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Environmental Monitoring GSMA
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1 Environmental Monitoring A Guide to Ensuring a Successful Mobile IoT Deployment. About the GSMA, The GSMA represents the interests of mobile Environmental monitoring using sensors connected. operators worldwide uniting nearly 800 operators by Mobile IoT is one of the best tools a city has. with more than 300 companies in the broader mobile to address pollution and climate change issues. ecosystem including handset and device makers This guide explains how a city or environmental. software companies equipment providers and internet organisation can best approach an IoT environmental. companies as well as organisations in adjacent industry monitoring project and what steps they need to take. sectors The GSMA also produces industry leading to ensure success. events such as Mobile World Congress Mobile World,Congress Shanghai Mobile World Congress Americas. and the Mobile 360 Series of conferences, For more information please visit the GSMA corporate. website at www gsma com,Follow the GSMA on Twitter GSMA. Environmental Monitoring A Guide to Ensuring a Successful Mobile IoT Deployment 2. INTRODUCTION 3,THE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING VALUE CHAIN 5.
COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY PROCUREMENT 11,PARTNERSHIPS 12. ROUTEMAPS 14,CONCLUSION 16, 3 Environmental Monitoring A Guide to Ensuring a Successful Mobile IoT Deployment. Introduction,Environmental monitoring and management. is becoming more important as managing the,environment and understanding its impacts. drives increasing amounts of regulation and,activities to reduce pollution IoT sensors are.
able to give accurate real time data on the,environment around us to help us understand. how we affect the environment and take,actions to improve quality of life in cities. Environmental sensors have reduced in in size and cost They Improving air quality is particularly important to many. are now readily available and can be installed at many points cities with gaseous and particulate emissions from vehicles. across a city where it would have been impractical to do so and industry leading to chronic health problems for many. just a few years ago Mobile technology has also advanced to and shortening the life span of thousands of people in. provide a robust connectivity solution Mobile IoT that enables urban areas In order to control these emissions the city. these sensors to be deployed efficiently and effectively by city first needs to know both where the pollution hotspots are. authorities and other bodies Mobile IoT technologies are Low and how the pollution is generated With this information. Power Wide Area networks from mobile operators including cities can plan for cleaner air by incentivising the drivers of. NB IoT and LTE M polluting vehicles to stay away or changing road layouts to. direct traffic away from sensitive areas,Cities can measure many parameters as part of an. environmental monitoring deployment that utilises connected. IoT sensors including air and water quality weather noise. pollen smoke and other attributes that may affect quality of. life in a city including those related to disaster management. such as seismic and flood sensors, Environmental Monitoring A Guide to Ensuring a Successful Mobile IoT Deployment 4. Cities planning to deploy IoT based environmental monitoring to Mobile operators are well placed to implement environmental. investigate and potentially improve environmental parameters monitoring solutions at scale across a city and provide the. such as air quality need to bear in mind a number of criteria analytics needed to create value from the raw data Newly. that will optimise their deployments By planning around these developed Low Power Wide Area LPWA networks also known. criteria cities will be able to deploy sensors in appropriate as Mobile IoT networks are designed specifically to support. locations in order to get appropriate results to act upon environmental IoT sensors These networks are designed to be. secure scalable future proofed and operate cost effectively. Data accuracy The accuracy of environmental monitoring. will depend on a number of factors For example the higher. quality the silicon in the sensor the more precise readings. will be with a smaller margin of error Environmental. sensors work by identifying tiny changes in current caused. GSMA working with the Royal Borough of, by reaction with specific molecules The more robust the Greenwich have developed an air quality.
circuitry to identify these changes the more accurate the proof of concept to demonstrate how IoT and. results and the lower the minimum detection limit will be. However better quality increases cost Therefore cities need. Big Data Analytics can assist in understanding, to decide how to best balance the accuracy of environmental air pollution for the benefit of Greenwich. monitoring by understanding what the data will be used for residents commuters and visitors Further. against the cost,information can be found at, Sensor location This refers to making sure that the sensors. are located in the correct position and measuring the right. www gsma com smartlondon, attributes As sensors have reduced in size it is possible to. place them in many more locations and even have them on. moving vehicles As part of GSMA s work with the Royal. Local environmental conditions Readings from,Borough of Greenwich the Smogmobile was. environmental monitoring stations are extremely sensitive. to changes in temperature and humidity amongst other deployed to act as a proxy for a large range. factors A hot day may result in different readings than a cold of air quality sensors and travel around the. day Therefore they need to be tested and any variation in. Borough The results from the Smogmobile,readings recognised through data analytics.
Match with city planning Cities need to ensure that the. illustrate the types of insights that may be, environmental monitoring tools they deploy are suitable for obtained from the deployment of large. meeting the cities objectives Low cost sensors may not numbers of IoT air quality sensors as they. be suitable for collecting valuable data such as in disaster. management Where a city needs to solve environmental. move around the city for example on council, issues not just measure them then integration of different vehicles. IoT services such as Licence Plate Readers and CCTV should. be explored, 5 Environmental Monitoring A Guide to Ensuring a Successful Mobile IoT Deployment. The environmental monitoring,value chain, Before investigating and building a network of environmental. monitoring stations it helps to understand the environmental. monitoring value chain the stakeholders and attributes within it and. the needs of any new technology driven solution,ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING VALUE CHAIN.
City and Regulator Environmental Partners Internet of Things Analytics and Insight. Cities and Regulators Universities Sensors and communications Intergrating data sets. Local needs Environmental agencies Installation Data analysis. Community Healthcare providers IoT platform Actioning insight. Environmental Monitoring A Guide to Ensuring a Successful Mobile IoT Deployment 6. CITIES AND REGULATORS, Increasingly regulation is driving the need to deploy many Local groups and residents can be a powerful force is highlighting. environmental monitoring services such as for air and water concerns about high levels of pollution or environmental damage. quality measurement Many governments are setting targets that may need to be addressed Flexibility in the deployment. on a national level that local areas and cities need to comply of environmental monitoring stations is key to support these. with In some instances it s possible for a city to be fined if they groups with some sensors deployed into certain locations for. do not meet standards set down by national governments and limited times to backup data from other services For example. regulators temporarily deployed traffic counters or cameras can be used to. backup data from certain areas of the city and provide a more. As important as national regulations are local concerns also drive comprehensive suite of information for dealing with hyperlocal. the need for environmental monitoring and it is often only local issues. teams of people that understand the environmental impacts that. need to be monitored Regulations whether local or national. can be met by connected IoT devices providing data that shows. current status and any improvement over time Data generated. by these devices is critical to show regulatory compliance in a. consistent way that can be interpreted by both local and national. regulators,ENVIRONMENTAL PARTNERS, Environmental monitoring can be driven by a number of are linked to environmental quality Environmental agencies are. organisations in partnership with each other Although the able to assist with helping the city understand various legislative. city is often the place with the most acute pollution that needs requirements that they need to adhere to as well as assist identify. monitoring and resolving research institutes and environmental funding sources Many local or national agencies publish precise. groups play an important role in ensuring that any activities the targets that the city must aim for Healthcare agencies are able to. city undertakes offer meaningful and accurate results Many help the city understand the impact of poor air and water quality. organisations hold important expertise and data that can help Incidences of disease and poor health directly attributable to poor. the city drive towards cleaner air and water These organisations air and water quality can be highlighted and used by the city as a. universities research institutes and environmental organisations key metric to monitor the effect of poor environment on the health. should form key partners for the city and have crucial roles to play of its citizens and justify further investment in environmental. before environmental monitoring can begin calibration modelling monitoring and management. and mix of sensor types, Universities are able to help the city design the parameters for. a successful environmental monitoring service They can help. with understanding the impact of pollution and how behaviours. 7 Environmental Monitoring A Guide to Ensuring a Successful Mobile IoT Deployment. INTERNET OF THINGS, Partners specialised in the Internet of Things are crucial to the. success of any environmental monitoring services IoT based Security is crucial when taking and processing. sensors to be installed need to be connected maintained and sensor readings to ensure trust in sensor. managed in order to extract the relevant information from. readings is maintained Mobile IoT is designed, them A strong communications network partner is a necessity.
to ensuring that the service can operate effectively Some to be secure and all data gathered and. of the areas that a communications partner can assist with transmitted is secured end to end meaning. include sensor calibration data fusion sensor connectivity and. that it cannot be accessed by those without, management and the correct installation of the environmental. monitoring devices authority, Environmental monitoring equipment must be calibrated An IoT Platform is essential to manage the devices and sensors. correctly before it is used This falls into two areas Firstly that are to be installed in the field Not only does an effective IoT. calibration of the IoT sensors to local conditions including platform allow device management ensuring that all sensors and. temperature and humidity Sensor performance under different devices are operating correctly it also allows for full management. environmental conditions needs to be understood so that of the data generated by an environmental monitoring service. data models can be adjusted accordingly Secondly properly and can ensure that any analytics requirements are adequately. calibrated smaller sensors can be combined with higher quality served New devices and sensors can be added to the network. environmental monitoring stations to obtain a good picture of a simply and all operations can be managed centrally without. whole area with the more flexible sensors providing the ability to having to visit IoT devices in the field to perform maintenance A. drill down into precise locations to understand the environment mobile operator will be well placed to advise on how to use an. at that point and time This is known as data fusion and allows IoT platform at the heart of an environmental monitoring service. data from many low accuracy devices to be combined to create. higher accuracy results Different IoT device types measuring. different attributes such as air quality wind or flood will also have Network coverage is crucial for environmental. to be placed in locations best suited to what they are sensing sensors Ensuring no compromise on location. The suitability of environmental monitoring is also important in. ensuring that accurate data is obtained and sometimes other IoT. improves the relevance of data collected, devices need to be added into the mix For example wind may NB IoT and LTE M are Low Power Wide Area. play an important role in variation of air quality and so measuring networks from mobile operators known as. wind close to or at the point of measuring air quality is something. key metric to monitor the effect of poor environment on the health of its citizens and justify further investment in environmental monitoring and management Environmental Monitoring A Guide to Ensuring a Successful Mobile IoT Deployment 7 INTERNET OF THINGS Partners specialised in the Internet of Things are crucial to the success of any environmental monitoring services IoT based sensors

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