Ethical Conduct In Research Nmbi Nursing And Midwifery-Books Pdf

ETHICAL CONDUCT IN RESEARCH NMBI Nursing and Midwifery
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Nursing and Midwifery Board of Ireland NMBI, This professional guidance was originally published in January 2007 as Guidance to Nurses and Midwives. Regarding Ethical Conduct of Nursing and Midwifery Research First Edition. This document was re issued in November 2015 for the relaunch of the NMBI website This involved. reviewing the content for updating dated NMBI references and redesigning the document However the. content reflects what is in the 2007 edition, About NMBI. The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Ireland NMBI is the independent statutory organisation which. regulates the nursing and midwifery professions in Ireland For more information about our role and. functions visit www NMBI ie What We Do, A full glossary of all the terms used in this and other NMBI publications is published on our website on. www NMBI ie Standards Guidance Glossary, Nursing and Midwifery Board of Ireland NMBI. Introduction 4, Nursing and Midwifery Research 4, The Code Of Professional Conduct And Ethics For Registered Nurses.
And Registered Midwives 5, Ethical Principles 7, Respect for Persons Autonomy 7. Beneficence and Non maleficence 7, Veracity 8, Fidelity 8. Confidentiality 8, Considerations When Undertaking Research 9. Informed Consent 9, Research Ethics Committees 11, Vulnerability 11. Ethical Conduct and the Research Process 12, Use Of Records In Research 14.
Clinical Trials 15, Summary 16, References 17, Nursing and Midwifery Board of Ireland NMBI. INTRODUCTION, The Research Strategy for Nursing and Midwifery in Ireland Department of Health and Children 2003. charged NMBI formerly An Bord Altranais with developing a position statement concerning ethical. conduct of nursing and midwifery research Following consultation with a range of nurses and midwives. the Ethics Committee developed this guidance document Its purpose is to provide nurses and midwives. with general guidance on ethical matters relating to research and to ensure the protection of the rights of. all those involved in research, This guidance document is for use by registered nurses and midwives who are. In clinical practice and who may be caring for patients and clients who are participants in research. Involved in research as research assistants research nurses midwives or who are collecting data for a. research team, The lead researchers of research projects including masters or doctoral students undertaking research. Clinical staff managers and administrators responsible for patients clients and staff and who are. involved in reading interpreting and using research as a basis for practice. Members of ethics committees who are involved in reviewing research proposals. Educators with responsibility for teaching and supervising research projects. Nursing and Midwifery Research, It is widely acknowledged that scientific research is central to the development of nursing and midwifery.
as professional disciplines and to ensuring that they provide the highest quality and most cost effective. services to society Nursing and midwifery research may be described as systematic scientific inquiry. conducted to develop knowledge for the profession and includes clinical practice management. education and informatics The definition of research used in the Research Strategy for Nursing and. Midwifery is as follows, The process of answering questions and or exploring phenomena using scientific methods these methods. may draw on the whole spectrum of systematic and critical inquiry p 16. As practice disciplines nursing and midwifery are particularly concerned with developing knowledge. to guide practice and to improve the health and well being of those they serve Polit and Beck 2004. Nursing and midwifery research also encompasses the use of research findings to guide practice and is a. significant component of evidence based practice, 4 Ethical Conduct in Research. Nursing and Midwifery Board of Ireland NMBI, THE CODE OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT. AND ETHICS FOR REGISTERED NURSES AND, REGISTERED MIDWIVES. Professional nurses and midwives are required to develop scientific knowledge which guides their. practice therefore a commitment to research is essential The Code of of Professional Conduct and. Ethics for Registered Nurses and Registered Midwives NMBI 2014 Principle 3 Quality of Practice focuses. on the professions role for research, Nurses and midwives use evidence based knowledge and apply best practice standards in their work.
Nurses and midwives value research Research is central to the nursing and midwifery professions. Research informs standards of care and ensures that both professions provide the highest quality and. most cost effective services to society, You should deliver safe and competent practice based on best available evidence and best practice. standards pages 20 21, Health care organisations have a responsibility to ensure that policies and procedures are in place to. guide those involved in all aspects of research In addition nurses and midwives are encouraged to use. the findings of research The Code gives reference to this by stating. You should deliver safe and, competent practice based on. best available evidence and, best practice standards. Nurses and midwives must be familiar with and understand the importance of Board s most current. version of standards and guideline documents and should apply them in any professional settings. These include, The Code of Professional Conduct and Ethics for Registered Nurses and Registered Midwives.
Practice Standards for Midwives, Scope of Nursing and Midwifery Practice Framework. Recording Clinical Practice Guidance to Nurses and Midwives. 5 Ethical Conduct in Research, Nursing and Midwifery Board of Ireland NMBI. The principles underpinning the scope of nursing and midwifery practice include respecting the dignity. and rights of patients promoting and maintaining patient safety providing quality care facilitating. patient autonomy informed choice and evidence based decision making These principles apply equally. to research activity The Scope of Practice framework is also relevant to the nurse s or midwife s role in. research The framework takes cognisance of the overall benefit to the patient legislation local national. and international evidence based clinical practice guidelines guidelines policies and the concepts of. responsibility accountability and autonomy and competency. 6 Ethical Conduct in Research, Nursing and Midwifery Board of Ireland NMBI. ETHICAL PRINCIPLES, Good ethical conduct implies adherence to ethical standards In undertaking research certain ethical. principles are used as a framework to guide the researcher through the research process and its. subsequent use These principles help to ensure the highest possible standards in every aspect of. research and must be adhered to by nurses and midwives The ethical principles have been identified by. many authors in the professional literature and include respect for persons autonomy beneficence non. maleficence justice fairness veracity fidelity and confidentiality ICN 1996 Beauchamp and Childress. 2001 Polit and Beck 2004 Storch et al 2004, Respect for Persons Autonomy.
Respect for autonomy considers the individual as an independent person who is able to make choices for. him herself Rogero Anaya 1994 Within the research context the researcher is required to make certain. that the principle of autonomy is adhered to for those participating in healthcare research by ensuring. The right to self determination which means that a person has the right to choose whether or not to. participate in a research study, The right to full disclosure ensuring that a person has received information outlining the nature of the. study including the likely risks and benefits allowing them to make an informed choice. The participant has the right to withdraw at any time with no consequences. The right to self determination and the right to full disclosure are major components on which informed. consent is based Burns and Grove 1999 Polit and Beck 2004. For some groups in society it may not always be possible to assure the principle of respect for autonomy. O Neill 1977 Some may have diminished levels of autonomy and need additional protection regarding. participation in research studies because of their inability to give true informed consent. Beneficence and Non maleficence, Beneficence means to do good and positively help a person and non maleficence means to do no. harm Research should benefit client patient participants and contribute to their welfare Treacy and. Hyde 1999 and it should benefit both individual participants and society as a whole Parahoo 1997. Participants have the right not to be harmed Researchers have an ethical duty to balance potential. benefits against potential risks and to minimise potential risk to the greatest extent possible thus. safeguarding and protecting participants, 7 Ethical Conduct in Research. Nursing and Midwifery Board of Ireland NMBI, The principle of justice is synonymous with fairness and equity and researchers are obliged to treat. participants fairly and equitably before during and after the research study. Veracity involves the concepts of truth about the research study and the absence of deception Individuals. have the right to be told the truth and not to be deceived about any aspect of the research All aspects. of a research project require explanation by the researcher who must make every effort to ensure the. participants understand the implications throughout the study The principle of veracity is linked with. respect for autonomy Gillon 1994, Fidelity involves the concept of trust ICN 1996 Participants place trust in researchers and this.
necessitates a commitment to protect them The researcher must ensure that the participants have an. understanding of the risks and thus foster a trusting relationship. Confidentiality, The researcher is responsible for ensuring confidentiality and privacy of the research participants and the. data obtained from them Personal information obtained by the researcher must not lead to identification. of research participants and this information should not be made available to others without their consent. There are exceptional circumstances where information may have to be disclosed without the permission. of participants thus breaching confidentiality These circumstances include public interest and safety and. when the researcher believes that there may be a risk in non disclosure The researcher must have clear. justification for the disclosure of information and should seek support from the research supervisor ethics. committee and other relevant persons The decision should be clearly documented. Personal information obtained through group research needs vigilance from both the researcher and. research participants to maintain confidentiality, Researchers can ensure that confidentiality is maintained by assigning an identification number to each. participant so that identifying information is effectively secured and that identifying information is not. entered on a computer system or other potentially accessible database Polit and Beck 2004. 8 Ethical Conduct in Research, Nursing and Midwifery Board of Ireland NMBI. CONSIDERATIONS WHEN UNDERTAKING, Informed Consent, The purpose of informed consent is to protect research participants and allow them to make informed. choices Obtaining written informed consent to participate in research is one of the most important. ethical considerations in the research process and it ensures that the principle of respect for persons. is acknowledged and adhered to Consent to participate in research should never be presumed The. Nuremberg Code defines informed consent 1947 as follows. The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential This means that the person involved. should have legal capacity to give consent should be so situated as to be able to exercise free power. of choice without the intervention of any element of force fraud deceit duress over reaching or other. ulterior form of constraint or coercion and should have sufficient knowledge and comprehension of the. elements of the subject matter involved as to enable him to make an understanding and enlightened. decision Boomgaarden 2003 et al p 108, The four essential components required for a valid informed consent are.
a Disclosure of information, b Comprehension, c Competency. d Voluntariness Beauchamp and Childress 2001, a Disclosure of Information. Participants must be fully informed of all aspects and proceedings of the research project including the. risks benefits and the right to withdraw from the project at any time The information provided must be. sufficient and communicated accurately in an understandable way and using appropriate language or. mechanisms With regard to the comprehension of information the participant should be given time to. consider the research so that questions can be asked of the researcher The opportunity for participants to. ask questions about the proposed research on a continuous basis is also required. Disclosure includes, Aims of research, Methodology to be used. Anticipated risks and benefits, Anticipated discomfort or inconvenience. Participant s right to withdraw from the research at any time without prejudice. b Comprehension, The researcher must ensure that every effort has been made to ensure the participant understands the.
The Research Strategy for Nursing and Midwifery in Ireland Department of Health and Children 2003 charged NMBI formerly An Bord Altranais with developing a position statement concerning ethical conduct of nursing and midwifery research Following consultation with a range of nurses and midwives the Ethics Committee developed this guidance document Its purpose is to provide nurses and

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