Firm, According to Council of Ministers Building Regulation Regulation No 243 2011 a private and. independent civil engineer must be hired to conduct the technical inspection and supervision of. construction The rate of civil engineer depends on the type of engineer and they receive a. monthly pay , For the Doing Business case study the construction is expected to last 7 months . 6 Notify the Municipality of the commencement of works 1 day no charge. Agency Municipality, According to Article 13 of Building Regulations 243 of 2011 Any person who has an approved.
plan for category B and C buildings shall notify to the building officer in writing the starting date. of each stage of work before five working days of such starting date The warehouse in the Doing. Business case study is considered a category B , 7 Request and receive inspection upon completion of foundation 2 days ETB 400. Agency Municipality, According to Part 2 Section 13 of Regulation No 243 of 2011 any person who has an approved. plan for category B and C buildings shall notify to the building officer in writing the starting. date of each stage of work before five working days of such starting date . The stages of work for which an advance notice is required in case of new construction shall be in. the following order , a on completion of surveying work for the foundation . b before starting concrete cast for grade beam , c before starting floor concrete works at all levels . d before starting final concrete works , e during testing of completed sanitary electrical and electro mechanical installations .
f other stages of work required by the building officer based on the type and method of. construction , Normally the Municipality will come to inspect during the first 4 phases noted above The. inspectors are usually very prompt and if the builder times it well there is no delay caused by. inspections The construction manager keeps a site book and the inspector signs in the site book. at every inspection , With respect to the fees according to Part 4 Section 26 Article 2 of Regulation No 243 of 2011 . the inspection fees per inspection is ETB 400, 8 Request and receive inspection before starting concrete cast for grade beam 2 days ETB 400. Agency Municipality, 9 Request and receive inspection before starting floor concrete works 2 days ETB 400. Agency Municipality, 10 Request and receive inspection before starting final concrete works 2 days ETB 400.
Agency Municipality, Page 14, Doing Business 2020 Ethiopia. 11 Obtain final inspection from Municipality 1 day no charge. Agency Municipality, On April 10 2019 the Addis Ababa City Administration Construction Permit Bureau improved. quality control after construction by issuing a directive that clearly mandates the need to undergo. a final inspection by inspection officers from the Bureau before issuing an occupancy permit The. inspection is conducted by physically visiting the site and reviewing the plan and checklist. prepared by the Bureau for final inspection , 12 Request water and sewage connection from WSSA 1 day no charge. Agency Addis Ababa Water Supply and Sewage Authority WSSA . The request for a water and sewerage connection from Addis Ababa Water Supply and Sewerage. Authority must be done in person A copy of title deed of property must be attached to the. application form Usually Addis Ababa WASA conducts a site visit to inspect the location of the. property and to decide on the specifics of the connection . 13 Receive inspection for water and sewage 1 day no charge. Agency Addis Ababa Water Supply and Sewage Authority. 14 Obtain water and sewage connection from WSSA 75 days ETB 8 000. Agency Addis Ababa Water Supply and Sewage Authority WSSA . 15 Obtain occupancy permit 1 day no charge, Agency Municipality. As per Article 4 sub article 11 any public building despite its building category must be inspected. after completion of construction based on the criteria included on directive 2 2010 article 19 and. approved plan Occupancy permit will only be issued after inspection by authorities including. physical visit , Takes place simultaneously with previous procedure .


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Federal Ministry of Health PHE Ethiopia

Note to the reader: This draft of the HMIS / M&E awaits the human resource strategy; HMIS HR strategy is being prepared by Tulane University in Ethiopia (TUTAPE).

24. Health Extension Workers in Ethiopia: Improved Access ...

24 Health Extension Workers in Ethiopia Improved Access

24. Health Extension Workers in Ethiopia: Improved Access and Coverage for the Rural Poor Nejmudin Kedir Bilal, Christopher H. Herbst, Feng Zhao, Agnes Soucat, and Christophe Lemiere In 2005 more than half of the population of Ethiopia lived more than 10 kilometers from health services. In response to the problem, the government created the ...

Solid and Hazardous Waste Management - The Carter Center

Solid and Hazardous Waste Management The Carter Center

LECTURE NOTES For Environmental Health Science Students Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Takele Tadesse University of Gondar In collaboration with the Ethiopia ...

Review on Radiation as a Means of Food Preservation and ...

Review on Radiation as a Means of Food Preservation and

Review on Radiation as a Means of Food Preservation and its Challenge Girma Kebede, Ashenef Simachew, Haimanot Disassa,Tadele Kabeta and Tilahun Zenebe Wollega University, School of Veterinary Medicine, Nekemte, Ethiopia Abstract: Food irradiation is a process of exposing food to ionizing radiation for the purpose of food safety and ...

Zemelak Ayitenew Ayele Local government in Ethiopia

Zemelak Ayitenew Ayele Local government in Ethiopia

Zemelak Ayitenew Ayele Local government in Ethiopia Advancing development and accommodating ethnic minorities ... Governance and administrative structures of local

HOUR OF Sol Dubula DECISION - sahistory.org.za

HOUR OF Sol Dubula DECISION sahistory org za

Sol Dubula AFTER 19 YEARS of evasion and defiance. South Africa's white state enters the last phase of the battle to defend its robbery of the territory of South West Africa. Towards the middle of this year the International Court of Justice at the Hague is expected to deliver judgement on the claim by Ethiopia and Liberia that South

Ethiopia's Health Extension Program - Harvard University

Ethiopia s Health Extension Program Harvard University

University (HEPCAPS1 Project Team) to work with Ethiopia's Federal Ministry of Health, and other relevant stakeholders, to create a platform of long-term strategies in line with Ethiopia's vision for an effective, adaptable, and sustainable Health Extension Program (HEP) - Ethiopia's primary health care system. HEPCAPS1 is the first phase of ...

Evaluation of Measles Surveillance Systems in Afar Region ...

Evaluation of Measles Surveillance Systems in Afar Region

Region, Ethiopia: A Descriptive Evaluative Study, 2017 Mitiku B. Debela#1, ... programme on immunization is one of systems involved in measles surveillance in Afar region. A literature review suggested that no evaluation of the measles surveillance system has been conducted in Afar region. Thus, to fill the existing gaps of an evaluation measles surveillance system inAfar region was conducted ...

Why do women prefer home births in Ethiopia?

Why do women prefer home births in Ethiopia

Why do women prefer home births in Ethiopia? Solomon Shiferaw1*, Mark Spigt2,3, Merijn Godefrooij2, Yilma Melkamu4 and Michael Tekie5 Abstract Background: Skilled attendants during labor, delivery, and in the early postpartum period, can prevent up to 75% or more of maternal death. However, in many developing countries, very few mothers make at ...

Witchcraft and Oracles in Africa

Witchcraft and Oracles in Africa

Witchcraft and Oracles in Africa N i l e W h i t e N i l e N i l e Blu e N i l e Riv e r M b o mu River U ele RED SEA Khartoum Port Sudan Kassala Al Obeid Kusti Wau Juba EGYPT SUDAN ERITREA ETHIOPIA DEM. REP. OF THE CONGO CHAD KENYA LIBYA CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC UGANDA 300 km 0 0 150 300 mi 150 ZANDE DISTRICT Area Occupied by the Azande ...

Wetlands of Ethiopia - International Union for ...

Wetlands of Ethiopia International Union for

Wetlands of Ethiopia 2 Wetlands have played a noticeable role in the growth of human civilisations and cultural development. This is true globally, where major pre-historic civilisations, including those on the Nile, Euphrates and Tigris, have emerged and developed (Finlayson and Moser, 1991). It is noteworthy that the Great Rift Valley of ...

Ethiopia 2016 Demographic and Health Survey - Key Findings

Ethiopia 2016 Demographic and Health Survey Key Findings

of 50% in Addis Ababa. Modern family planning use increases with wealth; 20% of women from the poorest households use a modern method of family planning, compared to 47% of women from the wealthiest households. The use of any method of family planning by married women has increased more than fourfold from 8% in

Conflict, Environmental Security and Governance, Among ...

Conflict Environmental Security and Governance Among

Dr Krause Keith, Dr Peter Batchelor and Eric Barman for granting me tuition fees that enabled register for the course. In addition, I wish to express special gratitude to the United Nations University for Peace (UPEACE), Africa Programme in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia for

Health Extension Program: An Innovative Solution to Public ...

Health Extension Program An Innovative Solution to Public

Health Extension Program: An Innovative Solution to Public Health Challenges of Ethiopia A Case Study Abstract The Health Extension Program is a flagship of the Ethiopian Health Sector development Program: an innovative intervention marked by institutionalization of primary health care, government leadership, and the alignment and substantial support of development partners. Most importantly ...